click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing and flown by the United States during World War II and the Korean War. Named in allusion to its predecessor, the B-17 Flying Fortress, the Superfortress was designed for high-altitude strategic bombing but excelled in low-altitude night incendiary bombing, in dropping naval mines to blockade Japan. B-29s dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. One of the largest aircraft of World War II, the B-29 had state-of-the-art technology, including a pressurized cabin; the $3 billion cost of design and production —far exceeding the $1.9 billion cost of the Manhattan Project—made the B-29 program the most expensive of the war. The B-29's advanced design allowed it to remain in service in various roles throughout the 1950s; the type was retired in the early 1960s. A few were used as flying television transmitters by the Stratovision company; the Royal Air Force flew the B-29 as the Washington until 1954.

The B-29 was the progenitor of a series of Boeing-built bombers, tankers, reconnaissance aircraft and trainers. The re-engined B-50 Superfortress became the first aircraft to fly around the world non-stop, during a 94-hour flight in 1949; the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter airlifter, first flown in 1944, was followed in 1947 by its commercial airliner variant, the Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser. This bomber-to-airliner derivation was similar to the B-17/Model 307 evolution. In 1948, Boeing introduced the KB-29 tanker, followed in 1950 by the Model 377-derivative KC-97. A line of outsized-cargo variants of the Stratocruiser is the Guppy / Mini Guppy / Super Guppy, which remain in service with NASA and other operators; the Soviet Union produced an unlicensed reverse-engineered copy, the Tupolev Tu-4. More than twenty B-29s remain as static displays but only two and Doc, still fly. In the run up to World War II, the United States Army Air Corps concluded that the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, which would be the United States' primary strategic bomber of the war, would be inadequate for the Pacific Theater, which required a bomber that could carry a larger payload more than 3,000 miles.

In response, Boeing began work on pressurized long-range bombers in 1938. Boeing's design study for the Model 334 was a pressurized derivative of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress with nosewheel undercarriage. Although the Air Corps did not have money to pursue the design, Boeing continued development with its own funds as a private venture. In April 1939, Charles Lindbergh convinced general Henry H. Arnold to produce a new bomber in large numbers to counter the Nazi production. In December 1939, the Air Corps issued a formal specification for a so-called "superbomber", that could deliver 20,000 lb of bombs to a target 2,667 mi away and at a speed of 400 mph. Boeing's previous private venture studies formed the starting point for its response to this specification. Boeing submitted its Model 345 on 11 May 1940, in competition with designs from Consolidated Aircraft and Douglas. Douglas and Lockheed soon abandoned work on their projects, but Boeing received an order for two flying prototypes, given the designation XB-29, an airframe for static testing on 24 August 1940, with the order being revised to add a third flying aircraft on 14 December.

Consolidated continued to work on its Model 33 as it was seen by the Air Corps as a backup in case of problems with Boeing's design. Boeing received an initial production order for 14 service test aircraft and 250 production bombers in May 1941, this being increased to 500 aircraft in January 1942; the B-29 featured a fuselage design with circular cross-section for strength. The need for pressurization in the cockpit area led to the B-29 being one of few American combat aircraft of World War II to have a stepless cockpit design, without a separate windscreen for the pilots. Manufacturing the B-29 was a complex task, it involved four main-assembly factories: a pair of Boeing operated plants at Renton and Wichita, Kansas, a Bell plant at Marietta, Georgia near Atlanta, a Martin plant at Omaha, Nebraska. Thousands of subcontractors were involved in the project; the first prototype made its maiden flight from Boeing Field, Seattle on 21 September 1942. The combined effects of the aircraft's advanced design, challenging requirements, immense pressure for production, hurried development caused setbacks.

The second prototype, unlike the unarmed first, was fitted with a Sperry defensive armament system using remote-controlled gun turrets sighted by periscopes, first flew on 30 December 1942, this flight being terminated due to a serious engine fire. On 18 February 1943, the second prototype, flying out of Boeing Field in Seattle, experienced an engine fire and crashed; the crash killed Boeing test pilot Edmund T. Allen and his 10-man crew, 20 workers at the Frye Meat Packing Plant and a Seattle firefighter. Changes to the production craft came so and so fast that in early 1944, B-29s flew from the production lines directly to modification depots for extensive rebuilds to incorporate the latest changes. AAF-contracted modification centers and its own air depot system struggled to handle the scope of the requirements; some facilities lacked hangars capable of housing the giant B-29, requiring outdoor work in freezing cold weather, further delay

Berrechid–Beni Mellal expressway

The Berrechid–Beni Mellal expressway was inaugurated in 2015. It runs parallel with the existing Route Nationale 11 On 12 April 2010 King Mohammed VI of Morocco formally started the building-activities for this 173 km long toll-road. Between this date and the opening in 2015, some 35 billion cubic metres of soil/ground weree moved; the total building costs are budgeted on 6.050 million Dirham and these investments are made via: FADES: The Arab Fund for Social and Economical Development, the European Investment Bank and the government of China. This investment will be retrieved via the income from the toll-road, the exploration of the rest- and service stations. Three service-stops will be built lying max. 52 km. apart from each other. The five parts were meant to be built at the same time so that the whole road can be opened for traffic in 2013. However, due to expropriation issues, Khouribga - Beni Mellal section opened in 2014 and the inauguration of Berrechid - Khouribga section was postponed to 2015.

This investment is part of the main-project plan 2008–2015 between the ADM and the government of Morocco. This masterplan was signed on 8 July 2008 during a formal meeting, attended by King Mohammed VI of Morocco; the first section between Berrechid and Ben Ahmed was built by China International Water & Electric Corporation. The second section, between Ben Ahmed and Khouribga, the third section between Khouribga and Oued Zem, were built by four local Moroccan contractors: Sintram, LRN, Seprob and the SNCE; the fourth one between Oued Zem and Kasba Tadla was built by Houar. The fifth and last one, between Kasba Tadla and Beni Mellal was by another Chinese contractor, Covec; this expressway aims to support the development of Béni Mellal-Khénifra region and to reduce road traffic on the National road 11. This expressway links Beni Mellal, capital of Béni Mellal-Khénifra region, to Casablanca, the economic capital and the largest city in Morocco, serving the province of Khouribga, an area of great industrial potential thanks to large phosphate reserves.

The Béni Mellal-Khénifra region's agricultural and tourism sectors are expected to benefit from this expressway. With traffic estimated at 3,700 vehicles per day, the expressway serves the cities of Ben Ahmed, Oued Zem and Kasba Tadla, it includes 7 junction and 3 bridges across the Oum Errabiaa, Oued Derna and Oued Oum Errabia Bouqroum rivers as well as 28 underground and aerial passages. The total length of the new expressway from Berrechid to Beni Mellal is 173 km. Junction between A3 and A4: Berrechid km 38: Ben Ahmed km 77: Khouribga km 107: Oued Zem West km 117: Oued Zem East km 135: Bejaad km 152: Kasba Tadla Toll station km 174: Beni Mellal — N8

Sheridan, Wyoming

Sheridan is a city in the U. S. state of Wyoming and the county seat of Sheridan County. The city is located halfway between Mount Rushmore, it is the principal city of the Sheridan, Micropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Sheridan County. The 2010 census put the city's population at 17,444 and the Sheridan, Micropolitan Statistical Area at 29,116, making it the 424th-most populous micropolitan area in the United States; the city was named after Union cavalry leader in the American Civil War. Several battles between US Cavalry and the Sioux, Arapaho and Crow Indian tribes occurred in the area in the 1860s and 1870s before the town was built. In 1878, trapper George Mandel built a cabin on Big Goose Creek, reconstructed today in the Whitney Commons park near the Sheridan County Fulmer Public Library. Jack Dow surveyed the townsite for Sheridan in 1882, at the behest of John Loucks, first mayor of the town who had served under Gen. Sheridan. In the early 1880s, the nearby town of Big Horn was larger in population.

In 1888, Sheridan County split off of Johnson County, voters chose Sheridan as the county seat in a run-off election. The arrival of the Burlington and Missouri Railroad in 1892 boosted Sheridan's economic status, leading to the construction of the Sheridan Inn, where Buffalo Bill Cody was once a financial partner. Railroad maintenance facilities and railroad-tie treatment plants were significant employers in Sheridan's first decades; the railroad created numerous side industries as well as export opportunities for raw materials. Maps of the day show Sheridan as part of the "hinterland" providing raw goods to cities like Chicago. For the next twenty years the economy and population boomed. Numerous coal mines funded by Chicago investors opened along Tongue River north of Sheridan in the 1890s, sparking immigration, a major building boom that built Sheridan's brick downtown district. By 1910, an electric streetcar line, one of the only in the state, connected the mining towns of Monarch and Acme to Sheridan.

Sheridan was settled by farmers from midwestern states like Illinois, a few people who came up the cattle trails from Texas, like John B. Kendrick, who went on to be a cattle tycoon and Governor of Wyoming. Many immigrants from Poland, Greece, Germany and Japan settled in Sheridan, finding work in coal mines, railroad, or agriculture. One notable Muslim immigrant was Zarif "Louie" Kahn, a charismatic Afghani tamale and hamburger vendor from what is now Pakistan whose neighborly generosity is still remembered in Sheridan. Agriculture played a major role in Sheridan County's early economy. By the 1920s, Sheridan was an agricultural processing center for wheat and sugar beets, with a stockyard for cattle shipping by rail. Many hobos rode the rails to Sheridan in the 1920s and 1930s, seeking employment in agriculture and ranches; the role of underground coal mining declined in the 1950s when demand for coal to power steam locomotives declined due to adoption of diesel locomotives. As coal mine towns dwindled, many employees found other lines of work.

The economy boomed in the 1970s with the construction of strip mines along Tongue River in Montana. Many subdivisions were built on former small farms outside of Sheridan in the 1970s and 1980s as the dairy and sugar beet industry consolidated to other areas in Montana and South Dakota with more production capacity. Tourism has long been a significant factor in Sheridan's community life. Numerous guest ranches including Eaton's Ranch hosted guests. Books like Diary of a Dude Wrangler and Hell Among the Yearlings document this history. Many dude ranch guests moved to Sheridan permanently, leaving a lasting influence on the area's economy, cultural life, charity institutions. Today Sheridan has a number of local educational and community foundations, 400 non-profits. Notable community-funded entities include a large Y. M. C. A. Recreation center, the WYO Theater. In the 21st century, Sheridan is the economic center for a large area spanning three counties in north-central Wyoming and southern Montana.

The town has a diversified service economy — including government, education, real estate and financial services, with a growing manufacturing sector — in contrast to many communities in Wyoming that rely on natural resource extraction, government jobs, or national park tourism. Sheridan has a strong rodeo culture that draws from ranching history as well as a tradition of catering to the wild-west entertainment and shopping tastes of locals and tourists; the Sheridan WYO Rodeo was established in 1932 following the success of other rodeos like the Bots Sots Stampede and the PK Ranch Rodeo of 1928. These summer events drew participants and spectators from the nearby Crow and Northern Cheyenne reservations, leading to the slogan "Cowboy Days and Indian Nights." In 1953, the Miss Indian America Pageant and All-American Indian Days, "an interracial project in human relations," was founded to celebrate American Indian culture. The mix of cowboy and American Indian pageantry is still a major flavor in Sheridan's annual summer celebrations, akin to rodeos in other reservation-border towns like Pendleton, Oregon.

Sheridan's milieu of cowboy-Indian cross-pollination and community relations provided part of the inspiration for the Walt Longmire mystery novel and TV series created by local author Craig Johnson. Though Sheridan celebrates its western culture through rodeo, the town's history and culture includes major industrial and recreational influences. Sheridan is located at 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W. According to the United States Censu

Harold Deeton

Harold Chester Deeton was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and curler, active in the early 1900s. Deeton played professional hockey for the Edmonton Professionals, a team that operated within the Alberta Professional Hockey League for the 1907–08 season and challenged twice for the Stanley Cup. Deeton was born in Plattsville and died in Camrose, Alberta. Deeton won the Macdonald Brier in 1933, playing third for the Alberta team, skipped by Cliff Manahan. Deeton played with the Edmonton Professionals in the APHL in the 1907–08 season and scored 18 goals and 25 points in 10 games that season. Late in December in 1908, prior to the start of the 1909 season, Edmonton Professionals challenged the reigning Stanley Cup champion Montreal Wanderers of the ECHA for the Cup. Edmonton called in a record number of six ringers for the two game series, amongst them Lester Patrick, Tommy Phillips and Didier Pitre, which forced all team regulars except Fred Whitcroft to the bench for the first game.

Edmonton dropped the first game with a score of 3-7, for the second game the club replaced two of its ringers with regulars Harold Deeton and Jack Miller. Deeton and Miller responded with three and two goals and Edmonton won the second game 7-6, with Deeton scoring the game-winning goal on a rebound from a shot from teammate Steve Vair, but lost the Stanley Cup on total goals aggregate. In January 1910 the Edmonton Professionals again challenged for the Stanley Cup, this time against the Ottawa Senators of the newly formed NHA. Edmonton lost both games, 4-8 and 7-13, with a total score of 11-21. Deeton netted three of Edmonton goals in the series. Statistics from SIHR at sihrhockey.org

List of ambassadors of the United States to Palau

The United States Ambassador to Palau is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Palau. Until 1994 Palau had been a part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, administered by the United States. On May 25, 1994, the United Nations Security Council ended the trusteeship for the Palau district, Palau became independent on October 1, 1994; the U. S. recognized Palau on the same day. Diplomatic relations between the U. S. and Palau were established on December 6, 1996, when U. S. Ambassador to the Philippines Thomas C. Hubbard was concurrently accredited to Palau and presented his credentials; the ambassadors to the Philippines continued to represent the U. S. until October 10, 2004, when the U. S. Embassy in Koror was established, with Deborah L. Kingsland as Chargé d’Affaires; the first ranking ambassador was commissioned to Koror in 2010. Thomas C. Hubbard – Career FSOTitle: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Appointed: July 2, 1996 Presented credentials: December 6, 1996 Terminated mission: Left Manila July 24, 2000 Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr. – Career FSOTitle: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Appointed: February 21, 2002 Presented credentials: Unknown Terminated mission: October 10, 2004 The U.

S. was represented by a series of chargés 2004–2010. Helen Reed-Rowe – Career FSO Title: Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary Appointed: September 27, 2010 Presented credentials: September 30, 2010 Terminated mission: July 26, 2013 Amy J. Hyatt – Career FSO Title: Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary Appointed: January 2, 2015 Presented credentials: March 10, 2015 Terminated mission: incumbent Palau – United States relations Foreign relations of Palau Ambassadors of the United States United States Department of State: Background notes on Palau This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://www.state.gov/countries-areas/. United States Department of State: Chiefs of Mission for Palau United States Department of State: Palau United States Embassy in Koror

Josie Bassett Morris Ranch Complex

The Josie Bassett Morris Ranch Complex comprises a small complex of buildings in what is now Dinosaur National Monument in northeastern Uintah County, United States. The complex is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places, it is where Josie Bassett Morris, a small-time rancher and occasional accused stock thief, lived until 1963. The ranch, located in Browns Park, was established by the Bassett family in the 1870s. Josie grew up there, through her family came to know a number of outlaws, including Butch Cassidy, who frequented the area. Morris established her own homestead on Cub Creek in Utah in 1914 with help from friends Fred McKnight and the Chew family; the Bassett family moved west from Arkansas around 1877 to establish a homestead in the west, taking their three-year-old daughter Josie. Comparatively wealthy and educated for homesteaders, they established a ranch in the Brown's Park region near the Colorado-Wyoming border. Josie married Jim McKnight at the age of 19 in 1893.

In 1914 Josie and husband M. B. Morris, without much money, established a homestead claim at Cub Creek near Split Mountain, 40 miles from the family ranch, her son Crawford and his wife lived there for a time, grandchildren visited. Morris was a colorful local character, married five times and divorcing four of her husbands, living in the cabin for over fifty years until she fell on ice and broke her hip in 1963, she died the following year at the age of 90. She was tried and acquitted for cattle rustling in her 60s and made brandy and wine from local fruit and berries during Prohibition; the ranch house started with a kitchen added later. The house is surrounded by dependent structures, such as a chicken house, root cellar, sheds and a small barn. A bridge provided access to the root cellar, located across the creek; the Morris ranch complex was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 19, 1986. The National Park Service maintains an interpretive display at the site. List of National Historic Landmarks in Utah National Register of Historic Places listings in Uintah County, Utah Josie Bassett Morris at Dinosaur National Monument Josie Morris Cabin at Dinosaur National Monument