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Bnei Akiva

Bnei Akiva is the largest religious Zionist youth movement in the world, with over 125,000 members in 42 countries. It was established in 1929 in Mandatory Palestine. Bnei Akiva was established in the 1920s as the youth wing of the Mizrachi movement. Concurrent with the establishment of the movement in pre-independence Israel, organizations of religious youth operated in the Diaspora; some of them adopted the name others had appellations such as HaShomer HaDati. Twenty-five years the Israeli and Diaspora groups merged and the Mazkirut Olamit of Bnei Akiva was formed. Bnei Akiva's motto is a phrase coined by Rav Shmuel Chaim Landau. Bnei Akiva's objectives are to educate Jewish youth with values of Torah and work, to provide stimulating experiential and informal opportunities for encountering Judaism, to encourage Jewish continuity and leadership. Bnei Akiva's twin ideals of Torah and Avodah translate to religious commitment and work on the land of Israel. Bnei Akiva believes in emigration to the land of Israel as a central commandment of Judaism, maintains that the future of the Jewish people is tied to the state of Israel.

In the organization's early years, Avodah was understood as meaning agricultural work, as reflected in the symbolism of the movement's emblem. In more recent years, there has driven a shift in ideology towards a broader definition of working for the development of the country. Members are encouraged to spend a year in Israel on organised learning and touring programs to broaden their knowledge of Israel and developing their leadership skills; the original socialist aims of Bnei Akiva are less pursued. Until the 1980s many Bnei Akiva members joined religious Kibbutzim in groups based on mutual army service or Aliya. Since the 1990s, Bnei Akiva members now settle in development towns and settlements. In Israel, Bnei Akiva is affiliated with the Religious Kibbutz Movement and the party "The Jewish Home", it is run by a National Secretariat. Outside Israel, local branches of Bnei Akiva are under the Bnei Akiva Olami organization. In every country, Bnei Akiva operates a network of Shabbat groups, summer camps, leadership seminars and other activities.

The "Semel", Bnei Akiva's emblem, shows farming utensils and wheat sheaves symbolizing the agricultural perspective of the ideology, two tablets of stone in the center symbolizing the Torah. The two perspectives of Torah and Avoda are united together by the ribbon which says Bnei Akiva on it - symbolizing that the two aspects can only and must work hand in hand; the letters on the two tablets are the Hebrew letters'Tav' and'Ayin' standing for Torah veAvoda. The Bnei Akiva's anthem was composed by Moshe-Zvi Neria, he composed the anthem during the Chol HaMoed period of the holiday of Sukkot, 1932, at a gathering of youth leaders in Kfar Saba. Although the words and the melody have been changed to some extent, the anthem is sung on many Bnei Akiva occasions; the anthem, Yad Achim, is sung in Hebrew. Bnei Akiva branches all over the world start or end their meetings with mifkad, forming the hebrew letter “khet” using the participants; the mifkad is the assembly where announcements are made, members are counted and the ideology is reaffirmed.

With slight variations, the text of mifkad is the same all over the world, following a basic structure. There are four snifim in Australia; the Melbourne snif is the largest in Bnei Akiva Olami. Tochniot are held on Saturday afternoons, bi-annual camps are run for each state. Other initiatives include weekly learning, group volunteer days, regular minyanim. Bnei Akiva Melbourne runs an annual "Amazing Race" styled event. Bnei Akiva Sydney celebrated its 50th anniversary on November 1999, at the Hakoah Club; the event was well received by madrichim and bogrim. Bnei Akiva Perth is a flourishing snif, a driving force in the Perth Jewish Community, it co-ordinates a number of events during the year including a themed Kabbalat Shabbat, providing gift baskets for Purim, an Israeli history movie night and Shabbat dinners throughout the year. There is a federal summer camp held in December attended by senior chanichim from all snifim in Australia and New Zealand. Bnei Akiva Australia is a member of the Australasian Zionist Youth Council.

There are one in Copacabana and one in Tijuca. Bnei Akiva's presence in São Paulo started in the 50s, it now has one in Jardins and one in Higienopolis. Bnei Akiva have a snif in Belém. Bnei Akiva's activities include Shabbatonim, many field trips, commemorations of the holidays. In the Netherlands, Bne Akiwa started after the Holocaust period. During the latter half of the 20th century its main yearly activities were weekly pe'ulot on Shabbath in Amsterdam and on Sunday in other cities and winter camps in the country, different European camps in the summer, Avoda summercamp in Israel, participation in Hachshara year in Israel programs. Different from other countries the movement is led by a Board which consists of members aged 16–22 years, placing a rather big responsibility on young shoulders, while the shaliach is the chairman. Many members have made aliya, while those who stay play significant roles in Jewi

Ray Herman

Ray Herman known as Rae Herman or Ray Mann, was a publisher, writer and inker whose career spanned from 1940 to 1955. Her company, Orbit Publications, was a founding member of the Association of Comics Magazine Publishers, for which she served as secretary and board director, she started her career as an assistant to Frank Z. Temerson, publisher for Helnit, Et-Es-Go Magazines, other loosely affiliated companies. From 1943 to 1944, she was managing editor and co-owner of Continental Magazines, publishers of Cat-Man Comics and Terrific Comics. In 1945 she wrote for the syndicated comic Hep Cats, before taking over as publisher, business manager, co-owner of Orbit Publications in 1946. Orbit's titles included The Westerner, Love Diary and Wanted Comics, contributing artists included Syd Shores, Bernard Krigstein and Mort Leav, she wrote for another romance comic, Love Journal. Hermann was the rare female writer of a romance comic advice column. In 1948, she pencilled and inked crime comics for D.

S. Publishing. In 1948, Herman helped found the Association of Comics Magazine Publishers in response to the rising anti-comics sentiment in the United States; the ACMP created the first Publication Code for policing the content of comics, but comics were not subject to formal review to use their seal of approval, it was ignored. By 1950, the ACMP was defunct, though a few publishers continued to use the seal. However, its Publication Code formed the backbone of the Comics Code. In issue #23 of Cat-Man Comics, superhero The Hood's blonde girlfriend's name is revealed to be "Miss Ray Hermann," spelled "Ray Herman" and "Rae Herman."


Sturgeon is the common name for the 27 species of fish belonging to the family Acipenseridae. Their evolution dates back to the Triassic period some 245 to 208 million years ago; the family is grouped into four genera: Acipenser, Huso and Pseudoscaphirhynchus. Four species may now be extinct. Two related species, Polyodon spathula and Psephurus gladius are of the same order, but are in the family Polyodontidae and are not considered to be "true" sturgeons. Both sturgeons and paddlefish have been referred to as "primitive fishes" because their morphological characteristics have remained unchanged since the earliest fossil record. Sturgeons are native to subtropical and sub-Arctic rivers and coastlines of Eurasia and North America. Sturgeons are long-lived, late-maturing fishes with distinctive characteristics, such as a heterocercal caudal fin similar to those of sharks, an elongated, spindle-like body, smooth-skinned and armored with five lateral rows of bony plates called scutes. Several species can grow quite large ranging 7–12 ft in length.

The largest sturgeon on record was a beluga female captured in the Volga estuary in 1827, weighing 1,571 kg and 7.2 m long. Most sturgeons are anadromous bottom-feeders, which migrate upstream to spawn, but spend most of their lives feeding in river deltas and estuaries; some species inhabit freshwater environments while others inhabit marine environments near coastal areas, are known to venture into open ocean. Several species of sturgeon are harvested for their roe, processed into the luxury food caviar; this has led to serious overexploitation, which combined with other conservation threats, has brought most of the species to critically endangered status, at the edge of extinction. Sturgeons retain several primitive characters among the bony fishes. Along with other members of the subclass Chondrostei, they are unique among bony fishes because their skeletons are entirely cartilaginous. Notably, the cartilagineous skeleton is not a primitive character, but a derived one, they lack vertebral centra, are covered with five lateral rows of scutes rather than scales.

They have four barbels—sensory organs that precede their wide, toothless mouths. They navigate their riverine habitats traveling just off the bottom with their barbels dragging along gravel, or murky substrate. Sturgeon are recognizable for their elongated bodies, flattened rostra, distinctive scutes and barbels, elongated upper tail lobes; the skeletal support for the paired fins of ray-finned fish is inside the body wall, although the ray-like structures in the webbing of the fins can be seen externally. Sturgeons are among the largest fish: some beluga in the Caspian Sea attain over 5.5 m and 2000 kg while for kaluga in the Amur River, similar lengths and over 1,000 kg weights have been reported. They are among the longest-lived of the fishes, some living well over 100 years and attaining sexual maturity at 20 years or more; the combination of slow growth and reproductive rates and the high value placed on mature, egg-bearing females make sturgeon vulnerable to overfishing. Sturgeons are polyploid.

Sturgeons are long-lived. Their average lifespan is 50 to 60 years, their first spawn does not occur until they are around 15 to 20 years old. Sturgeons are broadcast spawners, do not spawn every year because they require specific conditions; those requirements may or may not be met every year due to varying environmental conditions, such as the proper photoperiod in spring, clear water with shallow rock or gravel substrate, where the eggs can adhere, proper water temperature and flow for oxygenation of the eggs. A single female may release 100,000 to 3 million eggs; the fertilized eggs become adhere to the bottom substrate upon contact. Eight to 15 days are needed for the embryos to mature into larval fish. During that time, they are dependent on their yolk sacs for nourishment. River currents carry the larvae downstream into backwater areas, such as oxbows and sloughs, where the free-swimming fry spend their first year feeding on insect larvae and crustacea. During their first year of growth, they reach 18 to 20 cm in length and migrate back into the swift-flowing currents in the main stem river.

Sturgeon range from subtropical to subarctic waters in North Eurasia. In North America, they range along the Atlantic Coast from the Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland, including the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence and Mississippi Rivers, as well as along the West Coast in major rivers from California and Idaho to British Columbia, they occur along the European Atlantic coast, including the Mediterranean basin in the Adriatic Sea and the rivers of North Italy. In the Pacific Ocean, they are found in the Amur River along the Russian-Chinese border, on Sakhalin Island, some rivers in northeast China. Throughout this extensive range all species are threatened or vulnerable to extinction due to a combination of habitat destruction and pollution. No species is known to occur south of the equator, though attempts at s


Siaha is a census town in Siaha district in the Indian north-eastern state of Mizoram. It is the Headquarters of the Mara Autonomous District Council, one of the three autonomous district councils within Mizoram, it is located in the South Central part of the state. The word'Siaha' in the local Mara language comes from'Sia' for Masia which means elephant and'ha' meaning tooth - An elephant tooth, it was a place. Though the local people name the town as Siaha, Mizos called it by the name'Saiha', purely a translated term in Mizo language. Siaha is a commercial hub for Mara people. Siaha is located at 22.48°N 92.97°E / 22.48. The average elevation is 729 metres; as of 2001 India census, Siaha had a population of 19,731. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Siaha has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 77%. In Siaha, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Siaha is the fastest growing town in Mizoram, 2008 statistical handbook of Mizoram reveals that the town has a population of 29,275 in 2008 against 19,731 in 2001.

There is one college - Saiha College Siaha, under Mizoram University and a number of public and private schools. A Helicopter service by Pawan Hans has been started; the Distance between Siaha and Aizawl through NH 54 is 378 km and is connected with regular service of Bus and Jeeps. The Major Newspapers in Saiha are: Buannel Chhim Aw Kawl Eng Maraland Moonlight Mara Thlala Siaha Post Saikhawpui Siaha Times Awsicharu Deiva Mara Daily Deiva Mara Daily District Website Siaha Maraland. NET: Mara people's Online site Siaha Online website

Daniel Ben-Ami

Daniel Ben-Ami is a London-based journalist and author specialising in economics and finance. He has written extensively on economic development, the world economy, financial markets and investment funds, he has used the pseudonym Daniel Nassim. His work has appeared in general and specialist publications including the Financial Times, The Guardian, The Independent, The Sunday Telegraph and The Sunday Times, his more controversial articles have appeared in Spiked and before that the now defunct LM Magazine. He has spoken at public meetings including events organised by the Institute of Ideas, the New York Salon and WORLDwrite. In Europe, he has appeared on BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio 5 Live, BBC News 24, Bloomberg TV, CNBC, CNN and Sky News. In America, he was a guest on the Al Franken Show on Air America Radio and he has appeared on the Counterpoint programme on Australia's ABC Radio National, he has appeared on the Al Jazeera English language television service. "Is Japan different?", in Phil Hammond Cultural Difference, Media Memories: Anglo-American Images of Japan, Cassell, 1997.

ISBN 978-1-84742-346-7 Cowardly Capitalism: The Myth of the Global Financial Casino, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2001. ISBN 0-471-89963-1 Ferraris for all: In defence of economic progress, The Policy Press, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84742-346-7 Ferraris For All website: Fund Strategy blog: Strategy Blog Daniel Ben-Ami, "In defence of abundance", Spiked Online, 29 January 2010 Daniel Ben-Ami, "Who’s afraid of economic growth?", Spiked Online, 4 May 2006 Daniel Ben-Ami, "The dismal quackery of eco-economics", Spiked Online, 22 October 2004 Sky News TV: "Debate with Friends of the Earth on the economics of climate change" Economic Growth: Bane or Boon? Video of debate between Daniel Ben-Ami and Jonathon Porritt held at Northumbria University, October 2010 Limits to Growth in 21st Century Video of debate between Daniel Ben-Ami, Richard Dyer and Phil O'Keefe as part of The Great Debate Green Phoenix Festival Programme, August 2010 Profile at SourceWatch

Lassi Lappalainen

Lassi Lappalainen is a Finnish professional footballer who plays as a winger for Canadian club Montreal Impact on loan from Italian club Bologna. Born in Espoo in 1998, Lappalainen started his football career with Espoon palloseura and moved to HJK youth team. Lappalainen played in Klubi 04, the reserve team of HJK. In 2016, Lappalainen was called up for HJK's first team. On 2 April 2016, he made his Veikkausliiga debut against IFK Mariehamn at Sonera Stadium, being substituted on by coach Mika Lehkosuo in place of Nnamdi Oduamadi in the 90th minute. On 21 July 2017, Lappalainen was loaned to RoPS for remainder of the Veikkausliiga season. Two days he scored his first league goal for RoPS just five minutes into his debut after coming on as a substitute. On 19 July 2019, Lappalainen signed to Italian Serie A club Bologna. HJK Helsinki stated it received "significant compensation" and that economically, the transfer was in the "top 7 of HJK's club history". On 25 July 2019, it was announced that Lappalainen was loaned to Major League Soccer club Montreal Impact for the remainder of the 2019 season using Targeted Allocation Money.

The Impact have options to extend the loan until 30 June 2020, as well as until 31 December 2020. On 27 July 2019, he contributed two goals to Montreal Impact's 4–0 victory over the first-place Philadelphia Union on his Major League Soccer debut. Lappalainen made his debut for the Finland national football team on 8 January 2019 in a friendly against Sweden, as a starter. Montreal ImpactCanadian Championship: 2019 As of 19 August 2019 Lassi Lappalainen at