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Albert J. Cornish

Albert Judson Cornish was a Justice of the Nebraska Supreme Court from 1917 to 1920. Cornish attended Tabor College in Iowa and Cornell University in New York, graduated from Iowa City Law School in 1879 later taking a post graduate course at Harvard Law School, he was admitted to the bar in March 1881, entered the private practice of law in Lincoln, Nebraska. He was elected to the Nebraska House of Representatives in 1891, re-elected in 1893. In November 1895, Cornish was elected district judge of Nebraska, he was re-elected from time to time until January 1917, when he succeeded John B. Barnes as a member of the Nebraska Supreme Court, where he served until the date of his death

Li Fuguo

Li Fuguo, né Li Jingzhong, known from 757 to 758 as Li Huguo, formally Prince Chou of Bolu, was a eunuch official during the reign of Emperor Suzong of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty. He had served Li Heng while Li Heng was crown prince under Li Heng's father Emperor Xuanzong and supported Li Heng in ascending the throne during Anshi Rebellion, when Emperor Xuanzong's realm was thrown into confusion, he became exceedingly powerful, in alliance with Emperor Suzong's wife Empress Zhang, but broke with her and killed her in 762 when Emperor Suzong died. He became the paramount figure in the administration of Emperor Suzong's son and successor Emperor Daizong, but was removed and killed by assassins sent by Emperor Daizong that year. Li Jingzhong was born during the reign of Wu Zetian, he was castrated early in his childhood, became a servant at the imperial stables. He was said to be ugly in appearance, but knew how to read and write, became a servant of the powerful eunuch Gao Lishi; when he was in his 40s, he became in charge of the imperial stables' financial accounts.

During the Tianbao era of Wu Zetian's grandson Emperor Xuanzong, the official Wang Hong, who oversaw the imperial stables, was impressed with Li Jingzhong's management of the stables and recommended him to serve on the staff of Emperor Xuanzong's crown prince Li Heng. He soon became a trusted servant of Li Heng's. In 755, the general An Lushan rebelled against Emperor Xuanzong's rule, by 756 was approaching the Tang Dynasty capital Chang'an, forcing Emperor Xuanzong and Li Heng to flee. During flight, the angry imperial guard soldiers escorting them killed the chancellor Yang Guozhong and his cousin Consort Yang Yuhuan, whom they blamed for An's rebellion. After Yang Guozhong's and Consort Yang's deaths, Emperor Xuanzong was intent to continue to head to Jiannan Circuit, but Li Heng, at the suggestion of his son Li Tan the Prince of Jianning and Li Fuguo, decided to take some of the soldiers and head for the important border defense post Lingwu, Li Jingzhong subsequently accompanied Li Heng to Lingwu, where Li Heng was declared emperor.

After Emperor Suzong took the throne, while he did not at that point make his oldest son Li Chu the Prince of Guangping crown prince, he gave Li Chu the title of supreme commander of the armies, he gave Li Jingzhong dual titles on Li Chu's staff—serving as the head of the crown prince's household and acting assistant of military affairs to the supreme commander. Emperor Suzong entrusted Li Jingzhong with the important secrets, Li Fuguo became in charge of receiving important reports, as well as distributing military command seals and signs, he changed Li Jingzhong's name to Huguo. By this point, Li Huguo ate a vegetarian diet and acted as Buddhist monks did; when Emperor Suzong, while still fighting Yan forces, moved his headquarters from Lingwu to Fengxiang in spring 757, he gave Li Huguo a greater title as the head of the crown prince's household, changed his name again to Fuguo. During this time, Li Fuguo had been allied with Emperor Suzong's favorite concubine Consort Zhang, they had a rivalry with Li Tan and Emperor Suzong's trusted advisor Li Mi.

Li Tan accused Li Fuguo and Consort Zhang of improprieties, further, despite Li Mi's advice to the contrary, plotted to kill them. Li Fuguo and Consort Zhang, acted first, accusing Li Tan of plotting to kill Li Chu. Emperor Suzong, in anger, ordered Li Tan to commit suicide. Li Chu, in fear plotted to kill Li Fuguo and Consort Zhang, although, at Li Mi's urging, stopped the plans. After joint Tang and Huige forces recaptured Chang'an in 757 under Li Chu's command, Emperor Suzong returned to Chang'an, he bestowed on Li Fuguo a number of titles that gave him responsibility over a number of financial affairs of the state. He gave Li Fuguo the honorific title of Kaifu Yitong Sansi and created him the Duke of Cheng; the officials' reports continued to go through Li Fuguo, Li Fuguo established a bureau with a number of agents with the responsibility of secretly finding out officials' faults. Criminal cases were ruled on by Li Fuguo, he was making orders, in Emperor Suzong's name, reversing officials' decisions.

No official dared to speak against him or to refer to him by official title, instead addressing him as "Master Five," using a form of address from a servant to a master. The chancellor Li Kui, from a honored household, paid him respect as a son or a nephew would, calling him, "Father Five." Emperor Suzong gave Li Fuguo, despite his eunuch status, the grandnephew of the deceased official Yuan Xisheng as his wife, promoted Lady Yuan's uncle. In 759, after Li Xian became chancellor, he secretly and earnestly pointed out to Emperor Suzong the evils that Li Fuguo's secret agents were carrying out, Emperor Suzong, in response, issued an edict that, while confirming Li Fuguo's past acts as authorized by imperial authority, ordered that in the future, criminal cases were to be decided and appealed through official channels, thus depriving Li Fuguo of a source of power and causing him to be resentful of Li Xian. In the year, aft


Alopecosa is a spider genus in the family Lycosidae, with about 150 species and several subspecies. Most species grow up to 2 cm. Alopecosa females make a burrow; the female stays in the burrow guarding the sac until the eggs hatch. In Germany, there are about 15 described species. There is at least one in the United States, they favor dry climates. The species in this genus have been traditionally grouped into sibling species complexes based on morphological characters, but, as morphology-based taxonomy can be unreliable, alternative methods have been employed to identify species correctly. For example, differences in observed courtship and copulation behaviour have proved to be a useful tool for species identification and delimitation in cryptic species. Molecular techniques have been applied to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships between some species. Platnick, Norman I.: The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History. Picture of A. accentuata Chen, Jun. Zoological Studies 39: 133-137.


Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery

The Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery, more known as the Airborne Cemetery, is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery in Oosterbeek, near Arnhem, the Netherlands. It was established in 1945 and is home to 1764 graves from the Second World War besides 4 non-war graves and there are special memorials of two personnel buried elsewhere. Most of the men buried in the cemetery were Allied servicemen killed in the Battle of Arnhem, an Allied attempt to cross the Rhine in 1944, or in the liberation of the city the following year. Men killed in these battles are still discovered in the surrounding area in the 21st century, so the number of people interred in the cemetery continues to grow. In September 1944 the Allies launched Operation Market Garden, an attempt by the British 2nd Army to bypass the Siegfried Line and advance into the Ruhr, Germany's industrial heartland; the operation required the 1st Airborne Corps to seize several bridges over rivers and canals in the Netherlands, allowing ground forces to advance through the Netherlands and cross the River Rhine.

The British 1st Airborne Division was tasked with securing the most distant objectives. The division dropped onto the area on 17 September and a small force was able to secure the Arnhem road bridge; however the unexpected presence of SS Panzer troops of the II SS Panzerkorps meant the Allies were never able to secure their objectives and so after nine days without sufficient reinforcement by the advancing ground forces, the division was withdrawn on 25 September. In the 9 days of battle 2000 Allied soldiers were killed; these included over 1174 men of the British 1st Airborne Division, 219 men of the Glider Pilot Regiment, 92 men of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade, 368 men of the RAF, 79 re-supply dispatchers of the RASC, 25 men of XXX Corps and 27 men of US IX Troop Carrier Command. The exact number of German dead is unknown, but is believed to be at least 1300. Additionally it is believed. Owing to the Allied withdrawal, the vast majority of their dead had to be left on the battlefield.

Here they were buried in small mass graves dug by the Germans. Kate Ter Horst, whose house was used as a first aid post during the battle, found the graves of 57 men in her garden when she returned after the war. After Arnhem was liberated in April 1945, Grave Registration Units of the British 2nd Army moved into the area and began to locate the Allied dead. A small field north of Oosterbeek was offered on perpetual loan by the Netherlands government to the Imperial War Graves Commission in June 1945 and the dead were reburied there. Many of those killed during Arnhem's liberation were buried at the same site; the cemetery was completed in February 1946 with the graves marked by metal crosses, although these were replaced by headstones in 1952. Most of the German dead were buried in the SS Heroes Cemetery near Arnhem after the battle, but reburied in Ysselsteyn German war cemetery after the war; the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records 1759 graves in the cemetery as of 2004. 1450 of these are Commonwealth, including British, Canadian and New Zealanders.

The cemetery is the last resting place of 73 Polish soldiers, 8 Dutch civilians – some killed in the fighting and some former Commission employees. 244 of the graves are unidentified. As of 2003 there were still 138 Allied men with no known grave in the area, they are commemorated at the Groesbeek Memorial. However, evidence of the battle is discovered today, the bodies of Allied servicemen are reinterred at the Airborne Cemetery; when found, bodies are exhumed and Dutch Graves Registration staff attempt to identify them before they are reburied. One soldier of the Border Regiment was discovered and reburied in the cemetery in 2005 and another, unidentified was reburied in 2006. Five men were awarded the Victoria Cross after four of them posthumously. Three of the men now rest in the cemetery. Lance-Sergeant John Daniel Baskeyfield of the 2nd Battalion South Staffordshire Regiment has no known grave and is commemorated instead at Groesbeek Memorial. Major Robert Henry Cain of 2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment, survived the battle and was buried on the Isle of Man when he died in 1974.

Opposite the Airborne Cemetery is a civilian graveyard with a small Commonwealth War Graves Commission plot containing the graves of nine airmen shot down shortly before the battle. It is home to Lipmann Kessel, a surgeon with the 16th Field Ambulance during the battle, who wished to be buried near his men after his death in 1986; the Moscowa Cemetery three miles east contains the graves of thirty six aircrew killed before the battle, one unidentified soldier. Not all of the Allied dead from the Battle of Arnhem are interred at the cemetery; some 300 men who were killed when flying into battle, while trying to escape or who succumbed to wounds are buried in civilian cemeteries in the Netherlands, the UK and the USA. Sixty men who died in prisoner of war camps after the battle are buried in Germany. In the summer of 1945 several hundred veterans of the battle were detached from operations in Norway and returned to Arnhem

II Battle Squadron

The II Battle Squadron was a unit of the German High Seas Fleet before and during World War I. The squadron saw action throughout the war, including the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916, where it formed the rear of the German line; the II Battle Squadron was divided into the IV Division. At the time, SMS Deutschland was the flagship of the High Seas Fleet and was assigned to the II Battle Squadron, though only for tactical purposes—the ship was not otherwise subordinate to the squadron commander; the II Battle Squadron operated from one of the two primary bases of the German fleet. The first, in the North Sea, was Wilhelmshaven on the western side of the Jade Bight; the island of Heligoland provided a fortified forward position in the German Bight. The second major naval installation was at Kiel, it was the most important base in the Baltic. Pillau and Danzig housed forward bases further east in the Baltic; the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal through Schleswig-Holstein connected the Baltic and North Seas and allowed the German Navy to shift naval forces between the two seas.

Konteradmiral Reinhard Scheer served as the commander of the squadron from January 1913 to 26 December 1914, when he traded commands with KAdm Felix Funke, who had commanded the III Battle Squadron. KAdm Franz Mauve the IV Division commander, replaced Funke in August 1915, he held the role until November 1916, when he was promoted to Vizeadmiral and given command of the IV Battle Squadron. Mauve was replaced by VAdm Hubert von Rebeur-Paschwitz, the final commander of the unit; as part of his program of naval expansion to rival the British Royal Navy, Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz projected the need for a second squadron of eight battleships in his 1898 Naval Law. By 1907, enough new battleships had been completed to stand the new squadron up at full strength; the ships of the II Battle Squadron took part in all of the major fleet actions in the first three years of the war. These included the support missions for the battlecruisers of the I Scouting Group as they bombarded the British coast in attempts to lure out part of the British Grand Fleet, such as the raids on Scarborough and Whitby in December 1914 and on Yarmouth and Lowestoft in April 1916.

At the Battle of Jutland in May 1916, the ships formed the rear of the German line, though they saw little combat during the daylight action apart from a brief skirmish with the British battlecruiser squadron. The squadron consisted of only six ships at the time, as Preussen had been transferred temporarily to the Baltic for guard duty and SMS Lothringen was in such poor condition that Scheer removed the ship from the squadron. In the night fighting against the British destroyer flotillas, Pommern was torpedoed and sunk, killing her entire crew, her loss highlighted the vulnerability of the other pre-dreadnoughts to underwater attack, the II Battle Squadron thereafter remained in port when the High Seas Fleet sortied. On 15 August 1917, the II Battle Squadron was disbanded. Campbell, John. Jutland: An Analysis of the Fighting. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 1-55821-759-2. Halpern, Paul G.. A Naval History of World War I. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-352-4. Herwig, Holger.

"Luxury" Fleet: The Imperial German Navy 1888–1918. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books. ISBN 978-1-57392-286-9. Hildebrand, Hans H.. Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe. 2. Ratingen: Mundus Verlag. ISBN 978-3-8364-9743-5. Hildebrand, Hans H.. Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe. 3. Ratingen: Mundus Verlag. ISBN 3-7822-0211-2. Scheer, Reinhard. Germany's High Seas Fleet in the World War. Cassell and Company, ltd. Staff, Gary. German Battleships: 1914–1918. Oxford: Osprey Books. ISBN 978-1-84603-467-1. Tarrant, V. E.. Jutland: The German Perspective. London: Cassell Military Paperbacks. ISBN 0-304-35848-7