Ada County, Idaho
Ada County is a county in the southwestern part of the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had a population of 392,365, making it the state's most populous county, with 23.3% of the state's 2010 population. The county seat and largest city is Boise, the state capital. Ada County is included in ID Metropolitan Statistical Area. Ada County is by far the state's largest in population, containing just under one quarter of the state's residents, contains its only county highway district; the Ada County Highway District has jurisdiction over all the local county and city streets, except for private roads and state roads. In the interior Northwest east of the Cascade Range, Ada County ranks second in population behind only Spokane County, Washington. Ada County was created by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on December 22, 1864, partitioned from Boise County, it is named for Ada Riggs, the daughter of H. C. Riggs, a member of the legislature. Canyon County, which included Payette County and most of Gem County, was partitioned from western Ada County in 1891.
According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,060 square miles, of which 1,053 square miles is land and 7.9 square miles is water. The Boise River flows through the northern portion of the county, the northwest border is bounded by the foothills of the Boise Range mountains, the summits are in adjacent Boise County; the southwestern border of the county is bounded by the Snake River. County roads and highways are maintained by the Ada County Highway District. Boise National Forest Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 300,904 people, 113,408 households, 77,344 families in the county; the population density was 285/mi². There were 118,516 housing units at an average density of 112/mi²; the racial makeup of the county was 92.86% White, 0.65% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 1.74% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.48% of the population.
There were 113,408 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.80% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.07% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11. The county population contained 27.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 32.50% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,140, the median income for a family was $54,416. Males had a median income of $37,867 versus $26,453 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,519. About 5.40% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.20% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 392,365 people, 148,445 households, 99,282 families in the county. The population density was 372.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 159,471 housing units at an average density of 151.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.3% white, 2.4% Asian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.7% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.4% were German, 15.9% were English, 11.8% were Irish, 8.6% were American. Of the 148,445 households, 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 34.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $55,835 and the median income for a family was $67,519.
Males had a median income of $48,290 versus $34,875 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,915. About 6.9% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. In terms of ancestry, 18.2% were English, 17.6% were German, 9.7% were Irish, 5.7% were American, 3.6% were Norwegian, 3.4% were Italian, 3.4% were Scottish, 2.8% were Swedish, 2.4%French, 2.0% were Dutch, 1.7% were Polish, 1.6% were Danish and 1.3% were Welsh. Ada County has traditionally been a Republican Party stronghold; the last victory in a presidential election by a Democrat in Ada County was by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 - the last time a Democrat carried the state of Idaho was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In 2008 the presidential election in Ada County was more competitive than in previous years. Democratic gubernatorial nominee Jerry Brady carried the county in his 2002 and 2006 races, despite losing statewide in both contests.
Another prominent Democrat, Boise mayor David H. Bieter, was elected in 2007, 2011 and 2015. In the Idaho Legislature, Ada County is split between the most of any county. In the state house, Republicans hold Democrats hold eight. In the state senate, Republicans hold Democrats hold four. Democ
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
The Treasure Valley is a valley in the western United States in southwestern Idaho, where the Payette, Weiser, Malheur and Burnt rivers drain into the Snake River. It includes all the lowland areas from Vale in rural eastern Oregon to Boise, is the most populated area in Idaho; the valley had been known as the Lower Snake River Valley or the Boise River Valley. Pete Olesen, president of the valley's association of local Chambers of Commerce, coined the name "Treasure Valley" in 1959 to reflect the treasure chest of resources and opportunities that the region offered; the tribes that roamed the area were the Northern Paiute and Shoshone. In 1834, Thomas McKay built the original Fort Boise, in the area near present-day Parma, run for a time by Francois Payette, it was moved because of flooding troubles and was abandoned in 1854. The Oregon Trail runs through the Treasure Valley; the valley was settled for the most part by ranchers and farmers to supply the gold and silver mining communities in the higher elevations nearby: Idaho City in the Boise Basin and Silver City in the Owyhees.
A new Fort Boise was constructed by the U. S. Army in 1863 in present-day Boise, from which the city grew. In 1883, the Oregon Short Line Railroad reached the Treasure Valley, creating a thriving community, with Nampa as the center of the area's rail activity. Many Basques from northern Spain, came to the area looking for gold but, meeting discrimination, it seemed to many that a better occupation was shepherding, familiar from their homeland. Over 50,000 Basques came to the Treasure Valley, making it the largest community of Basques outside of Europe; as Boise began to grow, so did the riches of large planters such as Thomas and Frank Davis. They moved to Idaho in 1862 for mining and homesteaded right below the Boise Bench on the Boise River. Tom Davis became successful at growing fruit, as he made over $10,000 on one year's apple crop, he purchased more land for orchards and horses. In 1907, he donated much of this land as Julia Davis Park in honor of his wife; the Owyhee Project was one of the most influential developments of the area.
It began 116 years ago in 1903, when surveyors began investigating a site on the Owyhee River for the construction of a dam, to impound water for irrigation. The Owyhee project received official Congressional sanction in 1924 on December 5 and the Owyhee Dam was completed on September 16, 1932. While the dam was under construction, over 98.5 miles of irrigation canals were being dug to the north and south. The main purpose of the Owyhee Project was irrigation. By 1965, over 111,000 acres were being irrigated for a value of more than $23 million. In 1941, J. R. Simplot built a dehydrator and began processing large quantities of dehydrated potatoes and onions at a plant near Caldwell, his business thrived, selling potatoes to the fertilizer to local farmers. In 1973, Hewlett Packard purchased a 150 acres site for a future peripherals plant in Boise. Micron Technology was founded in 1978, creating an additional, local industry aside from farming and potato packaging. Lucky Peak Lake Shafer Butte Table Rock Magic Valley Sun Valley
Boise County, Idaho
Boise County is a rural mountain county in the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7,028; the county seat is Idaho City, connected through a series of paved and unpaved roads to Lowman, Placerville, Star Ranch, Garden Valley, Horseshoe Bend. The elevated central basin area rises 1,700 feet higher than Horseshoe Bend for instance and thus receives more snow during the winter. Star Ranch and Centerville altitudes average 4,300 above sea level whereas Horseshoe Bend is 1,700 feet lower, Garden Valley is 1,157 feet lower, Idaho City is 400 feet lower. Snow volumes around the county are best illustrated by the county Snow Load Map. Placerville roofs must be designed to withstand 150 pounds per square foot of snow whereas Horseshoe Bend is 1/3 that amount at 52. Boise County is part of ID Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Bogus Basin ski area is in the southwestern part of the county. The county's eastern area contains the central section of the Sawtooth Wilderness, the western part of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area.
In 2010, the center of Idaho's population was in Boise County. The county was established on February 1864, with its county seat at Idaho City, it was named for the Boise River, named by French-Canadian explorers and trappers for the great variety of trees growing along its banks in the lower desert valley. The county is one of four Idaho counties that existed under Washington Territory. On January 12, 1863, The Washington territorial legislature established the county containing most of Idaho below 114° 30', excluding the territory lying west of the Payette River, they established its county seat at what would become Idaho City. The Boise Basin, which contains Idaho City, was one of the nation's richest gold mining districts. At its peak in the mid-1860s, Idaho City was the largest city in the Northwest, it was this rapid population influx that led to the establishment of the Idaho Territory in 1863; the lower–elevation communities of Horseshoe Bend and Boise were staging areas for the Boise Basin mines.
The county's boundaries changed several times during Idaho's territorial period. Owyhee County and a portion of Oneida County were carved from the southern and eastern portion of the county as it existed under Washington Territory in late December 1863 and January 1864; when Idaho Territory established the county in February 1864, it contained all of present Ada and Payette counties. It included most of present Boise and Gem Counties, the southern half of Washington County, small portions of Adams, Custer and Valley counties; when Ada County was created in December 1864, most of that territory was transferred to Ada County, leaving only small portions of Custer, Payette and Washington counties together with most of present-day Boise County. The Boise River portion of the current western boundary was established by 1866; the southern boundary common to present Ada County was defined the following year. The northern boundary was most volatile Between 1873 and 1887 with the boundary shifting further north into Valley County, back south below Cascade, again north to include the North Fork of Payette River Basin.
The county obtained its current boundary after Gem County was created in 1915 and Valley County in 1918. In March 2011, the county filed a Chapter 9 bankruptcy petition due to judgment against the county for violating the Fair Housing Act; the county's petition for Chapter 9 relief was denied. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,907 square miles, of which 1,899 square miles is land and 7.4 square miles is water. The highest point in the county is Thompson Peak at 10,751 feet, on its eastern border in the Sawtooth Wilderness; the county's lowest point is on the Payette River, on its western border with Gem County, at 2,500 feet. Boise National Forest Sawtooth National Recreation Area Sawtooth Wilderness SH 21 - Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway SH 52 SH 55 - Payette River Scenic BywayThe county's two primary routes are scenic byways. Both are two-lane undivided highways for most of their length; the Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway on State Highway 21 climbs northeast from Boise to Idaho City and Lowman, ends at Stanley in Custer County, at the junction with State Highway 75.
The Payette River Scenic Byway on State Highway 55 is a designated national scenic byway. It heads north from Eagle to Horseshoe Bend and climbs the whitewater of the Payette River to Cascade and McCall in Valley County, ends at New Meadows in Adams County, at the junction with US Route 95; the closest thing to a traffic signal in Boise County is a flashing red light for Hwy 52 where it meets Highway 55, in Horsehoe Bend. Highway 55 has a flashing yellow. Hwy 52 & Hwy 55 Horseshoe Bend As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 6,670 people, 2,616 households, 1,899 families in the county; the population density was 3.5 people per square mile. There were 4,349 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.23% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, 2.01% from two or more races. 3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.4 % were of 14.8 % American, 13.8 % English and 9.8 % Irish ancestry.
There were 2,616 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living toget
Seattle metropolitan area
The Seattle metropolitan area is an urban conglomeration in the U. S. state of Washington that includes Seattle and its surrounding satellites and suburbs. It includes the three most populous counties in the state—King and Pierce—and is considered a component of the greater Puget Sound region; the United States Census Bureau defines the metropolitan area as the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. With an estimated population of 3,867,046 as of 2017, it is the 14th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States, with half of Washington's population; as defined by the United States Census Bureau, the Seattle metropolitan area is made up of the following: Seattle–Bellevue–Everett metropolitan division King County: Seattle and its immediate vicinity Snohomish County: north of Seattle Tacoma metropolitan division Pierce County: south of SeattleBased on commuting patterns, the adjacent metropolitan areas of Olympia and Mount Vernon, along with a few smaller satellite urban areas, are grouped together in a wider labor market region known as the Seattle–Tacoma–Olympia Combined Statistical Area known as the Puget Sound region.
The population of this wider region is 4,686,536—roughly two-thirds of Washington's population—as of 2017. The Seattle CSA is the 12th largest CSA, the 13th largest primary census statistical area in the country; the additional metropolitan and micropolitan areas included are: Bremerton–Silverdale metropolitan area Kitsap County: west of Seattle, separated from the city by Puget Sound. The racial makeup of the MSA were as followed: White: 71.9% Black or African American: 5.6% American Indian and Alaskan Native: 1.1% Asian: 11.4% Pacific Islander: 0.8% Two or more races: 5.3% Some other race: 3.8% Hispanic or Latino: 9.0% In 2010 the median income for a household in the MSA was $63,088 and the median income for a family was $76,876. The per capita income was $32,401. According to the Pew Research Center's 2014 U. S. Religious Landscape Study, the Seattle metropolitan area's religious affiliation is as follows: Christian: 52% Protestant Christian: 34% Catholic Christian: 15% Other Christian: 3% Non-Christian faiths: 10% Buddhist: 2% Hindu: 2% Judaism: 1% Islam: Less than 1% Other faiths: 4% Unaffiliated: 37% Don't Know: 1% Major Seattle Tacoma Bellevue EverettOther Seattle–Tacoma International Airport Paine Field Boeing Field Harvey Airfield Renton Municipal Airport U.
S. Route 2 Interstate 5 State Route 7 State Route 9 State Route 16 State Route 18 Interstate 90 State Route 99 U. S. Route 101 State Route 202 Interstate 405 State Route 520 State Route 522 Interstate 605 Interstate 705 Sound Transit, buses, light rail in Puget Sound area Community Transit, buses in Snohomish County except Everett King County Metro, buses in King County Pierce Transit, buses in Pierce County Everett Transit, bus service in the city of Everett Intercity Transit, bus service in Thurston County Mason Transit Authority, bus service in Mason County Seattle Streetcar, streetcar service in the city of Seattle
Owyhee County, Idaho
Owyhee County is a county in the southwestern corner of the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,526; the county seat is Murphy, its largest city is Homedale. In area it is the second-largest county in Idaho, behind Idaho County. Owyhee County is part of the Boise metropolitan area, it is the location of more than 50% of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, which extends over the border into Elko County, Nevada. The majority of the federally recognized Shoshone-Paiute Tribe, associated with this reservation lives on the Nevada side; this area was the territory of Western Shoshone, Northern Paiute and Bannock peoples and their ancestors for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Americans. Conflicts over land use and resources led to the indigenous peoples being pushed aside. On December 31, 1863, Owyhee County became the first county organized by the Idaho Territory Legislature. While Boise, Nez Perce and Shoshone counties were organized under the laws of Washington Territory, they were not recognized by the Idaho Territory until February 1864.
The original county seat at Ruby City was moved to nearby Silver City in 1867. Owyhee County's original boundary was the portion of Idaho Territory south of the Snake River and west of the Rocky Mountains. Less than a month after the creation of Owyhee County, Oneida County was formed in January 1864 from the eastern portion of the county; the formation of Cassia County in 1879 took further territory in the east. Owyhee County's history is linked to the mining boom that dominated Idaho Territory in the second half of the 19th century. Silver City and Ruby City developed as boom towns. At its height in the 1880s, Owyhee County was among the most populous places in Idaho. Today it is at 1.4 persons per square mile. Because of pressure from miners and settlers, the federal government made a treaty in 1877 with the Western Shoshone to cede land, established what is now known as the Duck Valley Indian Reservation in this county and across the border in Elko County, Nevada. In 1886 the reservation was expanded to accommodate people of the Northern Paiute.
In the 20th century the tribes are federally recognized as a single government. The majority of the people live on the Nevada side of the reservation. Owyhee County gained its present boundaries in 1930 after an election approved moving a portion of it near Glenns Ferry and King Hill to neighboring Elmore County. In 1934 the county seat was moved from the nearly abandoned Silver City to its present location in Murphy. In the 21st century, both Silver City and Ruby City are remnant of the mining boom; the name "Owyhee" derives from an early anglicization of the Hawaiian term "Hawaiʻi." When James Cook encountered what he named the Sandwich Islands in 1778, he found them inhabited by Native Hawaiians, whom the Anglo-Americans referred to as "Owyhees." Noted for their hardy physique and maritime skills, numerous Native Hawaiians were hired as crew members aboard European and American vessels. Many Owyhee sailed to the American Northwest coast and found employment along the Columbia River, where they joined trapping expeditions or worked at some of the fur trade posts.
In 1819, three Owyhee joined Donald Mackenzie's Snake expedition, which went out annually into the Snake country for the North West Company, a Montreal-based organization of Canadian fur traders. The three Hawaiians left the main party during the winter of 1819–20 to explore the unknown terrain of what since has been called the Owyhee River and mountains, they were presumed dead. In memory of these Native Hawaiians, British fur trappers started to call the region "Owyhee" and the name stuck. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 7,697 square miles, of which 7,666 square miles is land and 31 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Idaho by area. Nearly all of the county is high intermountain desert, with plentiful basalt canyons; the Owyhee Mountains in the west dominate the landscape, with Hayden Peak reaching 8,403 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is at the county's northwest corner, where the Snake River is just above 2,000 feet at the Oregon border.
The Snake forms most of the county's northern border from Oregon to just west of Glenns Ferry in Elmore County. A tributary of the Snake is the Bruneau River, which flows north from Nevada through the eastern section of the county; the Owyhee River flows westward into Oregon. Canyon County – north Ada County – north Elmore County – north Twin Falls County – east Elko County, Nevada – south/Pacific Time Border Humboldt County, Nevada – southwest/Pacific Time Border Malheur County, Oregon – west Big Jacks Creek Wilderness Bruneau - Jarbidge Rivers Wilderness Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Little Jacks Creek Wilderness North Fork Owyhee Wilderness Owyhee River Wilderness Pole Creek Wilderness Snake River Birds of Prey National Conservation Area As of the census of 2000, there were 10,644 people, 3,710 households, 2,756 families residing in the county; the population density was 1.4 person per square mile. There were 4,452 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.87% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 3.21% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 16.50% from other races, 2.72% from two or more races.
23.10% of the population were Hispanic or L