Bolzano is the capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy. With a population of 107,436, Bolzano is by far the largest city in South Tyrol and the third largest in Tyrol; the greater metro area has about 250,000 inhabitants and is one of the urban centers within the Alps. Bolzano is the seat of the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, where lectures and seminars are held in English and Italian; the city is home to the Italian Army's Alpini High Command and some of its combat and support units. In the 2014 version of the annual ranking of quality of life in Italian cities, Bolzano was ranked as the best. Along with other Alpine towns in South Tyrol, Bolzano engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention; the Convention aims to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Bolzano was awarded Alpine Town of the Year 2009. Bolzano is considered as a bridge between North and South due to the three spoken languages in South Tyrol and the confluence of Italian and German-Austrian culture.
The area of the city of Bolzano is 52.3 km2. The city is located in the basin where the Sarntal and the val Adige with their rivers, Talfer and Etsch Adige, meet. In the Middle Ages, the two main Alpine crossings, the Via Claudia Augusta over Reschenpass and the Brenner route over Brenner Pass, met in Bolzano. Thus, the city was important for the trade; the highest point is 1616 m above sea level and the lowest point is 232 m above sea level. The center is located at an altitude of 262 m above sea level; the nearest big cities are 118 km away. City districts: Centro-Piani-Rencio Don Bosco Europa-Novacella Gries-San Quirino Oltrisarco-Aslago In 1911 Zwölfmalgreien and in 1925 the municipality Gries were incorporated in the city of Bolzano. Neighbouring communities are: Eppan, Laives, Ritten, Jenesien and Vadena. Being located at multiple climate borders, Bolzano features a humid subtropical climate with hot summers and cold winters by Italian standards. According to the Trewartha classification, this climate could not be considered a subtropical climate because fewer than 8 months are at least 10 °C, thus would be considered a semi-continental climate with hot summers.
Some of its suburbs are designated an oceanic climate based on cooler summer temperatures, while mountains in the area may feature a continental climate. The climate of Bolzano is influenced by its low altitude in a valley south of the main alps; this causes sheltered conditions from cool winds during daytime, ensuring much warmer temperatures year-round than in similar valley cities north of the range. According to the 2011 census, 73.80% of the city's inhabitants spoke Italian, 25.52% German and 0.68% Ladin as their first language. Through fascism and the Italianization policy under Benito Mussolini in the inter-war period, the Italian language group became the majority in Bolzano. Prior to the annexation of South Tyrol to Italy when was renamed Alto Adige, a small Italophone community of up to 10% of the population lived in Bolzano; the modern-day Bolzano was in ancient times a marshy region inhabited by the Raetian Isarci people, traditionally believed to be descendants of Etruscan refugees fleeing Italy from the invading Gauls.
The Romans built a settlement after the area had been conquered in 15 BC by General Nero Claudius Drusus. The military settlement, Pons Drusi, was named after this Roman General. During this time the area became part of the region Histria of ancient Italy. In 1948, excavations of the current Cathedral led to the discovery of an ancient Christian basilica from the 4th century. Discovered was a Roman cemetery, including the tomb of "Secundus Regontius" with Latin inscriptions dating to the 3rd century, making him the oldest known inhabitant of Bolzano. During the gradual decline of the Lombard influence in the 7th century, Bavarian immigration took place and the first mention of a Bavarian ruler in Bolzano dates from 679. At that time, the Bavarians named the nearby villages around Bolzano Bauzana. In 769 Tassilo III, Duke of Bavaria issued in Bolzano the foundation charter of the Innichen Abbey. German populations have been present in the region of Tyrol from that period onwards. In 1027 the area of Bolzano and the rest of the diocese was conferred, by the emperor Conrad II from the Salian dynasty, upon the bishops of Trent.
In the late-12th century, the bishop founded a market town, along the Lauben thoroughfare. The town therefore became an important trading post on the Transalpine Augsburg-Venice route over the Brenner Pass, elevation 1,371 metres above sea level, within the Holy Roman Empire. In 1277 Bolzano was conquered by Meinhard II, the Count of Tyrol, leading to a struggle between the Counts of Tyrol and the bishops of Trent. In 1363, the County of Tyrol fell under the influence of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1381, Duke Leopold granted the citizens of Bolzano the privilege of a town council; this eliminated the influence and power held by the bishops of Trent over the next few decades. In 1462, the bishops resigned all their rights of jurisdiction o
Filippo Maria Scardina is an Italian footballer who plays for Sicula Leonzio. Scardina was called up to Roma's first team against PFC CSKA Sofia in the UEFA Europa League, he entered as a substitute for Stefano Okaka Chuka in the 81st minute and scored a goal 8 minutes setting the final score on a 3-0 win for Roma. After not finding space within Roma's main team, he was sent out on loan and has been in force to U. S. Poggibonsi since 2012 On 28 July 2018, he joined Pro Piacenza. On 14 January 2019, he signed a 2.5-year contract with Fano. On 7 July 2019, he moved to Sicula Leonzio. Filippo Scardina at Soccerway
James Leaders Loper was an American television executive who co-founded KCET in 1964 and served as Executive Director of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences from 1983 to 1999. Loper was born to John Loper and Ellen Leaders in Phoenix, Arizona, on September 4, 1931, he obtained a bachelor's degree in journalism from Arizona State University in 1953, where he was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity. He earned his master's degree from the University of Denver in 1957, he moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1959 to begin his doctoral studies at the University of Southern California, which he finished in 1967. He taught as a faculty member at USC. Loper co-founded KCET, a PBS affiliate in Los Angeles, during the early 1960s as an affiliate of National Educational Television, he was working on his doctorate at the University of Southern California at the time of KCET's launch in 1964. Loper became KCET's first director of education from 1964 to 1966, he became the President and General Manager from 1966 to 1971, before serving as the President KCET from 1971 until 1983.
Loper served as the Executive Director of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, which holds the Emmy Awards, from 1984 until 1999. Under Loper, the Emmy Awards were expanded to include nominees from cable television in 1988. Loper oversaw the creation of the Archive of American Television, which interviews and archives notable people from the history of television. Loper was responsible for the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences's relocation to its current headquarters in North Hollywood, California. James Loper died at his home in Pasadena, California, on July 8, 2013, at the age of 81, he was survived by his wife, former Los Angeles Times columnist Mary Lou Loper, two children, Elizabeth Serhan and James L. Loper Jr