Bon Jovi

Bon Jovi is an American rock band formed in 1983 in Sayreville, New Jersey. It consists of singer Jon Bon Jovi, keyboardist David Bryan, drummer Tico Torres, guitarist Phil X, bassist Hugh McDonald. Previous bassist Alec John Such was dismissed in 1994, longtime guitarist and co-songwriter Richie Sambora left in 2013. In 1984 and 1985, Bon Jovi released their first two albums and their debut single "Runaway" managed to crack the Top 40. In 1986, the band achieved widespread success and global recognition with their third album, Slippery When Wet, which sold over 20 million copies and included three Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1 Their fourth album, New Jersey, was very successful, selling over 10 million copies and featuring five Top 10 singles, two of which reached No. 1. After the band toured and recorded extensively during the late 1980s, culminating in the 1988–90 New Jersey Tour, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora released successful solo albums in 1990 and 1991, respectively.

In 1992, the band returned with the double-platinum Keep the Faith. This was followed by their biggest-selling and longest-charting single "Always" and the album These Days, which proved to be a bigger hit in Europe than in the United States, producing four Top Ten singles in the United Kingdom. Following a second hiatus, their 2000 album Crush the lead single, "It's My Life" introduced the band to a younger audience; the band followed up with Bounce in 2002. The platinum albums Have a Nice Day and Lost Highway saw the band incorporate elements of country music into some of the songs, including the 2006 single "Who Says You Can't Go Home", which won the band a Grammy Award and became the first single by a rock band to reach No. 1 on the country charts. The Circle marked a return to the band's rock sound; the band enjoyed great success touring, with both the 2005–06 Have a Nice Day Tour and 2007–08 Lost Highway Tour ranking among the Top 20 highest-grossing concert tours of the 2000s and the 2013 Because We Can Tour ranking among the highest-grossing of the 2010s.

The band continues to tour and record, with their most recent album This House Is Not for Sale and its associated tour encompassing 2016–19. Bon Jovi has released five compilations and three live albums, they have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the bestselling American rock bands, performed more than 2,700 concerts in over 50 countries for more than 34 million fans. Bon Jovi was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006, into the US Rock and Roll Hall Of Fame in 2018; the band received the Award of Merit at the American Music Awards in 2004, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora were inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009. Jon Bon Jovi began performing music live in 1975, at the age of 13, playing piano and guitar with his first band, Raze. At 16, Jon formed a band called Atlantic City Expressway. Still in his teens, Bon Jovi played in the band John Bongiovi and the Wild Ones at clubs such as the Fast Lane and opening for local acts. By 1980, he had formed another band, the Rest, opened up for New Jersey acts such as Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes.

In 1980, Jon recorded his first single, "Runaway" in his cousin's studio, backed up by studio musicians. The song was played by a local radio station on a compilation tape. By mid-1982, out of school and working part-time at a women's shoe store, Jon Bon Jovi took a job at the Power Station Studios, a Manhattan recording facility where his cousin Tony Bongiovi was co-owner. Jon made several demos—including one produced by Billy Squier—and sent them to record companies, though failing to make an impact, his first professional recording was as lead vocals in "R2-D2 We Wish You a Merry Christmas,", part of the Christmas in the Stars album which his cousin co-produced. In 1983, Jon visited a local radio station WAPP 103.5FM "The Apple" in Lake Success, New York to write and sing the jingles for the station. He spoke with DJ Chip Hobart and to the promotion director, John Lassman, who suggested Jon let WAPP include the song "Runaway" on the station's compilation album of local homegrown talent. Jon was reluctant, but gave them the song, which he had rerecorded in 1982 with local studio musicians whom he designated The All Star Review—guitarist Tim Pierce, keyboardist Roy Bittan, drummer Frankie LaRocka, bassist Hugh McDonald.

The song began to get airplay in the New York area other sister stations in major markets picked up the song. In March 1983, Bon Jovi called David Bryan, who in turn called bassist Alec John Such and an experienced drummer named Tico Torres, both of the band Phantom's Opera. Tapped to play lead guitar for a short tour supporting "Runaway" was Bon Jovi's friend and neighbor, Dave Sabo, though he never joined the band, he and Jon promised each other. Sabo went on to form the group Skid Row. Jon saw and was impressed with hometown guitarist Richie Sambora, recommended by fellow bassist Alec John Such and drummer Tico Torres. Sambora had toured with Joe Cocker, played with a group called Mercy and had been called up to audition for Kiss, he played on the album Lessons with the band Message, for which Alec John Such was the bassist. Message was signed to Led Zeppelin's Swan Song Records label, although the album was never released at the time. Meanwhile, WAPP, the station


The Haliplidae are a family of water beetles who swim using an alternating motion of the legs. They are therefore clumsy in water, prefer to get around by crawling; the family consists of about 200 species in 5 genera, distributed wherever there is freshwater habitat. They are known as crawling water beetles or haliplids; the imagines of these beetles are oval in shape, with a convex upperside, are 1.5–5.0 mm long. They are yellowish to light brown in color with light and dark patterns dotted with 10 or more rows of punctures on the elytra; the family's most distinctive characteristic is the large coxal plates of the hindlegs, which are immobile and extend back along the underside to cover most of the abdomen base and the hindleg trochanters and femora. They are used as air storage supplementing the air carried under the elytra; the compound eyes are markedly protruding from a smallish head, which bears antennae with 11 segments set upon an antennophore with a conspicuously short base. The extension of the prosternum is broad, with a truncated tip, ending adjacent to the metasternal process.

The metasternum has a complete transverse ridge. The slender legs have long swimming hairs on tibiae and tarsi, but are not flattened into "flippers"; the foreleg tibiae lack the apparatus for antenna cleaning present in many other beetles. Unlike in other Adephaga, the hindwings are not folded under the elytra, but rolled together apically. Haliplidae larvae have a slender body with a tough exoskeleton, they can be recognized by their specialized mouthparts, carried on a small head. The maxillae and labium are adapted to manipulating the algae the larvae feed on, while the mandibles contain a channel through which fluids are sucked out of the food; the larval legs are short and carry a single claw each, but the forelegs have various adaptations for climbing among water plants. Respiration is via gills which are either filamentous, or short microtracheal extensions; the latter may be absent, but in the larvae of some Haliplidae it is tapering and ends in two prongs. The last instar has functional spiracles on the mesothorax and the first to seventh abdominal segments.

Haliplids live in the aquatic vegetation around the edges of small ponds and quiet streams. Adults are omnivorous, eating insect eggs, small crustaceans, hydrozoan polyps, algae, while the larvae eat only algae; the species of Peltodytes deposit eggs on the surface of aquatic plants, while Haliplus chews out a cavity in the plants for their eggs. There are three instars, pupation takes place on land in a chamber constructed by the larva. Crawling water beetles are not extensively studied. Hungerford's crawling water beetle is an endangered species found only in Ontario; the classification of haliplids as a separate group of Adephaga is unquestioned, most entomologists believe they developed from terrestrial beetles separately from other types of water beetles. For many decades, the family was in need of revision, the last general catalog being published by A. Zimmermann in 1920. B. J. van Vondel produced an updated catalogue of the known Haliplidae taxa. Like predaceous diving beetles, the crawling water beetles form an early offshoot of the Adephaga.

They still have grooved maxillae and their tentoriolacinial muscle does not attach to the mesal stipial base. Their larvae, like those of predaceous diving beetles, do not possess eggshell-bursters on the head, it is not yet resolved whether Haliplidae and Dytiscidae are closest relatives, or whether they originated independently from the basal Adephaga. The family is not diverse, with only five genera accepted. Of these, Peltodytes is the most ancestral, though it has a number of autapomorphies; the others have more synapomorphies in common. Haliplidae Tree of Life

Graham Pulkingham

The Reverend W. Graham Pulkingham was the rector at the Church of the Redeemer in Houston, Texas, U. S. A. from 1963 until 1975. He and his wife Betty began the developments that led to the founding of the Community of Celebration and the worship band The Fisherfolk, he wrote several influential books including They Left Their Nets, spoke worldwide at meetings and conferences. W. Graham Pulkingham was born on September 14, 1926, in Alliance and brought up in Hamilton, Canada, he pursued graduate studies in music at the University of Texas and received his training for the priesthood at the Seminary of the Southwest in Austin, Texas. He graduated in 1956 after having served in the U. S. Navy during the Korean War. In September 1963, Graham Pulkingham took over as rector of the Church of the Redeemer in Eastwood, a Houston suburb. Few people attended, there was a sense of terminal decay. All this changed in August 1964 when Pulkingham drove to New York to seek counsel of David Wilkerson, whose book "The Cross and the Switchblade" had made him famous.

Pulkingham's original intent was to ask Wilkerson's advice on ministering to drug-addicted youth but Wilkerson discerned that Pulkingham lacked the necessary spiritual power to change his church, much less the surrounding neighborhood. Wilkerson prayed over Pulkingham to be "baptized in the Holy Spirit," a post-conversion experience mentioned several times in the New Testament Book of the Acts of the Apostles; this experience transformed. Pulkingham began preaching dynamic sermons, people started getting miraculously healed at Redeemer's altar and visitors began pouring in. By 1966, a group of five elders had formed including Graham, a Methodist layman called Ladd Fields, Galveston attorney Jerry Barker, a local physician known as Dr. Bob Eckert and John Grimmet, a foreman at Houston Lighting and Power; the elders began inviting people - many of them trying to get off drugs - to live with them, unintentionally starting a community household experiment that included nearly 400 people in 40 households.

By 1972, the average weekly attendance figure had reached 2,200 and Sunday morning attendance alone was 900-1000 people. In September 1972, Pulkingham relocated 27 church members including himself and his family to Coventry, England to start a community there and his assistant, Jeff Schiffmayer replaced him as rector. Pulkingham returned to Redeemer for a brief stint from 1980-1982, returned to the UK relocated his community to Aliquippa, Pa. in 1985. Jeff Schiffmayer resigned in 1983 to start a mission church in Texas, he was succeeded by Ladd Fields, one of the five original elders of Redeemer during its heyday in the 1960s. Fields was succeeded in 1994 by an Episcopal priest from Indianapolis. Redeemer had several more rectors over the years. Unable to carry out extensive repairs needed on the building, it closed in late February 2011 with a congregation of 70. However, while the physical church building closed its doors, the congregation continues to worship and minister to the community, they are sharing a worship space with a nearby Lutheran church.

The work at Houston became known through speaking engagements and publications. Out of this grew a developing international ministry of praise and worship, community living, a worldwide teaching and preaching role for Graham Pulkingham throughout the 1970s and 1980s, he was influential in South Africa and New Zealand between 1970 and 1975, encouraging Christians there to recognise their part in the worldwide renewal of the time. He was one of a number of key people involved in the early days of the Charismatic movement, writing a number of books, recording teaching cassettes, speaking at many international events. In 1975, Graham Pulkingham moved to Scotland where he set up a community at the Cathedral of the Isles in Millport on the Isle of Cumbrae; the Community of Celebration begun by him and his wife is still in existence in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania. And in the United Kingdom. On April 1, 1993, while he and his wife were shopping in a Winn Dixie Supermarket in Burlington, North Carolina, a gunman fired upon store employees, killing one person.

During that attack Pulkingham suffered a heart attack and died following complications on April 16, 1993. Prior to his death, he was suspended temporarily from the priesthood in September 1992 after admitting acts of professional misconduct. Books published by Graham Pulkingham include the following: Pulkingham, W Graham: "Gathered for power". New York, Morehouse-Barlow Co. 1972. ISBN 0-8192-1130-3 Pulkingham, W Graham: "They Left Their Nets: A Vision for Community Ministry". Hodder and Stoughton Limited, 1974. ISBN 0-340-18553-8 Pulkingham, Hinton. Celebration Publications, 1980. ISBN 0-906309-10-7Author Julia Duin has written a book on Pulkingham and the Church of the Redeemer: Duin, Jula: "Days of Fire and Glory: The Rise and Fall of a Charismatic Community", Crossland Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0979027970 Community of Celebration Church of the Redeemer Episcopal, Texas