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Bolesław Prus

Bolesław Prus is a leading figure in the history of Polish literature and philosophy and a distinctive voice in world literature. Głowacki adopted the pen name Bolesław Prus; as a 15-year-old, Głowacki joined the Polish 1863 Uprising against Imperial Russia. Shortly after his 16th birthday, he suffered severe battle injuries. Five months he was imprisoned for his part in the Uprising; these early experiences may have precipitated the panic disorder and agoraphobia that dogged him through life, shaped his opposition to attempting to regain Poland's independence by force of arms. In 1872, at the age of 25, in Warsaw, he settled into a 40-year journalistic career that highlighted science, technology and economic and cultural development; these societal enterprises were essential to the endurance of a people who had in the 18th century been partitioned out of political existence by Russia and Austria. Głowacki took his pen name "Prus" from the appellation of his family's coat-of-arms; as a sideline, he wrote short stories.

Succeeding with these, he went on to employ a larger canvas. The Doll depicts the romantic infatuation of a man of action, frustrated by his country's backwardness. Pharaoh, Prus' only historical novel, is a study of political power and of the fates of nations, set in ancient Egypt at the fall of the 20th Dynasty and New Kingdom. Aleksander Głowacki was born 20 August 1847 in Hrubieszów, now in southeastern Poland near the present-day border with Ukraine; the town was in the Russian-controlled sector of partitioned Poland, known as the "Congress Kingdom". Głowacki was the younger son of Antoni Głowacki, an estate steward at the village of Żabcze, in Hrubieszów County, Apolonia Głowacka. In 1850, when the future Bolesław Prus was three years old, his mother died. In 1856, Prus was orphaned by his father's death. In 1862, Prus' brother, Leon, a teacher thirteen years his senior, took him to Siedlce to Kielce. Soon after the outbreak of the Polish January 1863 Uprising against Imperial Russia, 15-year-old Prus ran away from school to join the insurgents.

He may have been influenced by his brother Leon, who subsequently became one of the insurrection's leaders. During the Uprising, Leon developed a mental illness that he suffered from until his death in 1907. On 1 September 1863, twelve days after his sixteenth birthday, Prus took part in a battle against Russian forces at a village called Białka, four kilometers south of Siedlce, he suffered contusions to the neck and gunpowder injuries to his eyes, was captured unconscious on the battlefield and taken to hospital in Siedlce. This experience may have caused his subsequent lifelong agoraphobia. Five months in early February 1864, Prus was arrested and imprisoned at Lublin Castle for his role in the Uprising. In early April a military court sentenced him to forfeiture of his nobleman's status and resettlement on imperial lands. On 30 April, the Lublin District military head credited Prus' time spent under arrest and, on account of the 16-year-old's youth, decided to place him in the custody of his uncle Klemens Olszewski.

On 7 May, Prus was released and entered the household of Katarzyna Trembińska, a relative and the mother of his future wife, Oktawia Trembińska. Prus enrolled at a prestigious Lublin gymnasium, the still functioning Staszic School, a secondary school, where he was a student of Józef Skłodowski, grandfather of the future Nobel laureate Maria Skłodowska-Curie. Graduating on 30 June 1866, at nineteen he matriculated in the Warsaw University Department of Mathematics and Physics. In 1868, poverty forced him to break off his university studies. In 1869, he enrolled in the Forestry Department at the newly opened Agriculture and Forestry Institute in Puławy, a historic town where he had spent some of his childhood and which, 15 years was the setting for his striking 1884 micro-story, "Mold of the Earth", comparing human history with the mutual aggressions of blind, mindless colonies of molds that cover a boulder adjacent to the Temple of the Sibyl. Prus was soon expelled from the Institute for his attitude toward the martinet Russian-language instructor.

Henceforth he studied on his own while supporting himself as a tutor. As part of his program of self-education, he summarized John Stuart Mill's Logic. In 1872, he embarked on a career as a newspaper columnist, while working several months at the Evans and Rau Machine and Agricultural Implement Works in Warsaw. In 1873, Prus delivered two public lectures which illustrate the breadth of his scientific interests: "On the Structure of the Universe," and "On Discoveries and Inventions." As a newspaper columnist, Prus commented on the achievements of scholars and scientists such as John Stuart Mill, Charles Darwin, Alexander Bain, Herbert Spencer and Henry Thomas Buckle. G. Wells, his "Weekly Chronicles" spanned forty years

2010–11 Villanova Wildcats men's basketball team

The 2010–11 Villanova Wildcats men's basketball team represented Villanova University in the 2010–11 college basketball season. Villanova was led by head coach Jay Wright; the Wildcats participated in the Big East Conference and played their home games at The Pavilion with some select home games at the Wells Fargo Center. They finished the season 21–12, 9–9 in Big East play and lost in the first round of the 2011 Big East Men's Basketball Tournament to South Florida, they received an at-large bid in the 2011 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament where they lost in the second round to George Mason. The Villanova Wildcats come back from a 2009–10 season which had a record of 25–8 with the season ending in 2nd round of the NCAA Tournament; the Wildcats recorded home wins against Temple and UCLA in their out-of-conference schedule with their only loss coming on the road to Tennessee. They reached as high as #7 in the AP Poll, starting the season 16–1. However, in their fifth Big East contest, they lost at Connecticut.

They bounced back with a road win at Syracuse, ranked nationally No. 3. Maalik Wayns had a team-high 21 points in the win, they lost their next two games, on the road to Providence, at home against Georgetown. As of February 1, Corey Stokes is averaging 15.6 points per game, good for tenth in the Big East. Corey Fisher is a close second with 15.2 ppg. Villanova finished the season with an overall record of 21–11 and lost in the first round of the Big East conference tournament to South Florida, 69–70, they received a #9 seed in the NCAA tournament and lost to #8 seed George Mason in the second round

Panzerkanone 68

The Panzerkanone 68 is a Swiss self-propelled howitzer produced by the Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette to meet a Swiss Army requirement. Only four were manufactured; the manufacture of a self-propelled howitzer was being considered in Switzerland in the mid-1950s. Studies were developed by the Group on Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette. Real development began in 1966 with the mounting of a 15 cm howitzer on a Panzer 61 chassis. Subsequently, four vehicles were built on Panzer 68 chassis; these possessed a range of not more than 30 km and had a rate of fire of 6 rounds per minute with automatic loading. Due to technical and financial problems, the project was never pursued; the Swiss Army procured the American M109 howitzer instead. The four vehicles were used experimentally from 1972 to 1975. Two vehicles are preserved. Heller, Urs: Die Panzer der Schweizer Armee von 1920 bis 2008 Schweizerische Militärmuseum Full Panzerkanone 68 on militaerfahrzeuge.ch