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Bloomberg Television

Bloomberg Television is an American-based pay television network centred towards business and capital market programming, owned by Bloomberg L. P, it is distributed globally. It is headquartered in New York City, with European headquarters in London and Asian headquarters in Hong Kong. Most of the channels listed are not directly operated by Bloomberg, but are operated by local companies who franchise the Bloomberg brand and may take some of its English-language programming. Bloomberg Television Bloomberg El Financiero Bloomberg TV Malaysia Bloomberg TV Asia Pacific Bloomberg TV EMEA Bloomberg HT Bloomberg TV Mongolia Bloomberg TV South Asia Bloomberg TV Australia Bloomberg TV Bulgaria Bloomberg TV Brasil BNN BloombergBloomberg Myanmar Bloomberg Brazil Bloomberg TV Indonesia Bloomberg TV Canada Bloomberg TV India Bloomberg Germany Bloomberg TV France Bloomberg Italy Bloomberg TV Philippines Bloomberg Japan Bloomberg Spain Bloomberg TV Africa Bloomberg's U. S. broadcasts are headed by the CEO of Bloomberg Media Group.

Smith replaced Andy Lack, who returned to NBC News. The network provided funding and studio facilities for the nightly PBS/WNET program Charlie Rose. Bloomberg Television first launched in the United States on January 1, 1994 under the name Bloomberg Information TV, before it was shortened to its current name in 1998. Shortly after Bloomberg's launch, the now-defunct American Independent Network carried a simulcast of the channel at various times each weekday from 1995 to 1997, picked up by some broadcast stations in early morning periods to provide a de facto morning business show; the network's morning pre-opening bell programming was aired on the USA Network, simulcasted in a paid programming arrangement with the channel until 2004, when that network dropped the simulcast months before the NBC Universal merger was consummated, due to concerns that USA would air the coverage of a competitor to future sister network CNBC. The simulcast moved to E!, where it remained until the simulcast ended in January 2009, when the network had expanded its reach on digital cable systems enough to discontinue the simulcast.

During its time on E!, the 5–8 a.m. block was the most watched period for the network, according to Nielsen Media Research. Bloomberg Television's U. S. network debuted a new graphics package in January 2009. This current scheme was first used on the network's now-defunct pre-market program, Starting Bell, before the new graphics expanded to all of the network's programs on February 17, 2009. On that date, Bloomberg U. S. revamped its weekday programming lineup. In October 2009, Bloomberg Television debuted another new graphics package. In 2011, Bloomberg Television announced a strategic relationship with Gas Station TV to deliver personal finance and business news to more than 27 million viewers each month at GSTV pumps. Bloomberg launched a high definition simulcast feed on May 9, 2011, with Time Warner Cable as the first provider to carry it. In mid-April 2013, DIRECTV started carrying Bloomberg HD; as of July 2014, Bloomberg Television's standard-definition feed now shows a down-scaled version of its native HD feed, with the 16:9 letterbox picture on its 4:3 SD feed.

In February 2009, Bloomberg Television announced that it would cease operating some of the international variations of the channel, placing a greater focus on a more international Bloomberg channel. On March 9, 2009, the localized channels available in Germany, France and Spain ceased operations. Today, throughout Europe, the original pan-European version of Bloomberg Europe is available on cable and digital television providers. Since March 9, 2009, Bloomberg Television utilizes its existing international production teams in Hong Kong and America, adding a more global feel to the channel. Bloomberg International provides programming from Hong Kong in the early morning, produced by Bloomberg Asia, from London in the late morning, produced by Bloomberg Europe, from its main headquarters in New York City in the afternoon; each Bloomberg receives a relevant business news ticker on screen. Bloomberg Japan ceased broadcasting on April 30, 2009; the channel was replaced by Bloomberg Asia. Bloomberg Japan's Japanese language print website continue to operate as normal.

In June 2009, the Japanese service began running small on-air segments in cooperation with BS-Fuji Television. In October 2009, segments produced with the Tokyo Broadcasting System were added. Bloomberg Brazil and Bloomberg Latin America were integrated into the global Bloomberg channel during 2009. Bloomberg is an associate member of the Caribbean Cable & Telecommunications Association and the Caribbean Cable Cooperative. In November 2011, Bloomberg announced the formation of "Bloomberg TV Mongolia" in partnership with Trade and Development Bank of Mongolia, the oldest and one of the largest commercial banks in Mongolia; the channel offers a mix of locally produced, Mongolian language content as well as English language news from Bloomberg Television. In February 2015, Bloomberg partnered with Canadian media company Channel Zero to form Bloomberg TV Cana

HOP Ranch

The HOP Ranch was a historic ranch in El Paso and Pueblo counties in Colorado, located 35 miles southeast of Colorado Springs, in the Chico Creek basin just south of present-day Hanover, Colorado. Sometimes referred to as the Holmes Ranch or the Chico Basin Ranch, it was among the first cattle ranches established in Colorado Territory in 1871 during the times of open range before fences became prevalent in the west, it operated for 58 years until it was sold in 1929 to a Drinkard and Emmert company, Horse Creek Land & Cattle Co. of Denver. The HOP Ranch was located in what is the northernmost portion of the present-day Chico Basin Ranch; the HOP Ranch was named for the three original partners – H for William T. Hurd, Superintendent of the Michigan Central Railroad stockyards in Detroit. Hurd and Plumer formed a partnership in Detroit to establish a livestock enterprise in cattle and ventured to Denver, Colorado in 1871. From there they took a wagon to Fountain, Colorado where they located and purchased rights to the land which would become the HOP Ranch.

William Holmes remained in Colorado to become the on-site ranch manager while Hurd and Plumer returned to their home base in Detroit. William Holmes homesteaded much of the land that would become the HOP ranch. Other properties were added by private acquisition of William T. Hurd. In 1884, the business partnership of the three men was formally incorporated in Detroit, Michigan as the HOP Livestock Company, Inc. Officers of the corporation were President. Much of the land acquired through homesteading and through private acquisition was deeded to the HOP Livestock Company. In its early days of operation, the HOP Ranch shipped cattle to market from the nearest railhead in Hugo, Colorado for delivery to Kansas City and Chicago; when the railroad reached Pueblo, cattle were shipped to market from nearby Fountain, Colorado. During typical ranch operating years, HOP Ranch would ship as many as one-thousand head of cattle to market. William Holmes and his younger brother James were among the first to import Hereford cattle to Colorado when they shipped a dozen well-selected cattle bulls, from Canada in 1874.

After a visit to the ranch in October 1878, Wm. T. Hurd and his wife departed to winter in the east. Upon their departure, it was thought he and the Holmes brothers had "the finest lot of Hereford cattle in Colorado." On October 30, they shipped to market "the finest lot of half blood Herefords that were shipped from the state." This hearty breed of white-faced cattle would dominate the Colorado ranching landscape just a few decades later. When the HOP Ranch was founded in 1871, living on the Colorado prairie was a dangerous prospect. Relations between settlers and Native-Americans were tense and there was an undercurrent of deep mistrust over land ownership. Unscrupulous persons went to the American Old West to avoid the law, others that took advantage of a perceived lack of law; the natural elements presented hazards. In November 1864, 100 miles due east of the Chico Basin, Colonel John Chivington led 675 US volunteer soldiers in an attack on a Cheyenne and Arapaho village of about 700 people.

In the end 200 Native-Americans were killed, most of them noncombatant women and elderly. A few years in September 1868, members of the US Army and of several tribes of Plains Indians became involved in the Battle of Beecher Island near Wray, about 200 miles northeast of the Chico Basin; the battle turned into a nine-day siege and by its end, a few dozen Army soldiers and Plains Indian warriors were killed and many others wounded. Both of these events were important incidents, among others, that preceded Custer's Last Stand in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in southern Montana in June 1876. In this era of the Old West, it was a time when disagreements among neighbors were settled with personal firearms instead of waiting for the slow arm of the law. With the advent of cattle and beef production in the west came the scourge of cattle rustling that cattlemen would not abide. Sometimes suspicions among neighbors ran high in the time of the open range before fences were erected. In one incident at Chico Basin in October 1876, William Wilson, an innocent teenage boy, unknowingly walked into a boundary dispute between neighbors and was murdered.

William Holmes and William T. Hurd, visiting from Detroit, were both part of a coroner's inquest to resolve the particulars of the shooting; the natural elements of the Old West presented danger to those who settled the prairie—unique because of the open somewhat barren landscape. In December 1880, after a visit to the HOP Ranch, Samuel A. Plumer told of an account where William Holmes had gone to the post office in Pueblo and upon his return stopped to repair a fence. While making the repair, he was struck by lightning — it was a cloudy day, but no thunderstorms were occurring, his recovery from the electrical shock took days. The HOP Ranch had a colorful history in the early pioneering days of Colorado Pueblo. Despite the tensions on the Colorado plains, the Holmes family befriended Southern Ute Native Americans who passed by on their way to hunting grounds, they established a ritual to feed them biscuits and lent them field glasses and rifles for their hunting expeditions. Friendly bow and arrow and rifle sporting competitions were a

John P. Erickson

John P. Erickson was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War and a recipient of the U. S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Wilmington Campaign. Born in 1825 in Sweden, Erickson immigrated to the U. S. and was living in Brooklyn. He served as a captain of the forecastle on the USS Pontoosuc in the Wilmington Campaign, from the First Battle of Fort Fisher on December 24, 1864, through the campaign's end on February 22, 1865, he was wounded and received treatment at a hospital in Portsmouth, Virginia. For his actions during the campaign, he was awarded the Medal of Honor months on June 22, 1865. Erickson's official Medal of Honor citation reads: Served on board the U. S. S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 February 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Erickson was so wounded in the assault upon Fort Fisher that he was sent to the hospital at Portsmouth, Va. Erickson was recommended for his gallantry and coolness in action while under the fire of the enemy.

Erickson died on August 2, 1907, at age 82 and was buried at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn