"Bohemian Rhapsody" is a song by the British rock band Queen. It was written by Freddie Mercury for the band's 1975 album A Night at the Opera, it is a six-minute suite, consisting of several sections without a chorus: an intro, a ballad segment, an operatic passage, a hard rock part and a reflective coda. The song is a more accessible take on the 1970s progressive rock genre. Upon its release as a single, "Bohemian Rhapsody" became a commercial success, topping the UK Singles Chart for nine weeks and selling more than a million copies by the end of January 1976, it reached number one again in 1991 for another five weeks when the same version was re-released following Mercury's death becoming the UK's third-best-selling single of all time. It is the only song to be the UK Christmas number one twice by the same artist, it topped the charts in several other markets as well, including Canada, New Zealand and The Netherlands becoming one of the best-selling singles of all time selling over six million copies worldwide.
In the United States, the song peaked at number nine in 1976, but returned to the chart in 1992 after being used in the film Wayne's World and reached a new peak of number two on the Billboard Hot 100. The release of the film of the same name in 2018 resulted in renewed popularity and chart success worldwide for the song. Although critical reaction was mixed, "Bohemian Rhapsody" became Queen's most popular song and is considered one of the greatest rock songs of all time; the single was accompanied by a promotional video. Rolling Stone stated that its influence "cannot be overstated inventing the music video seven years before MTV went on the air." The Guardian ranked the music video for "Bohemian Rhapsody" number 31 on their list of the 50 key events in rock music history, adding it ensured "videos would henceforth be a mandatory tool in the marketing of music". In 2004, "Bohemian Rhapsody" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Appearing in various polls as being one of the greatest songs in popular music, in 2012, the song topped the list on an ITV nationwide poll in the UK to find "The Nation's Favourite Number One" over 60 years of music, while Mercury's vocal performance was chosen as the greatest in rock history by readers of Rolling Stone.
In December 2018, "Bohemian Rhapsody" became the most-streamed song from the 20th century, the most-streamed of all classic rock songs. The number of downloads of the song and original video has exceeded 1.6 billion downloads across global on-demand streaming services. According to Mercury's friend Chris Smith, Mercury first started developing "Bohemian Rhapsody" in the late 1960s. Producer Roy Thomas Baker, who began working with Queen in 1972, related how Mercury once played the opening ballad section on the piano for him in Mercury's flat: "He played the beginning on the piano stopped and said,'And this is where the opera section comes in!' We went out to eat dinner." Guitarist Brian May said the band thought that Mercury's blueprint for the song was "intriguing and original, worthy of work". According to May, much of Queen's material was written in the studio, but this song "was all in Freddie's mind" before they started. In an interview during the band's Australian tour early in 1985, Mercury said, "It was three songs that I wanted to put out and I just put the three together."Queen spent a month rehearsing at Ridge Farm Studio in Surrey in mid-1975, drummer Roger Taylor recalled that "Bohemian Rhapsody" was one of the songs the band worked on while they were at Ridge Farm.
Recording began on 24 August 1975 at Rockfield Studio 1 near Monmouth, South Wales, after a three-week rehearsal at Penrhos Court, near Kington, Herefordshire. During the making of the track, four additional studios were used. According to some band members, Mercury mentally prepared the song beforehand and directed the band throughout. Mercury used a C. Bechstein concert grand piano, which he played in the UK tour. Due to the elaborate nature of the song, it was recorded in various sections; the piano was the same one Paul McCartney had used to record the Beatles' song "Hey Jude". Baker recalled in 1999: "Bohemian Rhapsody" was insane, but we enjoyed every minute of it, it was a joke, but a successful joke.. We had to record it in three separate units. We did the whole beginning bit the whole middle bit and the whole end, it was complete madness. The middle part started off being just a couple of seconds, but Freddie kept coming in with more "Galileos" and we kept on adding to the opera section, it just got bigger and bigger.
We never stopped laughing... It started off as a ballad. May and Taylor sang their vocal parts continually for ten to twelve hours a day; the entire piece took three weeks to record, in some sections featured 180 separate overdubs. Since the studios of the time only offered 24-track analog tape, it was necessary for the three to overdub themselves many times and "bounce" these down to successive sub-mixes. In the end, eighth-generation tapes were used; the various sections of tape containing the desired sub-mixes had to be spliced. May recalled placing a tape in front of the light and being able to see through it, as the tape had been used so many times. A similar s
Velagapudi Ramakrishna was an Indian Civil Service officer and philanthropist. He started the KCP group of companies in 1941 with a co-operative sugar factory in Andhra Pradesh, he was a pioneering industrialist in the erstwhile Madras State. Ramakrishna was born in a Telugu-speaking family to Velagapudi Venkata Subbayya Choudary in 1896 in the village Bellamvaripalem in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India, he studied at Oxford University and acquired B. Sc. and M. A. degrees. His father came from Tellapadu, Maddipadu Mandal, in Prakasam District. Ramakrishna died in 1968 and was survived by two sons and a daughter: V. Maruthi Rao, V. Lakshmana Dutt, Rajeshwari Ramakrishnan. Ramakrishna's second son, V. L. Dutt, a past chairman of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, is the current chairman and managing director of KCP Limited, his wife, Indira Dutt, is a daughter of the Raja of Muktyala and the President of the World Telugu Federation. Ramakrishna's Smt. Rajeswari Ramakrishnan, is the managing director of Jeypore Sugar Company Limited.
Her son R. Prabhu is the Congress MP from the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, a five-term Member of Parliament and a former Union minister in India. District Collector Director, Department of Industries Commissioner, Labour Development Commissioner, Government of Madras Member of Parliament The Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, near Vijayawada has been posthumously named after him, he funded the VSR & NVR College in Tenali and the Sri Velagapudi Ramakrishna Memorial College in Nagaram, Guntur district. The Andhra Chamber of Commerce building in Chennai has been named after Velagapudi Ramakrishna. V Ramakrishna Polytechnic in Thiruvottiyur, Near Chennai is an institution within KCP campus and is named in memory of Velagapudi Ramakrishna. KCP group
David Burrows is an English former footballer. During his career he played for West Bromwich Albion, West Ham United, Coventry City, Birmingham City and Sheffield Wednesday as well as the England Under-21 and B teams; as a Liverpool player he twice won the Charity Shield. Burrows completed an apprenticeship at West Bromwich Albion and signed professional forms with the club as a 17-year-old in 1985, after a period in the Tipton Town youth team, he spent three years at The Hawthorns, playing scoring one goal. He was signed by Liverpool for £550,000 in October 1988, making his debut two days in a 0–0 draw against Coventry City at Anfield. Vying for a place with Steve Staunton, meant that Burrows' first team opportunities were limited in his first season at Liverpool. Burrows, an England under-21 international, joined his teammates in mourning for the 96 fans who lost their lives at the Hillsborough disaster in April 1989, he along with the rest of Liverpool Football Club were commended for the way they conducted themselves after the disaster and he attended numerous funerals and comforted the victims' families and friends.
At this time he was not featuring in the team, with the inexperienced Steve Staunton enjoying an extended run at left back which lasted through to the end of the season, including the 3–2 FA Cup final victory over Everton in which Barry Venison was selected for a place on the substitute's bench ahead of Burrows. The following year, with Staunton more deployed in midfield and manager Dalglish prepared to rotate his squad more, Burrows played on a more regular basis and won his first honour with Liverpool when they clinched the League title, finishing nine points clear of Aston Villa; when Dalglish quit in 1991 and was replaced by Graeme Souness, Burrows found his chances more restricted, though he did score his first Liverpool goal on 31 August 1991 in a 3–1 victory over Everton at Anfield. That season he was picked by Souness for the 1992 FA Cup Final, which Liverpool won, beating Sunderland 2–0 at Wembley. Burrows left for West Ham United in September 1993, along with Mike Marsh, as part of a deal that took Julian Dicks to Anfield.
Burrows had appeared 193 times for the scoring three goals. Burrows made his West Ham debut in September 1993, just a day after joining them, in a 2–0 league win over Blackburn Rovers at Ewood Park, he spent just a single year at Upton Park. Burrows joined Everton in September 1994, he spent just six months at Everton, playing 23 times, before he was on the move again, this time to Coventry City, in March 1995. Burrows featured in the early stages of Everton's glorious 1994–95 FA Cup campaign before leaving, starting the third and fourth round ties against Derby County and Bristol City respectively. Burrows joined Ron Atkinson's Coventry side in March 1995 for a fee of £1.1 million. Atkinson said at the time he knew of "no better English left-back". "If he plays to his best form, there's no reason why he shouldn't make the squad for the European Championships." He again made a quick début, appearing two days after signing in a 0–0 league draw with Southampton at the Dell. He still made 130 appearances.
In 2000, he couldn't regain his place in the City line-up after returning from injury and unable to agree a new deal with the club, he moved again to Coventry's Midland rivals Birmingham City, whom he joined in June 2000, on a free transfer. He made his debut in September 2000 in a 1–0 league victory over Sheffield United at St Andrews, he helped. Burrows was left out of the match day squad for the final against former club Liverpool, but he was on the pitch as a substitute as they beat Ipswich Town in the semi finals, he spent less than two years at Birmingham. Burrows time at Birmingham was marred with disagreements with managers, Trevor Francis and Steve Bruce. A training ground incident in February 2002 involving Bruce and Burrows resulted in him being thrown out of the club. In March 2002, Sheffield Wednesday signed Burrows on a free transfer and yet again he made a quick début, this time the following day, in a 0–0 league draw against Gillingham at Hillsborough. Injuries once again dogged Burrows as he injured both his collarbone and hamstring whilst at Sheffield Wednesday, forcing him to quit the professional game in May 2003.
Anderson Memorial Bridge connects Allston, a neighborhood of Boston, Cambridge. The bridge stands on the site of the Great Bridge built in 1662, the first structure to span the Charles River, it brings Boston traffic into Harvard Square and was finished in 1915. Assumed to be named after Larz Anderson, the bridge was built by him as a memorial to his father, Nicholas Longworth Anderson. To do so, Anderson was helped by the huge family fortune of Isabel Weld Perkins. According to the Metropolitan Park Commission of 1913: The Anderson Memorial Bridge replaces the inadequate, old wooden draw bridge which for many years had marked the former condition of the banks of Charles River; the new bridge was made possible by the gift of the Honorable Larz Anderson as a memorial to his father, a gallant general of the United States Army, Nicholas Longworth Anderson, renowned for his part in the Civil War... The bridge was designed by the architectural firm of Wheelwright and Hoyt and completed under the direction of John R. Rablin, chief engineer for the Metropolitan District Commission.
MassDOT rehabilitated the Anderson Memorial Bridge as part of its Accelerated Bridge Program. The project repaired the arches and replaced the parapets, sidewalks and the bridge deck. Work began in Spring 2012 and was expected to be completed by late 2014. However, delays pushed the full-use date to February 2016, with final completion anticipated in June 2016; the rehabilitated bridge has three lanes of one bicycle lane. The project ended up costing $24.5 million. The project was delayed due to a problem obtaining a permit to move a water main and a redesign to allow for a future pedestrian and bicycle underpass. Anderson Memorial Bridge is constructed of reinforced concrete accented by red brick; the bridge's spandrel walls and panels are fashioned to give the illusion of rough-hewn stone. It has a Georgian Revival design with neoclassical influences that visually connect it to the other bridges that span the Charles as well as the nearby buildings of Harvard University. Architectural author Douglas Shand-Tucci writes: In that splendid bridge one sees a distinctive architectural mode adopted for Harvard athletic facilities, a mode characterized by the distinctive use of concrete-wall fields dressed with red brick decorative trim...
Wheelwright endowed the Anderson Bridge not only with the concrete and brick decorative scheme, but with extraordinary and, indeed sculptural ornamental gilded mantlings, detail as flamboyant but infinitely more stylish than of the boathouse. This mantling surmounts the entrance piers at both ends of the bridge and was once partnered by gilded street lamps, which ought to be restored.... The mantling was modeled by no less than Johannes Kirchmayer, one of the leading American architectural sculptors of the period, its richness is explained by the design concept of the structure:'May this bridge,' declares a bronze plaque on the Cambridge side,'connecting the College Yard and playing fields of Harvard, be an present reminder to students passing over it of loyalty to country and Alma Mater.' The bridge stands next to the Weld Boathouse and was designed with "a high enough arch to admit the passage of all sorts of pleasure craft." It may be noted that both the bridge and the boathouse were funded by heirs to the fortune of 19th century magnate William Fletcher Weld.
Anderson Memorial Bridge is the site of Quentin Compson's suicide in William Faulkner's classic novel The Sound and the Fury. This is commemorated by a small brass plaque, the size of one brick, located on the brick wall of the Eastern side of the bridge, just North of the middle of the bridge span, about eighteen inches from the ground in a small alcove, it reads: "QUENTIN COMPSON Drowned in the odour of honeysuckle. 1891-1910" List of crossings of the Charles River Anderson Bridge
Noapara Metro Station is the newest and largest station of the Kolkata Metro situated in Noapara, Baranagar. It opened on 10 July 2013 with limited facilities; these include four platforms unlike other Kolkata Metro stations. It serves the localities of Noapara, Tobin Road and Dum Dum Cantonment; the station has 2 stories, with 4 elevators. There are 31 CCTV cameras for increased security; the Kolkata Metro owns a 147-acre depot for maintenance and storage of rakes immediate east of the station. Noapara elevated metro station situated on the Kolkata Metro Line 1 of Kolkata Metro. Line 1 Line 4 This is the biggest metro depot in India, it serves the Kolkata Metro Line 1, will serve Kolkata Metro Line 4 in future. This depot can hold maximum 40 rakes at a time. Newly received rakes are tested here, the old ones are kept here; the depot is connected to the Kolkata Chord line, so that newly manufactured rakes can directly be brought via train. It was opened in 1984. Before that, it was a Railway yard and a track extended till Texmaco Rail & Engineering manufacturing unit.
Bus route number 34C, M34 serve the station. Noapara Metro to Bonhoogly Kolkata/Baranagar travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Website for line 1 UrbanRail. Net – descriptions of all metro systems in the world, each with a schematic map showing all stations. Google. "Noapara metro station". Google Maps. Google
A bipolar neuron or bipolar cell, is a type of neuron which has two extensions. Many bipolar cells are specialized sensory neurons for the transmission of sense; as such, they are part of the sensory pathways for smell, taste, touch and proprioception. The other shape classifications of neurons include unipolar and multipolar. During embryonic development, pseudounipolar neurons begin as bipolar in shape but become pseudounipolar as they mature. Common examples are the retina bipolar cell, the ganglia of the vestibulocochlear nerve, the extensive use of bipolar cells to transmit efferent signals to control muscles, olfactory receptor neurons in the olfactory epithelium for smell, neurons in the spiral ganglion for hearing. Found in the retina, bipolar cells are crucial as they serve as both direct and indirect cell pathways; the specific location of the bipolar cells allow them to facilitate the passage of signals from where they start in the receptors to where they arrive at the amacrine and ganglion cells.
Bipolar cells in the retina are unusual in that they do not fire impulses like the other cells found within the nervous system. Rather, they pass the information by graded signal changes. Bipolar cells come in two varieties, having either an on-center or an off-center receptive field, each with a surround of the opposite sign; the off-center bipolar cells have excitatory synaptic connections with the photoreceptors, which fire continuously in the dark and are hyperpolarized by light. The excitatory synapses thus convey a suppressive signal to the off-center bipolar cells. On-center bipolar cells have inhibitory synapses with the photoreceptors and therefore are excited by light and suppressed in the dark. Bipolar neurons exist within the vestibular nerve as it is responsible for special sensory sensations including hearing and motion detection; the majority of the bipolar neurons belonging to the vestibular nerve exist within the vestibular ganglion with axons extending into the maculae of utricle and saccule as well as into the ampullae of the semicircular canals.
Bipolar cells are found in the spinal ganglia, when the cells are in an embryonic condition. Sometimes the extensions called processes, come off from opposite poles of the cell, the cell assumes a spindle shape. In some cases where two fibers are connected with a cell, one of the fibers is derived from an adjoining nerve cell and is passing to end in a ramification around the ganglion cell, or, again, it may be coiled helically around the nerve process, issuing from the cell. Von Economo neurons known as spindle neurons, found in a few select parts of the cerebral cortex of apes and some other intelligent animals possess a single axon and dendrite and as such have been described as bipolar; this article incorporates text in the public domain from page 722 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy