Jan Shatabdi Express
The Jan Shatabdi Express is a more affordable and economical version of the Shatabdi Express. The word'Jan' refers to common people, it is similar to Shatabdi Express in terms of fare and precedence but Jan Shatabdi Express has all the classes such as Executive Class, AC Chair Car, 2nd Class seating while Shatabdi Express do not have the 2nd Class seating coaches. The fare does not include food charge, but it has the onboard catering service on some routes from where food can be bought. Coach composition and their numbers vary on different routes. Indian Railway – Official Website List of Jan Shatabdi Express on India Rail Info
Tilbhita railway station
Tilbhita Railway Station is a small halt on the Sahibganj Loop, that serves as a stone crushing unit, a loading place. A few local trains have a stoppage here
East Indian Railway Company
The East Indian Railway Company known as the East Indian Railway, introduced railways to eastern and northern India, while the Companies such as the Great Indian Peninsular Railway, South Indian Railway, Bombay and Central India Railway and the North-Western Railway operated in other parts of India. The company was established 1 June 1845 in London by a deed of settlement with a capital of £4,000,000 raised in London; the first board of directors formed in 1845 comprised thirteen members and Rowland Macdonald Stephenson became the first managing director of the company. Rowland Macdonald Stephenson and three assistants travelled from England in 1845 and "with diligence and discretion" surveyed, statistically studied and costed the potential traffic for a railway route from Calcutta to Delhi via Mirzapur, they assessed that the maximum cost of a twin-track line would not exceed £15000 per mile if the land was available without charge. The East Indian Railway Company was formed and raised money in London.
A contract was signed between the East India Company and the East Indian Railway Company on 17 August 1849, entitling the latter to construct and operate an "experimental" line between Calcutta and Rajmahal, 161 km long at an estimated cost of £1 million which would be extended to Delhi via Mirzapur. On 7 May 1850, the East Indian Railway Company's managing director Macdonald Stephenson, George Turnbull, the company's Chief Engineer, the engineer Slater made an initial survey from Howrah to Burdwan on the route to the Raniganj coalfields. By June, there was an impasse, in that the government did not allow Turnbull and his engineers to mark a route on the ground. Specifications for works were however advertised on 1 July and tenders received on 31 July for six contracts. Bamboo towers 80 feet tall were built above the palm trees at Serampore and Balli Khal to set out the line. On 29 January 1851 the East Indian Railway Company took possession of its first land. Turnbull and other British engineers began detailed surveys of the line.
They chose the critical crossing point on the 5,000-foot-wide Son River on 17 February. The best route to Raniganj was determined in June; the plans for Howrah station were submitted on 16 June. Tenders for 11 contracts arrived on 31 October 1851. In December Turnbull continued his survey: he took levels and defined the line from Burdwan to Rajmahal. All permanent way, rolling stocks were transported from England in sailing ships to Calcutta via the Cape of Good Hope. In April 1854, it was estimated that over 100,000 tons of rails, 27,000 tons of chairs, some 8000 tons of keys, fish-plates, pins and bolts were needed. By 1859, there were 228 coaches and 848 freight wagons. Although immense quantities of sal tree wood for sleepers were delivered from Nepal, yet more were needed, thus fir sleepers from the Baltic were shipped to India. The initial plans were for the many bridges over the Ganges tributaries to be built of bricks: hundreds of millions were needed. Brick-making skills were limited and the available clay was found to be unsuitable.
Transport by river of suitable clay was difficult. Brick availability became a major problem, such that the decision was made to use vast quantities of ironwork – imported from England as India had no iron works at that time. Much ironwork was stolen during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Construction work of Old Yamuna Bridge in Delhi started in 1863, popularly known as lohe ka pooland completed in 1866, it is a 12 spanned bridge. Construction cost of the bridge was Rs 16,16,335/- Initially it was made as single railway line and it was upgraded to double line in 1913 In 1853, The first railway line between Bombay to Thane was opened, it was driven by 3 engines. The 541 miles of line from Howrah to Benares were opened to: Hooghly for passenger traffic on 15 August 1854. More than 3,000 applications were received from the people wanting a ride in the first train in eastern India; the first train ran to full capacity. The train reached Hooghly in 91 minutes, it had three first-class and two second-class coaches.
It had three trucks for third-class passengers and a brakevan for the guard. All of these were built in India, because the ship ferrying the original coaches from England had met with natural disaster in the high seas and sunk; the locomotive however was imported. The ship bringing the locomotive had due to a navigational error, had sailed to Australia, had to be re-routed back to India. During the first 16 weeks, the company was delighted to carry 109,634 passengers: 83,118 third class, 21,005 second class and 5511 first class; the gross earnings, including the receipts of a few tons of merchandise were £6793. Pundooah on 1 September 1854. Burdwan in February 1855. Raniganj with its coalfields on 3 February 1855. In 1855, 617,281 passengers were carried and contracts were made to carry 100,000 tons of coal from the Raniganj colliery to Howrah. Adjai in October 1858. Rajmahal in October 1859; the first train ran from Howrah to Rajmahal via Khana on 4 July 1860. 1,388,714 passengers were carried in 1859.
Bhagalpur in 1861. The Loop from Khana Junction to Kiul via Jamalpur, including the Monghyr branch in February 1862. In the same year the line reached Mughal Sarai via the present line
Indian Railways is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with 67,368-kilometre route.. Routes are electrified with 25 kV AC electric traction while thirty three percent of them are double or multi-tracked. Indian Railway runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, from 7,349 stations across India; the trains have a five-digit numbering system. Mail or express trains, the most common types, run at an average speed of 50.6 kilometres per hour. In the freight segment, IR runs more than 9,200 trains daily; the average speed of freight trains is around 24 kilometres per hour. As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns coach-production facilities at several locations in India; the world's eighth-largest employer, it had 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. In the year ending March 2018, IR carried 8.26 billion passengers and transported 1.16 billion tonnes of freight.
In the fiscal year 2017–18, IR is projected to have revenue of ₹1.874 trillion, consisting of ₹1.175 trillion in freight revenue and ₹501.25 billion in passenger revenue, with an operating ratio of 96.0 percent. The first railway proposals for India were made in Madras in 1832; the country's first train, Red Hill Railway, ran from Red Hills to the Chintadripet bridge in Madras in 1837. In 1845, the Godavari Dam Construction Railway was built by Cotton at Dowleswaram in Rajahmundry, to supply stone for the construction of a dam over the Godavari River. In 1851, the Solani Aqueduct Railway was built by Proby Cautley in Roorkee to transport construction materials for an aqueduct over the Solani River. India's first passenger train, hauled by three steam locomotives, ran for 34 kilometres with 400 people in 14 carriages on 1,676 mm broad gauge track between Bori Bunder and Thane on 16 April 1853; the Thane viaducts, India's first railway bridges, were built over the Thane creek when the Mumbai-Thane line was extended to Kalyan in May 1854.
Eastern India's first passenger train ran 24 miles from Howrah, near Kolkata, to Hoogly on 15 August 1854. The first passenger train in South India ran 60 miles from Royapuram- Veyasarapady to Wallajah Road on 1 July 1856. On 24 February 1873, a horse-drawn 3.8-kilometre tram opened in Calcutta between Sealdah and Armenian Ghat Street. On 9 May 1874, a horse-drawn tramway began operation in Bombay between Parel. In 1897, lighting in passenger coaches was introduced by many railway companies. On 3 February 1925, the first electric passenger train in India ran between Victoria Terminus and Kurla; the organisation of Indian railways into regional zones began in 1951, when the Southern and Western zones were created. Fans and lights were mandated for all compartments in all passenger classes in 1951, sleeping accommodations were introduced in coaches. In 1956, the first air-conditioned train was introduced between Howrah and Delhi. Ten years the first containerized freight service began between Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
In 1986, computerized ticketing and reservations were introduced in New Delhi. In 1988, the first Shatabdi Express was introduced between New Jhansi. Two years the first self-printing ticket machine was introduced in New Delhi. In 1993, air-conditioned three-tier coaches and a sleeper class were introduced on IR; the CONCERT system of computerized reservations was deployed in New Delhi and Chennai in September 1996. In 1998, coupon validating machines were introduced at Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus; the nationwide Concierge system began operation on 18 April 1999. In February 2000, the Indian Railways website went online. On 3 August 2002, IR began ticketing. Indian Railways announced on 31 March 2017 that the country's entire rail network would be electrified by 2022. Indian Railways is headed by a seven-member Railway Board whose chairman reports to the Ministry of Railways. Railway Board acts as the Ministry of Railways; the officers manning the office of Railway Board are from organised Group A Railway Services and Railway Board Secretariat Service.
IR is divided into 17 zones, headed by general managers. The zones are further subdivided into 68 operating divisions, headed by divisional railway managers; the divisional officers of the engineering, electrical and telecommunication, accounts, operating, commercial and safety branches report to their respective DRMs and are tasked with the operation and maintenance of assets. Station masters control individual stations and train movements through their stations' territory. In addition, there are a number of production units, training establishments, public sector enterprises and other offices working under the control of the Railway Board. IR is a major shareholder in 16 public sector undertakings and other organizations that are related to rail transport in India. Notable among this list include:Financing and project implementation: IRFC, RITES, IRCON, MRVC, RVNL Land and station development: RLDA, IRSDC Rail infrastructure: DFCCIL, PRCLPassenger and freight train operations: KRCL, CONCOR IT and communications: CRIS, RCIL Catering and tourism: IRCTC Staff are classified into gazetted an
The Asansol–Adra-Tatanagar–Kharagpur line is part of Howrah and eastern India's links with Mumbai and Chennai. It is a major freight line for transporting iron ore and steel products; this page includes Tatanagar-Badampahar branch lines. The Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line, a joint effort of Great Indian Peninsula Railway and East Indian Railway Company came up in 1870; the Bengal Nagpur Railway was formed in 1887 for the purpose of upgrading the Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway and extending it via Bilaspur to Asansol, in order to develop a shorter Howrah-Mumbai route than the one via Allahabad. The Bengal Nagpur Railway main line from Nagpur to Asansol, on the Howrah-Delhi main line, was opened for goods traffic on 1 February 1891. However, it was only after Kharagpur was linked from the west and the south that it was connected to Howrah in 1900; the closing years of the 19th century and the opening years of the 20th century were momentous for the area. 800 miles of East Coast Railway was built and opened for traffic between 1893 and 1896.
The most vital sections of Bengal Nagpur Railway, Sini-Kharagpur-Kolaghat and Kharagpur-Cuttack, were opened to traffic in 1898-99. The Purulia-Ranchi branch was opened for traffic on 15 November 1907. BNR lines were extended to Gomoh, on EIR’s main line, in 1907; the Mohuda-Chandrapura branch line was opened in 1913. A 40-mile branch line from Tatanagar to Gorumahisani was opened to traffic in 1911 for transportation of iron ore; the Purulia-Ranchi line was opened as a narrow gauge railway of BNR in 1907. The Bengal Nagpur Railway was nationalized in 1944. Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 with the portion of East Indian Railway Company east of Mughalsarai and the Bengal Nagpur Railway. In 1955, South Eastern Railway was carved out of Eastern Railway, it comprised lines operated by BNR earlier. India’s first integrated steel plant, Tata Steel’s plant at Jamshedpur, became operational in 1908. IISCO Steel Plant was established at Burnpur in 1918. Steel Authority of India’s Durgapur Steel Plant was established in the late fifties, Bokaro Steel Plant became operational in the seventies.
Although the Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord and Bardhaman-Asansol section of Howrah-Delhi main line serves as the principal links for Jharia Coalfield and Raniganj Coalfield, this line links to both the coalfields. This railway line is serving the upcoming Raghunathpur industrial area, situated near Adra in Purulia district; the new Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station and ACC Cement Factory are a part of this. With four steel plants served by these lines South Eastern Railway transports bulk of the raw materials like coal and iron ore used by the steel industry, it loaded 61.24 million tonnes during the period April to September 2012. Indian Railway handled 456 million tonnes of coal in 2011-12, it was the single largest item of freight traffic. It handled 104.71 million tonnes of Iron ore in 2011-12. The Asansol-Purulia, Purulia-Chakradharpur, Kandra-Gamharria and Sini-Adityapur sectors were electrified in 1961-62; the Tatanagar-Kharagpur sector was electrified in 1962-63. Asansol, Adra and Kharagpur, on this line, are the main booking stations of Indian Railway
Deoghar Junction railway station
Deoghar Junction railway station is a main railway station in Deoghar district, Jharkhand. Its code is DGHR, it serves Deoghar City. The station consists of 3 platforms; the major facilities available at Deoghar station are waiting rooms, computerised reservation facility, reservation counter and vehicle parking. There are a total of 5 tracks; the platforms are connected by Foot Over Bridge. These platforms are built to accumulate 24 coaches express train; the platforms are equipped with modern facility like display board of arrival and departure of trains. Some of the important trains that runs from Deoghar are: Deoghar - Ranchi Intercity Express Ranchi–Dumka Intercity Express Deoghar - Agartala Weekly Express Deoghar Junction Map Google. "Deoghar JunctionRailway station". Google Maps. Google
Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express
Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express is a Rajdhani express train starting from Bhubaneswar, Odisha to the final destination of New Delhi. Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express runs via Adra and Sambalpur City. Earlier this train used to go via Howrah. Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express is an important superfast express train which connects Bhubaneswar to the Capital of India, New Delhi; the train is air conditioned and has a Pantry Car to provide veg and non-veg meals during the journey. The meals are pre booked with the ticket; the train has coaches of First Class, Two Tier and Three Tier accommodating comfort and luxury to the passengers. The First Class cabins for passengers is full of luxury, with entertainment, complimentary food and lockable rooms; this train uses modern LHB coaches like other important Rajdhani express trains run by Indian Railways and consists of 1 first class AC coach, 2 no.of 2 tier AC coaches, 10 no. of 3 tier AC coaches and one AC Hot Buffet Car. It received LHB rakes in 2009; the 22823/24 Rajdhani express covers a total of 1800 km in about 25 hours and 10 minutes and 24 hours and 20 minutes whereas the 22811/12 Rajdhani express covers 1734 km distance in about 23 hours and 00 minutes and 22 hours 45 minutes.
The 20817/18 Rajdhani express covers a total of 1914 km in about 27 hours 30 minutes. The Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express runs at an average speed of 70-76 km/h and touches a top speed of 130 km/h between New Delhi and Gomoh. There are 3 sets of dedicated rakes operating from Bhubaneswar to New Delhi. There are only 2 Rajdhani Express having 3 dedicated routes i.e Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express and Bhubaneswar Rajdhani Express