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Bolesław V the Chaste

Bolesław V the Chaste was the Duke of Sandomierz in Lesser Poland from 1232 and High Duke of Poland from 1243 until his death, as the last male representative of the Lesser Poland branch of Piasts. Bolesław V was born on 21 June 1226 at Stary Korczyn, as the third child and only son of Leszek I the White by his wife Grzymisława, a Rurikid princess of disputed parentage. Named after his great-grandfather Bolesław III Wrymouth, the V numeral was assigned to him in the Poczet królów Polskich, his nickname of "Chaste", appeared early and was mentioned in the Rocznik franciszkański krakowski. It was given to him by his subjects because of the vows of chastity that Bolesław V and his wife Kinga of Hungary had jointly taken; the marital chastity and lack of mistresses by the Prince resulted from his exceptional devotion and mortification, was evidently influenced by his closest female relatives. On 24 November 1227, during the Congress of Gąsawa, Bolesław V's father Leszek I the White was killed. Like his own father and paternal grandfather before him, he was orphaned at young age.

After Leszek I's death many people claimed the custody of his only son. The nobility of Kraków wanted the regency to be exercised by the Dowager Duchess Grzymisława, jointly with the local voivode and bishop. On 6 December 1227 Casimir I of Kuyavia - who represented his father Konrad I of Masovia at the funeral of Leszek I - advanced his father's claims over the custody of Bolesław V and his inheritance as his closest male relative. Due to the lack of response, Konrad I came to Skaryszew to negotiate with Grzymisława and the local nobility in the first half of March 1228, with regard to assuming the guardianship of his nephew during his minority; the nobility the Gryfici family, preferred the rule of Władysław III Spindleshanks, but at that point he was in the midst of fighting with his nephew Władysław Odonic and was unable to claim his rights. Konrad I appeared in the northern part of Kraków, but at his side were only the Topór and Sztarza families, so this attempt to take the Seniorate failed.

According to Kazimierz Krotowski, the absence from Lesser Poland was the cause of the Prussian invasion to Masovia. On 5 May 1228, a meeting was organized in Cienia between Władysław III Spindleshanks and a delegation of Kraków nobles, which included Bishop Iwo Odrowąż. Under the terms of the meeting, Władysław III agreed to the adoption of Bolesław V, making him his successor over Kraków and Greater Poland. After the meeting, Władysław III arrived in Kraków, where Grzymisława formally gave him the rule of the city; the Dowager Duchess and her son received the Duchy of Sandomierz. Shortly afterwards Władysław Odonic escaped from prison and the fight for Greater Poland was resumed. Władysław III Spindleshanks was forced to leave Kraków; the local nobility, with the consent of Grzymisława, called Henry I the Bearded to Kraków, but only to rule as a Governor. In the summer of 1228 Konrad I of Masovia attacked Kraków, but was defeated at the Battle of Skała by Henry I's son, Henry II the Pious. However, a year Konrad I captured Henry I the Bearded and occupied Sieradz-Łęczyca and Sandomierz, removing Grzymisława from power, despite resistance from the local nobility.

In 1230 Władysław III Spindleshanks, with the help of Henry I, made an unsuccessful attempt to recover his lands. Władysław III died one year in exile in Racibórz. Władysław III's will named Henry I his heir over Greater Poland. In 1231, with the support of the Gryfici family, Henry I obtained the rule over Sandomierz, after Grzymisława surrendered the regency. During 1231-1232 Henry I fought against Konrad I for Lesser Poland. In 1233 Konrad I of Masovia captured Grzymisława and her son after robbing and beating them. Bolesław V and his mother were imprisoned firstly in Czersk and in Sieciechów; the humiliations to the Dowager Duchess continued there, including a slap in the face by Konrad I. Henry I the Bearded decided to rescue his mother. Both Klement and Mikołaj bribed the guards, who were busy drinking, did not pay attention to the prisoners, who left the monastery in disguise. Jan Długosz described the events as follows: When one night the guards after drink and feast forgot their duties, abandoned their posts and during the night Duke Bolesław and his mother secretly left the monastery.

For safety reasons, Henry I the Bearded hid Bolesław V and his mother in the fortress of Skała near the valley of the Prądnik river. On behalf of her son, Grzymisława renounced his rights over Kraków to Henry I. In 1234 a war between Henry I and Konrad I for Lesser Poland broke out. Thanks to Archbishop Pełka, the Treaty of Luchani was signed in August of that year, under which Bolesław V received Sandomierz and gave several castles to Henry I. In June 1235, Pope Gregory IX approved the Treaty of Luchani.

Ottoman ironclad Aziziye

Aziziye, named for Sultan Abdülaziz, was the second of four Osmaniye-class ironclad warships built for the Ottoman Navy in the 1860s. The ship was laid down at the Robert Napier and Sons shipyard in 1863, was launched in January 1865 and was commissioned in August that year. A broadside ironclad, Aziziye carried a battery of fourteen 203 mm RML Armstrong guns and ten 36-pounder Armstrongs in a traditional broadside arrangement, with a single 229 mm RML as a chase gun. Among the more powerful of Ottoman ironclads, the Navy decided to keep the ship safely in the Mediterranean Sea during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 to preserve the vessel, she spent the 1880s out of service, though she was rebuilt in the early 1890s and converted into a more modern barbette ship. She was in poor condition by the time of the Greco-Turkish War in 1897, as a result saw no action, was disarmed after the war, she saw no further active service, being used as a barracks ship from 1904 to 1909. In 1923, she was dismantled.

Aziziye was 91.4 m long overall, with a draft of 7.9 m. The hull was constructed with iron, incorporated a ram bow, displaced 6,400 metric tons and 4,211 t BOM, she had a crew of 26 officers and 335 enlisted men as completed, but only 250 after 1894. The ship was powered by a single horizontal compound engine. Steam was provided by six coal-fired box boilers that were trunked into a single, retractable funnel amidships; the engine produced a top speed of 13.5 knots on sea trials, though by 1891, decades of poor maintenance had reduced the ship's speed to 6 knots. Aziziye carried 750 t of coal. A supplementary barque rig with three masts was fitted; the ship was armed with a battery of one 229 mm rifled muzzle-loading Armstrong gun and fourteen 203 mm RML Armstrongs. These were supplemented with ten 36-pounder guns, which were manufactured by Armstrong; the 229 mm gun was placed on the upper deck and the rest of the guns were mounted on each broadside. The ship's wrought iron armored belt was 140 mm thick, was capped with 76 mm thick transverse bulkhead at either end.

Above the belt were strakes of armor 127 mm thick that protected the battery, transverse bulkheads 114 mm connected the battery armor. Aziziye was ordered in 1862 under the name Abdül Aziz, she was laid down at the Robert Napier and Sons shipyard in Glasgow in May 1863. She was launched in January 1865 under her original name, but by the time she was commissioned into the fleet in August that year, she had been renamed Aziziye; the Ottoman fleet began mobilizing in September 1876 to prepare for a conflict with Russia, as tensions with the country had been growing for several years, an insurrection had begun in Ottoman Bosnia in mid-1875, Serbia had declared war on the Ottoman Empire in July 1876. At the start of 1877, the ship was assigned to the 2nd Division of the Mediterranean Fleet, based in Crete, along with the ironclads Mukaddeme-i Hayir and Iclaliye; the Russo-Turkish War began on 24 April 1877 with a Russian declaration of war, but unlike many of the other, smaller Ottoman ironclads and her sister ships remained in the Mediterranean Fleet.

The Navy feared losing the largest ships of its fleet, so kept them in port for the duration of the conflict. The wooden warships of the Mediterranean Fleet sortied in April 1877 to patrol the coast of Albania, but Aziziye and the rest of the ironclads remained in Souda Bay. After the conclusion of the war in 1878, Aziziye was laid up in Constantinople. In 1884, the 36-pounder gun were removed and a light battery of four 47 mm quick-firing Hotchkiss guns and two 4-barreled 25.4 mm Nordenfelt guns were added. She was refitted at the Imperial Arsenal, with work lasting from 1890 to 1894. During the refit, she received two vertical triple-expansion engines in place of her original machinery, six coal-fired Scotch marine boilers replaced the box boilers, her armament was radically revised. Two Krupp 240 mm K L/35 guns were added in one forward and one aft. Eight 150 mm L/25 Krupp guns and six 105 mm L/25 Krupp guns were installed on the broadside. Two of the 47 mm guns were removed and three more Nordenfelt guns were added.

With the outbreak of the Greco-Turkish War in February 1897, Aziziye was mobilized into the 1st Squadron. On 19 March and the ironclads Mesudiye and Necm-i Şevket and three torpedo boats departed the Golden Horn, bound for the Dardanelles; the squadron stopped off Lapseki on 22 March, having lost two of the torpedo boats to unseaworthiness. The Ottomans inspected the fleet and found that all of the vessels, including Aziziye, to be unfit for combat against the Greek Navy, which possessed the three modern Hydra-class ironclads. Despite the fact that Aziziye and her sisters had been refit just three years the inspectors discovered that many of the pistons on their Krupp guns were bent, rendering the guns useless. Worse, the breeches for Aziziye's 240 mm guns were left at the Imperial Arsenal. Through April and May, the Ottoman fleet made several sorties into the Aegean Sea in an attempt to raise morale among the ships' crews, though the Ottomans had no intention of attacking Greek forces. During this period, the ironclad Nec

2018–19 Tottenham Hotspur F.C. season

The 2018–19 season was Tottenham Hotspur's 27th season in the Premier League and 41st successive season in the top division of the English football league system. Along with the Premier League, the club competed in the Champions League. In the FA Cup Spurs were eliminated by Crystal Palace in the fourth round. Tottenham made it to the semi-finals of the EFL Cup with a face-off against Chelsea. After two legs the aggregate score was 2 -- 2. For the first time in the club's history, they played in the final of the Champions League. In an all English affair Tottenham lost 2–0 to Liverpool at the Metropolitano Stadium in Madrid. Tottenham took part in the 2018 International Champions Cup with scheduled games against A. C. Milan and Roma. After the three games played by all teams taking part Tottenham was declared champions having accumulated seven points and the best goal difference. Win Draw Loss Updated to match played 1 June 2019Source: Competitions On 14 June 2018, the Premier League fixtures for the forthcoming season were announced.

Owing to delays in the completion of the club's new stadium, the first fourteen home Premier League games of the season were played at Wembley. Some fixtures were updated. Tottenham entered the competition in the third round and were handed a tie away to either Tranmere Rovers or Southport. Tranmere Rovers won the replay 2–0 claiming the home draw to play Spurs; the fourth round draw was made live on BBC by Robbie Keane and Carl Ikeme from Wolverhampton on 7 January 2019. The third round draw was made on 30 August 2018 by Joleon Lescott. Due to Wembley Stadium not being available, their new stadium not being complete, the third-round tie against Watford took place at Stadium MK, the home of Milton Keynes Dons; the fourth round draw was made live on Quest by Rachel Rachel Riley on 29 September. The draw for the quarter-final was made live on Sky Sports by Jamie Redknapp and Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink on 31 October; the semi-final draw was made live on Sky Sports by Piers Morgan and Peter Crouch on 19 December 2018.

The list is sorted by shirt number. The list is sorted by shirt number when total clean sheets are equal

Cebuano language

The Cebuano language often referred colloquially to by most of its speakers as Bisaya/Binisaya, is an Austronesian language spoken in the southern Philippines, namely in Central Visayas, western parts of Eastern Visayas and on majority of Mindanao. It is spoken by various Visayan ethnolinguistic groups who are native to those areas the Cebuanos. While Filipino has the largest number of speakers of Philippine languages, Cebuano had the largest native language-speaking population in the Philippines until about the 1980s, it is by far the most spoken of the Visayan languages, which are in turn part of the wider Philippine languages. It is the lingua franca of the Central Visayas, western parts of Eastern Visayas, some western parts of Palawan and most parts of Mindanao; the name Cebuano is derived from the island of Cebu, the Urheimat or origin of the language. Cebuano is the prime language in Western Leyte, noticeably in Ormoc and other municipalities surrounding the city, though most of the residents in the area name the Cebuano language by their own demonyms such as "Ormocanon" in Ormoc and "Albuerahanon" in Albuera.

Cebuano has no ISO 639-1 two-letter code. The Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino, the official regulating body of Philippine languages, spells the name of the language as Sebwano. Cebuano and its dialects are sometimes referred to as Cebuan in linguistics, where it is one of the five primary branches of the Visayan languages. Cebuano is spoken in the provinces of Cebu, Siquijor, Negros Oriental, northeastern Negros Occidental, southern Masbate, many portions of Leyte, parts of Samar, most parts of Mindanao, the second largest island of the Philippines. Furthermore, "a large portion of the urban population of Zamboanga, Davao and Cotabato is Cebuano speaking"; some dialects of Cebuano have different names for the language. Cebuano speakers from Cebu are called "Cebuano" while those from Bohol are "Boholano". Cebuano speakers in Leyte identify their dialect as Kanâ meaning that. Speakers in Mindanao and Luzon refer to the language as Binisaya or Bisaya. In common or everyday parlance by those speakers from outside of the island of Cebu, Cebuano is more referred to as Bisaya.

Bisaya, may become a source of confusion as many other Visayan languages may be referred to as Bisaya though they are not mutually intelligible with speakers of what is referred to by linguists as Cebuano. Cebuano in this sense applies to all speakers of vernaculars mutually intelligible with the vernaculars of Cebu island, regardless of origin or location, as well as to the language they speak; the term Cebuano has garnered some objections. For example, generations of Cebuano speakers in northern Mindanao say that their ancestry traces back to Cebuano speakers native to their place and not from immigrants or settlers from the Visayas. Furthermore, they ethnically refer to themselves as Bisaya and not Cebuano, their language as Binisaya. Cebuano originates from the island of Cebu; the language "has spread from its base in Cebu" to nearby islands and Bohol, eastern Negros and southern parts of Leyte and most parts of Mindanao the northern and eastern parts of the large island. Cebuano was first documented in a list of vocabulary compiled by Antonio Pigafetta, an Italian explorer, part of and documented Ferdinand Magellan's 1521 expedition.

Spanish missionaries started to write in the language during the early 18th century. As a result of the eventual 300-year Spanish colonial period, Cebuano contains many words of Spanish origin. While there is evidence of a pre-Spanish writing system for the language, its use appears to have been sporadic. Spaniards recorded the Visayan script, called Kudlit-kabadlit by the natives; the colonists erroneously called the ancient Filipino script "Tagalog letters", regardless of the language for which it was used. This script died out by the 17th century as it was supplanted by the Latin script; the language was influenced by the Spanish language during the period of colonialism from 1565 to 1898. With the arrival of Spanish colonists, for example, a Latin-based writing system was introduced alongside a number of Spanish loanwords. Due to the influence of the Spanish language, the number of vowel sounds increased from three to five. Below is the vowel system of Cebuano with their corresponding letter representation in angular brackets: /a/ an open front unrounded vowel similar to English "father" /ɛ/ an open-mid front unrounded vowel similar to English "bed" /i/ a close front unrounded vowel similar to English "machine" /o/ a close-mid back rounded vowel similar to English "forty" /u/ a close back rounded vowel similar to English "flute"Sometimes, ⟨a⟩ may be pronounced as the open-mid back unrounded vowel /ʌ/.

During the precolonial and Spanish period, Cebuano had only three vowel phonemes: /a/, /i/ and /u/. This was expanded to five vowels with the introduction of Spanish; as a consequence

FenceSitter Films

FenceSitter Films is a film production and television production company founded by Kyle Schickner an American film producer, director, actor and a bisexual civil rights activist. It was formed in 1995 as FenceSitter Productions, but the name was changed to the current FenceSitter Films. According to the official website, FenceSitter Films was "founded on the belief that films don't need straight white men as heroes in order to be successful and entertaining." Schickner said, "I wanted to make films a person of color, a woman, or a bisexual person would enjoy watching."The first feature film made in 1997 was the romantic comedy Rose by Any Other Name... and was the film version of Schickner's most successful Off-Off-Broadway play. Additional feature films have included the mockumentary Full Frontal and the critically acclaimed thriller Strange Fruit; the most current feature film, stars Oscar-nominated actress Ruby Dee, 1980s and indie icon Ally Sheedy as well as up-and-coming young actress Kate Siegel.

In late 2008 into 2009 FenceSitter Films began working with an American Cable TV Network to spin-off Rose by Any Other Name... into a weekly TV series. However, according to Schickner "at the 11th hour as they were setting up to shoot the pilot the network expressed concern over how the cutting-edge social theme might play with some of their core viewership and decided to look at more data to see what kind of response the show might get". So with the assistance of American Institute of Bisexuality the project was turned into a Web series with each Webisode being posted on the FenceSitter Films YouTube channel. Steam Paradise Lost Strange Fruit Full Frontal Rose by Any Other Name... Rose by Any Other Name... FenceSitter Films on IMDb FenceSitter Films FenceSitter Films on Facebook FenceSitter Films Youtube Channel

Frontline (season 1)

This is a list of the 13 episodes of series one of Frontline, which first aired in 1994. In series 1, Frontline chronicles the behind-the-scenes workings of a struggling current affairs show competing with dominant players for audience share; the series is shot in mockumentary style. All of the show's episodes were written and directed by Rob Sitch, Jane Kennedy, Santo Cilauro —who did most of the camera work—and Tom Gleisner. Rob Sitch as Mike Moore, Frontline's anchor Bruno Lawrence as Brian "Thommo" Thompson, executive producer of Frontline Tiriel Mora as Martin di Stasio, reporter Alison Whyte as Emma Ward, the show's producer Jane Kennedy as Brooke Vandenberg, reporter Anita Cerdic as Domenica Baroni, receptionist Santo Cilauro as Geoffrey Salter, weatherman Trudy Hellier as Kate Preston, segment producer Pip Mushin as Stu O'Halloran, cameraman Torquil Neilson as Jason Cotter, sound recorder Linda Ross as Shelley Cohen, executive assistant to Brian Marcus Eyre as Hugh Tabbagh, editor Boris Conley as Elliot Rhodes, Frontline's "Friday Night Funnyman" Genevieve Mooy as Jan Whelan, network Head of Publicity Tom Gleisner as Colin Konica, photocopy repairman.

Gleisner, one of the show's writers, has cameo appearances in five episodes before having a single line in the last episode. Gerard Kennedy as Ian Farmer, Station Manager Eung Aun Khor as Khor, cleaner Peter Stratford as Bob Cavell, Managing Director of the network Neil Mitchell as himself, radio presenter Frontline website Interview with Rob Sitch on the tenth anniversary of Frontline Frontline DVDs at the ABC shop online