The Blue Mountains National Park is a protected national park, located in the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 267,954-hectare national park is situated 80 kilometres west of Sydney, the park boundary is quite irregular as it is broken up by roads, urban areas and inholdings. Despite the name mountains, the area is an uplifted plateau, dissected by a number of larger rivers; the highest point in the park is Mount Werong at 1,215 metres above sea level. The national park is one of the eight protected areas that, in 2000, was inscribed to form part of the UNESCO World Heritage–listed Greater Blue Mountains Area; the Greater Blue Mountains was one of 15 World Heritage places included in the National Heritage List on 21 May 2007. The Blue Mountains National Park is the most central of the eight protected areas within the World Heritage Site and it forms part of the Great Dividing Range; the park is listed on the Australian Heritage Register and the overall complex of Blue Mountains regional walking tracks is listed on the State Heritage Register.
The genesis of the national park was a proposal by early conservationist Myles Dunphy for a Greater Blue Mountains National Park in 1932. This included large areas of what are today the Blue Mountains National Park, the Wollemi, Kanangra-Boyd, Gardens of Stone, Thirlmere Lakes, along with other smaller nature reserves. In September 1959 the Blue Mountains National Park was gazetted covering 63,000 hectares. In 2000 it was included as part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. In 1999, 37 walking tracks were added to the State Heritage Register, extending from Glenbrook and the Nepean River in the east; the Blue Mountains National Park lies on the eastern side of the Great Dividing Range. The plateau slopes down from west to east from a height of around 1,100 metres above sea level near Mount Victoria to less than 200 metres above sea level around Glenbrook. There are four major rivers that have most of their catchment inside the park: the Wollangambe River in the north, the Grose River in the centre, the Coxs and Wollondilly rivers in the south.
The latter two flow into Lake Burragorang, located just outside the park and is the site of Warragamba Dam, the major source of drinking water for Sydney. A small section of the Nepean River passes through the park. All of the major rivers flow from west to east. Structurally, the Blue Mountains are part of the greater Sydney Basin; the Sydney Basin consists of layers of sedimentary rocks laid down over the past 300 million years. The Blue Mountains and Great Dividing Range were formed about 50 million years ago, when the area was uplifted. More volcanic flows covered large areas of the mountains in basalt; these have worn away, leaving only occasional outcrops on the high peaks. The park contains a small range of eucalypt species across a variety of habitats including wet and dry Sclerophyll, swamps and grasslands; some species are of significance to our understanding of plant evolution including the Wollemi Pine, of which fewer than 100 trees are known. Notable plant families include Myrtaceae and Proteaceae including 114 endemic and 177 threatened species.
This range of habitats supports a rich variety of fauna, including a third of Australia's bird species, numerous mammals and frogs. Notable endangered and endemic species include the Regent Honeyeater, Broad-headed snake and the Blue Mountains water skink; the Blue Mountains National Park is the most visited National Park in NSW with more than half of domestic visitors originating from Sydney and one of the easiest locations to spot wild kangaroos in Sydney. The majority of tourists to the Blue Mountains see the national park from one of the many lookouts between Wentworth Falls and Blackheath, many of these never set foot in the park. Activities for the visitor include short walks to lookouts above cliffs and waterfalls and longer walks to more remote areas of the park and more extreme sports such as canyoning, rock climbing and mountain biking. A number of Blue Mountains sightseeing and adventure tour companies can assist visitors in safely experiencing these activities, it is home to the world's steepest railway, the Katoomba Scenic Railway.
The national park is renowned for the Three Sisters rock formation. Both north and south of Blackheath, the cliffs are the most spectacular as the rock faces are several hundreds metres tall. Visitor numbers have increased to 5.2 million in 2016 from 3.6 million in 2008. The national park extends south as far as the Wollondilly River, west of New South Wales; this area was affected by the construction of Warragamba Dam from 1948 to 1960. This required the flooding of the Burragorang Valley, which created Lake Burragorang and in the process cut the southern part of the Blue Mountains off from areas to the east, for example Camden and Bargo. Properties and homesteads in the southern part of the mountains were forced to close down, leaving many derelict homes and ruins; these included Bran Jan House and Kowmung House on Scotts Main Range, as well as Twin Peaks, south of Yerranderie. An exclusion zone of three kilometres was created around Lake Burragorang to protect Sydney's water supply, but a through-track was allowed fro
Circus Juventas is a youth performing arts circus school located in Saint Paul, serving youth throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area. The organization was founded in 1994 by Dan and Betty Butler, offers circus arts training to young people ranging from 3 to 21 years old. Emulating the style of Cirque du Soleil, Circus Juventas's first show was at Saint Paul's Highland Fest in 1995. From there, the school's enrollment expanded and the organization initiated a campaign to fund a $2.1 million permanent big top facility, which opened in 2001 on Saint Paul parkland in the Highland Park neighborhood. That year, it began to produce annual summer performances showcasing the work of its most advanced students, each with a distinct theme; these shows have proven popular with local audiences and have been well received critically, with reviewers praising the professionalism and fearlessness exhibited in the productions, while noting students' occasional missteps during performances. Circus Juventas students have performed and competed both around the Minneapolis–Saint Paul area and abroad.
As of 2014, Juventas was the largest youth performing arts circus in North America. The school had tentative plans to add a second facility elsewhere in the region; the founders of Circus Juventas and Betty Butler, met as teenagers at the Sailor Circus of Sarasota during the mid-1970s. Dan was a catcher on the flying trapeze, Betty was an aerialist on the cloud swing, they began dating at age sixteen, went on to perform at Florida State University's Flying High Circus, married in 1980. Dan faced bankruptcy and chemical dependency; the couple came to reside in Minnesota because Dan Butler was receiving alcohol and drug abuse rehabilitation at Hazelden. The Butlers attended Sailor Circus reunions together and after one, in April 1994, Betty Butler wondered, "Wouldn't it be great if we could do something in Minnesota?" The Butlers founded Circus Juventas as a nonprofit corporation in October 1994, citing a desire to give back to the community as one of the reasons for its creation. It was known as Circus of the Star, so called for Minnesota's nickname, The North Star State.
The newly opened Hillcrest Recreation Center in Saint Paul provided the couple with inspiration for the circus program, they asked the city if they could hold classes there. The Saint Paul Parks and Recreation Department approved the program, assumed liability for fifty children who enrolled the first year. About thirty of those students stayed with the program and performed in their first show at the 1995 Highland Fest, an annual family-oriented neighborhood festival. After this performance, interest in the program increased. By 1996, 30 more students were enrolled, by 1997, an additional 25 had joined the program; the circus was still based out of the Hillcrest Recreation Center's gym, had to work around the schedule of the other regular activities in the facility. In 1997, the waitlist for the program was around 200 students. With the school's growing popularity, the Butlers saw the need for a larger space so they developed plans to build a 1,500-seat facility. In an article published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press in 1997, the estimated cost of the project was quoted at $700,000, with a groundbreaking planned for April 1998.
The Butlers initiated their capital campaign on February 18, 1998, with the goal of raising $1.1 million for their new building. By August 1999, they had raised $1 million of their expanded $1.6 million goal for the circus expansion, with plans to break ground on the new facility that November. Part of the funding came from Saint Paul's Sales Tax Revitalization program, through which surplus funds were distributed by councilmembers to worthy organizations. A total of $627,183 was disbursed for the circus through the program, split between three STAR components: $450,000 as part of Neighborhood STAR which sought to fund local initiatives, $122,183 as part of Cultural STAR which funded arts and culture programs, $55,000 from 3rd Ward City Councilmember Pat Harris's discretionary Neighborhood Investment Initiative budget. Another $60,000 came from an anonymous retired Saint Paul businessperson; the $1.6 million were raised in full by the end of April 2000, just in time to ensure the circus received its STAR funding which would have been nullified if the Butlers had not made their fundraising goal by May 5 of that year.
The Butlers had found the space for the school through coincidence. On August 25, 2000, ground was broken on the new structure; the big top took about a year to complete, during which time the school changed its name to Circus Juventas, named for Juventas, an ancient Roman goddess of youth and rejuvenation. The project totaled $2.1 million and by 2006, the school was $700,000 in debt. It was working with various city agencies to resolve the shortfall and faced "no looming threat." The school relies on parent volunteers to help with various operational aspects, from rigging to administrative work to set construction and decoration, concessions sales. Betty Butler estimated; the circus operates with the equivalent of 40 full-time employees. In 2010, the circus school enrolled students from ages 6 to 21, with an additional enrollment of about 150 toddlers and other younger participants as young as three years old. By 2013, the enrollment had reached over 800 and the school's annual operating budget exceeded $2 million
The 55th Legislature of the National Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the Brazilian federal government, consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. It met in Brasília from 1 February 2015, to 1 February 2019. All members of the Chamber of Deputies and one-third of the Senate were elected in the elections of 5 October 2014. According to the political analyst of the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advice, Antônio Augusto de Queiroz, the National Congress elected in 2014 may be considered the most conservative since the "re-democratization" movement, noting an increase in the number of parliamentarians linked to more conservative segments, such as ruralists, military and the religious; the composition of the Board of the Federal Senate is the following: The composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following: The composition of the Board of the Federal Senate is the following: The composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following: The Senate represents the 26 states and the Federal District.
Each state and the Federal District has a representation of three Senators, who are elected by popular ballot for a term of eight years. Every four years, renewal of either one third or two-thirds of the Senate takes place. In 5 October 2014 elections, one-third of the Federal Senate were elected. Acre Alagoas Amapá Amazonas Bahia Walter Pinheiro replaced by Roberto Muniz since 6 June 2016. Ceará Distrito Federal Rodrigo Rollemberg replaced by Hélio José since 1 January 2015. Espírito Santo Ricardo Ferraço replaced by Sérgio de Castro since 6 November 2017. Goiás Demóstenes Torres was expelled on 11 July 2012. Maranhão Mato Grosso Pedro Taques replaced by José Medeiros since 1 January 2015. Blairo Maggi replaced by Cidinho Santos since 15 May 2016. Mato Grosso do Sul Delcídio do Amaral was expelled on 10 May 2016. Minas Gerais Itamar Franco died on 2 July 2011, Zezé Perrella replaced him since 11 July 2011. Pará Jader Barbalho won an appeal in the Supreme Federal Court and took office on 28 December 2011, replacing Marinor Brito.
Paraíba Cássio Cunha Lima won an appeal in the Supreme Federal Court and took office on 8 November 2011, replacing Wilson Santiago. Vital do Rêgo Filho replaced by Raimundo Lira since 22 December 2014. Paraná Gleisi Hoffmann licensed between 8 June 2011 and 3 February 2014, Sérgio de Souza replaced her during this period. Pernambuco Piauí Wellington Dias replaced by Regina Sousa since 1 January 2015. Rio de Janeiro Marcelo Crivella replaced by Eduardo Lopes since 2 January 2017. Rio Grande do Norte Rio Grande do Sul Rondônia Roraima Santa Catarina Luiz Henrique died on 10 May 2015. São Paulo Aloysio Nunes replaced by Airton Sandoval since 9 March 2017. Sergipe Tocantins João Ribeiro died on 18 December 2013, Ataídes Oliveira replaced him since 23 December 2013; the Chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. In 2014 elections, 198 of the elected candidates are new to the Chamber of Deputies, the highest rate of newcomers in 16 years; the number of parliamentary represented parties has increased: from 22 parties after the 2010 election to 28 at the beginning of the new term.
Acre Alagoas Amapá Amazonas Bahia Ceará Distrito Federal Espírito Santo Goiás Maranhão Mato Grosso Mato Grosso do Sul Minas Gerais Pará Paraíba Paraná Pernambuco Piauí Rio de Janeiro Rio Grande do Norte Rio Grande do Sul Rondônia Roraima Santa Catarina São Paulo Sergipe Tocantins Federal government of Brazil National Congress of Brazil Federal Senate Chamber of Deputies Evangelical Caucus
HOSFU was a Christian film-related company aimed at promoting Christ through the film industry. Founded in 2003, the company's key people were Eric S. Highland, Dr. Kolan Wright, Joseph Simmons, Brittany Hardy and Lisa Strnad, it was founded with intent to spread the Gospel worldwide, began focusing on filmmaking and production. HOSFU was featured on the November 2009 cover of Christian Video Magazine; the company has been involved in the Gideon Media Arts Conference and Film Festival, of which concluded a short film contest. The festival contained a screenwriting contest sponsored by Trost Moving Pictures. HOSFU was founded in 2003 by two couples who wanted to communicate the Gospel to people worldwide who had not heard it. Eric and Marie Highland, along with co-founders Kolan and Lisa Wright, worked on various tasks over the next five years in relation to this goal. However, it was not until 2008 that the founders understood a clear vision of what HOSFU should focus on, they felt. Brittany Hardy joined the company full-time in Albuquerque, New Mexico during Summer 2008.
After that, several more team members have been added. Dr. Wayne Barber became the company's theological advisor. HOSFU closed operations in July 2010 due to differences among staff leadership. HOSFU was hired by Trost Moving Pictures to publicize the Raw Talent Screenplay Contest. Trost Moving Pictures awarded a $10,000 Grand Prize to Jason Parker who wrote a script titled "Matter of Life", which he received at the 2010 Gideon Media Arts Conference & Film Festival Banquet on June 7, 2010, to which Parker won an all-expense paid trip from TMP. HOSFU and Gideon Media Arts co-created a 2010 Short Film Contest, as part of the Gideon Media Arts Conference & Film Festival in Ridgecrest, North Carolina. Short Film Contest entires were 5–30 minutes in length, the festival took place June 3–8, 2009. "Leave Me" won first place, followed by runner-up "Forgive Me". Eric Highland, President and CEO of HOSFU, ran three of the workshops at Gideon Media Arts Conference and Film Festival, they were titled "Building a Fanbase with Your Fingertips Parts I and II" and "Marketing Consulting/Brainstorming Session".
He had two hours' of private sessions with Christian film producers and the Gideon's "Honored Authors". Which led to them partnering on projects; each month, HOSFU promotes a Featured Film, Featured Actor and Featured Actress from their website, Christian-Movie.com. The website was among the top 65,000 sites according to Alexa Internet. HOSFU was featured on the November 2009 cover of Christian Video Magazine, with a two-page story about the company inside the magazine. HOSFU consulted with Cloud Ten Pictures from April–November 2009. Additionally, the company began an audio podcast in May 2010
Stanah Community Primary School is an English mixed primary school located in the Stanah area of Thornton, Lancashire. Built in the 1960s, the school, located on Lambs Road, has around 400 pupils, aged 4 to 11, its head teacher is Hamish M Clough. He replaced Ian Todd who, after three-and-a-half years as head, took up a position at the University of Cumbria in January 2010. Mr. Todd's predecessor was Tony Ford, who retired in the summer of 2006 after twelve years in the role. One of the earlier and long-serving head teachers was Jean Fisher. Another was Mr. Evans, headmaster in the 1970s; the school comprises two separate buildings. A smaller annex is attended by the foundation class and years 1 and 2. For year 3, the children move into the larger main building; the smaller building was mothballed in the early 1980s when school rolls dropped, but it was renovated and reopened around a decade later. The infants building houses a preschool nursery called Stanah Sunflowers. On the junior's building stands the school's distinctive chimney.
White with a black tip, it was repainted all-white in the 1990s. The Krankies visited Stanah for a summer fair in the early 1980s. Leslie Crowther visited around the same time. Jazz musician Dan Forshaw attended the school from 1988 to 1992, it was in the school wind band that he first picked up his instrument. "Stanah pupils help bin plastic". Blackpool Gazette. 22 April 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2015. "STANAH GOES FROM STRENGTH TO STRENGTH". Fleetwood Today. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2015. "Stanah school give lift to charity". Lancashire Telegraph. 19 December 2003. Retrieved 17 June 2015. Stanah Community Primary School's official website Stanah's profile page at Ofsted
José Pessoa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque was a military officer, who became a Marshal in the Brazilian Army. Son of Cândido Albuquerque and Maria Albuquerque, he was the nephew of Epitácio Pessoa, brother of João Pessoa, the Governor of Northern State of Paraiba, he was one of the officers sent on a preparatory mission to Europe by the Brazilian Army during the World War I against the Central Powers. In his subsequent career he had a strong influence on the reform and update of some Brazilian Army branches and institutions. To honor him, the 12th Cavalry Regiment of the Brazilian Army adopted his name, he joined the Brazilian Army in 1903 in the 2nd Infantry Battalion in Recife, followed by the Preparatory and Tactical School in Realengo. He was transferred in 1909 to the War College in Porto Alegre, from where he left the aspirant-to-officer, he was at the disposal of the Ministry of Justice. He was assistant of command and assistant of the command of the division of operations sent to Mato Grosso to pacify the state in 1917 serving like assistant of orders and assistant of the inspector of the 10th Military Region in Bahia.
For his performance in his career, with the entry of Brazil into World War I, he was appointed in October 1917 to attend the preparatory military mission which the Brazilian Army sent to France to fought the Western Front. There, he spent a brief internship at Saint-Cyr to learn about the adaptation of his military branch to the then-recent invention, the tank. After this, he joined the 4th Dragoons Regiment of the 2nd Cavalry French Division; that year, this regiment using Schneider and St Chamond models, at the cost of heavy losses, participated in the containment of German spring offensives, already with the new and revolutionary Renault FTs, in the successful final Allied counter-offensives. As platoon leader, while serving with the 4th Dragoons, he was promoted to squadron leader and at rank of captain, as decorated by Belgians and French, for courage in action, which he insisted should be credited to the bravery of his subordinates, who came to gift him with grisly necklaces made with ears of enemy soldiers.
By war's end, while hospitalized in a Red Cross campaign hospital victim of typhoid fever, he had an affair with an English nurse, who became his wife. Upon his return to Brazil after the war, he was appointed in special commission to accompany the King and Queen of Belgium, Albert I and Elisabeth. Through his experience with tanks in World War he participated in the organization of the first unit of tanks of the Brazilian Army, remaining in command of this squadron until 1923, when he was promoted to major, it was during this time that his company of tanks was responsible for stopping the march of the rebel officers towards the government palace in the episode of the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt in 1922. He drew on his experiences to advocate for reform in the Brazilian Army. Although he has achieved relative success regarding some institution's internal matters, his post-1930 position against the involvement of the military in politics and civil life moved him away from the center of military power.
In 1930, he was appointed in November as the new director of the Military School of Realengo, the body responsible for training career officers in the Brazilian army. He held this position from November 19 of that year until August 7, 1934. During this period he was the founder and founder of the a new campus of an organ that would replace the School located in Realengo, Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras, which the new campus was founded in 1944; as of the new symbols of the Army: historical uniforms, coat of arms and the creation of the cult of the figure of the Duke of Caxias. Having been promoted in 1933 to the general-of-brigade, faced the following year a movement of boycott of the cadets of the establishment that commanded. Discontented with the solution given to the case, he resigned from the command of the school, being named inspector and commander of the Coastal Artillery District of the 1st Military Region in the Federal District, he was the founder of the Coastal Artillery Instruction Center.
Such that his war experiences, which he made public through the 1921 book Os Tanks na Guerra Européia, that could have been seminal for the development and upkeep of a modern Army armoured corps. In December 1935, in Rio de Janeiro, he was present at the meeting of the generals convened on the grounds of the Communist uprising that occurred the previous month; the purpose of this meeting was to examine the situation of the country after the uprising and to discuss the extension of the legislation concerning existing repressive laws to punish the insurgents. José Pessoa disagreed with most of those present, considering the discussion of existing laws or of new legislation to punish the crimes committed irrelevant, since the subject matter was the responsibility of jurists, not of the generals of the Army. Due to José Pessoas's opposition to military interference in politics, to other frictions with the dominant current in power, the command of the army showed no interest in investing in development in order to apply against possible external enemies, modern doctrine on the use of armor in warfare, since José was