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Boards of Canada

Boards of Canada are a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison and Marcus Eoin. Signing to Skam and Warp Records in the 1990s, the duo received recognition following the release of their debut album Music Has the Right to Children in 1998, their subsequent albums, The Campfire Headphase and Tomorrow's Harvest, have received critical praise. They have remained reclusive giving interviews or performing live; the duo's music incorporates elements such as vintage synthesisers, analogue production methods, hip hop-inspired breakbeats, samples from 1970s public broadcasting programmes and other outdated media. In 2012, FACT called them "one of the best-known and best-loved electronic acts of the last two decades." Growing up in a musical family, brothers Michael Sandison and Marcus Eoin began playing instruments at a young age. They experimented with recording techniques at around the age of 10, using tape machines to layer cut-up samples of found sounds over compositions of their own.

In their teens they participated in a number of amateur bands. However, it was not until 1986 when Marcus was invited to join Mike's band that Boards of Canada was born, naming themselves after the educational TV program distributor National Film Board of Canada, which they watched as children. By 1989, the band had been reduced to Eoin. In the early 1990s, a number of collaborations took place and the band put on small shows among the "Hexagon Sun" collective. In 1995, the band made the EP Twoism. Like earlier Music70 releases, it was produced in a self-financed limited run and was distributed to friends and labels. Unlike previous releases, however, a small number of copies were released to the public through a mailing list. Though not a widespread commercial release, it was considered of sufficient quality and worth to be subsequently re-pressed in 2002; the band made another release in 1996. Boards of Canada's first commercial release occurred after attracting the attention of Autechre's Sean Booth, of the English label Skam Records, one of many people who were sent a demo EP.

Skam issued what was considered Boards of Canada's first "findable" work, Hi Scores, in 1996. The debut studio album, Music Has the Right to Children, was released in April 1998; the album consists of longer tracks mixed with song vignettes. It includes one of the duo's most popular songs, "Roygbiv". Music Has the Right to Children received widespread acclaim upon release, it featured at No. 35 on Pitchfork's "Top 100 Albums of the 1990s" list. It was ranked No. 91 in Mojo's 100 Modern Classics list. John Peel featured Boards of Canada on his BBC Radio 1 program in July of that year; the session featured two remixes from Music Has the Right to Children — "Aquarius" and "Olson" — along with the tracks "Happy Cycling" and "XYZ". Excluding "XYZ", the set was released on a Warp Records CD titled Peel Session TX 21 July 1998. Though never an touring band, Boards of Canada did perform a handful of shows. Early shows saw them supporting Warp labelmates Autechre in a handful of UK dates, they participated in a few festivals and multi-artist bills including two Warp parties: Warp's 10th Anniversary Party in 1999 and The Incredible Warp Lighthouse Party one year later.

They made their most prominent showing in 2001 as one of the headliners at the Tortoise-curated All Tomorrow's Parties. They have not performed a live show since; the band released a four-track EP, In a Beautiful Place Out in the Country, in November 2000, their first original release in two years. The 12" edition was pressed on sky blue vinyl, their second studio album, was released in February 2002. Like Music Has the Right to Children, this album consists of longer tracks mixed with song vignettes, it presents a darker sound than its predecessor. Geogaddi received universal acclaim from music critics, it was described by Sandison as "a record for some sort of trial-by-fire, a claustrophobic, twisting journey that takes you into some pretty dark experiences before you reach the open air again."Their third album for Warp Records, The Campfire Headphase, was released on 17 October 2005 in Europe and 18 October 2005 in the United States. The album featured fifteen tracks, including "Peacock Tail", "Chromakey Dreamcoat," and "Dayvan Cowboy".

Two versions of "Dayvan Cowboy" — the original and a remix by Odd Nosdam — are on the six-track EP, Trans Canada Highway, released on 26 May 2006. In late 2009, the Warp20 compilation featured two BoC covers, one by Bibio of their song "Kaini Industries" and one by Mira Calix of "In a Beautiful Place Out in the Country". Warp20 is part of the larger Warp20 boxed set, which includes two unreleased Boards of Canada tracks, "Seven Forty Seven" and a 1.8 second sample of "Spiro". On Record Store Day 2013, a vinyl record containing a short clip of music, believed to be the work of Boards of Canada surfaced at the New York record store Other Music. Shortly after the release, Warp Records vouched for the record's authenticity; the record contained a short clip of audio followed by a voice reading six digits similar to that of a numbers station. The record revealed what was to become one of six unique numbers that were part of a type of alternate reality game, used to promote the

Licking Hitler

Licking Hitler is a television play about a black propaganda unit operating in England during World War II, broadcast by the BBC on 10 January 1978 as part of the Play for Today series. Written and directed by David Hare, it featured performances by Bill Paterson. Photography was by John Kenway while the producer was David Rose for BBC Birmingham. Described as a work of "outstanding and unsettling power", it won the best single television play BAFTA award for 1978. Hare intended the work as a companion piece to his stage play Plenty and he wrote Plenty as he was editing Licking Hitler and scene about, its theme is similar to that of Plenty: the effect of war on individuals' private lives and treating their experiences as a metaphor for the England of the present. As with Plenty, the events Hare places in the context of war are intended as a metaphor for the post-war betrayal of the collective ideals of pre-war society, with the necessary deceits of the disinformation broadcaster representing the corrupt values of modern England.

The play's theme is the cruel relationship between Archie, the chief writer for an isolated black propaganda unit broadcasting to Germany in World War II, his assistant and lover Anna. With the war won and the unit disbanded, neither Anna nor Archie can reconcile themselves to their new, mundane lives. Anna longs for the violent and abusive Archie, for the excitement and meaning of her former work; some critics have found this aspect of her character unrealistic, but Hare quotes poet Alan Ross to explain the spirit of the era: "The sadness and sexuality and alcohol were what everyone was wanting... war was real and warm... worth all the suffering and boredom and fear". To this he added his own romantic view of the period, with its undercurrents of violence and sexuality. Feminist writers have attacked the depiction of Anna, the wartime heroine, as flawed in that she passively continues to submit to Archie. Hare dismisses this view as "a clamour for a simpler morality" that fails to take account of his characterization: a naive, vulnerable woman for whom sensuality is strange.

It is in this abject predicament that she becomes "the conscience of the play". After the war she establishes herself as a successful advertising copywriter but resents lying for no higher purpose than profit, a situation she comes to look upon as symbolising the post-war political life of England. Archie a campaigning documentary film-maker, becomes a writer and director of derivative and poorly regarded feature films. Hare's immediate inspiration for the work was a chance encounter with Sefton Delmer, a former adviser to Winston Churchill and wartime broadcaster to Germany from Soldatensender Calais. Delmer's book Black Boomerang provided the factual basis for the play; the film was shot during the Summer of 1977 at Warwickshire. This was Hare's first work behind the camera, he notes that, as writer, he had a clear idea of how scenes would relate to each other and he made no spare footage to allow for any adjustments while editing — a "highly dangerous" method. Licking Hitler on IMDb

University of Ngaoundéré

The University of Ngaoundéré is a public university located in Ngaoundéré, Adamawa Region in Cameroon. It was established on 19 January 1993 by Presidential decree; the university was created by the Presidential Decree of 19 January 1993 transforming the Ngaoundere University Centre into a statutory State owned university. Made up of two professional schools and four faculties, the institution today has four professional schools and faculties with an estimated 30,000 student population and welcomes students from all regions of Cameroon and neighbouring countries in the sub-region like Chad and the Central African Republic; the Board of Directors is the supreme body of the university, which ensures the implementation of the development plan of the University as defined by the Council of Higher Education and Scientific and Technical Research and approved by the President of the Republic of Cameroon. The University of Ngaoundéré is guided administratively and academically by a rector, appointed by presidential decree.

The rector chairs the university council, the competent authority in the academic and scientific field. He is assisted at the administrative level by the central government consisting of a secretary-general, three vice-presidents and four administrative units. Faculty of Arts Letters and Human Sciences English Department Department of Anthropology and Sociology Department of Arts Department of French Department of Geography Department of History Department of Arabic Language and Civilization Department of Linguistics and African languages. Faculty of Science Department of Physics Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Department of Biological Sciences Department of Earth Sciences Department of Chemistry Department of Environmental Sciences Health Sciences and Biomedical Sciences Faculty of Economic Science and Management Department of Accountancy and Finance. Faculty of Law and Political Sciences Department of Public Law.

Wiper (malware)

A wiper is a class of malware whose intention is to wipe the hard drive of the computer it infects. A piece of malware referred to as "Wiper" was used in attacks against Iranian oil companies. In 2012, the International Telecommunication Union supplied Kaspersky Lab with hard drives damaged by Wiper for analysis. While a sample of the alleged malware could not be found, Kaspersky discovered traces of a separate piece of malware known as Flame; the Shamoon malware contained a disk wiping mechanism. The original variant overwrote files with portions of an image of a burning U. S. flag. The 2016 variant was nearly identical, except using an image of the body of Alan Kurdi instead. A wiping component was used as part of the malware employed by the Lazarus Group—a cybercrime group with alleged ties to North Korea, during the 2013 South Korea cyberattack, the 2014 Sony Pictures hack; the Sony hack utilized RawDisk. In 2017, computers in several countries—most prominently Ukraine, were infected by a variant of the Petya ransomware, modified to act as a wiper.

The malware infects the master boot record with a payload that encrypts the internal file table of the NTFS file system. Although it still demanded a ransom, it was found that the code had been modified so that the payload could not revert its changes if the ransom were paid

Murder of Ryan Poston

On October 12, 2012, Ryan Carter Poston, an American attorney at law from Fort Mitchell, was shot to death by his girlfriend Shayna Hubers. After a trial in the Campbell County, circuit court, Hubers was convicted of murder on April 23, 2015, she was sentenced to 40 years in the Kentucky Department of Corrections on August 14, 2015 with parole eligibility after 34 years. On August 25, 2016, Hubers' conviction was overturned on appeal when one of the jurors in her murder trial was revealed to be a convicted felon. Hubers was convicted of murder during her second trial for the killing of Ryan Poston on August 29, 2018. On October 18, 2018 she was sentenced to life in prison with parole eligibility after 17 years, which makes her eligible for parole in 2035; the murder of Ryan Poston became national news, Hubers was compared to Jodi Arias. Ryan Carter Poston was born on December 30, 1982 in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky to Lisa Carter and Jay Poston, he had three younger sisters: Alison and Elizabeth Carter.

He attended Blessed Sacrament School the International School Manila and the International School of Geneva during high school. Poston attended Indiana University, where he triple majored in history and political science, he went on to law school at the Salmon P. Chase College of Law at Northern Kentucky University in Highland Heights, Kentucky. After completing his law degree, Poston began working as an attorney in Ohio. In 2011, 28 years old at the time, met 19-year-old Shayna Hubers on Facebook. Hubers was friends with Carissa Carlisle. Poston and Hubers began dating soon after. At the time Hubers and Poston began dating, Hubers was a psychology student at the University of Kentucky in Lexington 80 miles from Highland Heights, she was pursuing a master's degree in school counseling. The couple had a volatile relationship, over an 18-month period and Hubers broke up several times. On the night of his murder, Poston had a date with Miss Ohio Audrey Bolte. On October 12, 2012, Shayna Hubers called 9-1-1 to report that she killed her boyfriend Ryan Poston in his Highland Heights condominium.

Hubers shot Poston six times. That night, during her interrogation, she alleged that her relationship with Poston had been abusive. Although she was read her Miranda rights, Hubers voluntarily spoke to police; when explaining the details of their relationship, she described Poston as "very vain" and that she "gave him the nose job he always wanted." She made statements that could be considered inappropriate under the circumstances, such as "I don't know if anyone will want to marry me if they know that I killed a boyfriend in self-defense." After being left alone in the interrogation room for several hours, Hubers began pacing and dancing around the room and singing "Amazing Grace". She said aloud, "I did it. Yes, I did it. I can't believe I did that" and "I'm so good at acting." Hubers was arrested for murder, she was held on a $5 million bond. Shayna Hubers was indicted for the murder of Ryan Poston on December 20, 2012. On January 16, 2013, she entered a'not guilty' plea to the murder charges.

Two-and-a-half years after the incident, Hubers' murder trial began on April 13, 2015. She had remained in Kentucky jail since her arrest, unable to meet her bail. Prosecutors argued that the motive for the murder was that Poston wanted to permanently end the couple's relationship. Defense attorneys continued with their contention that the shooting was in self-defense and that Hubers was a victim of domestic abuse; as part of their case, the prosecution, led by Michelle Snodgrass, put on text message evidence that showed Hubers' obsession with Poston. Several witnesses, including Poston's family members, Audrey Bolte, Hubers' former cellmate, testified for the prosecution. Carissa Carlisle, through whom Poston met Hubers, testified that her cousin was trying to avoid conflict with Hubers, she read a series of text messages she had exchanged with Poston prior to his death. Poston's stepfather Peter Carter testified that, the day before his son's death, Poston confided in Carter about an upcoming date with Bolte, was afraid to tell Hubers about it.

The date was for the following night. Audrey Bolte stated that, on the night of October 12, 2012, she and Poston planned to meet at a Milford, bar for drinks at 9:30 and that she had been looking forward to it but that Poston had not shown up. Hubers' former cellmate, Cecily Miller testified, where she said that Hubers bragged about killing her boyfriend, saying that she laughed "about shooting in the face and giving him the nose job he always wanted." Miller said that Hubers discussed legal strategy with her, saying she "was going to plead insanity, but she was too smart because she has the IQ of Einstein. So she was going to plead battered wife syndrome."Hubers did not take the stand in her own defense but relied on her police interrogation tape in which she maintained the killing was in self-defense. On April 23, 2015, after five hours of jury deliberation, Hubers was found guilty of Poston's murder. Following the verdict, the jury recommended a 40-year prison sentence. Hubers' attorneys argued for a new trial, stating that they were not allowed to present evidence and witnesses that would have shown Hubers killed Ryan Poston in self-defense.

Her attorneys asked the judge to recognize Hubers as a domestic violence victim, which would reduce the amount of time she would be required to serve before becoming eligible for parole. Under state law, Hubers would be required to ser

Global Justice Center

The Global Justice Center is an international human rights and humanitarian law organization aiming to advance gender equality by helping to implement and enforce human rights laws. Headquartered in New York City and led by Akila Radhakrishnan, the GJC is a member of the United Nations NGO Working Group on Women and Security; the GJC works with national and international Non-governmental organizations, the United Nations, the International Criminal Court, others to effect change. The Global Justice Center was founded in 2005 to help pressure governments and institutions to enforce and implement treaties and international human rights laws that advance gender equality; the Global Justice Center's work falls within two main priority areas: Fighting for Sexual and Reproductive Rights and Demanding Justice for Sexual and Gender-Based Violence: The Global Justice Center believes that sexual and reproductive health and rights are essential to gender equality. For the past decade the Global Justice Center has been at the forefront of efforts to ensure access to these rights, we will continue fighting to make sure that all individuals have full access to the rights guaranteed under international law.

GJC's work in the realm of abortion provision for war rape victims stems from their conviction of states’ “positive obligations to provide non-discriminatory medical care under the Geneva Conventions,” which, according to their interpretation, “entitles all victims of armed conflict — including those brutalized by rape — to complete and non-discriminatory medical treatment.” The Global Justice Center continues to challenge US abortion funding restrictions, including the Helms Amendment, Global Gag Rule, Domestic Gag Rule, as violations of international law. GJC has worked to repeal the United States’ Helms Amendment of 1973 which states that, “no foreign assistance funds may be used to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions.” GJC argues against an overly restrictive interpretation of the Helms Amendment that includes all abortions, along with the Government of Norway has called on the United States to allow for abortions for war rape victims.

On 12 August 2016, the Global Justice Center launched a White House petition asking US President Barack Obama to issue an executive order to lift the ban on abortions in cases of "rape, life endangerment and incest." The Global Justice Center believes that the prevalence of sexual and gender-based violence with no accountability, is a central barrier to gender equality. GJC is dedicated to dismantling the patriarchy embedded in many legal systems and ensuring a gender inclusive and rights-based approach to justice and accountability. GJC works to pressure international groups and institutions to use a gender lens when enforcing the Genocide Convention, arguing that current enforcement fails to adequately account for the differential experiences of women in conflict and the gender-based genocidal tactics used in contemporary warfare, such as sexual slavery. In December 2015, for example, the GJC pressured the International Criminal Court to investigate gender-based genocidal actions perpetrated by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

GJC uses international law and international standards to challenge discriminatory legal policies and practices on sexual and gender-based violence. GJC works with Burmese organizations to increase women's involvement in the Burmese Government and submitted evidence to the CEDAW review of Burma