Quebec Route 117
Route 117 is a provincial highway within the Canadian province of Quebec, running between Montreal and the Quebec/Ontario border where it continues as Highway 66 east of Kearns, Ontario. It is an important road as it is the only direct route between southern Quebec and the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. Route 117 was Route 11 and ran from Montreal north towards Mont-Laurier followed the Gatineau River south towards Gatineau; this routing is joined with Autoroute 15 from Montreal northwards Mont Tremblant. Route 117 takes in the former Quebec Routes 58 and 59. Along with Autoroute 15 to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, it is listed as a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway. Ontario Highway 17 is a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway though it is an unrelated route that parallels it by approx. 200 km. This description of Route 117 follows it from the south-east to north-west direction. Route 117 starts in Montreal at the Decarie Interchange where Autoroute 15 meet. Montrealers sometimes unofficially extend Route 117 south along the portion of Decarie Boulevard that runs parallel to the Decarie Expressway.
From the Decarie Interchange Route 117 goes north on Boulevard Marcel-Laurin, Laurentian Boulevard in Cartierville, crossing the Rivière des Prairies over the Lachapelle Bridge to Île Jésus, continuing through the Laval communities of Chomedey and Sainte-Rose, north bound as Boulevard Curé-Labelle, Boulevard Chomedey at the former Chenoy's deli, left turn at Boulevard Cartier and back into Boulevard Curé-Labelle, south bound as Boulevard Curé-Labelle. At the Rivière des Mille Îles, it crosses over the Marius Dufresne Bridge to the "North Shore". From here Route 117 runs parallel to Autoroute 15 until Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, going through the Laurentian mountains. Towns along the route in this section include: Rosemère Sainte-Thérèse Blainville Mirabel Saint-Jérôme Saint-Jérôme Saint-Jérôme Prévost Piedmont Sainte-Adèle Val-David Sainte-Agathe-des-MontsAfter Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Route 117 continues as a four-lane divided highway winding its way through Laurentides Regional County Municipality until it reaches the town of Labelle.
From this point on to the Ontario border, Route 117 is a standard 2-lane highway. In Grand-Remous, Route 117 crosses the Gatineau River and intersects with Route 105 which goes south-west to Maniwaki and Gatineau. Towns along the route in this section include: Saint-Faustin-Lac-Carré Mont-Tremblant. La Conception Labelle Rivière-Rouge Lac-Saguay Lac-des-Écorces Mont-Laurier Mont-Laurier Mont-Laurier Grand-Remous From Grand-Remous, the route heads north, travelling some 220 km through undeveloped wilderness, most of it part of La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve. While the reserve is popular for a variety of outdoor activities, services along the road are sparse; this section is considered as one of the most dangerous routes in the province due to numerous fatal accidents, some involving tractor-trailers. During the winter, the route is extremely slippery during dry and clear days; the few communities along this section are: Le Domaine Dorval-Lodge Val-d'Or After the intersection with Route 113, Route 117 heads west to Ontario where it becomes Highway 66.
The section between Rouyn-Noranda and Arntfield runs concurrent with Route 101. Towns along the route in this section include: Val-d'Or Val-d'Or Malartic Rivière-Héva Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda List of Quebec provincial highways Golden Highway Interactive Provincial Route Map
Terminus Henri-Bourassa Nord known as Terminus Laval and Terminus Henri-Bourassa Sud are a twin RTM bus terminus connected to one another by a tunnel under Henri Bourassa Boulevard. Terminus Henri-Bourassa Nord is located at 10765, rue Lajeunesse north of Henri Bourassa Blvd in Montreal just south of the Viau bridge. Terminus Henri-Bourassa Sud is located at 590 Henri Bourassa Boulevard East next to the Henri-Bourassa Metro station. Before the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro was extended into Laval, 28 of the 34 Société de transport de Laval bus routes ended here, at the north terminal. Most of those routes were modified to terminate at either Cartier stations; some inter municipal bus routes were modified to take advantage of the closer stations. This leaves the old large north facility underutilised, the waiting room was closed as of Monday January 21, 2008, with the rest of the terminus closed in late 2015. All platforms at the rebuilt south annex are used by all buses
Bois-Franc is a residential neighbourhood located in the borough of Saint-Laurent in Montreal. It was designed by architect Louis Sauer Bois-Franc is bordered by four boulevards: Henri Bourassa to the north, Marcel-Laurin to the east Cavendish Ave to the west and Thimens Boulevard to the southwest; the Bois Franc train station is close by. Bois-Franc is built on land sold by Bombardier Aerospace where the former Cartierville airport used to be
Sunnybrooke station is a commuter rail station operated by the Réseau de transport métropolitain in the borough of Pierrefonds-Roxboro in Montreal, Canada. It is served by the Deux-Montagnes line; the station is located at 9670 Gouin Blvd. West, in Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Quebec; the station takes its name from the nearby Boulevard Sunnybrooke, which crosses the railroad at the exit of the station. From the opening of the Deux-Montagnes Line in 1918 until the modernization of the line, which took place between 1993 and 1995, the area was served by a nearby station called A-ma-Baie, located by Alexander Blvd. Sunnybrooke Commuter Train Station Information Sunnybrooke Commuter Train Station Schedule 2016 STM System Map
Montreal Central Station
The Montreal Central Station is the major inter-city rail station and a major commuter rail hub in Montreal, Canada. Nearly 11 million rail passengers use the station every year making it the second-busiest train station in Canada; the main concourse occupies the entire block bounded by De la Gauchetière Street, Robert-Bourassa Boulevard, René Lévesque Boulevard and Mansfield Street in Downtown Montreal. Its street address and principal vehicular access are on de La Gauchetière; the station is adorned with art deco bas-relief friezes on its exterior. The station building and associated properties are owned by Cominar REIT as of January 2012. Homburg Invest Inc. was the previous owner, since November 30, 2007. Prior to that, from the station's inception in 1943, it had been owned by Canadian National Railway. Central Station is at the centre of the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor, the busiest inter-city rail service area in the nation, which extends from Windsor and Sarnia in the west, through Toronto and Montreal, to Quebec City in the east.
Inter-city trains at Central Station are operated by Via Rail and Amtrak, while commuter rail services are operated by Réseau de transport métropolitain. The station is connected to the Montreal Metro subway system. Central Station is the second-busiest Via Rail station in Canada, after Toronto Union Station, its Via station code is MTRL. Central Station opened after several years of construction, it stands on the site occupied by the terminus of the Canadian Northern Railway's Tunnel Terminal which had opened in 1918. Following the bankruptcy of the Grand Trunk Railway, the Government of the Dominion of Canada decided to consolidate the Grand Trunk Railway with the various Canadian Government Railways to form the Canadian National Railways; the merger left CNR with a somewhat viable patchwork of different networks. CNR endured a uncomfortable position in Montreal due to the scattering of its terminals. Bonaventure Station was used for routes heading west and south east, the Tunnel Terminal served routes heading north, Moreau Street Station served eastbound routes, the McGill Street Terminal served the interurban streetcars of the Montreal and Southern Counties Railway.
What made matters worse was that the various stations were only connected to each other via long detours. In order to transfer a train from Bonaventure Station to Tunnel Station it would need to travel to Hawkesbury, to travel from Tunnel Station to Moreau Station it needed to take a detour via Rawdon in the Laurentians; the solution chosen was to take advantage of the Mount Royal Tunnel to bring trains from the north and east through the tunnel to a large electrified central station. Trains from the south and west gained access by a new elevated viaduct. Interurban electric trains, remained at McGill Street Terminal until the service was abandoned in 1956; the new station plan allowed for the development of air-rights, similar to Grand Central Terminal and Penn Station, both in New York City. The new Central Station would be situated in the block bounded by De la Gauchetière Street to the south, Mansfield Street to the west, Cathcart Street to the north and University Street to the east. Central Station was designed by John Schofield, architect-in-chief of CNR.
Construction was halted in 1930 as a result of the Great Depression. Construction resumed in 1939; the new station opened on July 14, 1943, as the first of a series of large-scale urban redevelopment projects undertaken by CNR and the federal government in Downtown Montreal. But the Central Station that came out was a more modest central station with 20 tracks; the opening of a'central' station was part of a consolidation project undertaken by CNR since 1929 with the enactment of the Canadian National Montreal Terminals Act, 1929 by Parliament. Central Station was an important passenger station for CN trains from 1943 until the creation of Via Rail in 1978. Following Via's full absorption of CP's passenger trains in 1978, intercity rail traffic from Windsor Station was redirected to Central Station; the final Via trains switched from Windsor Station to Central Station were the Quebec City trains that operated by way of Trois-Rivières. Amtrak's Adirondack was switched to Central Station on January 12, 1986.
At Central Station's opening, tracks of the Tunnel Station were used only by trains heading north through the tunnel, did not continue south of the station. These tracks were connected to the south when the old Tunnel Station was demolished as well as the warehouse located south of De la Gauchetière Street and east of Inspector Street; this allowed for the construction of the new headquarters of CNR as well as Place Bonaventure. This division is once again in effect following the rebuilding of the Deux-Montagnes line; these tracks are now part of the Two Mountains Subdivision, extending south for a distance of about 1600 metres. Under catenary wires, they serve as parking for trains on the Deux-Montagnes line during the day. Since the reopening of the Mont-Saint-Hilaire line, they are used to park trains from this line. Tracks 6–16 lead to the tunnel to the north, lanes 4, 5 and tracks 16 to 23 are in a cul-de-sac to the north (track 16 is provided with a switch just
Lazard is a financial advisory and asset management firm that engages in investment banking, asset management, other financial services with institutional clients. It is the world's largest independent investment bank, with principal executive offices in New York City and London. Lazard was founded in 1848 and operates from 43 cities across 27 countries in North America, Asia, Australia and South America; the firm provides advice on mergers and acquisitions, strategic matters and capital structure, capital raising and corporate finance, as well as asset management services to corporations, institutions and individuals. Lazard's New York City headquarters spans the top thirteen floors of 30 Rockefeller Plaza, including Room 5600, the former offices of the Rockefeller family dynasty. On July 12, 1848, three Jewish French brothers, Alexandre Lazard, Lazare Lazard, Simon Lazard, founded Lazard Frères & Co. as a dry goods merchant store in New Orleans, Louisiana. By 1851, Simon and two more brothers and Elie, had all moved to San Francisco, while Alexandre moved to New York.
Lazard Frères began to serve miners engaged in the California Gold Rush, soon expanded into banking and foreign exchange. In 1854, Alexandre Lazard moved to Paris, where he opened an office to complement the U. S. business. The firm began advising the French government on gold buying. In 1870, the firm continued to expand its international operations, opening an office in London as well. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the firm evolved into three “Houses of Lazard” in the United States and England, separately managed but allied; the Lazard partners advised clients on financial matters and built a cross-border network of high-level relationships in business and government. Noted financial advisor George Blumenthal rose to prominence as the head of the U. S. branch of Lazard was a partner of Lazard Frères in France. In the economic boom following World War II, the American operations of Lazard expanded under the leadership of the financier André Meyer. Meyer and Lazard partner Felix Rohatyn have been credited with inventing the modern mergers and acquisitions market.
In 1953, Lazard Investors Ltd began an asset management business in London, the origin of today's Lazard Asset Management. In 1977, as the health of Meyer began to deteriorate, the firm came to be controlled by Michel David-Weill. Under his leadership, the three houses of Lazard were formally united in 2000 as Lazard LLC. In 2002, David-Weill hired Bruce Wasserstein to be CEO. Lazard became a public company, with nearly two-third of its shares owned by current and former employees in 2005. Wasserstein became its first Chairman and CEO. In connection with the initial public offering, Lazard spun off its broker-dealer business, Lazard Capital Markets. Following Wasserstein's sudden death in 2009, Lazard's Board of Directors elected Kenneth M. Jacobs Chairman and CEO. Lazard advises clients on a wide range of financial issues; these may include advising on the potential acquisition of another company, business or certain assets, or on the sale of certain businesses, assets or an entire company. The firm advises on alternatives to a sale such as recapitalizations, spin-offs, carve-outs and split-offs.
For companies in financial distress, Lazard advises on all aspects of restructuring. The firm has advised on many of the largest restructuring assignments in the wake of the global financial crisis that began in mid-2007. Lazard advises on capital structure and capital raising. Capital structure advice includes reviewing and analyzing structural alternatives and assisting in long-term planning. Capital raising advice includes public market financing. Lazard's Sovereign Advisory group advises governments and sovereign entities on policy and financial issues. Lazard's asset management business provides investment management and financial advisory services to institutional clients, financial intermediaries, private clients, investment vehicles around the world; the firm manages assets on behalf of individual clients. The bank operates from 43 cities across 27 countries. Alexandre Lazard, Lazare Lazard and Simon Lazard Alexandre Weill David David-Weill Pierre David-Weill André Meyer Michel David-Weill Ken Costa Bruce Wasserstein Lazard's board of directors as of April 2018.
Kenneth M. Jacobs Andrew Alper Ashish Chanchalani Richard N. Haass Steven J. Heyer Michelle Jarrard Sylvia Jay Iris Knobloch Philip Laskawy Aditya Dhanotia Mrigank Doshy Grant Saunders Jane Mendillo Richard Parsons Marcus Agius - Chairman of Barclays Robert Agostinelli - Founder and Chairman of Rhône Group Tim Collins - Founder and CEO of Ripplewood Holdings Disque Deane - Chairman of Starrett City Associates Mina Gerowin - First woman banker hired by Lazard.
Quebec Autoroute 15
Autoroute 15 is a highway in western Quebec, Canada. It was, until the extension of Autoroute 25 was opened in 2011, the only constructed north-south autoroute to go out of Montreal on both sides. A-15 begins at the end of Interstate 87 at the United States border at Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle and extends via Montreal to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts with an eventual continuation beyond Mont-Tremblant; the total length of A-15 is 164 km, including a short concurrency with Autoroute 40 that connects the two main sections. This is one of the few autoroutes in Quebec; the southern section of A-15 connects the south shore suburbs of Montreal and is the primary trade corridor route between Montreal and New York City linking Quebec Autoroute 15 to Interstate 87 at the Canada-United States border at the Champlain-St. Bernard de Lacolle Border Crossing; this was the former Route 9, connected with US 9 on the western shore of Lake Champlain. In Brossard, it joins up with A-20 across the Champlain Bridge into Montreal.
The A-10 splits off immediately after crossing the bridge to head into downtown Montreal at the Bonaventure Expressway and the A-20 splits off shortly after at the Turcot Interchange, leaving the A-15 to continue northward as Autoroute Décarie until the Décarie Interchange with the A-40 at the point where it turns from the Trans-Canada into the Metropolitan Expressway. The route is connected to Autoroute 30 in Candiac, completed to Autoroute 20 in 2012 providing a quicker access to the south shore of Montreal, to southern communities located alongside Autoroute 15 and to the Canada–US border in Lacolle, it will give a quicker access from there to areas west of Montreal and Ottawa and Gatineau. The Décarie Autoroute is a sunken highway between the northbound and southbound lanes of Decarie Boulevard from the Metropolitan Autoroute at its northern end to Monkland Avenue and the Villa Maria Metro station at its southern end, it was built on a wide expanse of vacant land, donated to the city by the Décarie estate on the condition that only a streetcar line be established.
The decommissioning of the streetcar system in 1959 left the right-of-way as an obvious choice for a highway, so the Décarie Autoroute was dug there. South of Queen Mary Road, were a significant number of houses that were demolished. In order to avoid demolishing the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce church, the highway makes a slight westerly jog below Côte-Saint-Luc Road and runs through a short tunnel, before emerging between Addington and Botrel Streets and running down to Sherbrooke Street and Saint Jacques Street, where it spectacularly goes from below-ground to well above ground as it intersects with Autoroutes 20 and 720 in the infamous Turcot Interchange. Following the conversion from streetcar line to highway, the Décarie Estate unsuccessfully sued the city but was unable to prevail because they did not document their case well enough for the sympathetic court. Decarie Boulevard itself continues. Between Monkland Avenue and A 40, Decarie Boulevard serves as sort of a service road on both sides of the autoroute.
After its concurrency with A-40, the northern section of A-15 is the main freeway route to the Laurentians, or Laurentides, until it downgrades to Route 117. It links up to the northern suburbs of Montreal, as well as provides a connection to the A-440, A-640 and the A-50 in Mirabel; the first section from A-40 to Saint-Jérôme was opened in 1958 as a toll road, although the tolls were removed in 1985. This section was the first to be designed as an autoroute in the province, it was named Autoroute Montréal-Laurentides during the 1960s. Over the next years, it was extended north to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts as a new connection to touristic and skiing destinations in the Laurentides including in Saint-Sauveur, Sainte-Adèle, Mont-Gabriel and Estérel. In the future, it is possible that the A-15 may continue farther north, past Mont-Tremblant, as Route 117 is an at-grade expressway with a freeway bypass of Saint-Jovite completed, the name Autoroute des Laurentides is recognized on the freeway bypass.
This section is numbered separately from the southern section. The northern route is part of the Trans-Canada Highway. Exit numbering resets at the two interchanges with Autoroute 40 in Montréal. On June 18, 2000, the southern portion of the Boulevard du Souvenir overpass in Laval, under reconstruction, collapsed into the roadway, killing one and injuring two when cars were crushed underneath the structure. Sixteen beams weighing about 70 tonnes each fell; the contractor was faulted for shoddy work. The arched concrete beams were unsecured and tipped over like dominoes, many of them breaking into pieces; the expressway has seen flooding. On July 14, 1987, a sudden torrential downpour caused by an HP supercell thunderstorm dumped over 100 millimetres of rain in just over one hour across the city; the Décarie Expressway, below-grade, was flooded a