Ammunition technical officer
An ammunition technical officer is an officer involved in all aspects of the army's use of ammunition. This includes: bomb disposal, clearance of ERW, explosives accident investigation, procurement, in service management and inspection and repair. ATOs are selected as captains from within the Royal Logistic Corps. One such example is Major Peter Norton GC. ATO training takes 17 months and requires attendance at the Royal Military College of Science and the Defence EOD Munitions Search School Kineton known as the Army School of Ammunition. After conclusion of the training, the new ATO may take command of an EOD troop within 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search Regiment RLC or be employed within an ammunition squadron or ammunition depot. In 11 EOD Regiment, the ATO performs, in addition to the troop commander's role, counterterrorism bomb disposal activities and IEDD within the UK, leading an EOD team. WO and SNCO ATs may lead EOD teams, when doing so are referred to as the ATO. ATs and ATOs can undergo further EOD training at the Felix Centre within the Defence EOD Munitions Search School Kineton.
ATOs are the UK's ammunition experts, with many years of experience in Palestine, Cyprus, Northern Ireland, the Balkans, Iraq and anywhere where the British Army have forces deployed and require EOD expertise and advice. Armed forces of other nations have ATOs, some of which are trained by the British Army; these countries include Canada, New Zealand, Singapore. Lieutenant WM Eastman GC. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. 24 December 1940. Captain RL Jephson-Jones GC. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. 24 December 1940. Major George Styles GC. Royal Army Ordnance Corps. 11 January 1972. Captain Peter Norton GC. Royal Logistic Corps. 24 July 2005. Captain Joe Varey GC. Royal Logistic Corps. 24 July 2005. SSgt Kim Hughes Royal Logistic Corps. 19 march 2010 Capt Daniel Marc Shepherd GM Royal Logistic Corps, 19 March 2010. Killed in Afghanistan whilst clearing Improvised Explosive Devices in Helmand Province, Afghanistan. Captain SD Bratcher MC Royal Logistic Corps, 24 March 2006. Major ID Scattergood MBE MC Royal Logistic Corps, 25 July 2008.
Captain Vincent Michael Strafford QGM, Royal Logistic Corps. 19 July 2007 Captain Wayne Edward James Owers QGM, Royal Logistic Corps, 19 March 2010 Captain Eamon Conrad Heakin QGM*, Royal Logistic Corps. 7 March 2008 Captain Vincent Michael Strafford QGM*, Royal Logistic Corps. 7 March 2008 The Australian Army employs ATOs, who are members of the Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps. RAAOC ATOs are trained in Australia, this training has been made available to members of other regional Defence Forces; the Pakistan Army has ATOs. They are selected from the officers of the Pakistan Army Ordnance Corps in the same manner as that of the British Army ATOs, they are specialists in the ammunition field, have many years of experience within Pakistan and other countries, such as Liberia, Ivory Coast, Congo, CAR and else where the Pakistan Army is deployed as part of the UN. Pakistan ATOs have the unique honour of handling / clearing IEDs and completing EOD Operations during War On Terror in Swat and South Waziristan Agencies and in the settled areas of the countries.
Most of the ATOs have specialized from CIED and EOD Trg programmes covered by British and US EOD institutes to assist the Engineers Corps as a technical expert to handle all IEDs and supervise their EOD activities and clearance of ERW. The major part of ATOs was in recent Operation Zarb-e-Azab, it is imperative to note and mention here, every field formation of Pakistan Army has a specified ATO appointment amongst its Staff Appointments to work as Advisor on Ammunition Matters to the Formation Commander directly. In UN, ATOs of the Battalions and Sector HQ work hand in glove with UNMAS for all EOD operations and clearance of ERW; the role and function of the South African Ammunition Corps is to ensure that only safe and effective ammunition is supplied to the Department of Defence and other users. Their functions includes participation in research and development, quality assurance, unit inspection and disposal of ammunition. Candidates must have a sound psychological profile exhibiting a high degree of intelligence, steadiness and an aptitude or innovative technical thinking.
Learners must be in possession of a National Senior Certificate or Level 4 certificate and must have passed Mathematics and Physical Science. Ammunition Technician
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations. Within NATO, each member nation's corresponding military rank of corporal is combined under the NATO-standard rank scale code OR-3 or OR-4. However, there are differences in how each nation employs corporals; some militaries may instead have a Junior Sergeant. In some militaries, the rank of corporal nominally corresponds to commanding a section or squad of soldiers. However, in the United States Army, the rank of corporal is considered a "lateral promotion" from E-4 Specialist and only occurs when the soldier has been selected by a promotion board to become an E-5 Sergeant and is serving in an E-5 billet such as a fireteam leader in a rifle squad; the lateral promotion is used to make the soldier a non-commissioned officer without changing the soldier's pay. As the Table of Organization & Equipment rank of a fire team leader is sergeant and that of squad leader is staff sergeant.
In the United States Marine Corps, corporal is the Table of Organization rank for a rifle fire team leader, machine gun team leader, light mortar squad leader, assault weapon squad leader, as well as gunner on most larger crew served weapons, armored vehicles, the two assistant gunners on a howitzer. In most countries that derive their military structure from the British military system, corporal is a more senior rank than that of private. However, in several other countries, such as Canada and Norway, corporal is a junior rank, indicating a more experienced soldier than a private, on a higher pay scale, but having no particular command appointment corresponding to the rank, similar to specialist in the U. S. Army; the word is derived from the medieval Italian phrase capo corporale. It may be derived from an appointment as an officer's bodyguard being an adjective pertaining to the word "body". All three branches of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic use two or three ranks of corporal, or cabo.
Corporals in the Argentine military are considered suboficiales subalternos, superior only to all ranks of Volunteers and Seamen. In the Argentine Army, there are two ranks of corporal and senior: Cabo and cabo primero. While the Argentine Navy has three corporal ranks, from junior to senior: Cabo segundo, Cabo primero and cabo principal, equal to the army rank of sargento; the Air Force has the same number of corporal ranks as the navy, keeps the same titles, with the exception of cabo instead of the navy's cabo segundo. The rank is used by the Argentine National Gendarmerie and the Argentine Federal Police, which use the rank in the same manner as the Army, as well as the Argentine Naval Prefecture. Corporal is the second lowest of the non-commissioned officer ranks in the Australian Army, falling between lance-corporal and sergeant. A corporal is appointed as a section commander, is in charge of 7-14 soldiers of private rank, they are assisted by a second-in-command a lance-corporal or senior private.
A Corporal within Artillery is known as a bombardier. Corporal is a rank of the Royal Australian Air Force, being equal to both the Australian Army and Royal Air Force rank of corporal; the branches of the Belgian Armed Forces use three ranks of corporal: corporal, master corporal and 1st master corporal. Corporal is equivalent to NATO Rank Code OR-3, whereas master corporal and 1st master corporal are equivalent to OR-4; the rank below corporal is 1st private and the rank directly above 1st master corporal is sergeant. Units with a cavalry, artily or Logistic Corps tradition replace Corporal by “Brigadier”; the equivalent of these ranks in the Naval Component are quartermaster, chief quartermaster and 1st chief quartermaster. Corporal is the first NCO rank of the Army, Air Force and states military police forces. Soldiers who complete the corporal course may be promoted to the rank of corporal should they excel in the course. A corporal in the Brazilian Army will lead the smallest fractions of units as machine gun squads and infantry squads.
Corporal is an Air Force non-commissioned member rank of the Canadian Forces. Its Naval equivalent is leading seaman, it is senior to the rank of private and its naval equivalent able seaman, junior to master corporal and its equivalent master seaman. It is part of the cadre of junior non-commissioned officers, one of the junior ranks. In French, the rank is caporal; the rank insignia of a corporal is a two-bar chevron, point down, worn in gold thread on both upper sleeves of the service dress jacket. On army ceremonial uniforms, it is rendered in gold braid, on either both sleeves, or just the right, depending on unit custom. Corporal is the first non-commissioned officer r
M*A*S*H (TV series)
M*A*S*H is an American war comedy-drama television series that aired on CBS from 1972 to 1983. It was developed by Larry Gelbart, adapted from the 1970 feature film M*A*S*H, which, in turn, was based on Richard Hooker's 1968 novel MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors; the series, produced with 20th Century Fox Television for CBS, follows a team of doctors and support staff stationed at the "4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital" in Uijeongbu, South Korea, during the Korean War. The show's title sequence features an instrumental-only version of "Suicide Is Painless," the original film's theme song; the show was created after an attempt to film the original book's sequel, M*A*S*H Goes to Maine, failed. The television series is the best-known of the M*A*S*H works, one of the highest-rated shows in U. S. television history. M * A * S * H aired weekly with most episodes being a half-hour in length; the series is categorized as a situation comedy, though it has been described as a "dark comedy" or a "dramedy" because of the dramatic subject matter.
The show is an ensemble piece revolving around key personnel in a United States Army Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in the Korean War. The "4077th MASH" was one of several surgical units in Korea. While the show is traditionally viewed as a comedy, many episodes had a more serious tone. Early seasons aired on network prime time while the Vietnam War was still going on, the show was forced to walk the fine line of commenting on that war while at the same time not seeming to protest it. For this reason, the show's discourse, under the cover of comedy questioned and grappled with America's role in the Cold War. Episodes were both plot- and character-driven, with several narrated by one of the show's characters as the contents of a letter home; the show's tone could move from silly to sobering from one episode to the next, with dramatic tension occurring between the civilian draftees of 4077th – Hawkeye, Trapper John, B. J. Hunnicutt, for example – who are forced to leave their homes to tend the wounded and dying of the war, the "regular Army" characters, such as Margaret Houlihan and Colonel Potter, who tend to represent patriotism and duty.
Other characters, such as Col. Blake, Maj. Winchester, Cpl. Klinger, help demonstrate various American civilian attitudes toward Army life, while guest characters played by such actors as Eldon Quick, Herb Voland, Mary Wickes, Tim O'Connor help further the show's discussion of America's place as Cold War war maker and peace maker. Through changes of personnel M*A*S*H maintained a constant ensemble cast, with four characters – Hawkeye, Father Mulcahy, Margaret Houlihan, Maxwell Klinger – on the show for all 11 seasons. Several other main characters departed or joined the program during its run, numerous guest actors and recurring characters were used; the writers found creating so many names difficult, used names from elsewhere. Note: Character appearances include double-length episodes as two appearances, making 260 in total; as the series progressed, it made a significant shift from being a comedy with dramatic undertones to a drama with comedic undertones. This was a result of changes in writing and production staff, rather than the cast defections of McLean Stevenson, Larry Linville, Wayne Rogers and Gary Burghoff.
Series co-creator and joke writer Larry Gelbart departed after Season 4, the first featuring Mike Farrell and Harry Morgan. This resulted in Farrell and Morgan having only a single season reading scripts featuring Gelbart's masterful comic timing, which defined the feel and rhythm of Seasons 1–4 featuring predecessors Rogers and Stevenson, respectively. Larry Linville and Executive Producer Gene Reynolds both departed at the conclusion of Season 5 in 1977, resulting in M*A*S*H being stripped of its original tight comedic foundation by the beginning of Season 6 — the debut of the Charles Winchester era. Whereas Gelbart and Reynolds were the comedic voice of M*A*S*H for the show's first five seasons, Alan Alda and newly promoted Executive Producer Burt Metcalfe became the new dramatic voice of M*A*S*H for Seasons 6–11. By the start of Season 8, the writing staff had been overhauled, with the departure of Gary Burghoff, M*A*S*H displayed a distinctively different feel, consciously moving between comedy and drama, unlike the seamless integration of its first five years.
The end of the Vietnam War in 1975 was a significant factor as to why storylines become less political in nature and more character driven. Several episodes experimented with the sitcom format: "Point of View" – shown from the perspective of a soldier with a throat wound "Dreams" – an idea of Alda's, where during a deluge of casualties, members of the 4077 take naps on a rotation basis, allowing the viewer to see the lyrical and disturbing dreams "A War For All Seasons" – features a story line that takes place over the course of 1951 "Life Time" – a precursor to the American television series 24, it utilizes the real time method of narrationAnother change was the infusion of story lines based on actual events and medical developments that materialized during the Korean War. Considerable research was done by the producers, including interviews with actual MASH surgeons and personnel to develop story lines roote
Afghanistan the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experiences cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, while the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get hot in summers. Kabul serves as its largest city. Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia; the land has been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Muslim Arabs, British and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires"; the land served as the source from which the Kushans, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Khaljis, Hotaks and others have risen to form major empires.
The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire, its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until 50 years when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and a Soviet Union protectorate; this evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years.
The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed, but they still control a significant portion of the country. Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks and Uzbeks, it is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, the Non-Aligned Movement. Afghanistan's economy is the world's 108th largest, with a GDP of $64.08 billion. The name Afghānistān is believed to be as old as the ethnonym Afghan, documented in the 10th-century geography book Hudud ul-'alam; the root name "Afghan" was used in reference to a member of the ethnic Pashtuns, the suffix "-stan" means "place of" in Persian. Therefore, Afghanistan translates to land of the Afghans or, more in a historical sense, to land of the Pashtuns. However, the modern Constitution of Afghanistan states that "he word Afghan shall apply to every citizen of Afghanistan."
Excavations of prehistoric sites by Louis Dupree and others suggest that humans were living in what is now Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago, that farming communities in the area were among the earliest in the world. An important site of early historical activities, many believe that Afghanistan compares to Egypt in terms of the historical value of its archaeological sites; the country sits at a unique nexus point where numerous civilizations have interacted and fought. It has been home to various peoples through the ages, among them the ancient Iranian peoples who established the dominant role of Indo-Iranian languages in the region. At multiple points, the land has been incorporated within large regional empires, among them the Achaemenid Empire, the Macedonian Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Islamic Empire. Many empires and kingdoms have risen to power in Afghanistan, such as the Greco-Bactrians, Hephthalites, Kabul Shahis, Samanids, Ghurids, Kartids, Timurids and the Hotak and Durrani dynasties that marked the political origins of the modern state.
Archaeological exploration done in the 20th century suggests that the geographical area of Afghanistan has been connected by culture and trade with its neighbors to the east and north. Artifacts typical of the Paleolithic, Neolithic and Iron ages have been found in Afghanistan. Urban civilization is believed to have begun as early as 3000 BCE, the early city of Mundigak may have been a colony of the nearby Indus Valley Civilization. More recent findings established that the Indus Valley Civilisation stretched up towards modern-day Afghanistan, making the ancient civilisation today part of Pakistan and India. In more detail, it extended from what today is northwest Pakistan to northwest India and northeast Afghanistan. An Indus Valley site has been found on the Oxus River at Shortugai in northern Afghanistan. There are several smaller IVC colonies to be found in Afghanistan as well. After 2000 BCE, successive waves of semi-nomadic
The Cougar is an MRAP and infantry mobility vehicle structured to be resistant to landmines and improvised munitions. It is a family of armored vehicles produced by Force Protection Inc, which manufactures ballistic and mine-protected vehicles; the vehicles are integrated by Spartan Motors. These vehicles are protected against small arms, land mines and improvised explosive devices using a combination of design features and materials to protect both the crew and engine compartment against a wide range of attacks. A Monocoque type, V-shaped hull extends to the engine bay and serves to direct the blast away from under the vehicle; the dual air-conditioners help keep dressed troops from overheating in temperatures over 100 °F in Iraq. Force Protection, Inc. was formed in 2002 when Sonic Jet purchased Technical Solutions Group, using the name Sonic Jet until 2004. Technical Solutions Group had been a defense company in the US, involved in a range of products, including mine-resistant vehicles based on South African designs.
A few vehicles were sold to the US Army for evaluation, a small fleet of protected vehicles were sold to the British Army in 2001. In 2004, the new Cougar was designed by a small British-led team in the US at Force Protection, Inc. in response to an urgent requirement by the US Marine Corps. This was a new design, developed in the US, based on an evolution of vehicle mine-protection technology used by the South African Army and Rhodesian Security Forces since the 1970s; the first sketches of the new vehicle were made in late March 2004 in response to those initial USMC inquiries. The rapid development and production that followed was based upon the USMC request that the first vehicle be delivered within 6 months of an order –, subsequently placed in mid-April 2004 for 27 units; the new design was called Cougar to provide a degree of continuity with the older designs, but had little in common with them. The former vehicles were entirely non-compliant with NATO standards for protection, human factors and safety, which made those designs obsolete.
The Cougar was a new vehicle which incorporated the latest US-made automotives, a new hull design and structure, as well as built-in growth potential, including dimensions that allowed for the addition of the latest armor and protection systems. After being built, the first vehicle was only trialed by doing some circuits of the company campus and trundling over a few rocks and beams set up by the designer to provide a degree of shake-down testing as well as a demonstration course. Urgent operational requirements dictated that the first unit be shipped to theatre as fast as possible and those involved in the project decided that the risk of doing so was outweighed by the advantages of having the vehicle available; the Cougar was trialed when it became part of the MRAP program. The first Cougars were called HEV, which became JERRV when the Army joined the program, MRAP for political reasons when the requirement for many thousands of units was issued; some 4,000 of these vehicles were fielded under the US military's MRAP and other vehicle programs.
US Defense secretary Robert Gates demanded that the vehicles be ordered in larger numbers after the Marines reported in 2004 that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars. Since Cougar vehicles have been hit by improvised explosive devices many times in Iraq with few fatalities. Britain chose the Cougar over the RG-31 Nyala for their "Mastiff" APV; as of December 2011, the Pentagon planned to add the Crows II remote weapon station and the Frag Kit 6 anti-EFP armor. Official data states that the Cougar is able to withstand a blast of at least 14 kg TNT under a wheel and 7 kg TNT under a belly; the Cougar comes in two main configurations, a 4×4 and 6×6. It is designed for the transport and protection of troops and equipment against mines or IEDs; the two main configurations come in specific variants. Cougar HEV 4×4 and 6×6 vehicles ordered in 2004 by the USMC. Badger ILAV manufactured by FPII and BAE Systems for the Iraqi Army; the ILAV is based on the Cougar. The Cougar/ILAV vehicle uses a capsule design to protect the passengers and key vehicle components from mines and roadside bombs.
The larger Cougar costs about $730,000 each equipped. The Cougars have been popular with American troops, with Iraqis who have worked with them. 865 ILAVs were ordered by 18 by Yemen. The ILAV gives the Iraqis the same degree of protection. Cougar JERRV 4×4 and 6×6 variants for the US Army, USAF, USMC. Approx. 200 ordered in 2005 and 2006, with another 200 ordered in late 2006 but now called MRAPs to take account of the new US military/political initiative to be seen to be responding to public concerns about casualties. Cougar ISS Based on the Cougar 4×4, the ISS is fitted with an integrated independent suspension system that gives the vehicle increased cross-country mobility. Ridgeback PPV British version of the Cougar 4x4 from FPII base vehicles with a British armor package and electronics, including installation of Enforcer remote weapon stations on some vehicles. In 2015, Salisbury coroner David Ridley raised several "points of concern" relating to the vehicle when recording a narrative verdict on the deaths of four soldiers who drowned in Helmand, Afghanistan in June 2010.
Mastiff PPV British version of the Cougar 6×6 which arrived in Afghanistan during December 2006, with FPII providing the b
Camp Shorabak is a former British Army airbase, located northwest of the city of Lashkar Gah in Helmand Province, until 27 October 2014 when the British Army handed over control to the Afghan Ministry of Defense. The base has barracks for the Afghan National Army. Between 2005 and October 2014 it was the logistics hub for International Security Assistance Force operations in Helmand during the War in Afghanistan and Operation Herrick, it was capable of accommodating over 32,000 people; the camp was built by the British Army and was the largest British overseas military camp built since the Second World War. The base was home to troops from a number of nations, including the United States and Denmark. Shorabak contains the Afghan National Army camp, held Camp Leatherneck until 2014. In November 2006, the British Prime Minister Tony Blair visited Camp Bastion, while addressing a gathering of British troops, described it as an "extraordinary piece of desert... where the fate of world security in the early 21st century is going to be decided".
Camp Shorabak began life as Camp Bastion, a Tactical Landing Zone set up by two Air Traffic Controllers from the Royal Air Force's Tactical Air Traffic Control Unit. This provided a vital and strategic insertion point in Helmand Province and unbeknownst to the two controllers, was to be the foundations for Camp Shorabak; the camp started out with just a few tents in 2005. However, from early 2006 personnel from 39 Engineer Regiment Royal Engineers and various contracting firms, all under the supervision of 62 Works Group Royal Engineers started to build the base with more robust facilities, the camp was situated in a remote desert area, far from population centres. Four miles long by two miles wide, it had a busy airfield and a field hospital and had full accommodation for the 2000 men and women; the base was named by the Commanding Officer of 62 Works Group based upon the unit's emblem of a lone Bastion. The first camp to be built was Camp 251 which housed the construction force and they were housed in tents.
The first runway capable of landing C-17's direct from the United Kingdom opened in Camp Bastion on 3 December 2007. The base had been divided into a number of different sections. Bastions 1 and 2 were the first, with Bastion 2 containing Camp Viking. Bastion 0 was added in around 2010 and housed the contractors and Bastion 3 was used for in-theatre training. Camp Bastion included Bastion Garrison and Camp Leatherneck; as of September 2014 it was reported that both 3 have been reverted to desert. Camp Bastion airfield and heliport handled up to 600 fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft movements every day in 2011, operating combat and logistics flights, its air traffic controllers were integral to the support of the UK's operations in southern Afghanistan and the Air Traffic Control Squadron at Camp Bastion was the first to recruit and train US Marines to UK air traffic control standards. In February 2014, snow fell in Camp Bastion for the first time since the base was established, eight years earlier.
The camp was handed over to the control of the Afghan security forces on 26 October 2014. On 27 November 2014, insurgents infiltrated Camp Bastion; as of Sunday 30 November, the Afghan National Army had not driven out the "Taliban" fighters. At least five ANA soldiers were killed in the attack. Upon completion of British and US military withdrawal from Camp Bastion, it was renamed Camp Shorabak as this was the name of the Afghan base situated there. In December 2015, it was announced that a small contingency of British troops would return to Camp Shorabak in an advisory role, due to the Taliban overrun of Sangin district in Helmand province; the base was home to the Afghan National Army and during Operation Herrick 7 2nd Battalion, the Yorkshire Regiment's Battlegroup HQ. The main user of the camp was the United Kingdom which based a number of rotary and a few fixed-wing aircraft. During June 2011 a brand new air traffic control tower was opened, built by 170 Engineer Group; the main aviation unit was No. 903 Expeditionary Air Wing, responsible for the operation of the airfield and operated the Raytheon Sentinel R1 - Airborne Stand-Off Radar along with Westland Sea Kings ASACs and Thales Watchkeepers.
Joint Helicopter Force operated AgustaWestland Apaches, Westland Lynx, Westland Sea Kings, Boeing Chinooks of No. 1310 Flight RAF and AgustaWestland Merlins of No. 1419 Flight RAF. Both RAF Flights performed troop and cargo moves but the Chinook carried the Medical Emergency Response Team and Incident Response Teams; the UK had a large number of major units based here: Crew Training School. Joint Force Support which included:Joint Force Medical Group. Joint Media Operations Centre. Joint Theatre Education Centre. Theatre Military Working Dogs Support Unit. Theatre Logistic Group. A number of smaller units were deployed here including: Base Security No 2 Tactical Police Sqn, Royal Air Force Police OP H 19 - A Company - The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland Joint ISTAR Group OP H 19 - 9th/12th Royal Lancers Units based at Bastion OP H 7 - 40 Commando Battlegroup HQ OP H 19 - 4 SCOTS OP H 20 - 26th Regiment RAThe base was protected by the Bastion Force Protection Wing as part of the multi-national Task Force Belleau Wood.
During August 2013 the Headquarters of Task Force Helmand moved from Lashkar Gah to Bastion. In 2013, a training school for Afghan troops was opened. By March 2014, the population of the camp had reduced to 4,000 UK service personnel, as preparati
Richard Johnston is a British comics creator and founder of the comics news site Bleeding Cool. The Comics Journal described Johnston as having claimed to be "the oldest extant comics news reporter on the Internet." His past columns include "All The Rage", "Lying in the Gutters". Johnston grew up in West Yorkshire, he subsequently moved to London. Johnston began writing gossip on USENET newsgroups in 1994 as "Rich's Ramblings", he took the column onto the burgeoning World Wide Web, with "Rich's Revelations" on the now-defunct Twist And Shout Comics website. He started the comics gossip column "All The Rage" for Silver Bullet Comic Books Comics Bulletin. Johnston wrote the column "Lying in the Gutters" for Comic Book Resources, posting rumours and gossip, with a traffic light icon imparting advisory caution as to the possible credibility of each rumour: a red light denoting the least likelihood of accuracy, a green light for the most credible reports, a yellow light for those that fall somewhere in between.
Johnston's writing does not impart sources. About that, Johnston said, "I obfuscate sources to hide their identity—even deny that a story has sources on many occasions." Johnston sees himself as part of a tradition established by the "British tabloid press, one that seeks to entertain rather than inform." On 27 March 2009, Johnston announced his launch of the website BleedingCool.com. Bleeding Cool was nominated for the "Favourite Comics Related Website" Eagle Award in 2010 and 2011 and won in 2012, it was named as one of PC Magazine's top blogs of 2010. and Technorati gave it a perfect 1000 score for influence in the comics category. Johnston was awarded the Shel Dorf Award for Best Comics Blogger for his work on Bleeding Cool in 2012. Johnston has written a number of comics consisting of one-shots and graphic novella; the first consists of parodies, such as Civil Wardrobe. The second include his original work, both creator-owned and those based on licensed properties, like Doctor Who: A Room With A Deja View, The Flying Friar and Chase Variant which started life at Mam Tor Publishing's Event Horizon.
In 2007, he wrote the IDW trading card set the Weapons of Mass Distraction. He wrote and drew a number of pages for the Popbitch book and curated the Harrods Comic Timing exhibition of original comic book artwork. In 2009, he had a story scheduled for the Spearmint anthology from Image Comics with Sleaze Castle writer-artist Terry Wiley, he wrote a short story, "Rustlin Up Business," for the second volume of Outlaw Territory, published in February 2011. He has written Kate and William: A Very Public Love Story, a comic commemorating the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, published by Markosia. In 2012, he wrote a comic serialised in Dark Horse Presents entitled The Many Murders of Miss Cranbourne, with art from Simon Rohrmüller, he wrote a series of parody comics for Boom! Studios, taking on Marvel Studios films, with Iron Man, Captain America, The Avengers reinterpreted as "Iron Muslim", "Scienthorlogy," "Captain American Idol," and "The Avengefuls," respectively. Johnston writes and draws weekly cartoons for the UK blogger Guido Fawkes, appearing each Monday and collected at RichAndMark.com.
Johnston wrote for newspapers like The Guardian and magazines like PlayStation World. The now-closed publication Punch Magazine named him Young Writer of the Year Award in 2001, his poster campaign for the Churches Advertising Network in December 2006 generated coverage, including a leader in the Times Newspaper and an appearance on BBC's The One Show. He was an advertising copywriter until 2009. Johnston contributed to the British Channel 4 sketch show Smack the Pony as well as for BBC Radio 4's satirical sketch show Week Ending and the stage/TV show The Sitcom Trials, he appeared as an interviewee in After the Chalk Dust Settled, a documentary included on the DVD release of Steven Moffat's sitcom Chalk. He was a zombie extra in Shaun of the Dead and a congregation member in the movie Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. In 2006, he appeared as a character in the comic book CSI: Dying in the Gutters as a source of "inside joke" humour by featuring him as the victim in a murder mystery set at a comic book convention and using other notable real-world comics creators as suspects in the crime.
He appeared as a character in the Jodie Picoult novel, The Tenth Circle and made a more major appearance in the Leverage novel The Con Job. Johnston's daughter Eve was born in March 2005; as of 2019 he has two daughters. Dirtbag The X-Files Rich Johnston's Holed Up The Flying Friar Civil Wardrobe Watchmensch Doctor Who: A Room With A Deja View "A Trip into Space" Chase Variant Kate and William: A Very Public Love Story collects: William Windsor: A Very Public Prince Kate Middleton: A Very Private Princess The Many Murders of Miss Cranbourne, with Simon Rohrmuller, Dark Horse Presents The Avengefuls, (Boom! Stud