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Bobby Short

Robert Waltrip Short was an American cabaret singer and pianist, best known for his interpretations of songs by popular composers of the first half of the 20th century such as Rodgers and Hart, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Harold Arlen, Richard A. Whiting, Vernon Duke, Noël Coward and George and Ira Gershwin, he championed African-American composers of the same period such as Eubie Blake, James P. Johnson, Andy Razaf, Fats Waller, Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn, presenting their work not in a polemical way, but as the obvious equal of that of their white contemporaries, his dedication to his great love – what he called the "Great American Song" – left him adept at performing the witty lyrics of Bessie Smith's "Gimme a Pigfoot" or Gershwin and Duke's "I Can't Get Started". Short stated his favorite songwriters were Ellington and Kern, he was instrumental in spearheading the construction of the Ellington Memorial in New York City, he was a personal friend of Tom Jobim and was present during the composer's final days in New York City.

He was born in Danville, where two of his school classmates were Dick Van Dyke and Donald O'Connor. He began performing piano in dance halls and saloons, as a busker, after leaving home at the age of eleven, for Chicago, with his mother's permission. Short began his adult musical career in clubs in the 1940s. In 1968 he was offered a two-week stint at the Café Carlyle in New York City, to fill in for George Feyer. Short became an institution at the Carlyle, as Feyer had been before him, remained there as a featured performer for over 35 years. Short performed impromptu all-night sets at his various favorite cafes and restaurants, he was a regular patron at Ted Hook's Backstage, located at Forty-Fifth Street. In 1971 Short published "Black and White Baby", a brilliant description of his childhood upbringing in the dance halls and saloons of Chicago and New York, his family's fight for survival after the death of his father, he followed with "Bobby Short: The Life and Times of a Saloon Singer" in 1995 chronicling his career into the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s.

Short continued his career in the 1980s singing for films and television. In 1972, he performed the theme song to James Ivory's film Savages. In 1976, Short sang and appeared in a commercial for Revlon's perfume "Charlie." In 1979 he performed a 25-song set, released on DVD in 2004 as "Bobby Short at the Cafe Carlyle." In 1981, he made a cameo appearance on The Love Boat in a two-part episode. In 1985, he sang part of the opening theme for the NBC television show "Misfits of Science." Short continued working in films when, in 1986, he appeared in the Woody Allen film Hannah and Her Sisters. Allen used Short's recording of "I Happen to Like New York" for the opening title of Manhattan Murder Mystery. In 1991, Short made a guest appearance as blues musician Ches Collins on the TV series In the Heat of the Night in the episode "Sweet, Sweet Blues", he performed the theme song for the episode. He reprised the role of Ches Collins in the 1994 episode "Ches and the Grand Lady". Short appeared in his final film role, in Man of the Century, in 1999.

In 2000, the Library of Congress designated Short a Living Legend, a recognition established as part of its bicentennial celebration. The following year, Short's voice was featured in the 200th episode of the sitcom Frasier. In 2004, Short announced plans to end his regular appearances at the Café Carlyle by the end of the year, he continued to travel until the end of his life. Bobby Short was inducted as a Laureate of The Lincoln Academy of Illinois and awarded the Order of Lincoln by the Governor of Illinois in 1983 in the area of Performing Arts. Although Short never publicly declared that he was gay, it was well known among his friends, fellow musicians, among some of his fans; when asked by a friend why he hadn't taken part in any of the gay pride marches of the 1970s and 1980s, Short's response was, "I have a living to make! I can't afford to march in the Gay Pride Parade."Short adopted Ronald Bell, of San Francisco, the son of Mr. Short's older brother William. On March 21, 2005, Short died of leukemia at New York Presbyterian Hospital.

He is buried in Atherton Cemetery in Danville, the city of his birth. Songs by Bobby Short Bobby Short Speaking of Love Sing Me A Swing Song The Mad Twenties Bobby Short on the East Side My Personal Property Jump for Joy Nobody Else But Me Bobby Loves Cole Porter Bobby Short is Mad About Noël Coward Bobby Short is K-RA-ZY for Gershwin Live at the Cafe Carlyle Bobby Short Celebrates Rodgers & Hart Personal Moments Like This Guess Who's in Town: Bobby Short Performs the Songs of Andy Razaf Late Night at the Cafe Carlyle Swing That Music Songs of New York Celebrating 30 Years of the Cafe Carlyle You're the Top: The Love Songs of Cole Porter Piano With Benny Carter Benny Carter Songbook Call Me Mister Roots: The Next Generations Hardhat and Legs You're the Top: The Cole Porter Story Hannah and her Sisters For Love or Money Blue Ice Man of the Century Always At The Carlyle The Love Boat In the Heat of the Night (2 episodes, 1991, 1994


Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials in response to applied mechanical stress. The word piezoelectricity means electricity resulting from latent heat, it is derived from the Greek word πιέζειν. French physicists Jacques and Pierre Curie discovered piezoelectricity in 1880; the piezoelectric effect results from the linear electromechanical interaction between the mechanical and electrical states in crystalline materials with no inversion symmetry. The piezoelectric effect is a reversible process: materials exhibiting the piezoelectric effect exhibit the reverse piezoelectric effect, the internal generation of a mechanical strain resulting from an applied electrical field. For example, lead zirconate titanate crystals will generate measurable piezoelectricity when their static structure is deformed by about 0.1% of the original dimension. Conversely, those same crystals will change about 0.1% of their static dimension when an external electric field is applied to the material.

The inverse piezoelectric effect is used in the production of ultrasonic sound waves. Piezoelectricity is exploited in a number of useful applications, such as the production and detection of sound, piezoelectric inkjet printing, generation of high voltages, electronic frequency generation, microbalances, to drive an ultrasonic nozzle, ultrafine focusing of optical assemblies, it forms the basis for a number of scientific instrumental techniques with atomic resolution, the scanning probe microscopies, such as STM, AFM, MTA, SNOM. It finds everyday uses such as acting as the ignition source for cigarette lighters, push-start propane barbecues, used as the time reference source in quartz watches, as well as in amplification pickups for some guitars and triggers in most modern electronic drums; the pyroelectric effect, by which a material generates an electric potential in response to a temperature change, was studied by Carl Linnaeus and Franz Aepinus in the mid-18th century. Drawing on this knowledge, both René Just Haüy and Antoine César Becquerel posited a relationship between mechanical stress and electric charge.

The first demonstration of the direct piezoelectric effect was in 1880 by the brothers Pierre Curie and Jacques Curie. They combined their knowledge of pyroelectricity with their understanding of the underlying crystal structures that gave rise to pyroelectricity to predict crystal behavior, demonstrated the effect using crystals of tourmaline, topaz, cane sugar, Rochelle salt. Quartz and Rochelle salt exhibited the most piezoelectricity; the Curies, did not predict the converse piezoelectric effect. The converse effect was mathematically deduced from fundamental thermodynamic principles by Gabriel Lippmann in 1881; the Curies confirmed the existence of the converse effect, went on to obtain quantitative proof of the complete reversibility of electro-elasto-mechanical deformations in piezoelectric crystals. For the next few decades, piezoelectricity remained something of a laboratory curiosity, though it was a vital tool in the discovery of polonium and radium by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898.

More work was done to define the crystal structures that exhibited piezoelectricity. This culminated in 1910 with the publication of Woldemar Voigt's Lehrbuch der Kristallphysik, which described the 20 natural crystal classes capable of piezoelectricity, rigorously defined the piezoelectric constants using tensor analysis; the first practical application for piezoelectric devices was sonar, first developed during World War I. In France in 1917, Paul Langevin and his coworkers developed an ultrasonic submarine detector; the detector consisted of a transducer, made of thin quartz crystals glued between two steel plates, a hydrophone to detect the returned echo. By emitting a high-frequency pulse from the transducer, measuring the amount of time it takes to hear an echo from the sound waves bouncing off an object, one can calculate the distance to that object; the use of piezoelectricity in sonar, the success of that project, created intense development interest in piezoelectric devices. Over the next few decades, new piezoelectric materials and new applications for those materials were explored and developed.

Piezoelectric devices found homes in many fields. Ceramic phonograph cartridges simplified player design, were cheap and accurate, made record players cheaper to maintain and easier to build; the development of the ultrasonic transducer allowed for easy measurement of viscosity and elasticity in fluids and solids, resulting in huge advances in materials research. Ultrasonic time-domain reflectometers could find flaws inside cast metal and stone objects, improving structural safety. During World War II, independent research groups in the United States and Japan discovered a new class of synthetic materials, called ferroelectrics, which exhibited piezoelectric constants many times higher than natural materials; this led to intense research to develop barium titanate and lead zirconate titanate materials with specific properties for particular applications. One significant example of the use of piezoelectric crystals was developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories. Following World War I, Frederick R. Lack, working in radio telep

Liana Kerzner

Liana Kerzner, known professionally by her stage name Liana K, is a Canadian YouTuber. She is a former television writer and host, she co-hosted the final season of the variety show Ed's Night Party with her husband Steven Joel Kerzner. She is a video game journalist and hobbyist cosplayer. Liana Kerzner was born in 1978 in Ontario; when her parents divorced she moved with her mother to Knoxville, Tennessee Athens, Georgia before returning to Toronto. She studied English literature and anthropology at York University, she began dating Steven Kerzner in 1995, after meeting in a bar. In 1997 she abandoned her academic studies, when she was hired for behind-the-scenes work on Ed's Night Party with Kerzner, whom she married in 1999, he named her his co-producer and co-head writer of Night Party and by 2004 she joined Ed the Sock, voiced by her husband, to become the first female co-host on the show, renamed Ed & Red's Night Party for what would become its final season. Kerzner was involved in many of Ed the Sock's other media projects, including the annual Fromage specials and Smartass: The Ed the Sock Report, both shown on the Canadian cable television music and variety show television channel MuchMusic.

She wrote the Accidental Comics series Ed and Red's Comic Strip, has appeared at a number of comic book and science fiction fan conventions to promote the comic and Ed's Night Party. From the fall of 2009 to September 2010, Liana and Steven Kerzner were the hosts of the weekly radio show Sunday Nights with Liana and Steven on Newstalk 1010 in Toronto. After two years off the air, Ed the Sock returned to TV on CHCH-DT with a new show This Movie Sucks!, similar to his old show on Citytv, Ed's Nite In, once again co-hosted by Liana K and features comedian Ron Sparks. The show lasted a total of 15 episodes. In 2012, Ed the Sock and Liana K returned on CHCH with the short-lived series I Hate Hollywood, they have not had another series on network TV since this series was cancelled by CHCH. Liana K wrote about video games and the video game industry for Metaleater, has written as a video game critic for 411MANIA and GamingExcellence writing about tabletop and live-action role-playing games, she has been a contributor for other gaming outlets, such as Gameranx and Polygon.

According to Kerzner, she previously worked as a convention "booth babe". She co-edited science fiction and fantasy short story collection Wrestling with Gods: Tesseracts Anthology #18 with Jerome Stueart in 2014. Kerzner has been a guest and presenter at several comic book and science fiction events across Canada appearing dressed in character-based cosplay costumes, she and Ed the Sock were named co-hosts of the 2007 Constellation Awards. She organized and hosted the Aurora Awards ceremony at the 67th World Science Fiction Convention in 2009, she was a co-founder of Toronto's annual science fiction convention Futurecon in 2010 and chaired it until it ceased to exist in 2012. It was sponsored by her husband's company Kerzner MediArts; the Secret Six comic book character Liana Kerzner, a red-headed stripper hired to jump out of a cake dressed like Scandal Savage's dead girlfriend Knockout, was named after her. Savage rejected her advances but sees the stripper at a supermarket, when Knockout is resurrected invites Liana to enter into a polygamous relationship with them.

She agreed. Liana K identifies as a sex-positive feminist, her hobbies include collecting action figures and other toys, she has criticized Anita Sarkeesian's Tropes vs. Women in Video Games series in her own series called Why Feminist Frequency Almost Made Me Quit Writing. Other series include A Gamer's Guide to Feminism, Lady Bits. Liana Kerzner's channel on YouTube Liana Kerzner on IMDb

Writing Black Britain

Writing Black Britain 1948–1998 is an anthology of black British writings published in 2000 and edited by James Procter. The selection of writings includes many well-known writers such as Paul Gilroy; this is an interdisciplinary collection and contains a variety of writings that discuss different forms of representation, i.e. films and photography. It is centered on works of the diaspora, including Caribbean and South Asian experiences; this collection is the first of its kind and critically engages with both the construction and community of "black Britain" and power relations. Every writer has something to say about their own positionality and how they've come to theorize black Britain; the book is subdivided into three main parts covering distinct time periods: 1948 to late 1960s 1960s to mid-1980s, mid-1980s to late 1990s. Each main part is framed by an introduction and divided between "literature" and "essays and documents". While many anthologies following were filled with pieces written for the anthology's publication, Writing black Britain is a collection of published text.

These pieces were compiled in order to prevent misinterpretation and inaccuracy about Black communities in Britain and Germany. Because of this, the anthology was aimed at speaking to mainstream white audiences in order to highlight the Black presence in European life; when reading and discussing Writing Black Britain, it is important to keep in mind the fact that it was designed for use in university coursework and the potential effect this may have had on what materials were and were not included for publication. In Writing Black Britain we are reminded of the accountability we all need to share in how we tell history; this anthology contains literature that begins with 1948, an important year because of the HMT Empire Windrush. However, Writing Black Britain recognizes the genealogy of black Britain pre-1948; the introduction states, "an introduction to the project of this anthology requires both an account of the historical conditions in which it is embedded and a consideration of the problems and potentialities of recuperating a "block" of black British literary and cultural production'anterior' to it.

I will now turn to that symbolic year, 1948, as a means of grounding this Introduction." This allows the collection to present a critical look at what has been forgotten in the foregrounding of the year 1948. It serves as a reminder of the continuity within the anthology's timeline of violence against black racialized bodies; the book goes into details of violence against black racialized bodies, such as the killings that took place on the account of race. Yet, the sole presence of blacks in Britain is not the only minority discussed. Migration Cultural appropriation Racism Policies of urban removal/renewal Segregation Historical amnesia Police brutality Solidarity Post-colonialism Identity politics Survival Representation This anthology engages with blackness and the Caribbean Community in Britain looking at migration and how art serves as resistance; the Caribbean Artists Movement began in Britain. In the first section, Claudia Jones speaks to the cultural identity formation of Afro-Caribbeans.

Recognizing the centrality of black women struggles within the formation of a black Britain, within this anthology black women speak to power differentials and intersectionality in their essay. As Hazel Carby states, "The fact that black women are subject to the'simultaneous' oppression of patriarchy, and'race' is the prime reason for not employing parallels that render their position and experience not only marginal but invisible." The anthology brings conversations to light, including the conversation/debate that occurred between Stuart Hall, Darcus Howe, Salman Rushdie. The Black Audio Film Collective released their film Handsworth Songs, there was much to say about it and its implications; the film looks at the "riots" of 1985 in Handsworth and South London

Liz Davies

Liz Davies is a British barrister and political activist who advocates socialist feminism. She is historian of Tudor England, C. S. L. Davies, she studied at University College London, taking a sabbatical year working for the students' union as welfare secretary. Specialising in housing law, Davies worked as a solicitor before being called to the bar in 1994. Davies is the co-author of Housing Allocation and Homelessness: Practice, she was a finalist for the Legal Aid Barrister of the Year award in 2014. A former Labour Party councillor in Islington, she was selected as the Labour Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Leeds North-East in 1995, but was subsequently found "unsuitable" as a candidate by a large majority of the Labour Party's ruling National Executive Committee. Davies' selection was accompanied by allegations over her behaviour at Labour group meetings, for which Davies commenced legal proceedings against three former Islington councillors, which ended in a settlement in which the three apologised and made a contribution to the general election fund of their local MP.

She was attacked for her association with the newspaper London Left Briefing. She was elected as a member of the NEC in October 1998 on the Grassroots Alliance slate, serving on the body for two years, an experience recounted in her book, Through the Looking Glass, published in 2001. After resigning from the Labour Party, she joined the Socialist Alliance in 2001, becoming the organisation's chair for nine months, she resigned from the SA in 2002 over claims of financial "bad practice" and frustration at the way the Socialist Workers Party's leadership had involved itself in the organisation's activities. She was chair of the Haldane Society of Socialist Lawyers between 2006 and 2014 and is now Honorary Vice-President of the Society; as chair, she organised organised the Commission of Inquiry into Legal Aid, leading to the publication of Unequal Before the Law, held an international conference Defending Human Rights Defenders. She re-joined the Labour Party in 2015 and was secretary of Hackney North & Stoke Newington CLP between 2017–2018.

She is now an active member of Southampton Test CLP. She has been a member of Unite the Union since 1989. Liz Davies' partner was the American-born political activist and writer Mike Marqusee, who died in January 2015. Liz Davies' website Garden Court Chambers homepage Extracts from Through the Looking Glass published in The Guardian, March 29 & 30, 2001


Dokdonia is a genus of bacteria from the family of Flavobacteriaceae. Dokdonia is named after Dokdo an Island in Korea. Kim, K. "Complete Genome Sequence of the Proteorhodopsin-Containing Marine Flavobacterium Dokdonia donghaensis DSW-1T, Isolated from Seawater off Dokdo in the East Sea". Genome Announcements. 4. Doi:10.1128/genomeA.00804-16. PMC 4974333. PMID 27491981. Yoon, JH. "Dokdonia donghaensis gen. nov. sp. nov. isolated from sea water". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55: 2323–8. Doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63817-0. PMID 16280490. Gonzalez, J. M.. "Genomics of the Proteorhodopsin-Containing Marine Flavobacterium Dokdonia sp. Strain MED134". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77: 8676–8686. Doi:10.1128/AEM.06152-11. PMC 3233072. PMID 22003006. Zhang, Z. "Dokdonia pacifica sp. nov. isolated from seawater". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 65: 2222–6. Doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000252. PMID 25862384