click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bob Mould

Robert Arthur Mould is an American musician, principally known for his work as guitarist and songwriter for alternative rock bands Hüsker Dü in the 1980s and Sugar in the 1990s. Born in Malone, New York Mould lived in several places, including the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota area where he attended Macalester College. There, he formed Hüsker Dü in the late 1970s with drummer/singer Grant Hart and bass guitarist Greg Norton. Mould and Hart were the principal songwriters for Hüsker Dü, with Hart's higher-pitched vocals and Mould's baritone taking the lead in alternate songs. Forming in 1979, Hüsker Dü first gained notice as a punk rock group with a series of recordings on the independent label SST Records. In 1986, they found only modest commercial success. However, they were often cited as one of the key influences on 1990s alternative rock, including bands such as Nirvana and the Pixies. In the late 1980s, Hüsker Dü broke up acrimoniously amid members' drug abuse, personal problems, disputes over songwriting credits, musical direction, the suicide of the band's manager, David Savoy.

Mould and Grant Hart, the band's other songwriter and vocalist, still took occasional jabs at each other in the press until Hart's death in 2017, though the two revisited their Hüsker Dü back catalog together at a 2004 benefit concert for an ailing friend, the late Karl Mueller of Soul Asylum. After Hüsker Dü broke up in 1988, Mould sequestered himself in a remote farmhouse in Pine City, having quit drinking and drugs, wrote the songs that would make up his first solo album. Signing to the newly formed Virgin Records America label, 1989's Workbook eschewed Mould's trademark wall-of-noise guitar for a lighter tone. Drummer Anton Fier and bassist Tony Maimone served as Mould's rhythm section; the album peaked at number 127 on the Billboard 200 chart, the single "See a Little Light" reached number 4 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart.1990's Black Sheets of Rain had a much heavier guitar sound, recalling Hüsker Dü's louder, angrier moments. According to the liner notes for the 2012 re-release of Sugar's Copper Blue, Creation Records president Alan McGee verified that total album sales were 7,000 copies.

Still, the album peaked at number 123 on the Billboard 200 chart, the single "It's Too Late" reached number 10 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart. Mould co-founded a record label, Singles Only Label, with Coyote Records label founder Steve Fallon; the label released singles from bands such as Daniel Johnston, Grant Lee Buffalo, Mojo Nixon, Nikki Sudden, R. Stevie Moore from 1989–1994. Mould formed the group Sugar, with bassist David Barbe and drummer Malcolm Travis. Along with extensive touring, Sugar released two albums, an EP and a B-sides collection before breaking up. 1992's Copper Blue was named as NME's 1992 Album of the Year, was Mould's most successful commercial album, selling nearly 300,000 copies. While in the band Sugar, in 1993 he contributed the track "Can't Fight It" as a solo artist to the AIDS Benefit Album No Alternative produced by the Red Hot Organization. In 1994, he recorded "Turning of the Tide" for Beat The Retreat, a tribute album to the English guitarist and songwriter Richard Thompson.

In 1996, Mould returned to solo recording, releasing a self-titled album in 1996 on Rykodisc referred to as Hubcap because of the cover photo. Mould played all of the instruments himself, programmed the drums instead of using a real drummer; the album peaked at number 101 on the Billboard 200 chart, number 1 on the Heatseekers chart. In 1998, Mould released Pony Show, his final album on Rykodisc; the album was named as such because Mould decided that the tour that followed would be his "last electric band tour."After the tour, Mould took a break from the music world to get involved with another passion of his, professional wrestling, when he joined WCW as a scriptwriter in 1999 for a brief period. Creative differences with some of the other writers led to Mould's leaving the company and returning to music; the liner notes for the 2002 album Modulate thank some of the wrestlers he associated with, most notably Kevin Nash and Kevin Sullivan. During a stint living in New York City in the late-1990s, as he more embraced his identity as a gay man, Mould's tastes took a detour into dance music and electronica.

Those influences were clear on his 2002 release Modulate, which featured a strong electronica influence to mixed critical reviews and poor fan reaction. One song, "The Receipt," was straightforward, according to City Pages: it "can be taken as a veiled attack on Mould's old Husker Dü-mate Grant Hart." In further pursuit of this sound, Mould began recording under the pseudonym LoudBomb, releasing one CD so far under this name. His next solo album, Body of Song, had been scheduled to follow the release of 2002's Modulate. Instead, Mould worked on the album for the next three years. By this time, he had changed his mind on touring with a band, announced his first band tour since 1998; the tour lineup included bassist Jason Narducy, drummer Brendan Canty, Mould's Blowoff collaborator, Morel, on keyboards. In addition to his solo work, Mould worked as a live DJ in collaboration with Washington DC-area dance music artist Richard Morel, under the collective banner Blowoff, they staged at the 9:30 Club in Washing

Helmut Beckmann

Professor Helmut Beckmann was a German psychiatrist. He was one of the founders of neurodevelopmental theory of schizophrenia and biologically based psychiatry in Germany. Beckmann's major scientific interests were psychopharmacology, neuropathology of endogenous psychoses, differentiated psychopathology, in the tradition of Carl Wernicke, Karl Kleist and Karl Leonhard, he continuously insisted and claimed that psychoses with schizophrenic and schizophrenia-like symptoms did not appear to be a continuum of disorders, but seemed rather to consist of different, clinically distinguished subgroups with different genetic and psychosocial origins. In 1979, Helmut Beckmann was a Constitutional Committee Member of the German Society of Biological Psychiatry, became President in 1987–1990, was an Honorary Fellow from 2000, he served as treasurer of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry from 1991 to 1997, as President of Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum from 1998 to 2000.

In 1989, he was co-founder of the International Wernicke-Kleist-Leonhard Society, appointed as president and confirmed in this position until his death. Helmut Beckmann's publications include more than 350 papers and new editions of Leonhard's textbooks, he received the Kurt Schneider Prize for his twin studies together with E. Franzek, he served on the Editorial Board of many psychiatric journals, including Psychopathology, Journal of Neural Transmission, Biological Psychiatry, World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. Helmut Beckmann trained a generation of psychiatrists in evidence-based treatment and psychopathology, thus promoted a generation of academics, many of whom are leaders in the field today. Helmut Beckmann became acquainted with K. Leonhard's work through his doctoral advisor H. Dietrich, Munich early in his professional career. Early in his academic career, he thus came to the conclusion that one of the reasons for the lack of progress in psychiatric research could be – although worked out with good intention – the anosological diagnostic methodology carried out through expert consensus.

On his appointment to Würzburg he invited K. Leonhard for lectures and visited him several times in the former Eastern part of Germany absorbing his outstanding knowledge on endogenous psychoses. Inspired by him, he contrasted the anosological approach with a classification of the endogenous psychoses based on a clinical-empirical approach derived from lifelong observations of the patients in differentiated descriptions, he insisted that a certain diagnosis can be provided only when all the characteristic symptoms of a clinical picture are present. Helmut Beckmann proposed to go back on the painstaking road of psychopathological differentiation in order to obtain the most homogeneous groups for investigation, thus enabling sophisticated modern biomedical techniques to bring more certainty to the field. In a series of reports, he and his co-workers pinpointed the nosological autonomy of cycloid psychoses and systematic schizophrenias by inter-rater reliability analysis and long-term follow-up studies.

He emphasized that the phenomenon of birth seasonality is confined to an excess of winter and spring births in cycloid psychoses and systematic schizophrenias. Subsequent studies on maternal recall of gestational infections documented a direct relationship between flu-like and febrile affections in the first trimester of maternal gestation with the occurrence of cycloid psychoses and second trimester affections with manifestations of systematic schizophrenias; the autonomy of the cycloid psychoses was substantiated by neurophysiological and morphometric studies. In a systematic twin study, he provided evidence that in cycloid psychosis monozygotic pairs had similar concordance rates to dizygotic pairs, pointing to a low heritability; these findings were confirmed by a controlled family study, where first-degree relatives of patients with cycloid psychoses were found to show a similar low frequency of secondary cases to relatives of a population-based control sample. Driven by his pioneering neuropathological findings of early prenatal cytoarchitectural malformations in the brains of patients with schizophrenic psychoses, he is one of the fathers of the neurodevelopmental theory of these psychoses.

In 1986 with C. Jakob, he reported on cortical and subcortical developmental disturbances in schizophrenic psychoses in the entorhinal area; these cytoarchitectural abnormalities were or localized in the upper cortical layers of the limbic allocortex, including circumscribed malformations, nerve cell alterations as well as cytoarchitectural deviations attributable to disruptions of neural migration in the second trimester of gestation. Clinically, his major affinity was to the psychomotor psychoses, his examinations were based on the profound knowledge of his predecessors, he taught us to meticulously observe the clinical pictures. This resulted in a profound progress towards an etiological differentiation of the catatonic psychoses, which demonstrated a confirmed and significant linkage of periodic catatonia to chromosome 15q15, despite considerable genetic heterogeneity. In the light of these findings, the spectrum of psychoses with schizophrenic and schizophrenia-like symptoms did not appear to be a continuum of disorders, but seemed rather to consist of different, clinically distinguished subgroups with different genetic and psychosocial origins.

Although his findings were not accepted, he always hoped that reservations about a nosological differentiation of endogenous psychoses would one day give way to a fruitful discussion of its finding

Roman Catholic Diocese of Acqui

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Acqui straddles the regions of Piedmont and Liguria, in northwest Italy. The ancient Roman name of the place was Aquae Statiellae, sometimes confused with Aquae Sentiae, Aquae Augustae, where there were bishops. Acqui had always been subordinate to the Province of Milan, down until 1817, when Pope Pius VII assigned it to the Province of Turin; as a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Turin, it falls within the ecclesiastical region of Piedmont. It is probable that the diocese of Acqui was established at the end of the fourth century, about the same time, it would appear, as the dioceses of Novara, Ivrea and Asti and Alba; the first undoubted bishop of Acqui was Ditarius. A tablet found in 1753 in the church of St. Peter, indicates that Ditarius, bishop of Acqui, died on 25 January 488, in the Consulate of Dinamias and Syphidius. Popular tradition gives Deusdedit, Severus, and, earliest of all, Majorinus, as bishops prior to him. Majorinus lived either at the end of the fourth, or in the beginning of the fifth, century.

The name was common in the third and fifth centuries. Veneration was offered to the saint from time immemorial by the church in Acqui, shown by his statues and relics; this veneration, has ceased since a decree of the Congregation of Rites prohibited the veneration of saints whose sanctity had not been declared by the Holy See. In the list of the bishops of Acqui appears Saint Guido, said to be a member of the family of the Counts of Acquesana, under whose patronage the cathedral was erected, he is the patron saint of Acqui. In 1068 the new city of Alessandria, named in honor of Pope Alexander III, was created, with the object of countering the political maneuvers of the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. In 1070 a delegation was sent to Rome, which presented the city to the Pope as a vassal of the Holy Roman Church. In 1075, Pope Alexander erected a new diocese at Alessandria, provided its first bishop, Arduinus; the territory of the new diocese was taken from that of the diocese of Acqui. In 1180, Archbishop Algisius of Milan, acting on authority delegated to him by Pope Alexander, decreed the union of the two dioceses in the person of Bishop Uberto Tornielli of Acqui, who would take the title of Bishop of Alessandria, but the arrangement was acceptable neither to the people of Acqui nor to Bishop-elect Otto of Alessandria, therefore the union did not take effect.

The new diocese of Alessandria, supported the Emperor Otto IV against the Papacy, therefore in 1202 Pope Innocent III suppressed the diocese of Alessandria and reunited its territory to the jurisdiction of the diocese of Acqui. The bishop was ordered to live six months at Alessandria. Friction developed between Bishop Uberto, in favor of the union, the Chapter of the Cathedral of Acqui, who envisioned the loss of their status and prerogatives if the bishop should move to Alessandria. Bishop Uberto therefore appealed to the Pope on 16 February 1205. On 16 May, Pope Innocent III sent representatives to Piedmont to bring about the union, deciding that the bishop would be called the Bishop of Alessandria and Acqui, their work was ratified by the Pope. Bishop Uberto began to use the double title. Bishop Uberto, was caught in some simonical transactions with regard to churches in both dioceses which were not under episcopal control, he was suspended by Innocent III from his functions on 12 October 1211.

His repentance was unsatisfactory, since Pope Innocent accepted his resignation from his episcopal functions on 12 November 1213. Acqui and Alessandria were united until 1405. Pope Innocent VII appointed Fra Bertolino of Alessandria as the new bishop on 14 April 1405. A diocesan synod was an irregularly held, but important, meeting of the bishop of a diocese and his clergy, its purpose was to proclaim the various decrees issued by the bishop. A set of canons was issued jointly by Archbishop Ottone Visconti of Milan and Bishop Alberto of Acqui in 1265 in connection with a provincial or diocesan synod, or both. Bishop Oddonus held a diocesan synod which concluded on 10 April 1308, issued, with the consent of the Cathedral Chapter, a set of canons which were concerned with clerical conduct and the proper administration of the sacraments, as well as limitations on the participation of lay persons in the election or installation of clergy. Bishop Bonifacio de Sismondi conducted three diocesan synods during his term: the first opened on 10 February 1429.

He began the construction of the episcopal palace, for which money had been left by his predecessor, Bishop Enrico. Pope Sixtus IV was committed to the idea of yet another crusade against the Turks, he launched his project in the spring of 1475 by demanding a 10% tax on the income of the clergy. On 13 April 1475 he wrote to Bishop Thomas de Regibus of Acqui, naming him papal Nuncio and Collector of Papal Revenues in the entire Marquisate of Monferrat, granting him the powers necessary to make the collection from all church institutions and persons and officials, both exempt

Yeshiva of Aix-les-Bains

The Yeshiva of Aix-les-Bains is one of the principal Talmudic academies in France. It is named Yeshivas Chachmei Tsorfat after the medieval rabbinic authorities who lived in France, including Rashi and many Baalei Tosafot. Since 1945, the Yeshiva has been located in the spa town of Aix-les-Bains, is directed by Rabbi Yitzhak Weil; the yeshiva was established by Rabbi Ernest Weill, chief rabbi of Colmar, in Neudorf, Strasbourg in 1933. It was directed by Rabbi Simcha Wasserman, son of the eminent Talmudist, Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman. At its inception, the yeshiva was the only yeshiva in France and the first academy for talmudic studies - not a rabbinical training seminary - established in France since Napoleonic times. In 1938, Rabbi Wasserman emigrated to the United States, leaving the leadership of the yeshiva to Rabbi Chaim Yitzchak Chajkin, a disciple of Rabbi Israel Meir Kagan, the Chofetz Chaim, Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman. Rabbi Chajkin was soon deported to Germany, the yeshiva was forced to close its doors in 1939 until the end of World War II.

The Yeshiva reopened its doors after the war in June 1945 in the thermal resort town of Aix-les-Bains, again led by Rabbi Chaim Yitzchak Chajkin after his release from German captivity. The new yeshiva welcomed numerous young survivors of the Nazi concentration camps, many Jewish children, hidden with non-Jewish families to escape deportation during the Holocaust. From the late 1940s, the yeshiva welcomed thousands of students from North Africa Morocco and Tunisia. Numerous rabbinic figures have had a close association with the Yeshiva of Aix-les-Bains through repeated visits or lengthy sojourns, among them Rabbi Israel Abuhatzeira, the Baba Sali, Rabbi Aharon Yehuda Leib Shteinman, Rabbi Yitzhak Kaduri, Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Rabbi Mordechai Pogramansky, Chief Rabbi of Morocco Rav Yedidia Monsonego, Rabbi Yisroel Avrohom Portugal of Skulen, three generations of the rebbes of Pshevorsk. Rabbi Moshe Yitzchok Gewirtzman, the founder of the Hasidic Dynasty of Pshevorsk, spent several summers in Aix-les-Bains, formed a close relationship with the yeshiva.

The connection between Pshevorsk and Aix-les-Bains continued with his successors Rabbi Yaakov Leiser and the current Pshevorsker rebbe, Rabbi Leibush Leiser. Since its inception, the yeshiva has drawn its students from 20 countries across Europe, North Africa and beyond; the yeshiva has several educational divisions, including a high school division featuring a full general studies curriculum accredited by the French Ministry of Education, in addition to its traditional yeshiva curriculum of Talmudic studies and Jewish law. Official website of the Yeshiva of Aix-les-Bains: http://www.aixyeshiva.org

Ecgfrith of Mercia

Ecgfrith was king of Mercia from 29 July to December 796. He was the son of Offa, one of the most powerful kings of Mercia, Cynethryth. In 787, Ecgfrith was consecrated king, the first known consecration of an English king arranged by Offa in imitation of the consecration of Charlemagne's sons by the pope in 781. Around 789, Offa seems to have intended that Ecgfrith marry the Frankish king Charlemagne's daughter Bertha, but Charlemagne was outraged by the request and the proposal never went forward. According to the Croyland Chronicle "he was seized with a malady, departed this life." His reign lasted 141 days. Ecgfrith was succeeded by a distant relative, Coenwulf because Offa had arranged the murder of nearer relatives in order to eliminate dynastic rivals. According to a contemporary letter from Alcuin of York, an English deacon and scholar who spent over a decade at Charlemagne's court as one of his chief advisors: That most noble young man has not died for his sins, but the vengeance for the blood shed by the father has reached the son.

For you know. Alcuin added: "This was not a strengthening of the kingdom, but its ruin." Kings of Mercia family tree Ecgfrith 7 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Family Film

Family Film is a 2015 Czech drama adventure film by Slovenian director Olmo Omerzu. The story is about teenagers whose parents leave them at home; the film follows the family's dog Otto, lost on a deserted island and tries to survive. The film was shot in Thailand. Family Film won two Czech Film Critics' Awards, it was awarded in Best Screenplay. Karel Roden as Igor, Father of Erik and Anna. Vanda Hybnerová as Irena, Mother of Erik and Anna. Daniel Kadlec as Erik Jenovéfa Boková as Erik's sister. Martin Pechlát as Martin, Igor's brother. Eliška Křenková as Kristína, Anna's friend who starts a sexual relationship with Erik. Miroslav Sabadin as Tomáš Vojtěch Záveský as Robert Jaroslav Plesl as Male doctor Jana Krausová as headmistress Pernerová