Bob Hope

Bob Hope, KBE was an English-American stand-up comedian, actor, dancer and author. With a career that spanned nearly 80 years, Hope appeared in more than 70 short and feature films, with 54 feature films with Hope as star, including a series of seven "Road" musical comedy movies with Bing Crosby as Hope's top-billed partner. In addition to hosting the Academy Awards show 19 times, more than any other host, he appeared in many stage productions and television roles, was the author of 14 books; the song "Thanks for the Memory" was his signature tune. Hope was born in the Eltham district of southeast London, UK, arrived in the United States of America with his family at the age of four, grew up in the Cleveland, area. After a brief career as a boxer in the late 1910s, he began his career in show business in the early 1920s as a comedian and dancer on the vaudeville circuit, before acting on Broadway. Hope began appearing on radio and in films starting in 1934, he was praised for his comedic timing, specializing in one-liners and rapid-fire delivery of jokes which were self-deprecating.

He helped establish modern American stand-up comedy. Celebrated for his long career performing in United Service Organizations shows to entertain active duty American military personnel, making 57 tours for the USO between 1941 and 1991, Hope was declared an honorary veteran of the U. S. Armed Forces in 1997 by an act of the United States Congress, he appeared in numerous specials for NBC television starting in 1950, was one of the first users of cue cards. Hope participated in the sports of golf and boxing and owned a small stake in his hometown baseball team, the Cleveland Indians. Hope retired in 1997, died at the age of 100 in 2003, at his home in the Toluca Lake neighborhood of Los Angeles. Leslie Townes Hope was born in Eltham, County of London, in a terraced house on Craigton Road in Well Hall where there is now a blue plaque in his memory, he was the fifth of seven sons of an English father, William Henry Hope, a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, a Welsh mother, Avis, a light opera singer from Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, who worked as a cleaner.

William and Avis married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street in Barry before moving to Whitehall, to St George, Bristol. In 1908, the family emigrated to the United States, they passed through Ellis Island, New York before moving on to Cleveland, Ohio. From age 12, Hope earned pocket money by busking—public performing to solicit contributions, singing and performing comedy, he entered numerous dancing and amateur talent contests as Lester Hope, won a prize in 1915 for his impersonation of Charlie Chaplin. For a time, he attended the Boys' Industrial School in Lancaster, as an adult donated sizable sums of money to the institution. Hope had a brief career as a boxer in 1919, he had three wins and one loss, he participated in a few staged charity bouts in life. Hope worked as a lineman in his teens and early 20s, he had a brief stint at Chandler Motor Car Company. In 1921, while assisting his brother Jim in clearing trees for a power company, he was sitting atop a tree that crashed to the ground, crushing his face.

Deciding on a show business career and his girlfriend at the time signed up for dancing lessons. Encouraged after they performed in a three-day engagement at a club, Hope formed a partnership with Lloyd Durbin, a friend from the dancing school. Silent film comedian Fatty Arbuckle saw them perform in 1925 and found them work with a touring troupe called Hurley's Jolly Follies. Within a year, Hope had formed an act called the Dancemedians with George Byrne and the Hilton Sisters, conjoined twins who performed a tap dancing routine on the vaudeville circuit. Hope and Byrne had an act as Siamese twins as well, danced and sang while wearing blackface until friends advised Hope he was funnier as himself. In 1929, Hope informally changed his first name to "Bob." In one version of the story, he named himself after race car driver Bob Burman. In another, he said he chose the name because he wanted a name with a "friendly'Hiya, fellas!' Sound" to it. In a 1942 legal document, his legal name is given as Lester Townes Hope.

After five years on the vaudeville circuit, Hope was "surprised and humbled" when he failed a 1930 screen test for the French film production company Pathé at Culver City, California. During a short stint, Hope became a part owner of the Riverside International Raceway in Moreno Valley, California along with Los Angeles Rams co-owner Ed Levy and oil tycoon Ed Pauley for $800,000 and made Les Richter President of the raceway. In the early days, Hope's career included appearances on stage in vaudeville shows and Broadway productions, he began performing on the radio in 1934 with NBC radio, switched to television when that medium became popular in the 1950s. He began doing regular TV specials in 1954, hosted the Academy Awards nineteen times from 1939 through 1977. Overlapping with this was his movie career, spanning 1934 to 1972, his USO tours, which he conducted from 1941 to 1991. Hope signed a contract with Educational Pictures of New York for six short films; the first was a comedy. He was not happy with it, told newspaper g

Ryerson University Entrepreneurship Program

Ryerson University Entrepreneurship Program is the largest undergraduate entrepreneurship program in Canada with both major and minor degree programs available. It is a division within the Ted Rogers School of Management; the school is located in the heart of the nation's business district. Ryerson confers one hundred entrepreneurship major and minor Bachelor of Commerce degrees each year. In addition, the institute performs ongoing research into the field of entrepreneurship and strategy development. StartMeUp Ryerson assists students in new venture start-up, it is designed to provide aspiring entrepreneurs with the education and funding to start and expand their businesses through four stages. The committee is responsible for hosting several large events including an evening with guest speaker Kevin O'Leary, networking events where Toronto-based entrepreneurs come in to meet and talk to students. StartMeUp Ryerson hosts the annual $25,000 Slaight Communications Business Plan Competition where entrepreneurial students enter their business plan into a competition for the chance to win $25,000.

The most recent winner Hailey Coleman, CEO of Damn Heels, went on to be a successful contestant on CBC's Dragons' Den. Other past winners to gain significant traction and start up success include: Jay Manara from Rock Parlor Clothing Co. Rock Parlor Clothing Co. and Monica Mei Chiu from Aime Luxury. The Ryerson Angel Network is the first university-led Angel Investor group in Canada, their mandate is to provide funding and resources to youth-led businesses within Southern Ontario. RAN supports businesses that have a high likelihood of success by assisting them with investor readiness services. RAN provides after deal-resources and relationship capital management opportunities; the aim is to bring together qualified investors with youth-led businesses for investments that range from smaller deal sizes to much larger deals. The Entrepreneurship Research Institute is devoted to investigating the role that entrepreneurs play in modern economies. In particular, the focus is on addressing the fundamental research questions of the entrepreneurship field: where entrepreneurial opportunities come from, why some firms and individuals choose to exploit them, how these efforts can be made more successful.

ERI focuses on research of high academic and intellectual value, with clear applicability to practitioners in the business community. The Institute houses the Ted Rogers Chair in Entrepreneurship, an endowed research chair focusing on entrepreneurship in Canada. ERI conducts periodic seminars and symposia on topics of interest to scholars of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship courses are included in the programs for the Ryerson MBA, the MBA in the Management of Technology and Innovation, the MMSc in the Management of Technology and Innovation

Abertridwr, Caerphilly

Abertridwr is a village in Caerphilly County Borough, situated about 3 miles north-west of Caerphilly town. The "three waters" or "three streams" are Nant Cwm-parc, Nant Cwmceffyl and Nant Ilan, which join to form Nant yr Aber. Like many villages and towns in the area, Abertridwr was a coal mining community within the South Wales Coalfield. In 1895 the Windsor Colliery Company started to sink two shafts to a depth of around 2018 feet; the first coal was raised in 1902, The workings were connected underground to the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd for ventilation purposes. On 1 June 1902, a platform collapsed in the mine, tipping nine men into 25 feet of water, which had gathered in the sump. Three escaped drowning by clinging onto floating debris; the colliery was nationalised, was run by the National Coal Board from 1946. During 1976, it became linked underground with the Nantgarw colliery, both collieries were worked as one unit, with coal winding and processing via Nantgarw. From 1976, production was concentrated at Nantgarw, with Windsor kept open for ventilation, methane extraction, as an emergency exit.

The whole Nantgarw/Windsor unit closed on 6 November 1986. Tyn y Parc housing estate now occupies the site. Men from Abertridwr participate in one of the world's longest running epidemiology studies – The Caerphilly Heart Disease Study. Since 1979, a representative sample of adult males born between 1918 and 1938, living in Caerphilly and the surrounding villages of Abertridwr, Machen and Trethomas, have participated in the study. A wide range of health and lifestyle data have been collected throughout the study and have been the basis of over 400 publications in the medical press. A notable report was on the reductions in vascular disease, cognitive impairment and dementia attributable to a healthy lifestyle. Abertridwr is the birthplace of Geraint Watkins and roll pianist and accordionist for such musicians as Nick Lowe, Dave Edmunds, Van Morrison, Mark Knopfler, Paul McCartney, Shakin' Stevens and Status Quo. Virtual Tour of the Aber Valley