Coke Zero Sugar 400
The Coke Zero Sugar 400 is an annual Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race at Daytona International Speedway. First held in 1959, the event consists of 160 laps, 400-mile, is the second of two major stock car events held at Daytona on the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series circuit, the other being the Daytona 500. Since its inception, it has been traditionally held around United States' Independence Day. Since 1988, the race has been scheduled for the first Saturday of July – that closest to July 4. In 1998, it became the first restrictor plate and Daytona race to be held at night; the Coke Zero Sugar 400 falls at or near the midpoint of the NASCAR season. From 2001–14, it was the 18th race of the season, from 2015–17, it swapped dates with Kentucky. In 2018, the Coke Zero Sugar 400 will return to the 18th race of the season as the Chicagoland was moved to the 17th race of the season. From 1984 to 2007, the race was sponsored by PepsiCo, for many years was known as the Pepsi 400. In 2008, as part of a multi-year deal between ISC and The Coca-Cola Company which made it the exclusive beverage supplier of ISC's tracks, including Daytona, Coca-Cola was granted the title sponsorship rights for the race.
It was subsequently named for the Coca-Cola Zero brand. With Coke Zero becoming Coca-Cola Zero Sugar in 2018, the race will now be known as the Coke Zero Sugar 400; the event is known for its close finishes, posting a 0.154 s average margin of victory in its last 21 races including the tied fourth closest margin of victory in NASCAR Cup Series history at 0.005 s. Erik Jones is the defending winner of the race. Prior to the opening of the track, prior to the inaugural Daytona 500, tentative plans were made to host a 300-mile USAC Championship race on Independence Day weekend of 1959. However, following two separate fatal accidents to drivers Marshall Teague and George Amick, speedway officials cancelled the race, citing dangerously high speeds, as well as low turnout. Bill France Sr. announced plans to hold a 100-lap/250-mile NASCAR stock car race instead, scheduled for July 4. The race was named the Firecracker 250, because the race would be held on the United States' Independence Day. S. Independence Day celebrations.
Bill France announced on July 1 that the winner of the race would receive the Marshall Teague Memorial trophy, a trophy honoring and commemorating the life of Teague, who had died in February. The trophy had been presented by Teague's widow; the inaugural race was held on July 4, 1959. It was scheduled to start at 11 a.m. to limit the possibility of afternoon interference from thunderstorms common to Florida, to exploit the potential for competitors meeting relatives and friends for an afternoon of fun at the nearby beaches. Before the race, preliminary activities took place, including a Miss Dixie pageant, where twenty aspiring pageant winning hopefuls marched to showcase their bathing suits. With 12,900 spectators in attendance the race ran its scheduled 250 miles with no caution flags, with a 57-second lead over runner-up Joe Weatherly, Daytona Beach native Fireball Roberts won in dominating fashion leading 84 of 100 laps. Over the course of the next three years a couple of NASCAR's top drivers would go on to win the Firecracker 250, including Jack Smith, David Pearson and a repeat victory in 1962 for Fireball Roberts.
Expansion was needed. In just three years from the race's inaugural event attendance had grown by more than 10,000 spectators, as tourists flocked to the beaches for the holidays. In 1963, the race was expanded from 100 laps to 160 laps, for a distance of 400 miles and subsequently became known as the Firecracker 400. In the same year, Fireball Roberts drove his 1963 Ford to victory, becoming the first driver to win back-to-back events beating Fred Lorenzen. Roberts was unable to go for three straight wins due to his death on July 2, 1964. Richard Petty was the man to beat during the sixth annual 400-mile July race, but on lap 103, engine problems cost him a chance at victory. Over the course of the final 56 laps, Bobby Isaac and rookie teammate A. J. Foyt swapped the lead 15 times. Coming out of the fourth turn, Foyt was able to edge out Isaac to the stripe. One year Foyt got his second career win, becoming the second driver to win back-to-back Firecracker races. Foyt did not try to defend the title of reigning race winner in 1966.
Instead it was the dark horse 1965 Rookie of the Year driver Sam McQuagg winning the race. McQuagg collected his first and only NASCAR victory driving a 1966 Dodge Charger while utilizing a new racing mechanism: the rear'spoiler'; the air cutting spoiler allowed McQuagg to shatter Foyt's 151.451 mph race average set two years prior. Only two cars finished on the lead lap and the margin of victory to second place driver Darel Dieringer was sixty-six seconds. In late March 1969 William France, Sr. invited all surviving Medal of Honor recipients to attend the July 4 race, dubbed the Medal of Honor Firecracker 400. Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee would arrange for the heroes and their families to be flown in via military aircraft. 100 members from 31 states would attend the race with Thomas J. Kelly the president of The Medal of Honor Society as the grand marshal. With success France Sr. invited them on two more occasions in 1971 and 1973, won by Bobby Isaac and David Pearson respectively.
In 1974, the maneuver used by David Pearson to win his third straight Firecracker race would be talked about well after he crossed the stripe. After collecting the white flag
The 1000Bulbs.com 500 is a Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race held at Talladega Superspeedway in Lincoln, hosting an event in the NASCAR playoffs. The race is one of four NASCAR Cup Series races run with restrictor plates, the others being the GEICO 500 in May, the Coke Zero Sugar 400, the Daytona 500. Through 1996, this race was held in early August or late July. In 1997, it was moved to early October due to the uncomfortably hot summer temperatures, sometimes unpredictable summertime thunderstorms in the Alabama area. In 2009, the race moved again, this time to November 1 as part of a realignment agreement with Atlanta and Fontana. In 1998, the name of the race was swapped with that of the Talladega spring race; the fall race became known as the Winston 500 for three years in order to promote the Winston No Bull 5 program. This race has been on average the most competitive in NASCAR history; the race has broken 40 official lead changes in 1971, 1973, 1975–1978, 1983–1984, 1989, 2000, every year in the period spanning 2003–2012.
In 13 of these, the race exceeded 60 lead changes, most in 2012 with 65, in 2010 the race reached 87 lead changes, one short of the motorsports record set in April. Aric Almirola is the defending winner, having won it in 2018. 1977: Donnie Allison is credited with the win but Darrell Waltrip finished the race for an over-heated Donnie Allison after Darrell Waltrip dropped out of the race after 106 laps. 1996: Race shortened due to darkness — late start caused by rain + in-race red flags. 2000: Dale Earnhardt's 76th and final Winston Cup win. 2005, 2008–2009, 2011–2012, 2014–2016 & 2018: Race extended due to a NASCAR Overtime finish. 2014 race took two attempts. The race is famous for the high number of dark horse and first-time winners in its history — in the race's first 40 years seven drivers posted their first career win*. 1969: The race was marred by a driver's strike by the Professional Drivers Association over track safety issues though officials proved the track was safe for racing. 1971: In the 1971 race Bobby Allison collided with Richard Petty and Pete Hamilton on the last lap, sending Hamilton into the inside wall.
1972: James Hylton raced from mid-pack to the win. 32 of 50 starters failed to finish as Hylton edged Ramo Stott at the stripe. "I was going with the old tire anyway," Hylton said afterward. "I figured it would be better." 1973: In 1973 Dick Brooks survived heat and humidity to himself as well as an overheating engine and shot down heavy favorites Buddy Baker and David Pearson to his only career win. Driving a Plymouth Roadrunner, Brooks whipped his way into contention right away; the lead changed 64 times, a motorsports record that stood until 1978. Tragedy marred the race when sophomore driver Larry Smith crashed and was killed in his car early in the race. 1974: Before the race, crewmen found slashed tires, tampered alignments, dirt clogging fuel lines in the garage area. NASCAR threw several competition yellows to allow teams to further check their cars for undetected sabotage. Richard Petty won on the last lap by sideswiping David Pearson in the tri-oval and winning by a nose. 1975: The race was blackened when former Daytona 500 winner Tiny Lund was crushed to death in a vicious melee on the backstretch by the spinning car of Terry Link.
Dick Brooks survived a wild tumble down the backstretch in that race. Buddy Baker edged Richard Petty after 60 lead changes among 17 drivers. 1976: The lead changed 57 times as Richard Petty fell out in the final 20 laps and Buddy Baker had to pit late for fuel, allowing Dave Marcis to whip to the win, his only Talladega win. 1977: Darrell Waltrip relieved Donnie Allison for the final 40 laps and grabbed the win over Cale Yarborough. Driving for the Wood Brothers, Bonnett pulled off what would be the final win for the Mercury automobile brand. 1981: The race was famous for the finish between Terry Labonte, Darrell Waltrip, Ron Bouchard. Running third on the final lap, Bouchard darted under both Labonte and Waltrip to pick up his first and only career win. CBS Sports, which televised the event, experienced technical errors in the last laps of the race, showed replays with audio of the finish a week later. 1982: The race at Talladega would be the final Talladega start for Country Music singer Marty Robbins.
Robbins would die that year on December 8. Darrell Waltrip became the first multi-time winner of the race. 1983: The rivalry between Waltrip and Bobby Allison came through in a dramatic finish. Allison, two laps down, pushed Dale Earnhardt past Waltrip on the final lap for the win. Waltrip and the Junior Johnson team were upset that Allison was "blocking" for Earnhardt.
Bradley Aaron Keselowski is an American professional stock car racing driver. He competes full-time in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, driving the No. 2 Ford Mustang for Team Penske, part-time in the NASCAR Xfinity Series, driving the No. 12 Mustang for Team Penske. He was the owner of Brad Keselowski Racing, which fielded two full-time teams in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series. Keselowski, who began his NASCAR career in 2004, is the second of only four drivers that have won a championship in both the Cup Series and the Xfinity Series, the twenty-fifth driver to win a race in each of NASCAR's three national series. Keselowski is the owner and founder of Keselowski Advanced Manufacturing, a hybrid manufacturing company based in Statesville, NC, specializing in additive metal technologies as well as CNC machining. Keselowski was born in Rochester Hills and grew up in a racing family, he is the nephew of Ron Keselowski. His older brother, Brian, is an active racing driver; the Keselowski family is of Polish descent.
Keselowski spent much of his adolescence working at his father's race shop. In 2000, Keselowski began racing stock cars in the Factory Stock division. In 2004, at only 20 years old Keselowski began his NASCAR career as the driver of the No. 29 Ford F-150 for the family-owned K-Automotive Motorsports in the Craftsman Truck Series. He made his debut in the Kroger 250 at Martinsville, where he started twenty-sixth and finished thirty-third, he made seven more starts that season, with his best finish coming in the UAW/GM Ohio 250 at Mansfield, where he finished 16th. Keselowski began competing in the Truck Series full-time in 2005 with backing from SUBcrews.com and Samson Stone. He opened the season with a seventh-place finish in the Florida Dodge Dealers 250 at Daytona, his only top ten finish of the year, he would end up finishing twenty-first in points. He ran the first two races of 2006 for K-Automotive before a lack of sponsorship caused the team to temporarily suspend operations. Keselowski drove the No. 02 Chevrolet at Kentucky and Memphis, filling in for an injured Kelly Sutton, drove the No. 63 Ford for MB Motorsports at Bristol and in the season finale, the Ford 200 at Homestead.
Keselowski began competing in the Busch Series full-time in 2007. He drove the No. 23 Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS for Keith Coleman Racing until the team suspended operations in July. Earlier in June, during the 2007 Truck Series season, Keselowski was tabbed by Germain Racing to replace Ted Musgrave in the No. 9 Team ASE Toyota Tundra for the O'Reilly 200 at Memphis after Musgrave was suspended for an in-race scuffle with another driver at the Milwaukee Mile. Keselowski won his first career pole for the race, led sixty-two laps, but got turned around by Travis Kvapil as they fought for the lead with ten laps to go. Keselowski wound up finishing 16th. Shortly afterward, Keselowski was called by car owner Dale Earnhardt Jr. to drive the No. 88 United States Navy-sponsored Chevrolet for JR Motorsports for three races, the rest of the Busch Series season. During the Camping World 300 at California Speedway, Keselowski was involved in an accident involving A. J. Allmendinger and J. J. Yeley. Keselowski complained of foot pain.
He would be treated and released from Loma Linda University Medical Center and was cleared to race at Richmond the following weekend. Keselowski would close the 2007 season out with five top ten finishes and a twenty-fifth-place finish in points. In 2008 Keselowski re-signed with JR Motorsports for the 2008 Nationwide Series season, earned his first career victory in the Federated Auto Parts 300 at Nashville Superspeedway, holding off Clint Bowyer. Keselowski would hold off Bowyer again for his second career win in the Food City 250 at Bristol Motor Speedway, he ended the season third in points, the highest finish by a full-time Nationwide Series-only driver. Keselowski got his first taste of Sprint Cup action during the 2008 season, he was on standby for an ill Jeff Gordon at Kansas and for expectant father Casey Mears at Talladega, before competing in two races for Hendrick Motorsports in the No. 25 GoDaddy.com Chevrolet Impala. Keselowski finished 19th in his Cup debut, the Dickies 500 at Texas, 23rd in the Ford 400 at Homestead.
Keselowski returned to JR Motorsports to drive the No. 88 Chevrolet for the 2009 Nationwide Series, with sponsorship from GoDaddy.com, as well as competing in a limited Cup schedule. He drove the No. 25 GoDaddy.com Chevrolet for Hendrick Motorsports in seven races and drove the No. 09 Miccosukee-sponsored Chevrolet for Phoenix Racing in ten races. Keselowski pulled off a massive upset and earned his first career Sprint Cup victory in the Aaron's 499 at Talladega, he pushed Carl Edwards towards the front from fifth with two laps to go. Coming out of turn four on the final lap, he attempted to trick Edwards into blocking on the high side so that he could pull underneath. Edwards moved high to block; when he saw Keselowski moving low, Edwards again tried to block him. Their cars made contact, with Edwards spinning as Keselowski charged to the checkered flag. Due to the rear-wing design on 2009 Car of Tomorrow, Edwards' car lifted off of the ground as it spun backward. After Ryan Newman's No. 39 hit Edwards' car, it sailed into the catch fence separating the track from the front grandstands skidded to a halt in the middle of the track.
Eight fans were injured by flying debris. Keselowski earned his first career victory on
NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series
The NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series is a pickup truck racing series owned and operated by the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, is the only series in all of NASCAR to race modified production pickup trucks. The series is one of three national divisions of NASCAR, ranking as the third tier behind the second-tier NASCAR Xfinity Series and the top level Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. Camping World was the title sponsor from 2009 to 2018; the series was called the NASCAR SuperTruck Series in 1995, the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series from 1996 through 2008, the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series from 2009 through 2018. The idea for the Truck Series dates back to 1991. A group of SCORE off-road racers had concerns about desert racing's future, decided to create a pavement truck racing series, they visited NASCAR Western Operations Vice President Ken Clapp to promote the idea, who consulted Bill France Jr. with it, but the plans fell apart. Afterwards, Clapp told the four to build a truck before NASCAR considered it.
Bakersfield fabricator Gary Collins built a prototype truck, which were first shown off during Speedweeks for the 1994 Daytona 500 and tested by truck owner Jim Smith around Daytona International Speedway. The truck proved to be popular among fans, NASCAR arranged a meeting in a Burbank, California hotel on April 11, 1994. Four demonstration races were held at Mesa Marin Raceway, Portland Speedway, Saugus Speedway and Tucson Raceway Park. Tucson held four events that winter, which were nationally televised during the Winter Heat Series coverage. Tools line Craftsman served as the sponsor of the series on a three-year deal, the series was renamed to the "Craftsman Truck Series" in 1996. In addition, the series' $580,000 purse is larger than the Busch Grand National Series' fund. While a new series, it garnered immediate support from many prominent Winston Cup Series team owners and drivers. Prominent Cup owners Richard Childress, Rick Hendrick, Jack Roush owned truck teams, top drivers such as Dale Earnhardt and Ernie Irvan fielded SuperTrucks for others.
The series attracted the attention of drivers like sprint car racing star Sammy Swindell, Walker Evans of off-road racing fame, open-wheel veteran Mike Bliss, Atlanta Falcons head coach Jerry Glanville. The inaugural race, the Skoal Bandit Copper World Classic at Phoenix International Raceway, was held on February 5. At the end of the 2008 NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series schedule, Craftsman stopped sponsoring the series. Subsequently, Camping World signed a seven-year contract with NASCAR, rebranding the series as the "Camping World Truck Series". With decreasing money and increasing costs, the series has struggled financially with sponsorship and prize money, the latter being low, while the former would prompt teams to shut down to reduce in size. Teams like Richard Childress Racing, a Cup team with 31 Truck wins, shut down their Truck operations. After the 2014 season, Brad Keselowski stated his Brad Keselowski Racing team had lost $1 million despite recording a win that year, told the Sporting News: "The truck series, you have to be able to lose money on a constant basis.
That's just how the system works." BKR ended up shutting down after the 2017 season. To cut costs, NASCAR required teams to use sealed engines, with teams not being allowed to run at most three races with a previously-used engine. Additionally, NASCAR reduced the maximum number of pit crew members allowed over the wall for a pit stop from seven to five, required teams to only take either fuel or tires on a single pit stop in 2009; this requirement was abandoned for the 2010 season. Starting with the 2011 season, NASCAR implemented a new rule that allows drivers to compete for the drivers' championship in only one of the three national touring series in a given season. On January 19, 2016, NASCAR announced the introduction of a playoff format similar to the NASCAR Cup Series Chase for the Championship: the format consists of eight drivers across three rounds, with two drivers being eliminated after each round. Camping World signed a seven-year extension in 2014 to remain the title sponsor of the Truck Series until at least 2022.
On May 8, 2018, NASCAR and Camping World announced the Truck Series title sponsor would be moved to Camping World subsidiary Gander Outdoors starting in 2019. The contract through 2022 is scheduled to continue as planned. Most of the first drivers in the series were veteran short track drivers who had not made it or struggled to thrive in the other NASCAR national series, it is worth noting that most of the early champions have become NASCAR Cup Series regulars in their careers, such as 1995 champion Skinner, who joined Richard Childress Racing's Cup team in 1997, competing on a full-time basis until 2003. As the years went on, a number of younger drivers debuted in the series, using the series as a springboard for their racing careers. Current NASCAR stars Greg Biffle, Kevin Harvick, Jamie McMurray, Kurt Busch, Carl Edwards, Kyle Busch each started in the series. Kyle Busch was 16 when he was ejected from a 2001 Craftsman Truck Series race in Fontana, California, b
Keselowski Motorsports known as K-Automotive Racing and Brian Keselowski Motorsports, is an auto racing team that competes in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. K-Automotive raced in ARCA and the Nationwide Series. K-Automotive was owned and operated by Bob and Kay Keselowski. Brian Keselowski Motorsports is operated by Brian Keselowski; the team began racing in ARCA and USAC Series in the 1969 with Ron driving and Bob serving as the team’s crew chief. K Automotive made its debut in the NASCAR Grand National Series in 1969, the team being owned by John Keselowski. Fielding the number 62 Kaye Engineering Dodge, Homer Newland finished 36th in the teams debut at Michigan International Speedway. Newland ran K Automotive’s car at the inaugural event at Alabama International Motor Speedway, starting eighth, but dropping to twenty-seventh due to an engine failure. In 1970, Ron began running most of the races for the team, he ran seventeen races, finishing eighth at the West Virginia 300, finished 39th in the final points standings.
They fielded a car for Dave Marcis at the Southern 500, finishing 29th. In 1971, K fielded entries for a variety of drivers, including Ron, Dick Polling, Bill Shirley. After taking the following year off, K returned in 1973, he finished fifth at Michigan International Speedway. They made one start in 1974 with Bob Whitlow before making their final Cup start at the 1975 Daytona 500 when Jim Vandiver finished 35th after a wreck. In 1975, Bob and Ron switched roles, with Bob becoming Ron the crew chief. Bob made his late model debut at Toledo Speedway and moved to full-time USAC racing in 1976, running 1974 Dodge Challengers and Aspens, garnering a best finish of seventh in competition. In 1978, he ran some NASCAR Late Model Sportsman races in addition to the USAC series, he continued to run USAC and the NASCAR Grand American Series over the next several years, won the 1983 track championship at Toledo. In 1986, Bob Keselowski began running the ARCA series in the number 29 Chevrolet, making seven starts and getting two second-place finishes before winning his first race at Berlin Raceway.
He continued to win many races and awards through the next several years, was the 1989 ARCA Supercar champion. That same year, Chrysler re-entered auto racing, starting with the ARCA series. K was selected as one of the teams, Mopar Performance sponsored Keselowski's number 29 Chrysler LeBaron throughout the 1990 season. Together, they finished 3rd in points. Keselowski would continue to compete in the ARCA series until the end of the 1994 season. Ten years the Keselowskis returned to the series to field the number 29 Competition Graphics Dodge under a partnership with Bob Ducharme. Brian Keselowski drove seven races and had a top-ten in his debut at Kentucky Speedway along with two other top-tens. Despite failing to qualify twice in 2005, he had a string of five consecutive top-ten finishes out of seven starts. In 2006, he won his first career race at Berlin with Holloway Motorsports sponsoring and finished 29th in points, he followed that up with additional wins in the 29 in 2007. That year Mike Ciochetti wrecked and finished 39th.
In addition, they expanded to a second car, the number 00 Orchard Chrysler Dodge Jeep Dodge owned by Brad Keselowski with Robb Brent. Brent had five top-tens in sixteen starts. In 2009, K returned to ARCA with the number 29 Chevrolet and hired Mikey Kile and Chad Finley to drive on a part-time basis. Kile had four top-ten finishes in the Greased Lightning Cleaning Products Chevy, Finley had three in the Auto Value Chevy. Jesse Smith drove the season opener at Daytona in 2010. K returned to NASCAR in 1995 with the formation of the SuperTruck Series by Craftsman. Bob began driving the team’s number 29 Winnebago Industries Dodge Ram, starting sixteen races and finishing in the top-ten four times, earning him a fourteenth-place points finish, he dropped to sixteenth in the standings the next year. In 1997, he finished a career-best fourteenth in the standings and won his only truck race at Richmond International Raceway in the Mopar Dodge. During the 1998 season, Keselowski was replaced by Dennis Setzer.
Over a span of five races, Setzer had two eighth-place finishes. Keselowski returned and finished tenth at Heartland Park Topeka before handing the driving chores back to Setzer for the rest of the season. Setzer won his first career race at Mesa Marin Raceway. In 1999, K created a second truck, the number 1, for Setzer to drive while Keselowski drove the number 29 part-time, doing research and development for Dodge. Keselowski had a top-ten finish at Texas Motor Speedway before he retired. Setzer lost the championship by 108 points. In 2000, Setzer fell to seventh in the standings. Terry Cook drove the number 29 in a one-race deal at the season finale at California Speedway and finished seventh; when Setzer left, the team switched to Ford. Cook joined the team full-time with sponsorship from Power Stroke Diesel. In his first year with the team, Cook finished tenth in the standings. In 2002, he dropped to ninth in the final points. After he did not win again in 2003, he and PSD left the team; the team began 2004 with Frank Kimmel driving.
He finished eighth at Daytona. He made eight races, his best finish sixteenth at Mansfield before Deborah Renshaw finished out the season, her best finish came at Martinsville Speedway. Brad became the team’s fu
Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquarter in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903; the company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. Ford owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer Troller, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom and a 32% stake in Jiangling Motors, it has joint-ventures in China, Thailand and Russia. The company is controlled by the Ford family. Ford introduced methods for large-scale manufacturing of cars and large-scale management of an industrial workforce using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines. Ford's former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover, acquired in 1989 and 2000 were sold to Tata Motors in March 2008. Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010. In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States, Canada and the Middle East since 1938.
Ford is the second-largest U. S.-based automaker and the fifth-largest in the world based on 2015 vehicle production. At the end of 2010, Ford was the fifth largest automaker in Europe; the company went public in 1956 but the Ford family, through special Class B shares, still retain 40 percent voting rights. During the financial crisis at the beginning of the 21st century, it was close to bankruptcy, but it has since returned to profitability. Ford was the eleventh-ranked overall American-based company in the 2018 Fortune 500 list, based on global revenues in 2017 of $156.7 billion. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million automobiles and employed about 213,000 employees at around 90 plants and facilities worldwide. Henry Ford's first attempt at a car company under his own name was the Henry Ford Company on November 3, 1901, which became the Cadillac Motor Company on August 22, 1902, after Ford left with the rights to his name; the Ford Motor Company was launched in a converted factory in 1903 with $28,000 in cash from twelve investors, most notably John and Horace Dodge.
The first president was not Ford, but local banker John S. Gray, chosen to assuage investors' fears that Ford would leave the new company the way he had left its predecessor. During its early years, the company produced just a few cars a day at its factory on Mack Avenue and its factory on Piquette Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. Groups of two or three men worked on each car, assembling it from parts made by supplier companies contracting for Ford. Within a decade, the company would lead the world in the expansion and refinement of the assembly line concept, Ford soon brought much of the part production in-house in a vertical integration that seemed a better path for the era. Henry Ford was 39 years old when he founded the Ford Motor Company, which would go on to become one of the world's largest and most profitable companies, it has been in continuous family control for over 100 years and is one of the largest family-controlled companies in the world. The first gasoline powered automobile had been created in 1885 by the German inventor Carl Benz.
More efficient production methods were needed to make automobiles affordable for the middle class, to which Ford contributed by, for instance, introducing the first moving assembly line in 1913 at the Ford factory in Highland Park. Between 1903 and 1908, Ford produced the Models A, B, C, F, K, N, R, S. Hundreds or a few thousand of most of these were sold per year. In 1908, Ford introduced the mass-produced Model T, which totalled millions sold over nearly 20 years. In 1927, Ford replaced the T with the first car with safety glass in the windshield. Ford launched the first low-priced car with a V8 engine in 1932. In an attempt to compete with General Motors' mid-priced Pontiac and Buick, Ford created the Mercury in 1939 as a higher-priced companion car to Ford. Henry Ford purchased the Lincoln Motor Company in 1922, in order to compete with such brands as Cadillac and Packard for the luxury segment of the automobile market. In 1929, Ford was contracted by the government of the Soviet Union to set up the Gorky Automobile Plant in Russia producing Ford Model A and AAs thereby playing an important role in the industrialisation of that country.
The creation of a scientific laboratory in Dearborn, Michigan in 1951, doing unfettered basic research, led to Ford's unlikely involvement in superconductivity research. In 1964, Ford Research Labs made a key breakthrough with the invention of a superconducting quantum interference device or SQUID. Ford offered the Lifeguard safety package from 1956, which included such innovations as a standard deep-dish steering wheel, optional front, for the first time in a car, rear seatbelts, an optional padded dash. Ford introduced child-proof door locks into its products in 1957, and, in the same year, offered the first retractable hardtop on a mass-produced six-seater car. In late 1955, Ford established the Continental division as a separate luxury car division; this division was responsible for the manufacture and sale of the famous Continental Mark II. At the same time, the Edsel division was created to design and market that car starting with the 1958 model year. Due to limited sales of the Continental and the Edsel disaster, Ford merged Lincoln and Edsel into "M
Foxwoods Resort Casino 301
The Foxwoods Resort Casino 301 is a 301 lap (318.458-mile annual Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race held at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon, New Hampshire. In 2018, the race will become the 20th race of the season, replacing the Brickyard 400 at Indianapolis Motor Speedway as the crown jewel race at Indianapolis will become the 26th race of the season; the race has been traditionally run in July, but from 2007 to 2010 it was run in late June or early July as the race preceding the Coke Zero 400 in order to allow that race to run as close to the 4th of July as possible. In 2011, the race returned to its traditional mid-July date. From its inaugural running in 1993 through 2007 the race was 300 laps, but after O. Bruton Smith and his company SMI bought the track their first date was given the moniker of the extra mile and was increased to 301 laps. In 2008, Kurt Busch won the race. One year Joey Logano became the youngest winner in NASCAR Cup Series history after the race was shortened because of rain after 273 laps, at the age of 19 years, 1 month, 4 days.
Starting in 2018, it will be the only event at the track because their fall race would be moved to Las Vegas Motor Speedway. Newell Rubbermaid, through its Lenox Industrial Tools subsidiary, was the title sponsor of the race from 2006 to 2012. Organizers added an extra lap from 2008 to 2012 to represent that Lenox Industrial Tools" is looking for users and suppliers of industrial tools that go the extra mile, whose jobs are physically demanding, day after day, still find time to contribute to their communities in a meaningful way." The race was dubbed "The Extra Mile at the Magic Mile." for seven year. Under the Lenox Industrial Tools sponsorship, the race was 318.5 miles in length while the fall race, the Sylvania 300, is 317.4 miles. After Lenox Industrial Tools left as title sponsor, Camping World picked up the sponsorship of the event through its RV Sales department for 2013 and 2014, since the 301 moniker became popular with the fans, NHMS decided to keep their July event 301 laps long.
In fact, the first two races with the 301 lap distance did not go the whole distance. In 2017, the race received sponsorship from water sports store Overton's, branding it the Overton's 301. Starting in 2018, Foxwoods Resort Casino, located in Ledyard, will become the title sponsor of the race, after announcing a multi-year sponsorship agreement with the racetrack on May 31, 2018. Unlike other races, the trophy is in the form of an American lobster provided by Makris Lobster and Steak House. After the winning driver poses with the lobster on victory lane, Makris pressure cooks it and sends the meat to the winning pit crew while a taxidermist reassembles the shell and mounts it on a trophy for the driver. 2000, 2008, 2009: Race shortened due to rain. 2006, 2013, 2014: Race extended due to a NASCAR Overtime finish. Racing-Reference.info - New Hampshire Motor Speedway Race Results NASCAR Commentators Crews and Networks Camping World RV Sales 301