Orange, New Jersey
The City of Orange is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 30,134, reflecting a decline of 2,734 from the 32,868 counted in 2000, which had in turn increased by 2,943 from the 29,925 counted in the 1990 Census. Orange was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 27, 1806, from portions of Newark Township. Portions of the township were taken on April 1834, to form the now-defunct Clinton Township. On January 31, 1860, Orange was reincorporated as a town. Portions of the town were taken to form South Orange Township, East Orange Township and West Orange Township. On April 3, 1872, Orange was reincorporated as a city. In 1982, the city was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had made the change, of what would be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.
The city derives its name from William III of William IV, Prince of Orange. Orange is joined with neighboring East Orange, South Orange and West Orange and referred to as part of "the Oranges". Orange had its origins in Connecticut's New Haven Colony. In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River, they arrived on territory now encompassing Newark, the Oranges, several other municipalities. The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. In 1664, James conveyed the land to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey." Orange was a part of the city of Newark, but it was known as "Newark Mountains". On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains voted to adopt the name Orange. At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark.
However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was detached. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange incorporated as a city; the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police and street departments. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861. Orange is located on the Newark and Mount-Pleasant Turnpike, the main road from Newark to Morristown, to Easton, Pennsylvania; the town became a busy thoroughfare for travelers, hotels abounded. The stagecoach was the primary method of transportation. Omnibuses of the Eclipse and the Morris & Newark Lines serviced Orange; the Morris and Essex Railroad arrived in Orange in its first cars drawn by horses. On October 2, 1837, the first steam locomotive appeared, the horses were, with minor exception, relegated to pasture; the "M&E" became a part of the Delaware and Western Railroad, which exists today as NJ Transit's Morristown Line.
Trolley cars appeared much with the Orange and Newark Horse Car Railroad Company running its first car up Main Street in May 1862. The Orange Crosstown Line extending from Morris Street, Orange, to Bloomfield, was started in June 1888. All of the trolleys, the buses that replaced them, became part of the sprawling Public Service Coordinated Transport System. Orange was an industrial city from the outset. Early settlers found a profuse growth of hemlock trees, an ideal supply of tannic acid for the tanning industry, boot and shoemaking factories soon flourished. Orange was once the hatmaking capital of the United States; the industry can be traced there to 1792. By 1892, 21 firms were engaged in that trade, employing over 3,700 people in plants that produced about 4.8 million hats, which had a combined value in excess of $1 million. Several brothers founded the "No-Name Hat Company" in Orange before one of them moved on to make fedoras in Philadelphia under the family name, "Stetson." By 1921, only five hatmaking firms were left, many having departed for places such as Norwalk and Danbury, Connecticut.
By 1960, all had left. Beer was a major revenue producer in Orange beginning in the early 1900s, when the three Winter Brothers of Pittsburgh, arrived in the city and built the first brewery; the Orange Brewery was constructed in 1901 at a reported cost of $350,000. The production of beer ceased with prohibition in 1920, after the repeal of the Volstead Act in 1933, the brewery was sold to John F. Trommers of Philadelphia. Trommers brewed beer under that label until 1950, when the concern was again sold to Liebmann Breweries, which bottled Rheingold Beer. After several additional owners, the plant was closed permanently in 1977. Other notable firms located in Orange were the Monroe Calculating Company, manufacturers of the patented adding machines of the same name, the Bates Manufacturing Company, producers of office accessories such as staplers and stampers; the United States Radium
Richard J. Codey Arena
The Richard J. Codey Arena at South Mountain is an ice hockey and ice skating arena in West Orange, New Jersey as part of the South Mountain Recreation Complex; the arena is named for former Governor of New Jersey Richard Codey. The Codey Arena is owned and operated by the Essex County Department of Park and Cultural Affairs. South Mountain Arena opened in 1958 with the second, smaller rink added in 1983. During 2004 and 2005 the arena underwent major renovations that included a new state-of-the-art lobby for the arena including meeting rooms, a skylight, automatic doors, pro shop and concession stand. Another part of the renovation was a new set of dasher boards, compression system, jumbotron screen, seats for Rink 1, as well as a new dehumidifier for Rink 2. In 2017, management announced that Rink 1 would undergo renovation once again putting in new seats, new boards, a new jumbotron/scoreboard. In the fall of 2018, the arcade was replaced by vending machines; the arena has two NHL-sized skating rinks.
The main arena has a seating capacity of 2,500 and the second rink seats 500. From 1986 until the opening of the Prudential Center in 2007, the New Jersey Devils used the arena as the team's practice facility. In November 2008 it became home to the Jersey Rockhoppers of the Eastern Professional Hockey League; the arena is home to the New Jersey Daredevils, a special needs hockey team that has practices and home games at the arena since 2002. The Daredevils play in the Special Hockey International League. Since 2009, The Daredevils host an annual Halloween hockey tournament in October for all Special Hockey International Teams called Frankenfest; the New Jersey Devils Youth Hockey club is based at the arena with more than twenty teams from the beginners entry level to the competitive AAA USA Hockey Sanctioned level. The Seton Hall University and the Seton Hall Preparatory School men's hockey teams compete at the arena. Livingston High School hockey plays at the arena, they are known as The Lancers.
The arena offers many classes at different levels from toddlers to adults. There are public sessions available during weekdays and weekends; the Essex Skating Club is the figure skating club at the arena. The club has more than 300 adult members with winning records at national competitions. A number of coaches at ESC are Worlds and Olympic medalists such as Kay Barsdell, Oleg Bliakhman, Ken Foster and JoJo Starbuck; the Synchroettes are youth synchronized skating teams with winning records including regional champions and the gold medal at the 2010 U. S. Synchronized Skating Championships. In 2012, the Junior-level team of Synchroettes was selected by the U. S. Figure Skating to be part of the Team USA for 2012-13 season to compete in Leon Lurje Trophy international competition in Sweden; the Essex Blades is an adult synchronized skating team which ranked 6th at the 2011 U. S. Synchronized Skating Championships. Bravo! is a Novice Theatre on Ice team which ranked 4th at the 2011 US National Theatre on Ice Competition.
In 2012, Bravo! was selected by US Figure Skating to be one of the two Novice teams to represent the United States at the 2013 Nations Cup in Spain. The Garden State Speedskating is one of 70 speed skating clubs and the only club in New Jersey sanctioned by US Speedskating; the Garden State Speedskating has two home rinks. The home rink at Richard J. Codey Arena offers Learn to Speed Skating program for all skating levels; the arena has been used in non-ice sport tournaments such as Essex County Tournament of high school wrestling, other events such as graduation ceremonies. The arena is a site of emergency shelters for the county in the time of natural disasters. A rink is rented out for private entities, for instance, using it as a filming location for a Super Bowl commercial; the arena was home to the New Jersey Gems of the Women's Professional Basketball League during the Gem's third and final season of play in 1980-81. New Jersey Transit bus 73 serves the arena, Turtle Back Zoo, the South Mountain recreational complex.
There are two commuter bus lines from the arena to New York City, Community Coach bus 77, OurBus Livingston/West Orange. RinkAtlas listing for Richard J. Codey Arena Jersey Rockhoppers Official Site New Jersey Daredevils Official Site
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
International Boxing Federation
The International Boxing Federation is one of four major organizations recognized by the International Boxing Hall of Fame which sanction world championship boxing bouts, alongside the World Boxing Association, World Boxing Council and World Boxing Organization. The IBF was preceded by the United States Boxing Association, a regional championship organization like the North American Boxing Federation, the North American Boxing Association. In 1983, at the WBA's annual convention, held in Puerto Rico, Robert W. "Bobby" Lee, Sr. president of the USBA, lost in his bid to become WBA president against Gilberto Mendoza. Lee and others withdrew from the convention after the election, decided to organize a third, world-level organization, to co-exist with the World Boxing Association and the World Boxing Council. Formed as USBA-International, the fledgling organization was renamed the International Boxing Federation, based in New Jersey, where its main offices remain. Bobby Lee had been a New Jersey boxing commissioner until 1985, according to news reports, "he was suspended and fined by the Ethical Standards Commission for accepting contributions from fight promoters and casino executives."The IBF's first world champion was Marvin Camel, a former World Boxing Council world cruiserweight champion who won the IBF's belt in the same division.
During its first year of existence, the IBF remained obscure. But by 1984, the IBF decided to recognize Larry Holmes, Aaron Pryor, Marvin Hagler and Donald Curry established champions from other organizations, as IBF world champions. In Holmes' case, he relinquished his WBC title to accept the IBF's recognition, it established the IBF as the third sanctioning body, a legitimate organization. Despite achieving an appearance of legitimacy, subsequent to a three-year investigation started by 1996 charges levied by former heavyweight champion Michael Moorer. Indicted on federal racketeering and racketeering conspiracy charges were "president, Robert W. Lee, 65. Lee was subsequently convicted of money-laundering and tax evasion in August 2000 sentenced, in 2001, to 22 months in prison and fined $25,000. In 2000, citing extortion. Arum was fined $125,000 by the Nevada State Athletic Commission. Boxing promoters Cedric Kushner and Dino Duva admitted to making similar payments to Lee. IBF was under federal observation from Lee's conviction through September 2004.
Former Michigan Boxing Commissioner, WBA vice-president, boxing safety advocate and IBF interim president Hiawatha Knight became president following Lee's conviction, was the first woman president of any world governing boxing organization. In 2001, Marian Muhammad assumed the presidency, followed by Daryl J. Peoples, who remains president as of 2018. IBF had "1st Annual Convention of IBF Muaythai" in Bangkok, Thailand on 20–21 December 2017. Daryl Peoples, IBF president, attended the convention; the new champions of IBF Muay Thai were crowned in three weight divisions. As of April 13, 2019. List of boxing organisations Don King List of IBF world champions List of IBF Muay Thai world champions Official website All-time IBF World champions - Reference book
Salvatore "Sal" "Rocky" Cenicola III is an American former professional boxer and actor. He holds a record in the Guinness Book of World Records for the longest interval between professional boxing matches, set on April 13, 2013, is a 2012 inductee into the New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame. Salvatore Cenicola III was born July 1959, at Holy Name Hospital in Teaneck, New Jersey, his parents Salvatore U. Cenicola II and Maria Boccanfuso are both of Italian descent. Cenicola grew up in River Vale, New Jersey and attended Pascack Valley High School, where he competed in interscholastic wrestling. Cenicola was trained by amateur trainer Eddie Helbig. In 1976 Cenicola won the New Jersey Golden Gloves championship at 125 lbs. In 1977 he won White Gloves NJ State Championship at 125 lbs, and in 1977 he won the AAU State Championship at Featherweight. In 1977 Cenicola did well in Natiuonal AAU Championships but was disqualified in the Quarter Finals for "Using a professional style in an amateur fight". In 1978 Cenicola enlisted in the U.
S. Army where he won the "Outstanding Soldier of the Cycle" for his Basic Training, he would go on to represent the NJ Gladiators/USA Boxing Team in international bouts. Among his most notable wins was against Ireland's Sean Doyle, Ireland's national champion. In 1979, Cenicola began to train with the US Olympic Boxing team, he trained until his left shoulder was injured in February 1980, just 3 weeks before the Olympic Trials team was set to fly to Poland for an exhibition match. Cenicola never made the trip to Poland. On March 14, 1980, LOT Flight 7, which originated at JFK Airport in New York, NY, crashed in Warsaw, from engine failure. All 77 passengers and 10 crew members, including many of the USA Olympic Boxing Team, were killed. In 1982 Cenicola became a professional with his first bout against Gary Gamble at the Sands Casino in Atlantic City, NJ; the fight was televised on ESPN. Cenicola was declared the loser of the fight after suffering a cut over his right eye from a clash of heads with Gamble in the second round.
The NJ Athletic commission however, overturned the loss two days and changed it to a "No Contest" result. Cenicola went on to win his next 18 fights in a row, being trained by in part by Lou Duva, Chickie Ferrara, Allie Stoltz, Richie Giachetti, Don Turner and Johnnie Torres. Cenicola fought the promotional banners of Main Events and Tiger Eye, his most notable win was a hard fought decision against Robert "Choo Choo" Dixon on September 12, 1986, at the Omni New Daisy Theater in Memphis, Tennessee. Cenicola received a perforated eardrum and a torn retina and received more than 100 stitches for cuts he received during the fight but managed a unanimous decision, taking his record to 18-0 with 11 KO's, he was ranked in the top ten as a lightweight in the world in 1986. After two straight losses to Bryant Paden on August 27, 1987, to the number one contender Louie Lomeli on February 6, 1988, Cenciola retired at the age of 28 on February 7, 1988. In November 2012 Cenicola announced that he would come out of retirement to fight once again against Nathan Petty of Louisville, KY in a 4-round fight in the Middleweight Division.
On April 13, 2013, Cenicola fought against Nathan Petty in a fight sanctioned by the Florida State Athletic Commission on a worldwide webcast broadcast on LDLTV. Cenicola won a 4-round unanimous decision. On January 15, 2014, Sal Cenicola was certified by the Guinness Book of World Records as an official record holder for "The Longest Interval between Professional Boxing matches by a fighter: 26 Years and 66 Days". Cenicola retired again for the second time shortly thereafter. Cenicola owns and operates Sal's Neighborhood Pizzeria and Ristorante Italiano in St. Simons Island, GA. Cenicola has become an actor most taking a role in the Ben Affleck movie: Live By Night. Cenicola plays Gangster Lou Orimo. Cenicola has been active in local theatre playing the lead role as Samual Katz in the St. Simons Players Production of The Cemetery Club. In 2017 Cenicola portrays a police officer in Neil Simon's "Rumors", produced by Island Players in St Simons Island, GA. Cenicola has Nicholas Cenicola. Cenicola resides in St. Simons Island, GA.
Sal Ceniola - Official Website
World Boxing Association
The World Boxing Association known as the National Boxing Association is the oldest and one of four major organizations which sanction professional boxing bouts, alongside the IBF, WBC, WBO. The WBA awards its world championship title at the professional level. Founded in the United States in 1921 by thirteen state representatives as the NBA, in 1962 it changed its name in recognition of boxing's growing popularity worldwide, began to gain other nations as members. By 1975, a majority of votes were held by Latin American nations, the organization headquarters were moved to Panama. After being located during the 1990s and early 2000s in Venezuela, the organization offices returned to Panama in 2007, it is the oldest of the four major organizations recognized by the International Boxing Hall of Fame, which sanction world championship boxing bouts, alongside the World Boxing Council, International Boxing Federation, World Boxing Organization. The World Boxing Association can be traced back to the original National Boxing Association, organized in 1921.
The first bout it recognized was the Jack Dempsey–Georges Carpentier Heavyweight Championship bout in New Jersey. The NBA was formed by representatives from thirteen American states, including Sam Milner, to counterbalance the influence that the New York State Athletic Commission wielded; the NBA and the NYSAC sometimes crowned different world champions in the same division, leading to confusion about, the real champion. The International Boxing Research Organization describes the early NBA as follows: Originally more comparable to the present American Association of Boxing Commissions than to its offspring and successor, the NBA sanctioned title bouts, published lists of outstanding challengers, withdrew titular recognition, but did not attempt to appoint its own title bout officials or otherwise impose its will on championship fights, it did not conduct purse bids or collect "sanctioning fees." The NBA became the WBA on August 23, 1962. Gilberto Mendoza was the president of the WBA from 1982 until his death in 2016, after which Gilberto Mendoza Jr. took over as president.
In the 1990s, the WBA moved its central offices from Panama, to Caracas, Venezuela. In January 2007, it returned its offices to Panama; the WBA has been plagued with charges of corruption for years. In a 1981 Sports Illustrated article, a WBA judge claimed that he was influenced by the WBA president to support certain fighters; the same article discussed a variety of bribes paid to WBA officials to obtain title fights or rankings with the organization. In a 1982 interview, the promoter Bob Arum claimed that he had to pay off WBA officials to obtain rankings for his fighters. Though the "Super Champion" designation are for WBA champions who concurrently hold titles with the WBO, IBF and/or WBC, in some instances, the WBA has designated as "Super Champion" fighters with only the WBA title; this particular practice has come under scrutiny, as several boxing experts consider it a means for the organization to gain more sanctioning fees within each division. The WBA garnered some attention in 2015 when it continued ranking Ali Raymi in its flyweight rankings, despite Raymi, who worked as a colonel in the Yemeni military, having been killed by a Saudi airstrike that year.
Ali Raymi was ranked Number 6 at the time of Number 11 after his death. The WBA recognises the title holders from the WBC, WBO, IBF organisations; the WBA refers to a champion who holds two or more of these titles in the same weight class as a "Super Champion", "Unified Champion", or "Undisputed Champion". This applies if the WBA title is not one of the titles held by the "Undisputed Champion." In September 2008 for example, Nate Campbell was recognized as the WBA's "Undisputed Champion" at lightweight due to holding the WBO and IBF titles as well, while the WBA's "Regular" champion was Yusuke Kobori. If a fighter with multiple titles holds the WBA's title, the fighter is promoted to "Super Champion" and the WBA title—which is referred to as the "Regular" title—becomes vacant for competition by other WBA-ranked boxers; as a result, the WBA's official list of champions will show a "WBA Super World Champion" and a "WBA World Champion" for the same weight class, instead of "WBA Champion." The WBA has been known to recognize three different fighters as one form of champion or another in the same weight class, there have been occasions where two different WBA "World" champions have defended their own versions of the same title, in the same weight class, on the same night, in two different parts of the world.
A WBA champion may be promoted to "Super Champion" without winning another organization's title: Chris John, Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Anselmo Moreno are examples. The WBA will promote their titlist to a "Super" champion when he defends his title five times; as of 2017, the WBA continues to issue Regular titles, despite having stated that they would seek to reduce their number of titles to one per weight class. Since 2015, the WBA awards a customized version of their Super champion belt to big fights involving a WBA championship; the WBA called this the Man of Triumph belt, named after the trophy awarded to the winner of Mayweather-Pacquiao fight. The plate of the belt has the images of the two boxers fighting. Floyd Mayweather Jr. received the first Gold-plated version of the belt while Manny Pacquiao was awarded a one-time Rhodium-plated version. Other recipients of the custom Gold-plated belt are Anthony Joshua, Vasyl Lomachenko, Manny Pacquiao, Oleksandr Usyk, Canelo Alvarez, Callum Smith.
As of April 13, 2019