SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bonn

The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000. About 24 km south-southeast of Cologne, Bonn is in the southernmost part of the Rhine-Ruhr region, Germany's largest metropolitan area, with over 11 million inhabitants, it is famously known as the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven in 1770. He spent his childhood and teenage years in Bonn. Founded in the 1st century BC as a Roman settlement, Bonn is one of Germany's oldest cities. From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the capital of the Electorate of Cologne, residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne. From 1949 to 1990, Bonn was the capital of West Germany, Germany's present constitution, the Basic Law, was declared in the city in 1949; the era when Bonn served as the capital of West Germany is referred to by historians as the Bonn Republic. From 1990 to 1999, Bonn served as the seat of government – but no longer capital – of reunited Germany; because of a political compromise following the reunification, the German federal government maintains a substantial presence in Bonn.

A third of all ministerial jobs are located in Bonn as of 2019, the city is considered a second, capital of the country. Bonn is the secondary seat of the President, the Chancellor, the Bundesrat and the primary seat of six federal government ministries and twenty federal authorities; the title of Federal City reflects its important political status within Germany. The headquarters of Deutsche Post DHL and Deutsche Telekom, both DAX-listed corporations, are in Bonn; the city is home to the University of Bonn and a total of 20 United Nations institutions, the highest number in all of Germany. These institutions include the headquarters for Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention Climate Change, the Secretariat of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, the UN Volunteers programme. Situated in the southernmost part of the Rhine-Ruhr region, Germany's largest metropolitan area with over 11 million inhabitants, Bonn lies within the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, close to the border with Rhineland-Palatinate.

Spanning an area of more 141.2 km2 on both sides of the river Rhine three quarters of the city lies on the river's left bank. To the south and to the west, Bonn is bordering the Eifel region which encompasses the Rhineland Nature Park. To the north, Bonn borders the Cologne Lowland. Natural borders are constituted by the river Sieg to the north-east and by the Siebengebirge to the east; the largest extension of the city in north-south dimensions is 15 km and 12.5 km in west-east dimensions. The city borders have a total length of 61 km; the geographical centre of Bonn is the Bundeskanzlerplatz in Bonn-Gronau. The German state of North Rhine-Westphalia is divided into five governmental districts, Bonn is part of the governmental district of Cologne. Within this governmental district, the city of Bonn is an urban district in its own right; the urban district of Bonn is again divided into four administrative municipal districts. These are Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Bonn-Beuel and Bonn-Hardtberg. In 1969, the independent towns of Bad Godesberg and Beuel as well as several villages were incorporated into Bonn, resulting in a city more than twice as large as before.

Bonn has an oceanic climate. In the south of the Cologne lowland in the Rhine valley, Bonn is in one of Germany's warmest regions; the history of the city dates back to Roman times. In about 12 BC, the Roman army appears to have stationed a small unit in what is presently the historical centre of the city. Earlier, the army had resettled members of a Germanic tribal group allied with Rome, the Ubii, in Bonn; the Latin name for that settlement, "Bonna", may stem from the original population of this and many other settlements in the area, the Eburoni. The Eburoni were members of a large tribal coalition wiped out during the final phase of Caesar's War in Gaul. After several decades, the army gave up the small camp linked to the Ubii-settlement. During the 1st century AD, the army chose a site to the north of the emerging town in what is now the section of Bonn-Castell to build a large military installation dubbed Castra Bonnensis, i.e. "Fort Bonn". Built from wood, the fort was rebuilt in stone. With additions and new construction, the fort remained in use by the army into the waning days of the Western Roman Empire the mid-5th century.

The structures themselves remained standing well into the Middle Ages, when they were called the Bonnburg. They were used by Frankish kings. Much of the building materials seem to have been re-used in the construction of Bonn's 13th-century city wall; the Sterntor in the city center is a reconstruction using the last remnants of the medieval city wall. To date, Bonn's Roman fort remains the largest fort of its type known from the ancient world, i.e. a fort built to accommodate a full-strength Imperial Legion and its auxiliaries. The fort covered an area of 250,000 square metres. Between its walls it contained a dense grid of streets and a multitude of buildings, ranging from spacious headquarters and large officers' quarters to barracks, stables and a military jail. Among the legions stationed in Bonn, the "1st", i.e. the Prima Legio Minervia, seems to have served here the longest. Units of the Bonn legion were deployed to theatres of war ranging from modern-day Algeria to what is now the Russian republic of Chec

2018 ITTF Women's World Cup

The 2018 ITTF Women's World Cup was a table tennis competition held in Chengdu, from 28 to 30 September 2018. It was the 22nd edition of the ITTF-sanctioned event, the ninth time that it has been staged in China. In the final, China's Ding Ning defeated fellow Chinese player Zhu Yuling, 4–0, to win her third World Cup title. In total, 20 players qualified for the World Cup: The current World Champion 18 players from the five Continental Cups held during 2018 A wild card, selected by the ITTFA maximum of two players from each association could qualify. Notes The tournament consisted of two stages: a preliminary group stage and a knockout stage; the players seeded 9 to 20 were drawn with three players in each group. The top two players from each group joined the top eight seeded players in the second stage of the competition, which consisted of a knockout draw; the seeding list was based on the official ITTF world ranking for September 2018. The preliminary group stage took place on 28 September, with the top two players in each group progressing to the main draw.

The knockout stage took place from 29–30 September. 2018 World Team Table Tennis Championships 2018 ITTF World Tour 2018 ITTF World Tour Grand Finals 2018 ITTF Men's World Cup 2018 ITTF Team World Cup Tournament page on ITTF website

Kerteh Airport

Kerteh Airport is an airport in Kerteh, a town in the state of Terengganu in Malaysia. The airport is owned by Petroliam Nasional Berhad or Petronas via its East Coast Regional Office, was built to serve the purpose of airlifting its employees and ExxonMobil employees to their various oil platforms located 100–200 km offshore South China Sea; the airport is operated by Senai Airport Terminal Services Sdn Bhd, the operator of Senai International Airport since 2019. The airport although small, has a single 1,362 m long runway which can accommodate a Boeing 737-400 aircraft. Most of the airport's operations are centred on the helicopters operated by Malaysia Helicopter Services used to transport workers to the platforms; the airport used to have a weekday fixed-wing chartered service using a Beechcraft 1900 Airliner turboprop aircraft operated by MHS, which shuttles Petronas and ExxonMobil employees from Kerteh to the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang near Kuala Lumpur. The fixed-wing service has ceased operation and now replaced with regular Malindo Air scheduled flights using ATR 72-600 short-haul aircraft.

Accident history for KTE at Aviation Safety Network