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A bobbin is a spindle or cylinder, with or without flanges, on which wire, thread or film is wound. Bobbins are found in sewing machines and within electronic equipment. In non-electrical applications the bobbin is used for tidy storage without tangles. In electrical applications, a coil of wire carrying a current will create a magnetic field; this effect is used in solenoids. As used in spinning, knitting, sewing, or lacemaking, the bobbin provides temporary or permanent storage for yarn or thread and may be made of plastic, bone, or wood; the lockstitch sewing machine and developed in the 18th and 19th centuries, forms a stitch with two threads: one passed through a needle and another from a bobbin. Each thread stays on the same side of the material being sewn, interlacing with the other thread at each needle hole thanks to the machine's movement. Tension of the bobbin thread is maintained with a bobbin case, a metal enclosure with a leaf spring which keeps the thread taut. Bobbins vary in shape and size, depending on the style of bobbin driver in the machine for which they are intended to be used.

Long, narrow bobbins are used in early transverse shuttle and vibrating shuttle machines. These earlier movements were rendered obsolete by the invention of the rotary hook and the shuttle hook, which run faster and quieter with less air resistance; these shorter, wider bobbins are familiar to modern sewers, as the rotary/shuttle hook remains in use on modern machines unchanged. Bobbin lace requires the winding of yarn onto a temporary storage spindle made of wood turned on a lathe. Exotic woods are popular with contemporary lacemakers. Many lace designs require dozens of bobbins at any one time. Both traditional and contemporary bobbins may be decorated with designs, inscriptions, or pewter or wire inlays. Bobbins are'spangled' to provide additional weight to keep the thread in tension. A hole is drilled near the base to enable glass beads and other ornaments to be attached by a loop of wire; these spangles provide a means of self-expression in the decoration of a tool of the craft. Antique and unique bobbins, sometimes spangled, are sought-after by antiques collectors.

Electrical transformers and relay coils use bobbins as permanent containers for the wire to retain shape and rigidity, to ease assembly of the windings into or onto the magnetic core. The bobbin may be made of thermosetting materials; this plastic has to have a TÜV, UL or other regulatory agency flammability rating for safety reasons. Stott Park Bobbin Mill Axle The Craft of Bobbin Making


KCZE is a Country formatted broadcast radio station licensed to New Hampton, serving New Hampton and Chickasaw County, Iowa. The Bull is owned and operated by North Iowa Broadcasting, LLC. KCZE was launched on October 9, 1989 as "Chickasaw Country". KCZE is the county's only radio station; the KCZE transmitter is located on Mission Avenue, just south of New Hampton. The station broadcasts a Country format, playing a mixture of new country, classic country music. KCZE broadcasts a variety of news content, including national news from the CNN Radio Network, state news from Radio Iowa, local news, including agricultural and business news, as well as local weather and sports, plus funeral announcements, health information, a community calendar. KCHA broadcasts local religious services and religious programming on Sunday mornings. Syndicated programming is heard on The Bull, with the station airing The Road, Rick Jackson's Country Hall of Fame, Thunder Road and others; the KCZE signal stretches from Nora Springs to Waukon, from Cresco south to Waterloo, Iowa.

The Bull Online Query the FCC's FM station database for KCZE Radio-Locator information on KCZE Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KCZE

Antti Sakari Saario

Antti Saario is a contemporary electroacoustic composer and academic. Born in 1974 in Lahti, Antti Sakari Saario graduated in Mathematics and Electronic music at Keele University in 1997, he continued his studies in composition under Jonty Harrison at the University of Birmingham - working with Birmingham ElectroAcoustic Sound Theatre - receiving his PhD from Birmingham University in 2002. His numerous postgraduate compositions have been performed in a variety of venues and through a wide range of mediums - Most notably B-Side — A Fixed media composition; this was Released on Spike Works from BEAST — vol. 1. London: Sargasso Records, it was further featured in the Canadian Electroacoustic Community’s release Presence II. B-Side was positively reviewed by Rajmil Fischman in Sonic Arts Network's publication Diffusion, reprinted in eContact! After a period of experimental work in Norway, Antti Sakari Saario undertook his current teaching post at Falmouth University, his second wave of non-commercial compositional output began to emerge in the 2006 and has continued to date.

Notable compositions have included: Making Space: When The Curtain Falls - an acousmatic play for multichannel playback system and blacked-out space, performed as part of Nuffield Theatre's Making Space 2007 bursary/mini-residency scheme. This work was featured at ACMC 2008, Sydney Conservatorium of Music - The University of Sydney, Australia in July 2008. Flocking: an improvatorio for voices, string quartet and live-electronics. A free improvisation led by Steve Lewis in collaboration with David Prior; this was a site specific performance at Ashton Memorial as part of Lancaster Jazz Festival.. It subsequently featured at View Two Gallery, Liverpool, UK on Sept 6th, 2007.. A DVD of the Jazz Festival performance was produced with a 5.1 surround audio recording by David Prior and video artist Jenny McCabe. Dr Saario's work reflect his evolution as a composer - he acknowledges the influence of his tutors and collaborators on his work. Jonty Harrison, David Prior, Iain Armstrong and Robert Penman have left a telling influence on his sonic production.

One characteristic feature of Dr Saarios work is his willingness to counterbalance within his work a wide range of aesthetic and academic approaches. The literary output of William S. Burroughs has been evident since his earliest compositions; the philosophy of Deleuze and Guattari and the filmwork of David Lynch and the Dogma 95 collaboration in particular underpin his composition as well as his academic approach. Since 2001 majority of his output has been collaborative, in many instances interdisciplinary, his personal interests in martial arts can be evidenced in his recent work - Making Space: When The Curtain Falls.. Dr Saario is a senior student of Nick Hudis - acclaimed bodyworker and Qigong teacher "official site" - authored in conjunction with collaborator Robert Penman "samplemusic" - provided by Myspace

SG Automotive

SG Automotive Group Co Ltd is a Chinese vehicle and component manufacturer headquartered in Dandong, Liaoning province. The company makes light trucks, semi-trailer trucks, SUVs and automotive components. Auto parts made by SG are used by other Chinese car makers including Brilliance Auto, JAC Motors. Light trucks and buses are sold under the Huanghai brand name; some SUVs sold under this brand may utilize Mitsubishi engines as of 2011. The company makes fleet sales, some products are purchased by the Chinese State. SG was founded in Liaoning in 1984 with RMB 70,000 as a manufacturer of axles for off-road vehicles. In August 2012, SG agreed to acquire a 56.19% stake in a Dandong-based special vehicle company from a Liaoning-based group company for RMB 80.9 million. SG has component manufacturing facilities in Wuhu and Shenyang, Liaoning. Other facilities include a bus-making factory in Changzhou, Changzhou Changjiang Bus, which became operational in early 2010 and a location-unknown component-making facility 113,220 square meters in size that should have become operational in late 2012.

Huanghai Major - pickup truck - Copy of the Toyota Tacoma Huanghai Raytour - van - Copy of the Volkswagen Crafter Huanghai N1 Huanghai N1S Huanghai N2 Huanghai N2S Huanghai N3 DG 6471 B DG 6400 Huanghai Challenger - SUV - rebadged Gonow Jetstar/Dadi Shuttle Huanghai Faster NCV - CUV - Concept based on the Landscape V3 with the front end copied from the Pontiac Torrent previewing the Huanghai Landscape V3. Huanghai Landscape F1 - CUV - Copy of Kia Sorento with a front fascia similar to the Mercedes-Benz M-Class Huanghai Landscape V3 - CUV - Copy of the Toyota Harrier DG 6480 "Navigator" or "Dawn" or "Falcon" Huanghai Aurora - CUV - Copy of the SsangYong Rexton DG 1020 "Antilope" or "Aolin" Huanghai Plutus - pickup truck - Copy of the Chevrolet Colorado Huanghai Steed - pickup truck - Variant of the Plutus SG has exported light trucks and buses to countries including Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Brazil; some products, including the Plutus and the Steed, are assembled by Effa Motors in Uruguay.

Some of its production has been sold in Malaysia, where the Plutus pick-up was on sale as of late 2012. SG Automotive Group website

List of UK top-ten albums in 2008

The UK Albums Chart is one of many music charts compiled by the Official Charts Company that calculates the best-selling albums of the week in the United Kingdom. Since 2004 the chart has been based on the sales of digital downloads; this list shows albums that peaked in the Top 10 of the UK Albums Chart during 2008, as well as albums which peaked in 2007 and 2009 but were in the top 10 in 2008. The entry date is. One-hundred and fifty-eight albums were in the top ten this year. Two albums from 2006 and sixteen albums from 2007 remained in the top 10 for several weeks at the beginning of the year, while I Am... Sasha Fierce by Beyoncé was released in 2008 but did not reach its peak until 2009. Back to Black: Deluxe Edition by Amy Winehouse, Raising Sand by Robert Plant & Alison Krauss and This Is the Life by Amy Macdonald were the albums from 2007 to reach their peak in 2008. Six artists scored multiple entries in the top 10 in 2008. Adele, Chris Brown, Miley Cyrus, OneRepublic and Scouting for Girls were among the many artists who achieved their first UK charting top 10 album in 2008.

The 2007 Christmas number-one album, remained at the top spot for the first week of 2008. The first new number-one album of the year was In Rainbows by Radiohead. Overall, thirty-three different albums peaked at number-one in 2008, with thirty-three unique artists hitting that position. One-hundred and fifty-eight albums charted in the top 10 in 2008, with one-hundred and forty-two albums reaching their peak this year. Six artists scored multiple entries in the top 10 in 2008. Amy Winehouse, Michael Jackson, Neil Diamond, Nickelback and Take That were the acts who had two top 10 albums this year. Michael Jackson and Radiohead's two entries were both released this year, with The Best of Neil Diamond by Neil Diamond returning after missing the top 10 when it was first released in 1998 and in 2006. Forty-eight artists achieved their first top 10 album in 2008 as a lead artist; the following table does not include acts who had charted as part of a group and secured their first top 10 solo album, or featured appearances on compilations or other artists recordings.

NotesJonathan Ansell stepped away from his group G4 - who finished second on the second series of The X Factor and recorded two top 10 albums including a number-one - to record his debut top 10 solo album Tenor at the Movies. Sharleen Spiteri had a successful career to date as a member of the Scottish band Texas, her debut album as a solo artist, reached number three. Damon Albarn of Gorillaz and Blur recorded the soundtrack to the stage adaption of Chinese novel Journey to the West under the name Monkey; the album featured the UK Chinese Ensemble making their album chart debut. Queen + Paul Rodgers was a collaboration between Brian May and Roger Taylor from Queen, Paul Rodgers, part of numerous bands including Free and The Firm; the Cosmos Rocks was their only charting album as a supergroup. Duffy had the best-selling album of the year with Rockferry; the album spent 42 weeks in the top 10, sold 1.685 million copies and was certified 6x platinum by the BPI. The Circus by Take. Kings of Leon's Only by the Night, Spirit from Leona Lewis and Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends by Coldplay made up the top five.

Albums by Rihanna, The Killers, Girls Aloud and Scouting for Girls were in the top ten best-selling albums of the year. Key The following table shows artists who achieved two or more top 10 entries in 2008, including albums that reached their peak in 2007 or 2009; the figures only include main artists, with featured artists and appearances on compilation albums not counted individually for each artist. The total number of weeks an artist spent in the top ten in 2008 is shown. 2008 in British music List of number-one albums from the 2000s General "Six decades of singles charts". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2017. Specific 2008 album chart archive at the Official Charts Company

Nokia 6210 Navigator

The Nokia 6210 Navigator is a smartphone made by Nokia, a successor to Nokia 6110 Navigator. It was announced on February 11, 2008 and had been available from July 2008, it runs on Symbian OS v9.3 with a S60 3rd Edition FP2 user interface. The Nokia 6210 Navigator is the third phone in the Navigator series to be released by Nokia; the Nokia 6210 Navigator includes pre-loaded navigation maps with a free navigation license for 6 months. It is the company's first device with a built-in magnetic compass, it should not be confused with the Nokia 6210 from 2000. It was succeeded by the Nokia 6710 Navigator; the 6210 Navigator includes a built-in accelerometer. This was only used for video stabilization and photo orientation. Nokia Research Center has allowed an application interface directly to the accelerometer, allowing software to use the data from it. Nokia has released an application to demonstrate this. Third-party programs have been created, including software that will automatically change the screen orientation when the phone is tilted, programs that simulate the sounds of a Star Wars lightsaber when the phone is waved through the air, allow you to mute the phone by turning it face-down, many more.

Symbian OS v9.3 with S60 Platform 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 2 Quad band GSM / GPRS / EDGE: GSM/EDGE Quadband 850/900/1800/1900 MHz Dual band UMTS / HSDPA: W-CDMA 900/2100 MHz HSDPA 3.6 Mbit/s Integrated GPS system A-GPS Digital Compass 96 MB RAM 3.2 megapixel camera, Video – VGA 640×480 QCIF camera for video calling Bluetooth 2.0 with EDR & A2DP USB 2.0 microSD Stereo FM radio and support for Visual Radio Push to Talk over Cellular Music Player supporting MP3, AAC, eAAC+, WMA files Mono speaker Users can determine the software version in the phone by pressing *#0000# on the keypad. List of Nokia products NAVTEQ Website Nokia Asia Website Nokia 6210 Navigator – Official Site