Bratříkovice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. As of November 1, 2010 the population was 162; the first written mention of the village dates back to 1265. Bratříkovice is located near the mountain Nízký Jeseník, it is about 7 km southeast of the town of Horní Benešov. To the west and north-east of Bratříkovice are forests. West of the village, there former slate mines. Official website
Brumovice (Opava District)
Brumovice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 16 km from Opava; the village was first mentioned in a written document in 1377. Brumovice municipality was the site of one of the first Polenlager camps in existence the first ever, it was set up by Nazi Germany in August 1939 in anticipation of the imminent attack on Poland. The KT camp was staffed before the actual invasion, with guards recruited by the SS from Krnov and Opava; the camp, called KZ Skrochowitz was commanded by Heinrich Jöckel from the SS. It was an old sugar refinery set up for Polish military prisoners and civilian hostages captured during the September campaign; the camp functioned until December 15, 1939, with some 700 prisoners of Polish nationality brought in from Cieszyn Silesia and Upper Silesia. The Municipality of Brumovice includes the following subdivisions: Brumovice Kolná Pocheň Pustý Mlýn Skrochovice Úblo Brumovice u Opavy Skrochovice Úblo Skrochovice - první nacistický tábor na Českém území Klub přátel starého Krnova.
Koncentrační tábor, okres Opava at SMIRCI-KRIZE. CZ
Neplachovice is a village and municipality in Opava District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. The first written mention of the village was in 1257. Media related to Neplachovice at Wikimedia Commons
Jezdkovice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. As of June 17, 2011, the population was 226; the first written mention of the village was in 1250. Official website
Hradec nad Moravicí
Hradec nad Moravicí is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic about 8 kilometres south of Opava. It had about 5,150 inhabitants in 2006; the town is dominated by a castle complex. According to the 1910 Austrian census, the town had 329 inhabitants, 314 of whom had permanent residence there; the census asked people for their native language: 169 were German-speaking and 144 were Czech-speaking. The largest religious group was Roman Catholics with 327; the town features an annual music competition. Baborów, Opole Voivodeship, Poland Liptovský Hrádok, Žilina Region, Slovakia Official website Castle
Čermná ve Slezsku
Čermná ve Slezsku is a village in the district of Opava, Czech Republic. As of 2013, there were 380 inhabitants; the village Čermná was founded under the Přemyslid dynasty in the 14th century. The first written mention of the village was in 1377, by which time Moravia was under the control of the House of Luxembourg
Senate of the Czech Republic
The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic referred to as Senate, is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The seat of the Senate is Wallenstein Palace in Prague; the Senate has 81 members, elected for six years, every two years one third of them, in one-seat constituencies through two rounds majority system. A candidate for the Senate does not need to be on a political party's ticket; the senate has four Vice-presidents. Its members participate in specialised commissions; the Senate Chancellery has been created to provide professional and technical services. The Senate occupies several historical palaces in centre of Prague, in Malá Strana quarter. In 2005 its budget was 561.2 million CZK. The Senate can delay a proposed law, approved by the Chamber of Deputies but this veto can be overridden by an absolute majority of the Chamber of Deputies in a repeated vote; the Senate, cannot be overridden when it votes on electoral law, constitutional law and on international treaties.
Senate decides on confirmation of judges of the Constitutional Court, proposed by the President. It uses this power to block unacceptable nominants and may propose new laws. However, the Senate does not get to vote on the country's budget or on confidence in the government, unlike the Chamber of Deputies; the President of the Senate is the second-highest official of the Czech Republic for ceremonial purposes, after the President of the Republic, but without much real political power. The Senate was established in constitutional law of the Czech National Council No. 1/1993 on 16 December 1992. The immediate reason for its creation was a need to find a place for members of the Federal Assembly, dissolved together with Czechoslovakia. Other reasons given were the positioning of the Senate as a safety device correcting laws endorsed by lower chamber and as a power balancing tool against the dominance of a single party regarding constitution and electoral law. Due to opposition by the Civic Democratic Alliance and those politicians fearing dilution of power the Senate was not set up.
The first elections were held in 1996, with voter turnout around 35%. Further elections were held in accordance with the Constitution every two years after that; the Senate has received criticism for being powerless and unnecessary for a country of the size of the Czech Republic. However, the most prominent critic of Czech Senate, prime minister Andrej Babiš, has expressed his plan to change the electoral into Chamber of Deputies into First-past-the-post voting, something that cannot be done without consent of the Senate, plus the Czech constitution prohibits such system for lower chamber. Results of the Czech Senate election, 2018 President of the Senate of the Czech Republic List of Presidents of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Official website History and perspective of bicameral system in the Czech Republic