The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps. Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation. From its introduction in 1938, the B-17 Flying Fortress evolved through numerous design advances, becoming the third-most produced bomber of all time, behind the four-engined B-24 and the multirole, twin-engined Ju 88; the B-17 was employed by the USAAF in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. The United States Eighth Air Force, based at many airfields in central and southern England, the Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, complemented the RAF Bomber Command's nighttime area bombing in the Combined Bomber Offensive to help secure air superiority over the cities and battlefields of Western Europe in preparation for the invasion of France in 1944.
The B-17 participated to a lesser extent in the War in the Pacific, early in World War II, where it conducted raids against Japanese shipping and airfields. From its prewar inception, the USAAC promoted the aircraft as a strategic weapon, it developed a reputation for toughness based upon stories and photos of badly damaged B-17s safely returning to base. The B-17 dropped more bombs than any other U. S. aircraft in World War II. Of 1.5 million tons of bombs dropped on Nazi Germany and its occupied territories by U. S. aircraft, over 640,000 tons were dropped from B-17s. In addition to its role as a bomber, the B-17 was employed as a transport, antisubmarine aircraft, drone controller, search-and-rescue aircraft; as of October 2019, 9 aircraft remain airworthy, though none of them were flown in combat. Dozens more are on static display; the oldest of these is a D-series flown in combat in the Caribbean. On 8 August 1934, the USAAC tendered a proposal for a multiengine bomber to replace the Martin B-10.
The Air Corps was looking for a bomber capable of reinforcing the air forces in Hawaii and Alaska. Requirements were for it to carry a "useful bombload" at an altitude of 10,000 ft for 10 hours with a top speed of at least 200 mph, they desired, but did not require, a range of 2,000 mi and a speed of 250 mph. The competition for the air corps contract was to be decided by a "fly-off" between Boeing's design, the Douglas DB-1, the Martin Model 146 at Wilbur Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio; the prototype B-17, with the Boeing factory designation of Model 299, was designed by a team of engineers led by E. Gifford Emery and Edward Curtis Wells, was built at Boeing's own expense, it combined features of 247 transport. The B-17's armament consisted of five.30 caliber machine guns, with a payload up to 4,800 lb of bombs on two racks in the bomb bay behind the cockpit. The aircraft was powered by four Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet radial engines, each producing 750 hp at 7,000 ft; the first flight of the Model 299 was on 28 July 1935 with Boeing chief test pilot Leslie Tower at the controls.
The day before, Richard Williams, a reporter for The Seattle Times, coined the name "Flying Fortress" when – observing the large number of machine guns sticking out from the new airplane – he described it as a "15-ton flying fortress" in a picture caption. The most distinct mount was in the nose, which allowed the single machine gun to be fired toward nearly all frontal angles. Boeing had it trademarked for use. Boeing claimed in some of the early press releases that Model 299 was the first combat aircraft that could continue its mission if one of its four engines failed. On 20 August 1935, the prototype flew from Seattle to Wright Field in nine hours and three minutes with an average cruising speed of 252 miles per hour, much faster than the competition. At the fly-off, the four-engined Boeing's performance was superior to those of the twin-engined DB-1 and Model 146. Major General Frank Maxwell Andrews of the GHQ Air Force believed that the capabilities of large four-engined aircraft exceeded those of shorter-ranged, twin-engined aircraft, that the B-17 was better suited to new, emerging USAAC doctrine.
His opinions were shared by the air corps procurement officers, before the competition had finished, they suggested buying 65 B-17s. Development continued on the Boeing Model 299, on 30 October 1935, Army Air Corps test pilot Major Ployer Peter Hill and Boeing employee Les Tower took the Model 299 on a second evaluation flight; the crew forgot to disengage the "gust locks", which locked control surfaces in place while the aircraft was parked on the ground, after takeoff, the aircraft entered a steep climb, nosed over, crashed, killing Hill and Tower. The crashed Model 299 could not finish the evaluation. While the air corps was still enthusiastic about the aircraft's potential, army officials were daunted by its cost. Army Chief of Staff Malin Craig cancelled the order for 65 YB-17s, ordered 133 of the twin
The Eyes Leave a Trace is a 1952 Spanish-Italian thriller film directed by José Luis Sáenz de Heredia. It stars his wife Elena Varzi, it was co-produced in Italy. It was shot at the Cinecittà Studios on location in Madrid; the film's sets were designed by the art director Ramiro Gómez. Raf Vallone as Martín Jordán Elena Varzi as Berta Julio Peña as Roberto Ayala Fernando Fernán Gómez as Agente Díaz Emma Penella as Lola Félix Dafauce as Comisario Ozalla Gaspar Campos as Conserje Aníbal Vela as Comisario principal Fernando Sancho as Comensal irascible Carlos Díaz de Mendoza as Prestamista Antonio Riquelme as Sereno Beni Deus as Encargado del Café Gijón Julia Pachelo as Bibliotecaria Juana Mansó as Encargada del teléfono Francisco Bernal as Guía de El Escorial Mira, Alberto. Historical Dictionary of Spanish Cinema. Scarecrow Press, 2010. Los ojos dejan huellas on IMDb
Lavrenti Lopes is an Indian actor and former model in Hollywood. He grew up in Mumbai, India where he did a bit of theatre and was part of an improv group, he has done a couple of print ads in India including one for Flair Pens. Lavrenti Lopes was born on 29 March 1992 to Goan parents Joaquim Lopes and Gemma Lopes in Mumbai, India, his surname is Portuguese. He is the youngest of 2 brothers, his older brother Xenos lives in Australia. Lavrenti studied at Fatima High School in Mumbai, he trained at the Lee Strasberg Film Institute in New York. Lavrenti Lopes lives in Los Angeles. Lavrenti shifted base to New York City to train at the Lee Strasberg Film Institute. While in New York he did ads for Microsoft, Axe was seen in a couple of plays, his claims to fame though would be the TV commercials. The commercial was popular and turned out to be an internet sensation. Migros, Tata True Roots Calling Card and Cool Jodi. Microsoft, Axe Deodorants, Zip Car, Flair Pens E-Dating BY Savianna Stanescu, Sa Ka La TV Pilot: Barely Legal Hindu NXG Theater Online Verve Financial Express