Bobbie Gentry

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Bobbie Gentry
BobbieGentry1969.jpeg
Gentry in a publicity photo for Capitol Records in 1969.
Born
Roberta Lee Streeter

(1942-07-27) July 27, 1942 (age 77)[1]
OccupationSinger-songwriter
Spouse(s)
ChildrenOne
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals, guitar
Years active1964–1981
Labels
Associated actsGlen Campbell
Websitebobbiegentry.org.uk
Signature
BobbieGentrySignature.jpg

Bobbie Lee Gentry (born Roberta Lee Streeter; July 27, 1942)[1] is an American singer-songwriter who was one of the first female artists to compose and produce her own material.[2]

Gentry rose to international fame with her intriguing southern gothic narrative "Ode to Billie Joe" in 1967;[3] the track spent four weeks as the No. 1 pop song on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and was fourth in the Billboard year-end chart of 1967,[4] earning Gentry Grammy awards for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance in 1968.[5]

Gentry charted 11 singles on the Billboard Hot 100 and four singles on the United Kingdom Top 40,[6] her album Fancy brought her a Grammy nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.[5] After her first albums, she had a successful run of variety shows on the Las Vegas Strip.[7] In the late 1970s, Gentry lost interest in performing. Since 2010 Gentry has lived in a private gated community outside Memphis, Tennessee.[8]

Early life[edit]

Gentry was born on July 27, 1942, near Woodland in Chickasaw County, Mississippi, to Ruby Lee (née Shipman; Nov. 28, 1920 – Apr. 2, 1989)[9] and Robert Harrison Streeter (Nov. 29, 1916 – Mar. 18, 2009).[10] Her parents divorced shortly after her birth and her mother moved to California, she was raised on her paternal grandparents' farm in Chickasaw County. Her grandmother traded one of the family's milk cows for a neighbor's piano, and 7-year-old Bobbie composed her first song, "My Dog Sergeant Is a Good Dog", she attended school in Greenwood, Mississippi, and began teaching herself to play the guitar, bass, banjo and the vibraphone.

At age 13, Gentry moved to Arcadia, California to live with her mother. Gentry graduated from Palm Valley School in 1960, she chose her stage name from the 1952 film Ruby Gentry, about a heroine born into poverty but determined to make a success of her life. She performed at country clubs, and encouraged by Bob Hope, in a revue at Les Folies Bergeres nightclub of Las Vegas.

Gentry moved to Los Angeles to enter UCLA as a philosophy major, she supported herself with clerical jobs, occasionally performing at nightclubs. She worked as a fashion model, and on June 29, 1962, United Press International circulated a wire photo of Gentry that included Cheryl Crane, daughter of Lana Turner.[11]

Gentry transferred to the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music to develop her composition and performing skills. In 1966, she made her recording debut in two duets, "Stranger in the Mirror" and "Requiem for Love" with rockabilly singer Jody Reynolds, she continued performing in nightclubs until Capitol Records executive Kelly Gordon heard a demo she recorded in 1967.

Professional career[edit]

In 1967, Gentry produced a demo consisting of the country rock "Mississippi Delta" and the acoustic "Ode to Billie Joe".[12]

The track topped the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks and placed No. 4 in the year-end chart.[4] The single hit No. 8 on Billboard Black Singles and No. 13 in the UK Top 40[6] and sold more than three million copies all over the world.[2] In 2001, Rolling Stone magazine listed Ode to Billie Joe among the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time; the album, Ode to Billie Joe, replaced Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band at the top of Billboard Albums Chart and reached No. 5 of the Billboard Black Albums chart. Gentry won three Grammy Awards in 1967, including Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, she was named the Academy of Country Music's Most Promising Female Vocalist.[13]

In February 1968, Gentry took part in the Italian Song Festival in Sanremo as one of two performers of the song "La siepe" by Vito Pallavicini and Massara. In a competition of 24 songs, the entry qualified to the final 14 and eventually placed ninth.[14]

The Delta Sweete was released in 1968, and was Gentry's second album. The Delta Sweete did not match the success of her first, it yielded a Billboard Top-60 hit "Okolona River Bottom Band". She collaborated on the album Bobbie Gentry & Glen Campbell, which earned the pair a gold record. Gentry made guest appearances on television shows hosted by Glen Campbell, Tom Jones, Andy Williams, Carol Burnett, and Bobby Darin. Among them was her performance of the Cajun number "Niki Hoeky" on The Summer Brothers Smothers Show.[15][16] In 1969, Gentry released Touch 'Em with Love, her most critically acclaimed album, which gave her a No. 1 hit in the UK with "I'll Never Fall in Love Again" written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David.

In 1970, Gentry received recognition for her composition "Fancy", which rose to No. 26 on the U.S. country charts and No. 31 on the pop charts.[2] Gentry said Fancy was a strong statement for women’s liberation and reflected her views on women’s equality, equal pay and abortion rights.[17]

The album rose to Billboard’s Top 40 in the country album chart and gained Gentry a Grammy nomination in the category of Best Female Vocalist.[18]

Stage performances and television work (1968–1981)[edit]

In 1968-69, Gentry hosted a series on BBC-TV in London[19] which was shown in Germany, the Netherlands, and Australia, she signed a $1 million contract to headline in a nightclub revue in Las Vegas, which she produced and choreographed, and wrote and arranged the music.

In 1969, Gentry taped four television specials for Canadian television station CFTO for North American syndication.[20] In 1974, she hosted a summer replacement variety show on CBS called The Bobbie Gentry Happiness Hour; the show, which was her version of Campbell's hit series The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, was not renewed for a full season. That same year, Gentry wrote and performed "Another Place, Another Time" for writer-director Max Baer, Jr.'s film Macon County Line.

In 1976, Baer directed the feature film Ode to Billy Joe, based on her hit song [21] and starring Robby Benson and Glynnis O'Connor. In the movie, the mystery of the title character's suicide is revealed as a part of the conflict between his love for Bobbie Lee Hartley and a drunken homosexual experience.[22]

In 1978, Gentry appeared on Christmas as a guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

Gentry’s last television performance was on May 10, 1981 on All-Star Salute to Mother's Day.[23]

Personal life[edit]

Gentry married casino magnate Bill Harrah on December 18, 1969, when he was 58 years old and she was 27; the couple divorced April 16, 1970. She married Thomas R. Toutant on August 17, 1976, whom she divorced on August 1, 1978. On October 15, 1978, Gentry married singer and comedian Jim Stafford with whom she had a son, Tyler Gentry. Gentry and Stafford divorced in September 1980.[24][25][26]

Gentry lives in a gated community in Memphis, about two hours from the Tallahatchie River bridge that made her famous.[8]

Artistry[edit]

In the hectic societal atmosphere of 1967, critics suggested that Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billie Joe" stood out with its simplicity and integrity.[27] Gentry is one of the first female artists to write and produce her own material.[2] Typically her songs have autobiographical characteristics.[27]

Legacy[edit]

Gentry charted 11 singles in Billboard Hot 100[2] and four singles in the Top 40 of the UK Singles Chart.[6]

Beth Orton recorded a song titled "Bobby Gentry" featured on her The Other Side of Daybreak album. Similarly, Jill Sobule recorded "Where Is Bobbie Gentry?" for her album California Years. Gentry's 1969 composition "Fancy" provided a top-ten country hit for Reba McEntire, who covered the song in 1991.

Producer and singer Joe Henry, in a 2011 interview, cited "Ode" as "an incredibly deft bit of writing in the way that that story is unfolded. … [It] places the character in a moment, and then the story just starts to unfold around it", and was a song that influenced him early in his life listening to music on the radio.[28]

On 14 May 2012, BBC Radio 2 in the UK broadcast a documentary titled Whatever Happened to Bobbie Gentry?, presented by country music artist Rosanne Cash.[29]

On July 27, 2018, Gentry's 76th birthday, it was announced that an 8-disc box set titled The Girl from Chickasaw County: The Complete Capitol Masters featuring all of Gentry's recordings for Capitol, would be released in September 2018.

In November 2018, Mercury Rev announced Bobbie Gentry’s the Delta Sweete Revisited, a reimagining of Bobbie Gentry’s "forgotten masterpiece", would be released in February 2019.[30]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Murtha, Tara (2015). Ode to Billie Joe. New York: Bloomsbury. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-62356-964-8.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Bobbie Gentry".
  3. ^ Ochs, Meredith (June 3, 2014). "The Confounding, Enigmatic 'Ode To Billie Joe'". Ode To Billie Joe. NPR. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Chairborne Ranger Presents the Billboard Hot 100 Songs 1967". Chairborne Ranger. Archived from the original on November 24, 2005. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Bobbie Gentry Grammies". grammy.com. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  6. ^ a b c "UK Top 40 Hit Database". Everyhit.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  7. ^ "Four decades since Bobbie Gentry shunned fame, a new box set restores her unrivaled legacy". latimes.com. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  8. ^ a b Tucker, Neely (June 2, 2016). "Whatever happened to Bobbie Gentry? In search of country music's great vanished star". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Clipping from Reno Gazette-Journal - Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Robert Harrison Streeter, Sr (1916-2009) - Find A..." Findagrave.com. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  11. ^ Photo dated 6/29/1962 Archived 2014-12-18 at the Wayback Machine, United Press International (photographer uncredited). Reproduced on 333sound.com, Dec. 3, 2014; accessed Dec. 18, 2014
  12. ^ "Ode to Billie Joe". Allmusic.
  13. ^ BubbleUp, LTD. "ACM Winners – Academy of Country Music". Academy of Country Music.
  14. ^ "Sanremo 1968". HitParadeItalia.it.
  15. ^ Bobbie Gentry – Niki Hoeky on YouTube The Summer Brothers Smothers Show
  16. ^ "The Summer Brothers Smothers Show" Episode No. 1.6 IMDB
  17. ^ Morag Veljkovic, "Ode to Bobbie Gentry", After Dark Magazine, July 1974
  18. ^ "Latest Music News – MetroLyrics". metrolyrics.com.
  19. ^ Bobbie Gentry (show), IMDB
  20. ^ "The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 82". Newspapers.com.
  21. ^ Ode to Billy Joe International Movie Database
  22. ^ [https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/ode-to-billy-joe-1976
  23. ^ "Bobbie Gentry". IMDb.com.
  24. ^ Weisbard, Eric. Listen Again: A Momentary History of Pop Music. New York: 2007.
  25. ^ Magazine in late 1978 in Las Vegas
  26. ^ Roberts, Jeremy (28 January 2017). "Bobbie Gentry had the most gorgeous legs ever: On the record with Grammy-winning arranger Jimmie…". Medium.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  27. ^ a b Valter Ojakäär (1983). Popmuusikast (On Pop Music) (in Estonian). Eesti Raamat.
  28. ^ "Joe Henry: An Eclectic And Raucous 'Reverie'", transcript, Fresh Air interview with Terry Gross, November 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
  29. ^ "BBC Radio 2 – Whatever Happened to Bobbie Gentry?". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  30. ^ "Mercury Rev announce "Bobbie Gentry's The Delta Sweete Revisited" - Bella Union". Bellaunion.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.

External links[edit]