Charles-Hubert Itandje is a French-born Cameroonian professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for French club Versailles. Born in Bobigny of Cameroonian descent, Itandje began his professional career at French club RC Lens in 2001, for whom he made 170 league appearances and 21 appearances in European games. Lens were prepared to allow Itandje to leave for Liverpool after they signed two goalkeepers in the summer of 2007, saying: "The directors of Lens have concluded the definitive sale of Charles Itandje to Liverpool Football Club; the Lens goalkeeper leaves Lens after six years of loyal service. We wish him good luck and best wishes for his future career." Itandje signed for Liverpool in August 2007, as cover for Pepe Reina thus allowing Scott Carson to join Aston Villa on a season-long loan to play regularly. Itandje said of his move: "At Liverpool there is a good keeper, there three years. I am going to be number 2. But, there are 60 matches a season and it is planned that I will play the League Cup and FA Cup."
He made his first team debut for Liverpool in a League Cup match against Reading on 25 September, which Liverpool won 4–2, in total, made three League Cup appearances and four FA Cup appearances for Liverpool in the 2007–08 season. He was made available for transfer in the summer of 2008 after Liverpool signed Diego Cavalieri but turned down a move to Galatasaray, he by January 2009 was seeking to leave the club. On 30 June 2010, Itandje returned to Liverpool, his contract with Liverpool was due to expire in January 2011 and he was at least fifth in the goalkeeping order, behind Pepe Reina, Brad Jones, Péter Gulácsi and Martin Hansen. Upon his return, he was criticised by John Aldridge for "collecting his wages" rather than looking for a different club where he would have a chance of playing. In total for Liverpool, Itandje played 7 times. After the memorial service for the twentieth anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster in April 2009, complaints were made by members of the congregation that Itandje had been laughing and behaving inappropriately during the service.
His actions were condemned by the Liverpool hierarchy, who stated that they would be seeking to impose the maximum punishment possible. Itandje apologised to the grieving families and to Liverpool fans for his behaviour and was suspended by the club for 14 days, he did not play another game, at reserve or first team level, for the club. In an exclusive interview with Le Journal du Dimanche, Itandje spoke out about the Hillsborough incident for the first time, he said when he saw himself laughing on television, he described this as "awkward and unwelcome." As a result of this, Itandje stated the club never supported him for this and the club supporters started to threaten him saying: "Do not walk in the street, you'll get mugged." His increasing stress caused him to have eczema on his hand. Following his move to Atromitos, Itandje apologised emphatically: I am sorry. I am sorry. I am sorry. A thousand times, I am sorry. To the club, to the fans and to the families, I am sorry. On 29 August 2009, Itandje moved on loan at Kavala for the whole of the season despite interests from La Liga side Málaga and Sporting de Gijón.
Upon joining Kavala, Itandje says joining the club describes the experience as "exotic in a ambitious club" and "unlike anything I have experienced" club. There is no fitness center, no training center£. After being a second choice goalkeeper, Itandje managed to beat off competitions from veteran goalkeeper Željko Kalac to become a first choice goalkeeper. Itandje went on to make 19 appearance for Kavala and Itandje made 9 clean sheets for the club. On 8 December 2010, it was announced that Itandje would be leaving Liverpool, being released from his contract, he joined Greek club Atromitos on a free transfer on 1 January 2011. Upon his departure from Liverpool, Newspaper Liverpool Echo were relieved of getting rid of Itandje. Since joining Greece permanently, Itandje have become the first choice goalkeeper throughout his Atromitos career, he started the Greek Cup final for Atromitos who lost 3–0 to AEK at the OAKA stadium in Athens and started in another Greek Cup final for Atromitos, which they lost 2-1 to Olympiacos at the OAKA stadium in Athens for the second time, which Atromitos played in.
Despite losing the Greek Cup, Itandje helped the club placed fifth place, which resulted a qualification in the Europa League. In the Europa League Qualification Round against Newcastle United, Itandje played in both legs, as Newcastle United win 2-1 on aggregate, thus putting Atromitos out of the Europa League. During his time at Atromitos, Itandje credited Giorgos Donis on helping him, quoting: "I am proud that my coach says good things about me. For this I came to the group. O Donis brought me much because he believed in me and told me to come in Atromitos." On 29 January 2013, he signed a 2-year contract with PAOK, where he will be wearing number 27 shirt, as well as, rejoining Donis. On 10 July 2013, he signed a one-year contract on loan with Turkish side Konyaspor from PAOK. Upon joining the club, he presented by the club's vice president and described "opening a new page in of career" and aim to succeed. Itandje made his debut, in the opening game of the season, in a 3–2 win over Fenerbahçe.
Since Itandje had become a first choice goalkeeper throughout the season at Konyaspor and kept nine clean sheet in thirty-three appearance, where he was present until he wasn't included for the final game of the season. He returned to PAOK after his lending to Konyaspor and during the second half of the 2014–15 season became the first choice goalkeeper helping the club to improve its performance a
In many countries, Kilometre Zero or similar terms in other languages is a particular location from which distances are traditionally measured. They were markers where drivers could set their odometers to follow the directions in early guide books. One such marker is the Milliarium Aureum of the Roman Empire, believed to be the literal origin for the maxim that "all roads lead to Rome". Argentina marks Kilometre Zero with a monolith in Plaza Congreso in Buenos Aires; the work of the brothers Máximo and José Fioravanti, the structure was placed on the north side of Plaza Lorea on October 2, 1935. An image of Our Lady of Luján appears on the monolith's north face, a relief map of Argentina is on the south face, plaques in honor of José de San Martín are west, on its eastern side, the date of the decree and the name of the relevant authorities. Highways in Australia are built and maintained by the states and territories. In the state of New South Wales, highway distances were traditionally measured from a sandstone obelisk in Macquarie Place in Sydney, designed by Francis Greenway in 1818.
The obelisk lists the distances to various locations in New South Wales at the time. For the railway, it is located at platform 1 of Sydney Central Station; the General Post Office building in Melbourne traditionally serves this purpose in Victoria. In Western Australia, road distances are measured from Point Zero, by the old Treasury Building on the corner of Cathedral Avenue and St George's Terrace in Perth; the Byzantine Empire had an arched building, the Milion of Constantinople, as the starting-place for the measurement of distances for all the roads leading to the other cities. In the 1960s, some fragments were discovered and erected in its original location, now in the district of Eminönü, Turkey; the kilometre zero marker of the eastern origin of the Trans-Canada Highway is located in St. John's, Newfoundland. Coordinates: 47°33′39.78″N 52°42′44.33″W Altitude: 14.02 m The western origin of the Trans-Canada Highway in Victoria, British Columbia, is located on the southern end of Vancouver Island.
Mile zero of the Trans Canada Trail is located adjacent to the Railway Coastal Museum in St. John's, Newfoundland. Coordinates: 47°33′14.0″N 52°42′50.5″W Altitude: 4.5 m Mile zero for the Alaska Highway is located in Dawson Creek, British Columbia. All national distances from Santiago originate at the Km. 0 plaque, located at the Plaza de Armas main square in downtown Santiago. Chile's Autopista Central – Eje Norte-Sur has its Kilometre Zero at the intersection with the Alameda del Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, the capital's main avenue. China Railway's 0 km is located at the entrance to the Fengtai Yard on the Jingguang Line just outside Beijing; this point was the start of the line. There is no ceremonial plaque; the kilometre zero point for highways is located at Tiananmen Square, just outside the Zhengyangmen Gate. It is marked with a plaque in the ground, with the four cardinal points, four animals, "Zero Point of Highways, China" in English and Chinese. Cuba's Kilometre Zero is located in its capital Havana in El Capitolio.
Embedded in the floor in the centre of the main hall is a replica 25 carat diamond, which marks Kilometre Zero for Cuba. The original diamond, said to have belonged to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and have been sold to the Cuban state by a Turkish merchant, was stolen on 25 March 1946 and mysteriously returned to the President, Ramón Grau San Martín, on 2 June 1946, it was replaced in El Capitolio by a replica in 1973. Copenhagen Town hall square is the zero point. DR-1, DR-2, DR-3 all depart from Kilometre Zero from Santo Domingo's Parque de Independencia. Kilometre Zero in Egypt is located at the Attaba Square Post Office in 1st of Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha Street, Cairo. Kilometre Zero in Ethiopia is in Addis Ababa, in front of St. George's Cathedral; the point was designated by Emperor Haile Selassie in 1930. Kilometre Zero of Finland is located at the Erottaja square in central Helsinki. Kilometre Zero of French national highways located in Paris on the square facing the main entrance of Notre-Dame is considered the official centre of Paris.
48.8534°N 2.3488°E / 48.8534. 52.510788°N 13.398964°E / 52.510788. Distances from London to most parts of the country are measured in miles from the original site of Charing Cross, on the southern side of Trafalgar Square. In Scotland, distances from Edinburgh are measured from the GPO building in Princes Street. See also: London Stone, Hicks Hall, St Mary-le-Bow, a church from which the distance of the original London to Lewes road is measured. In ancient Greece, distances were measured from the altar of twelve gods, located in the ancient agora of Athens. So, that altar can be considered the first kilometre zero in human history. Nowadays, the kilometre zero for Greek high
Sister cities or twin towns are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, counties, prefectures, regions and countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties. The modern concept of town twinning, conceived after the Second World War in 1947, was intended to foster friendship and understanding among different cultures and between former foes as an act of peace and reconciliation, to encourage trade and tourism. By the 2000s, town twinning became used to form strategic international business links among member cities. In the United Kingdom, the term "twin towns" is most used. In mainland Europe, the most used terms are "twin towns", "partnership towns", "partner towns", "friendship towns"; the European Commission uses the term "twinned towns" and refers to the process as "town twinning". Spain uses the term "ciudades hermanadas", which means "sister cities". Germany and the Czech Republic use Partnerstadt / miasto partnerskie / partnerské město, which translate as "partner town or city".
France uses ville jumelée, Italy has gemellaggio and comune gemellato. In the Netherlands, the term is stedenband. In Greece, the word αδελφοποίηση has been adopted. In Iceland, the terms vinabæir and vinaborgir are used. In the former Soviet Bloc, "twin towns" and "twin cities" are used, along with города-побратимы; the Americas, South Asia, Australasia use the term "sister cities" or "twin cities". In China, the term is 友好城市. Sometimes, other government bodies enter into a twinning relationship, such as the agreement between the provinces of Hainan in China and Jeju-do in South Korea; the douzelage is a town twinning association with one town from each of the member states of the European Union. Despite the term being used interchangeably, with the term "friendship city", this may mean a relationship with a more limited scope in comparison to a sister city relationship, friendship city relationships are mayor-to-mayor agreements. In recent years, the term "city diplomacy" has gained increased usage and acceptance as a strand of paradiplomacy and public diplomacy.
It is formally used in the workings of the United Cities and Local Governments and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and recognised by the USC Center on Public Diplomacy. A March 2014 debate in the British House of Lords acknowledged the evolution of town twinning into city diplomacy around trade and tourism, but in culture and post-conflict reconciliation; the importance of cities developing "their own foreign economic policies on trade, foreign investment and attracting foreign talent" has been highlighted by the World Economic Forum. The earliest known town twinning in Europe was between Paderborn, Le Mans, France, in 836. Starting in 1905, Keighley in West Yorkshire, had a twinning arrangement with French communities Suresnes and Puteaux; the first recorded modern twinning agreement was between Keighley and Poix-du-Nord in Nord, France, in 1920 following the end of the First World War. This was referred to as an adoption of the French town; the practice was continued after the Second World War as a way to promote mutual understanding and cross-border projects of mutual benefit.
For example, Coventry twinned with Stalingrad and with Dresden as an act of peace and reconciliation, all three cities having been bombed during the war. The City of Bath formed an "Alkmaar Adoption committee" in March 1945, when the Dutch city was still occupied by the German Army in the final months of the war, children from each city took part in exchanges in 1945 and 1946. In 1947, Bristol Corporation sent five'leading citizens' on a goodwill mission to Hanover. Reading in 1947 was the first British town to form links with a former "enemy" city – Düsseldorf; the link still exists. Since 9 April 1956 Rome and Paris have been and reciprocally twinned with each other, following the motto: "Only Paris is worthy of Rome; the support scheme was established in 1989. In 2003 an annual budget of about €12 million was allocated to about 1,300 projects; the Council of European Municipalities and Regions works with the Commission to promote modern, high quality twinning initiatives and exchanges that involve all sections of the community.
It has launched a website dedicated to town twinning. As of 1995, the European Union had more than 7,000 bilateral relationships involving 10,000 European municipalities French and German. Public art has been used to celebrate twin town links, for instance in the form of seven mural paintings in the centre of the town of Sutton, Greater London; the five main paintings show a number of the main features of the London Borough of Sutton and its four twin towns, along with the heraldic shield of each above the other images. Each painting features a plant as a visual representation of its town's environmental awareness. In the case of Sutton this is in a separate smaller painting showing a beech tree, intended as a symbol of prosperity and from whi
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Bobigny – Pantin – Raymond Queneau (Paris Métro)
Bobigny — Pantin — Raymond Queneau is a station of the Paris Métro, serving Line 5. The name refers to the communes of Bobigny and Pantin, to the rue Raymond Queneau. Raymond Queneau, a 20th-century French author and member of the Oulipo group, makes a singularly appropriate name as his most famous works are Zazie dans le métro and Exercices de style, set on a bus. Roland, Gérard. Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton
Gaël Sébastien Monfils is a French professional tennis player. He reached a career-high ATP world No. 6 singles ranking on November 7, 2016. His career highlights include reaching two Grand Slam singles semifinals at the 2008 French Open and 2016 US Open, three ATP World Tour Masters 1000 singles finals at the Paris Masters in 2009 and 2010 and in the 2016 Monte-Carlo Masters. Monfils was named the ATP Newcomer of the Year in 2005. Monfils has won 8 ATP World Tour singles titles and been runner-up 20 times in ATP World Tour tournaments, he has reached at least one ATP World Tour singles final and scored at least one singles win against a Top 10 player every year since 2005. Monfils compiled a singles win–loss record of 83–22 as a junior, reaching the No. 1 junior combined world ranking in February 2004. Over the course of the same year, he won the Boys' Singles titles at the Australian Open, the French Open and Wimbledon respectively, he was crowned International Tennis Federation youth world champion.
In 2002, Monfils won the German Junior Open. He would end the year ranked as the No. 4 junior in the world and represented France in the junior Davis Cup as well. Monfils got off to a positive start in 2003 and earned his first career ATP point at the France Futures No. 13 by reaching the second round. He reached the second round at France No. 14, Egypt No. 2, Spain No. 28. In that year, he played a total of nine Futures events; this included a showing in the doubles final at Spain No. 27. In junior events, he was a semifinalist at USTA International Winter Championships, he reached the quarterfinals of the Australian Open juniors tournament and won the doubles title at the Victorian Junior Championships. He was No. 21 in junior rankings at the end of the year. In 2004, the French teenager finished as the world's No. 1 junior, winning the first three of four junior Grand Slam events. He improved his ATP Entry Ranking by over 700 positions. In October, he made his ATP debut as a wildcard entrant at the Moselle Open in Metz and, after winning his first ATP match against Xavier Malisse, reached the quarterfinals in which he lost to countryman Richard Gasquet.
He qualified for the Paris Masters and reached the second round, beating former Top 10 player Thomas Enqvist before falling to world No. 3 Lleyton Hewitt. He won junior titles at the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon, he lost one set each at the French Open and Wimbledon. He reached the third round at the US Open, he won the LTA International Junior Championship in Roehampton. He was 31 -- 2 in junior events. In April, he reached his first career Futures final at Italy No. 4. A week he won his first Futures title at Great Britain No. 1. He reached the quarterfinals of the Grenoble Challenger, he went 14–6 in Futures and 3–5 in Challengers in 2004. In doubles, Monfils reached the final at France No. 7. He reached the semifinals at the quarterfinals at the French Open. After having turned pro the previous year, the young Frenchman made one of the biggest moves in the top 50 from the previous season, climbing 200 ranking spots, he finished the year as the No. 3 Frenchman and captured his first ATP title, while reaching two additional finals.
In the first six months, he won Challenger titles in Besançon, defeating Christophe Rochus, Tunis, reached the fourth round at the Miami Masters and a Grand Slam best third round appearance at Wimbledon. He compiled 12 -- 1 in Challengers through July. In the last three months, he went 15–8, highlighted by his first ATP clay title at the Idea Prokom Open in Sopot defeating Florian Mayer in the final, he struggled with a 2–5 mark before reaching the final in two of the last three indoor tournaments of the season, both in his native country in Metz and Lyon. He went 11–4 in tie-breaks and 1–2 vs. Top 10 opponents, defeating world no. 10 Gastón Gaudio in his first match of the season in Doha. He compiled records of 12–10 on hard courts, 6–7 on clay, 5–2 on carpet, 2–3 on grass. In his first tournament of 2006, in Doha, he reached the final, but lost in two sets to world No. 1 Roger Federer. In a surprising event in Las Vegas, there was a tennis paddle tournament held by the Tennis Channel. Monfils was given a wildcard into the doubles event, but became more interested and inquired about getting a singles wildcard into the main draw.
However, he received an entry into the qualifying singles. Monfils competed in the main draw of this Paddle tennis tournament and surprised everyone when he ousted world No. 1 paddle tennis player Scott Freedman and went on to win the whole tournament. In May, Monfils reached the semifinals of the Rome Masters, before losing to eventual champion Rafael Nadal in straight sets. En route to the semifinals, Monfils defeated former world No. 1 Andy Roddick. He entered the Hamburg Masters event, where he lost in straight sets to fellow teenager Andy Murray in the first round. After that, he faced Murray once more, this time in the first round of the French Open. After a tough fiv
La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 (Paris Métro)
La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 is a station of the Paris Métro, inaugurated on 6 May 1987 and renovated in 2005. The station serves as the northern terminus of Paris Métro Line 7; the "8 Mai 1945" refers to 8 May 1945 known as V-E Day, or the end of World War II in Europe. Transfer point with the T1 tramway. Transfer point with bus lines 152, 173, 607, 609. Though it is not tourist-oriented, the neighbourhood "Quatre routes" is commercialized, featuring a large market, open on Tuesdays and Sunday mornings. To reach the nearby Parc départemental de La Courneuve, the largest green space in the département, take the T1 to the station "Six routes". During the Fête de l'Humanité at the beginning of September, a shuttle takes people directly there from the terminus of the métro, it is possible to take the T1 towards Drancy in order to visit the deportation camp of the Cité de la Muette. Bus 152 arrives at the station from the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Le Bourget Airport, where a biennial aviation show is held.
La Courneuve Official site of the city of La Courneuve Official site of Le Parc de La Courneuve List of stations of the Paris Métro