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Bloody Sunday (1972)

Bloody Sunday, or the Bogside Massacre, was a mass shooting on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, when British soldiers shot 26 unarmed civilians during a protest march against internment without trial. 14 people died: 13 were killed outright, while the death of another man four months was attributed to his injuries. Many of the victims were shot while fleeing from the soldiers, some were shot while trying to help the wounded. Other protesters were injured by shrapnel, rubber bullets or batons, two were run down by army vehicles. All of those shot were Catholics; the march had been organised by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. The soldiers were from Parachute Regiment; this battalion was involved in two other controversial shootings: the Ballymurphy massacre several months before and the killing of Protestant civilians in the Shankill several months after. Two investigations were held by the British government; the Widgery Tribunal, held in the immediate aftermath cleared the soldiers and British authorities of blame.

It described the soldiers' shooting as "bordering on the reckless", but accepted their claims that they shot at gunmen and bomb-throwers. The report was criticised as a "whitewash"; the Saville Inquiry, chaired by Lord Saville of Newdigate, was established in 1998 to reinvestigate the incident. Following a 12-year investigation, Saville's report was made public in 2010 and concluded that the killings were both "unjustified" and "unjustifiable", it found that all of those shot were unarmed, that none were posing a serious threat, that no bombs were thrown and that soldiers "knowingly put forward false accounts" to justify their firing. The soldiers denied shooting the named victims but denied shooting anyone by mistake. On publication of the report, the British prime minister David Cameron made a formal apology on behalf of the United Kingdom. Following this, police began a murder investigation into the killings. Bloody Sunday came to be regarded as one of the most significant events of the Troubles, because many civilians were killed by forces of the state, in full view of the public and the press.

It was the highest number of people killed in a single shooting incident during the conflict. Bloody Sunday fuelled Catholic and Irish nationalist hostility towards the British Army and worsened the conflict. Support for the Provisional Irish Republican Army rose, there was a surge of recruitment into the organisation locally; the City of Derry was perceived by many Catholics and Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland to be the epitome of what was described as "fifty years of Unionist misrule": despite having a nationalist majority, gerrymandering ensured elections to the City Corporation always returned a unionist majority. At the same time the city was perceived to be deprived of public investment: motorways were not extended to it, a university was opened in the small town of Coleraine rather than Derry and, above all, the city's housing stock was in an appalling state; the city therefore became a significant focus of the civil rights campaign led by organisations such as Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association in the late 1960s and it was in Derry that the Battle of the Bogside – the event that more than any other pushed the Northern Ireland administration to ask for military support for civil policing – took place in August 1969.

While many Catholics welcomed the British Army as a neutral force, in contrast to what was regarded as a sectarian police force, relations between them soon deteriorated. In response to escalating levels of violence across Northern Ireland, internment without trial was introduced on 9 August 1971. There was disorder across Northern Ireland following the introduction of internment, with 21 people being killed in three days of rioting. In Belfast, soldiers of the Parachute Regiment shot dead 11 Catholic civilians in what became known as the Ballymurphy Massacre. On 10 August, Bombardier Paul Challenor became the first soldier to be killed by the Provisional IRA in Derry, when he was shot by a sniper on the Creggan estate. A further six soldiers had been killed in Derry by mid-December 1971. At least 1,332 rounds were fired at the British Army, who faced 211 explosions and 180 nail bombs, who fired 364 rounds in return. IRA activity increased across Northern Ireland with thirty British soldiers being killed in the remaining months of 1971, in contrast to the ten soldiers killed during the pre-internment period of the year.

Both the Official IRA and Provisional IRA had established no-go areas for the British Army and Royal Ulster Constabulary in Derry through the use of barricades. By the end of 1971, 29 barricades were in place to prevent access to what was known as Free Derry, 16 of them impassable to the British Army's one-ton armoured vehicles. IRA members mounted roadblocks in front of the media, daily clashes took place between nationalist youths and the British Army at a spot known as "aggro corner". Due to rioting and damage to shops caused by incendiary devices, an estimated total of £4 million worth of damage had been caused to local businesses. On 18 January 1972, Brian Faulkner, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, banned all parades and marches in Northern Ireland until the end of the year. On 22 January 1972, a week before Bloody Sunday, an anti-internment march was held at Magilligan strand, near Derry; the protesters marched to a new internment camp there, but were stopped by soldiers of the Parachute Regiment.

When some protesters threw stones and tried to go around the barbed wire, paratroopers drove them back by firing rubber bullets at close range and making baton charges. The paratroopers badly beat a number of p

Thuwunna Stadium

Thuwunna Youth Training Centre Stadium is a multi-use stadium, located in Yangon, Myanmar. The 32,000-seat stadium is smaller but more up-to-date than Aung San Stadium, is the venue of choice for most national and international level football and track and field competitions; the stadium's eight-lane runway is the first in Myanmar that conforms to the international standards. Thuwunna National Indoor Stadium, part of the same complex of the outdoor stadium, is the country's primary venue for indoor sports; the stadium hosted 2013 AFC U-22 Asian Cup qualification Group G matches from 23 June to 3 July 2012. The stadium hosted South East Asian Game 2013 Southeast Asian Games Football matches from 11 December 2013 to 22 December 2013; the stadium hosted the qualification stage for the 2012 AFF Suzuki Cup and it was hosted 2016 AFF Suzuki Cup Group B matches from 19 November – 17 December 2016. Http:// Media related to Thuwunna Stadium at Wikimedia Commons

Irvin Koszewski

Irvin "Zabo" Koszewski was an American professional bodybuilder and a 2007 inductee to the International Federation of BodyBuilders Hall of Fame. Koszewski was known for his abdominal muscles. John Balik of Iron Man magazine recalled that "he had a 10-pack of abs when everyone else had a six-pack."Koszewski appeared in the Cheech and Chong film Nice Dreams and was the stunt double for Tommy Chong in Things Are Tough All Over. He appeared in the 2005 documentary film a/k/a Tommy Chong. A photograph of Koszewski is included in the iconic Pop Art collage Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing? Koszewski died of pneumonia in Doylestown, Pennsylvania at the age of 84. 1953 Mr. Los Angeles 1953 Mr. California 1954 Mr. California List of male professional bodybuilders List of female professional bodybuilders Irvin Koszewski on IMDb

Dear John (British TV series)

Dear John is a British sitcom, written by John Sullivan. Two series and a special were broadcast between 1986 and 1987; this sitcom's title refers to "Dear John" letters written by women to their partners as a means of ending a relationship. John discovers in the opening episode, he is kicked out of his home, while still being expected to pay the mortgage, forced to find lodgings. In desperation, he joins the 1-2-1 Singles Club and meets other people, who have fared unfortunately in their romantic lives; the outside shots of houses were filmed in South Ruislip. In 1988, an American adaptation of Dear John was produced by Paramount for the NBC network, starring Judd Hirsch; that series lasted for four seasons. John Lacey — a secondary-school teacher whose wife leaves him for his best friend, Mike, he is thrown out of his home and has to continue paying the mortgage on the marital home while living in a bedsit. Although John's wife is manipulative and John can be considered the wronged party, he admits in retrospect that he may have neglected his wife emotionally.

He feels cut off from his son. They end up at the zoo because it's the only place open, his son saying they've seen one penguin so many times that the first time they came "he was an egg". John's problems come from inability or unwillingness to confront someone or from being "too nice" – situations rebound in unexpected ways. Kate — an outwardly'frigid' woman with three failed marriages, she continually spars with Kirk. At one point, she shares a bed with John, although it is suggested that nothing more than sleeping happened, as they were both drunk at the time, she goes to Greece and finds a boyfriend, only to make a surprise reappearance in the show's final episode. Ralph — a shy, timid & rather mousy man who married a Polish immigrant who left him as soon as she obtained a British passport, he develops a genuine friendship with Kirk though Kirk outwardly holds his boring demeanour in some disdain. He gives Kirk a lift home on his motorcycle combination. In series two, Ralphy surprises everyone by becoming Dazzlin' Darren Dring the night club DJ.

He only has a single record in his'collection', Green Door by Shakin Stevens, his microphone patter is not nearly as glitzy as his name. Kirk St Moritz / Eric Morris — a crass, tactless chauvinist, who dresses in the style of John Travolta in Saturday Night Fever, Kirk is shown at the end of series one to be nothing more than an alter ego created by Eric Morris who, though he is in his mid-thirties, lives in shabby circumstances with an overbearing mother who calls him'Big Ears', his room is filled with The A-Team posters. His long and preposterous anecdotes about his "experiences" seducing nuns, the Vietnam War contrast with the audience's newly gained knowledge that Eric is a sad, shy man who has made little impact in wider life. In the series' final episode, however, we see that there are aspects of Kirk that are more real than even Eric realises; when he displays courage and honour to protect his friends in a perilous situation. Eric claims to John in private that Kirk represents all the qualities he aspires to, that he has other personae, suggesting Eric has become a persona that he presents to his mother, just as Kirk is the persona he presents to the 1-2-1 Club.

Kirk explains Eric in public as an undercover version of Kirk and his mother as his controller in disguise. In the series' final episode, Eric is returning with Kirk's dry-cleaned outfit when he sees his friends about to be beaten up by a group of Hells Angels. In an homage to Superman, he retreats into the pub toilet and, emerges as Kirk, who swiftly dispatches the gang. Eric has an ongoing fascination with "Tiger" Kate, they enjoy a combative relationship, with insults and barbs flying between them, although he claims that under the surface he is "kind of fond of her", tries to get John to organise a date for him. Louise — the leader of the group, she divorced her husband because of his fetishistic tendencies, remains obsessed with other people's sex lives – this may be her reason for organising the group and is most the cause of her catchphrase "Were there any sexual problems?" She insists on pronouncing Ralph's name in the more old-fashioned style of "Rafe". Sylvia — a nervous woman with an irritating laugh who divorced her husband because of his transvestism.

Mrs Arnott — quiet, hat-wearing Mrs Arnott sits at the back dressed in dowdy clothing chipping in with unexpected comments, such as that her husband used to make her play hoopla with ring doughnuts. She leaves the group to look after her daughter's children when her daughter goes to work in Africa for VSO. Toby Lacey — Ralph Bates's real-life son portrays his screen son, Toby. Wendy — John's sexually manipulative and bossy ex-wife. Mike TaylorWendy's live-in lover, he was played by Roger Blake. Ken — Ken is John's teaching colleague who, in contrast to John's simple desire to have a simple, loving relationship, wants to spread his oats and has nothing but envy for what he imagines is John's new life of sexual freedom, he and his wife have five children, whose company he finds a constant burden. It is insinuated that his wife

Phantom of the Theatre

Phantom of the Theatre is a 2016 Chinese-Hong Kong thriller film directed by Raymond Yip, starring Ruby Lin, Tony Yang, Simon Yam and Huang Lei. The film depicts a story happened in voluptuous Shanghai in the 1930s, re-presenting the prosperity and charm of Shanghai in its peak time, with distinctive characteristics of that time and irreproachably interpreting the humanity, it was released in China on April 29, 2016. A haunted theatre, filled with the vengeful spirits of a tragically-trapped performance troupe murdered in a fire 13 years ago, waits for the once-grand palatial playhouse to re-open with a new show… and bring in new victims… The Phantom of the Theatre depicts a tragic love story between hot film star Meng Sifan and young director Gu Weibang, the son of the warlord Gu Mingshan. Ruby Lin as Meng Si Fan/Kong jin/Kong Lan Tony Yang as Gu Wei Bang Simon Yam as Gu Ming Shan Jing Gangshan as Kong Shen Huang Hung as Fei Li Shi Lin Jiang Guo as Tang Shi Rao Hu Ming as The Adjutant Natalie Meng Yao as Pan Ru Yu Wu Xu Dong as Liu Kang Patricia Ha as Wei Bang's Mother Han Zhi as The Butler Zhang Zifeng as Kong Lan Huang Lei as The Theatre Owner Luo Tian Jiao as Xiao Mei Du Chang Rui as Actress Li Jia Xuan as Actress Li Ching as Master of Ceremony He Yun Wei as Master of Ceremony Li Yang as The Thief Li Jing The film cast will be led by Ruby Lin, Raymond Yip, Manfred Wong.

This is the third time for the three co-star in horror films. Phantom of the Theatre was filmed in Shanghai. Shooting of the film started on January 13, 2015 and was wrapped up on March 3, 2015; the film was moved from its scheduled release date of November 27, 2015, to April 28, 2016. The film grossed US$7.85 million on its opening weekend in China. Music composed by Yu Peng credited as YuPeng. Zhu ZiRong: Female solo vocalist Yu Peng: Male solo vocalist Piao Ying, Zhang SuChen: violin solo Chen XiaoLong: cello solo Chen Kun: flute Zhang Xin: oboe Hu Yu: bassoon Guo ZhanBao, Shi JieLiang: horn Liu ZhanYi: trombone Mou XianQuan: tuba Tu HuaBing: Chinese flute Zhang Sheng: Tu HuaBing Xie YuDan: pipa Lu YiWen: erhu Zhu ZhiRong, Chen Qin, Fu XiaoLi, Wu Jing, Wang GuoFang, Jiang Bin, Zhang ChaoJun, Guo JunYu, Yu Peng: choir group Shanghai Piao Ying Chamber Music Group: strings group Lu Xiaoxing: music recording engineer Yu Peng: music mixing engineer Anders Lee: music producer Shanghai San You Recording Occupation Studio: music studio"Mí Wù" sung by A-Lin"Episode" The MistSinger: Eric Juu Lyrics: Wu Di Composer: Yu Peng Arranger/Producer: Yu Peng "Theme Song" The Mist Singer: A-Lin Lyrics: Wu Di Composer: Yu Peng Producer: Chen Jiangi Line Producer:Brandy Tien Arrangement: Zhang Chaoyu String Writing: Zhang Chaoyu Cello solo: Liu Han Cello: Liu Han, Lin Jiayu Viola: Gan Weipeng, Yang Kaining Violin: Cai Yaoyu, Zhang Yining, Zheng Zihong Recording Engineer: Xu Wei, Chen Yilin Studio: The flyer studio, Eye studio Mixing Engineer: Lin Zhengzong Mixing studio: Platinum studio Production Executive: Cai Zhizhong Click Music Ltd.

Phantom of the Theatre on IMDb Phantom of the Theatre at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase Phantom of the Theatre at Variety Phantom of the Theatre at Rotten Tomatoes Official Trailer on YouTube Teaser Trailer on YouTube Wellgo Entertainment Official Page at Official Weibo at Baidu Info at

Cordy Ryman

Cordy Ryman, an artist based in New York City. Ryman earned his BFA with Honors in Fine Arts and Art Education from The School of Visual Arts in New York in 1997, he is the son of artist Robert Ryman. Cordy Ryman is represented by Zürcher Gallery, New York, NY. Ryman’s early works were emotion based figurative sculptures but within his first year at art school he began to experiment with abstract representations. During his second year at The School of Visual Arts he was working on small scale collages; this is. Ryman’s artwork is characterized by recycled wood and metal painted and reconstructed with sculptural elements, mimicking the traditional canvas in their display; the materials Ryman uses include wood, gorilla glue, scrap metals, studio sweepings and enamel paints and other found objects. When working with wood, he keeps the rough jagged edges visible; this creates a tactile surface. Ryman alters the surfaces of his artwork to change the appearance but still allows for the character of the materials to be recognized.

He sometimes combines mute colors-white and creamy oranges- with small touches of bright hues on the edges and seams of his work. The end result is a fluorescent glow, reflected onto the gallery spaces and the artwork itself. In a 2009 interview with Phong Bui in The Brooklyn Rail, Ryman says of his attention to the edges of his paintings: "I guess the main thing about the edges and the sides is that I think about them. In one way or another they are considered; when the sides are painted or accounted for in some way, it makes the piece as a whole seem more like a thing or an independent entity as opposed to a picture of something."His works range from small to large and interact with the spaces in which they are presented. When Ryman works on a smaller scale his paintings tend to be saturated with paint transforming the nature of the scrap materials he works with; the undulating surfaces of these works push the boundary between painting. When Ryman creates work on a larger scale the pieces interact with unique properties of the installation space.

Such pieces are rising and falling from the walls. In Ryman’s 2010 solo exhibition at DCKT Contemporary he showed the work Red Brick which consisted of a series of cut and painted wooden “bricks” stacked upon one another in varying shades of red and pink. In this work Ryman questions geometry and the nature of painting itself. Microsoft Art Collection, Redmond, WA Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami, FL Raussmuller Collection, Switzerland Rubell Family Collection, Miami, FL The Speyer Family Collection, New York, NY Virginia and Bagley Wright Collection, Seattle, WA 2006 Helen Foster Barnett Prize, National Academy Museum, New York, NY 1997 Rhodes Family Award for Excellence, School of Visual Arts, New York, NY ZÜRCHER Gallery, New York, NY DODGEGallery, New York, NY Connor Contemporary, Washington, DC DCKT Contemporary, New York, NY Lora Reynolds Gallery, Austin TX Kavi Gupta Gallery, Chicago, IL Mark Moore Gallery, Santa Monica, CA William Traver Gallery, Seattle, WA Aberrant Abstraction: Keltie Ferris, Chris Martin, Cordy Ryman, Agathe Snow, Nerman Museum of Contemporary Art, Johnson County Community College, Overland Park, KS Nicole Klagsburn Gallery, New York, NY One More, Esbjerg Art Museum, Denmark Lesley Heller Gallery, New York, NY American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY National Academy Museum and School of the Arts, New York, NY Greater New York 2005, P.

S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, NY Cordy Ryman interviewed by Phong Bui, Dec. 2008 Cordy Ryman reviewed @ Brooklyn Rail Cordy Ryman reviewed by Art in America