A bonfire is a large but controlled outdoor fire, used either for informal disposal of burnable waste material or as part of a celebration. In many regions of continental Europe, bonfires are made traditionally on 16 January, the solemnity of John the Baptist, as well as on Saturday night before Easter. Bonfires are a feature of Walpurgis Night in central and northern Europe, the celebrations on the eve of St. John's Day in Spain. In Finland and Norway bonfires are tradition to a lesser degree in Easter. In Sweden bonfires are lit on Walpurgis Night celebrations on the last day of April. Bonfire traditions of early spring, lit on the Sunday following Ash Wednesday, are widespread throughout the Alemannic German speaking regions of Europe and in parts of France; the burning of "winter in effigy" at the Sechseläuten in Zürich is inspired by this Alemannic tradition. In Austria "Osterfeuer", Easter fires, are widespread, but regulated in some cities and countries to hold down the resulting annual peak of PM10-dust immission.
There are "Sonnwendfeuer" ignited on the evening of 21 June. Since 1988 "Feuer in den Alpen" have been lit on a day in August on mountains so they can be seen from afar as an appeal for sustainable development of mountain regions. In the Czech Republic, the festival called "Burning the Witches" takes place on the night between 30 April and 1 May; this is a old and still observed folk custom and special holiday. On that night, people gather together, light bonfires, celebrate the coming of spring. In many places people erect maypoles; the night between 30 April and 1 May was considered magical. The festival was originally celebrated when the moon was full closest to the day between the spring equinox and summer solstice. People believed that on this night witches fly on the Sabbath, indeed this is one of the biggest pagan holidays. People believed, for example, in the opening of various caves treasures were hidden; the main purpose of this old folk custom was a celebration of fertility. To protect themselves against witches, people lit bonfires in high places, calling these fires "Burning the Witches".
Some people took to jumping over the fire in order to ensure fertility. The ash from these fires had a special power to raise crops, people walked the cattle through the ashes to ensure fertility. In Australia, bonfires are allowed in the warmer months due to fire danger. Legislation about bonfires varies between states and rural regions, local government areas, property types. For example, in urban areas of Canberra bonfires may be lit around the Queen's Official Birthday if local fire authorities are notified. Smaller fires such as campfires and outdoor barbecues are permitted outside of fire restriction periods. In the state of Queensland, the rural town of Killarney hosts an annual Bonfire night for the greater community. Due to their historic connection to Britain, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador have many communities that celebrate Bonfire night. In the province of Quebec, many communities light up bonfires on June 24th to celebrate Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day. In France, the bonfire celebrates Jean le Baptiste during the Fête de la Saint-Jean, first Saturday after the solstice, about 24 June.
Like the other countries, it was a pagan celebration of the solstice, or midsummer, but Christianisation transformed it into a catholic celebration. Bonfire in Nepal is taken synonymous with camp-fire. During winter months its quite common to have a bonfire in hotels, residential area as well as private properties. Bonfire is done during Siva ratri in the evening, it is based on lunar calendar falls during month of February In India in Punjab, people gather around a bonfire and eat peanuts and sweets during the festival of Lohri to celebrate the winter solstice which occurred during the Indian month of Magh. People have bonfires on communal land. If there has been a recent wedding or a new born in the family, people will have a bonfire outside their house to celebrate this event; the festival falls in the second week of January every year. In Assam in the northeastern part of India, a harvest festival called Bhogali Bihu is celebrated to mark the end of the harvest season in mid-January. In southern parts of India in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Mumbai, the Bhogi festival is celebrated on the last day of'Maarkali', the first day of the farmer festival Pongal.
People set them on fire in a bonfire to celebrate. During the ten days of Vijayadashami, effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and son Meghanad are erected and burnt by enthusiastic youths at sunset. Traditionally a bonfire on the day of Holi marks the symbolic annihilation of Holika the demoness as described above. Chaharshanbe Suri is a fire jumping festival celebrated by Persian people, Kurdish people and some other people in the world; the event takes place on the eve of the last Wednesday before Nowruz. Loosely translated as Wednesday Light, from the word sur which means light in Persian, or more plausibly, consider sur to be a variant of sorkh and take it to refer either to the fire itself or to the ruddiness, meaning good health or ripeness obtained by jumping over it, is an ancient Iranian festival dating back to at least 1700 BCE of the early Zoroastrian era. Called the Festival of
Warner Bros. World Abu Dhabi is an indoor amusement park in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and developed by Miral Asset Management at an expected cost of $1 billion; the park features characters from Warner Bros.'s franchises, such as Looney Tunes, DC Comics, Hanna-Barbera, others. The park is located on Yas Island near Ferrari World and Yas Waterpark, is the third Warner Bros.'s theme park. An adjoining hotel is being built at the center of Yas Island; the park contains 29 rides, attractions and shows. Plans for the park were halted by the global financial crisis. Warner Bros. had signed a development contract with Aldar Properties in that year. Afterwards, the park was to be joint owned by Abu Dhabi Media Company and Warner Bros. and plans included 19 rides, a l. The partnership would include a Persian Gulf-focused entertainment company for digital content distribution, video game publishing, film financing and film production facilities. Aldar, because of the crisis, sold many of its assets to the Abu Dhabi government.
Miral Asset Management was given other Aldar assets purchased by the government. In May 2015, Miral signed the general construction contract with Belgian contractor Six Construct, thus resuming construction that year. On April 19, 2016, Miral and Warner Bros. announced plans for the park's first phase to open in 2018. At that time, all construction agreements had been finalized with 30% of the park finished. Miral had not confirmed the park's final ride count at the time. Miral announced in February 2017 that ride delivery and installation had begun with many of the 29 rides being tested. On April 25, 2017, Warner Bros. Consumer Products and Miral indicated that the park was on schedule at 60% completion, revealed information about its six themed areas. On July 26, 2018, the park was inaugurated by Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
The theme park is indoor and air-conditioned, as is typical of most major theme parks in the region due to the extreme heat in the summer. The facade features a 61-metre-tall tower inspired by the iconic Warner Bros. Water Tower in Burbank, California. Warner Bros. World Abu Dhabi is organized into six themed areas. Plaza. Gotham and Metropolis are based on the fictional settings of DC Comics super heroes Batman and Superman, respectively. Warner Bros.'s Looney Tunes and Hanna-Barbera cartoon libraries are represented in Dynamite Gulch and Cartoon Junction along with Bedrock, themed around The Flintstones. Warner Bros. Plaza is meant to mimic the Hollywood of the past. Scarecrow Scare Raid The Riddler Revolution The Joker Funhouse Rogues Gallery Games Justice League Warworld Attacks Green Lantern: Galactic Odyssey Superman 360: Battle for Metropolis Teen Titans Training Academy Tom and Jerry: Swiss Cheese Spin Scooby Doo: The Museum of Mysteries Cartoon Junction Carousel Daffy Jet-Propelled Pogo Stick Tweety Wild Wockets Ricochet Racin' with Taz Ani-Mayhem Acme Factory Fast and Furry-ous The Jetsons Cosmic Orbiter Marvin the Martian Crater Crashers The Flintstones Bedrock River Adventure Batman: Knight Flight Warner Bros.
Caryl Parker Haskins was a scientist, inventor, governmental adviser and pioneering entomologist in the study of ant biology. Along with Franklin S. Cooper, he founded the Haskins Laboratories, a private, non-profit research laboratory, in 1935, he was professor at Union College. He served on boards of nonprofits such as the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the Smithsonian Institution. Haskins was educated at Yale University, where he was awarded a B. S. in 1930. He went on to earn a Ph. D. from Harvard University in 1935. Throughout his career, he was awarded an Sc. D. from multiple institutions. Haskins taught at Union College as a Research Professor from 1937 to 1955, he was a Research Associate at MIT from 1935 to 1945. In the late 1940s, Haskins began to study the evolution of Guppies in the streams of Trinidad, he found that male Guppies in stream ponds further upstream were more colorful than those downstream because of fewer predators there. He continued his research on entomology, working with his wife, Edna Haskins, other colleagues.
In the 1930s Haskins was inspired by Alfred Lee Loomis to establish his own research facility. He founded Haskins Laboratoreis in 1935. Affiliated with Harvard University, MIT, Union College, Haskins conducted research in microbiology, radiation physics, other fields in Cambridge, in Schenectady, New York. In 1939 Haskins Laboratories moved its center to New York City. Seymour Hutner joined the staff to set up a research program in microbiology and nutrition. In the 1940s Luigi Provasoli joined the Laboratories to set up a research program in marine biology, which disbanded with his retirement in 1978. Since the 1950s, the main focus of the research of Haskins Laboratories has been on speech and its biological basis; the main facility of Haskins Laboratories moved to New Haven, Connecticut, in 1970 where it entered into affiliation agreements with Yale University and the University of Connecticut. Haskins Laboratories continues to be a leading, multidisciplinary laboratory with an international scope that does pioneering work on the science of the spoken and written word.
Haskins served as President, Research Director, Chairman of the Board of Haskins Laboratories from 1935 to 1987. During World War II, Haskins used his scientific knowledge for the war effort, he was a liaison officer with the Office of Scientific Research and Development and worked with the chairman of the National Defense Research Committee. After the war, he advised the Research and Development Board of the Army and the Navy, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State. In 1956, he was appointed to the Presidency of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, a position he held until 1971. Haskins served as a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution from 1956 to 1980, he chaired the Regents' Executive Committee from 1968 to 1972. In 1980, the Board of Regents unanimously awarded him the Henry Medal "in recognition of his manifold services to the Institution as a friend and a Regent", he was active with the National Geographic Society in many positions: Trustee from 1964 to 1984, member of the Finance Committee from 1972 to 1985, member of the Committee on Research and Exploration beginning in 1972, member of the Society's Executive Committee from 1972 to 84.
He was a Director of E. I. du Pont de Nemours from 1971 to 1981. He was President of the Sigma Xi scientific research honor society in 1967–68, he remained a Trustee of Carnegie Institution and of Haskins Laboratories, as well as Trustee Emeritus of the National Geographic Society, until his death. Philip Abelson. A Model for Excellence. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 3-10. Alice B. Dadourian. A Bio-Bibliography of Caryl Parker Haskins. Yvonix, New Haven, Connecticut, 2000. James D. Ebert, editor; this Our Golden Age: Selected Annual Essays of Caryl P. Haskins, President Carnegie Institution of Washington 1956-1971. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC, 1994. LC # 94–70734. James D. Ebert. Inspiring Mentor, Visionary Leader. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 19–24. Caryl Parker Haskins. Of ants and men. Prentice-Hall, New York, 1939. Caryl Parker Haskins. Of Societies and Men. W. W. Norton, New York, 1951. Caryl Parker Haskins; the scientific revolution and world politics. Greenwood Press, 1975.
Haskins, C. P. and Haskins, Edna F. Notes on the biology and social behavior of the archaic ponerine ants of the genera Myrmecia and Promyrmecia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 1950, 43, 461–491. Edward O. Wilson. Caryl Haskins, Entomologist. In J. D. Ebert, This Our Golden Age, 11–18