Seoul Metropolitan Subway
The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 22 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province; some regional lines in the network stretch out to rural areas in northern Chungnam province and western Gangwon province that lie over 100 km away from the capital as well as Suwon. The network consists of numbered lines 1–9, which serve Seoul City proper and its surroundings and named regional railways that serve the greater metropolitan region and beyond. Most of the system is operated by three companies – Seoul Metro and Metro 9. However, there are several other lines stretching out to regional provinces, its first metro line, Line 1, started construction in 1971 and opened in 1974, with through-operation to Korail suburban railways. Today, the network is one of the largest and most efficient urban railway systems in the world, with 331.5 km of track on lines 1–9 alone.
Under the Japanese ODA loans, the first line of the Seoul Subway network started construction in 1971. The first section of subway was cover construction method. Line 1 opened in 1974 with through services joining surrounding Korail suburban railway lines similar to the Tokyo subway. Today, many of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway's lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national passenger and freight railway operator; this is similar to Europe and Japan, where the national railroad operates local mainline urban railways, such as the S-Bahns in Germany, operated by subsidiaries of Deutsche Bahn, or JR East in Japan, which operates many other urban rail systems in Japanese cities. It has been described as the world's longest multi-operator metro system by route length; the system was rated as one of the world's best subway systems by CNN, Jalopnik It is notable for its cleanliness and ease of use along with advanced technology such as 4G LTE, WiFi, DMB, WiBro accessible in all stations and trains.
Nearly all stations have platform screen doors installed. By 2017, Korail will install screen doors in every station and platform; the world's first virtual mart for smartphone users opened at Seolleung station in 2011. All directional signs in the system are written in Korean and Hanja. In trains there are in addition many LCD screens giving service announcements, upcoming stop names, YTN news, stock prices and animated shorts. There are prerecorded voice announcements that give the upcoming station, any possible line transfer, the exiting side in Korean, followed by English. At major stations, this is followed by Japanese Mandarin Chinese, as well. Seoul Subway uses full-color LCD screens at all stations to display real-time subway arrival times, which are available on apps for smartphones. Most trains have digital TV screens, all of them have air conditioning and climate controlled seats installed that are automatically heated in the winter. In 2014, it became the world's first metro operator to use transparent displays for ads when it installed 48 transparent displays on major stations of Line 2 in Gangnam District.
All lines use the T-money smart payment system using RFID and NFC technology for automatic payment by T-money smart cards, smartphones, or credit cards and one can transfer to any of the other line within the system for free. Trains on numbered lines run on the right-hand track, while trains on the named lines run on the left-hand track; the exceptions are the trains on Line 1, as well as those on Line 4 south of Namtaeryeong station. These lines run on the left-hand track because these rail lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national railway operator; the system is organised such that numbered lines, with some exceptions, are considered as urban rapid transit lines located within the Seoul National Capital Area, whereas wide-area commuter lines operated by Korail provide a metro-like commuter rail service that extends far beyond the boundaries of the SNCA, rather similar to the RER in Paris. The AREX is an airport rail link that links Incheon International Airport and Gimpo Airport to central Seoul, offers both express service directly to Incheon International Airport and all-stop commuter service for people living along the vicinity of the line.
While operating hours may vary depending on the line in question, the Seoul Metropolitan Subway operates from 5.30 am until 1 am on weekdays, from 5.30 am until midnight on weekends. Line 1, from Seongbuk station to Incheon station and Suwon station, opened on 15 August 1974. On 9 December 1978, the Yongsan-Cheongnyangni line was added to Line 1. Line 2 opened on 10 October 1980. In 1985, the fare system changed from charging by distance to zone and the Edmondson railway ticket changed to a magnetic paper ticket. Line 4 opened on 20 April 1985, Line 3 on 12 July. On 1 April 1994, the Indeogwon-Namtaeryeong extension of Line 4 opened; the Bundang Line, from Suseo station to Ori station, opened on 1 September. On 15 November 1995, Line 5 opened; the Jichuk-Daehwa extension of Line 3 opened on 30 January 1996. On 20 March, the Kkachisan-Sindorim extension of Line 2 opened. Line 7 opened on 11 October, Line 8 on 23 November. On 6 October 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened. Seoul Subway Line 6 opened on 7 August 2000.
In 2004 the fare system reverted to charging by distance, free bus transfers were introduced. The
Samseong Station is a station on Seoul Subway Line 2. It serves the eastern area of Teheranno; some of the more famous buildings near the station include World Trade Center Seoul, COEX Mall, Korea Electric Power headquarters, Korea Air City Terminal, Gangnam main police and fire stations. Due to security concerns, the station was closed during the G20 summit and the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit, as this station is directly connected with COEX; the ridership of this station is high ranking among the five most used subway stations in Korea. The table below shows the average daily ridership between 2010 and 2012. Although the name of this station shares its pronunciation with the company Samsung, the Hanja for the company and the station are different, so there is no relation between the two; the 836-meter section of sidewalk along Yeongdong Boulevard from exit No.5 of this station, outside COEX Convention & Exhibition Center and ASEM Tower is designated as a smoke-free zone by the Seoul Metropolitan Government.
Exit 1: Gangnam Police Station, Park Hyatt Hotel Exit 2: Russian Embassy of Korea Exit 3: Hwimoon Middle & High Schools Exit 4: POSCO Center, Daemyeong Middle School Exit 5: Korea Air City Terminal, Hyundai Department Store, InterContinental Hotel Grand Seoul Parnas Exit 6: COEX Mall, World Trade Center Seoul Exit 7: KEPCO Headquarters Exit 8: Gangnam Fire Station
Gangnam Station is a station in the Gangnam District of Seoul, South Korea, on the Seoul Subway Line 2. This station serves as a crucial transfer point between Line 2 and buses to all over Seoul and southern Gyeonggi Province, it became the northern terminus of the Shinbundang Line on October 29, 2011, the southern terminus being at Jeongja Station. Both stations have two side platforms. December 23, 1982 - Line 2 station completed. October 29, 2011 - Shinbundang Line station completed; the area surrounding the station is an important entertainment district. The station is located at the western end of Teheranno, home to many corporate headquarters and impressive towers, while the area to the north of the station is densely packed with bars and clubs. There are many shops in the subway station below ground. In 2007, the area was the 10th most expensive shopping street in the world with an average rent of US$431 per square foot; the section of Gangnam Boulevard from exit No.2 of this station to exit No.5 of Sinnonhyeon Station of Line 9 is designated as a smoke-free zone by the Gangnam District office.
Line 2 runs on the right hand track. This can be confusing to tourists making a transfer here, as many tourists are accustomed to riding on either the left-hand track or the right-hand track. In 2007, it was the busiest subway station in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, with 123,000 daily passengers using it on average. In a survey conducted in 2011 by the Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs on 92 Administrative divisions across the country, it reported that Gangnam Station had a daily average of 110,129 people boarding and 114,338 people alighting the subway. Making this the busiest public transit stop, with more than 100,000 people every day. Exit 1: KIPO Seoul Office Exit 8: Kukkiwon The headquarters of South Korean skincare and cosmetics manufacturer Skin Food is in the DaeRyung Scecho Tower in Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu nearby to this station
Sports Complex station
Sports Complex Station is a station on Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 9. As its name indicates, it serves the nearby Seoul Sports Complex including Seoul Olympic Stadium. Asia Park is accessible by foot from the station. In early 2015 this station become a transfer station between Line 2 and Line 9 of the Seoul Subway
Seolleung Station is a Seoul Subway station that serves Line 2 and the Bundang Line. The station is named after the nearby Seonjeongneung, Joseon Dynasty royal tombs Seolleung and Jeongneung. On Line 2, the preceding and following stations are Samseong Station. On the Bundang Line these are Seonjeongneung Station, which connects with Line 9, Hanti Station. In 2011, retailer Home plus opened the world's first virtual supermarket in the station, where smartphone users can photograph the bar codes of life-size pictures, on the walls and platform screen doors, of 500 items of food, electronics etc. for delivery within the same day. In a survey conducted in 2011 by the Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs on 92 Administrative divisions across the country, it reported that Seolleung Station is the fourth-busiest public transit stop following Gangnam Station, Jamsil Station, Sadang Station.
Euljiro 4-ga station
Euljiro 4-ga Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2 and Seoul Subway Line 5
Sindang Station is a subway station on the Seoul Subway Line 2 and Line 6. The Line 2 station is located in Sindang-dong, the Line 6 station in Heungin-dong, both within Jung-gu of Seoul. Exit 1: Korea Workers' Compensation & Welfare Service Exit 3: Seongdong High School Exit 6: Heungin Elementary School Exit 8: Tteokbokki Town Exit 9: Chungmu Arts Hall Exit 10: Kwanghee Elementary School Chungmu Arts Hall is an art center near Sindang station Entrance No.9 of Line 6. It is a multi-purpose cultural complex, with theatres and sports facilities, as well as art gallery and academy; the Sindang-dong neighbourhood, is found by turning at the first left coming from exit 8 and for two blocks. It is a popular shopping area with a variety of food markets, eatries that specialise in Korean snacks such as Tteokbokki, it is known to Koreans for its Tteokbokki Town