Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue or purple–colored berries. They are classified in the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium. Vaccinium includes cranberries, bilberries and Madeira blueberries. Commercial "blueberries" – including both wild and cultivated blueberries – are all native to North America; the highbush blueberry varieties were introduced into Europe during the 1930s. Blueberries are prostrate shrubs that can vary in size from 10 centimeters to 4 meters in height. In commercial production of blueberries, the species with small, pea–size berries growing on low–level bushes are known as "lowbush blueberries", while the species with larger berries growing on taller cultivated bushes are known as "highbush blueberries". Canada is the leading producer of lowbush blueberries, while the United States produces some 40% of the world supply of highbush blueberries; the genus Vaccinium has a circumpolar distribution, with species present in North America and Asia. Many commercially sold species with English common names including "blueberry" are from North America Atlantic Canada and Northeastern United States for wild blueberries, several US states and British Columbia for cultivated blueberries.
Canada's First Nations people consumed wild blueberries for centuries before North America was colonized. Highbush blueberries were first cultivated in New Jersey around the beginning of the 20th century. North American native species of blueberries are grown commercially in the Southern Hemisphere in Australia, New Zealand and South American nations. Several other wild shrubs of the genus Vaccinium produce eaten blue berries, such as the predominantly European Vaccinium myrtillus and other bilberries, which in many languages have a name that translates to "blueberry" in English. Five species of blueberries grow wild in Canada, including Vaccinium myrtilloides, Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium corymbosum which grow on forest floors or near swamps. Wild blueberries are not planted by farmers, but rather are managed on berry fields called "barrens". Wild blueberries reproduce by cross pollination, with each seed producing a plant with a different genetic composition, causing within the same species differences in growth, color, leaf characteristics, disease resistance and other fruit characteristics.
The mother plant develops underground stems called rhizomes, allowing the plant to form a network of rhizomes creating a large patch, genetically distinct. Floral and leaf buds develop intermittently along the stems of the plant, with each floral bud giving rise to 5-6 flowers and the eventual fruit. Wild blueberries prefer a acidic soil of around pH 6 and only moderate amounts of moisture, they have a hardy cold tolerance in their Canadian range. Fruit productivity of lowbush blueberries varies by the degree of pollination, genetics of the clone, soil fertility, water availability, insect infestation, plant diseases, local growing conditions. Wild blueberries have an average mature weight of 0.3 grams. Highbush blueberries prefer sandy or loam soils, having shallow root systems that benefit from mulch and fertilizer; the leaves of highbush blueberries can be either deciduous or evergreen, ovate to lanceolate, 1–8 cm long and 0.5–3.5 cm broad. The flowers are bell-shaped, pale pink or red, sometimes tinged greenish.
The fruit is a berry 5–16 millimeters in diameter with a flared crown at the end. They are covered in a protective coating of powdery epicuticular wax, colloquially known as the "bloom", they have a sweet taste, with variable acidity. Blueberry bushes bear fruit in the middle of the growing season: fruiting times are affected by local conditions such as climate and latitude, so the time of harvest in the northern hemisphere can vary from May to August. Note: habitat and range summaries are from the Flora of New Brunswick, published in 1986 by Harold R. Hinds, Plants of the Pacific Northwest coast, published in 1994 by Pojar and MacKinnon; some other blue-fruited species of Vaccinium: Vaccinium koreanum Vaccinium myrtillus Vaccinium uliginosum Commercially offered blueberries are from species that occur only in eastern and north-central North America. Other sections in the genus, native to other parts of the world, including the Pacific Northwest and southern United States, South America and Asia, include other wild shrubs producing similar-looking edible berries, such as huckleberries and whortleberries and bilberries.
These species are sometimes sold as blueberry jam or other products. The names of blueberries in languages other than English translate as "blueberry", e.g. Scots blaeberry and Norwegian blåbær. Blaeberry, blåbær and French myrtilles refer to the European native bilberry, while bleuets refers to the North American blueberry. Russian голубика does not refer to blueberries, which are non-native and nearly unknown in Russia, but rather to their close relatives, bog bilberries. Cyanococcus blueberries can be distinguished from the nearly identical-looking bilberries by their flesh color when cut in half. Ripe blueberries have light green flesh, while bilberries and huckleberries are red or purple throughout. Blueberries are sold fresh or are processed
A Son of Satan is a 1924 silent race film directed, written and distributed by Oscar Micheaux. The film follows the misadventures of a man. Micheaux shot the film in The Bronx, New York, Roanoke, Virginia. A Son of Satan ran into distribution problems when state censorship boards rejected the film based on its contents. New York censors objected to the film’s depiction of violence against women and animals, while Virginia censors complained the film’s references to miscegenation would "prove offensive to Southern ladies". In at least one state the film was banned for its title aloneNo print of the film is known to exist and it is presumed to be a lost film. Micheaux Film Corporation production. / Produced by Oscar Micheaux. Scenario by Oscar Micheaux. / Standard 35mm spherical 1.37:1 format. / Working title: The Ghost of Tolston’s Manor. The production began shooting on March 1923, in the Bronx, New York; some location photography was taken in Roanoke, in Clason’s Point, New York. 20,000 feet of film was shot during production.
The film was granted a New York State exhibition license on September 18, 1924. The cast included Andrew S. Bishop, Lawrence Chenault, Emmet Anthony, Edna Morton, Monte Hawley, Shingzie Howard, Ida Anderson, E. G. Tatum, Dink Stewart, W. B. F. Crowell, Olivia Sewall, Mildred Smallwood, Blanche Thompson, Margaret Brown, Professor Hosay; some of the original cast from the hit Broadway musicals Shuffle Along and Runnin' Wild appear in the movie, including Aubrey Lyles and F. E. Miller, Adelaide Hall, Arthur Cooper, Mildred Baker, Ina Duncan, Arthur Porter. A Son of Satan on IMDb
Angelópolis is a residential and commercial area in Puebla City, in the state of Puebla, Mexico. Today it is one of the most important of Puebla. There are 3 universities there: Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Universidad Iberoamericana, Universidad Anáhuac. Splits and opulent residential developments contrast with some neighbors and villages in the area, like Concepción La Cruz, Santa Rosa and Ciudad Judicial. In the area is the known "Centro Comercial Angelópolis"; the Megaproject "Angelópolis" was planned in 1995 by the state government to trigger the development of the region. In this plan were included the extension of 11 sur Avenue, construction of Atlixcáyotl Avenue, the rescue of the Historic Center and the deconstruction of the Convention Center, besides the use and fractionation of the land bank "Atlixcáyotl." Since the installing of Angelópolis Mall, until its final inauguration, the name of the area took its name, so now the area is popularly called "Angelópolis" or "Zone Angelópolis."
Consequent to this, the price per square meter in the area began to increase. Angelópolis area has an approximate area of 15 km², it is notorious for the high purchasing power of most of its residents and the amount of skyscrapers, where the tallest building in Puebla is the Torre Adamant II, located on the side of the Atlixcáyotl Avenue. There are several hospitals; the most attractive places are: Centro Comercial AngelópolisThe landmark of the area and, called is a shopping mall located in the north of the area. Angelópolis is an exclusive resort, its construction and inauguration was at the same time as Santa Fe in Mexico City. La Estrella de Puebla University Cultural Resort The Art Park Metropolitan Auditorium The Lineal Park Poblana Childhood Park Baroque Museum Puebla state government web page Images of Puebla City "Puebla, a city of Mexico". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911