Chang Chen

Chang Chen, sometimes credited as Chen Chang according to Western name order, is a Taiwanese actor. His father Chang Kuo-chu and his brother Hans Chang are actors. Chang started his film career at a young age, he was selected by a Taiwanese film director Edward Yang to be the protagonist of a four-hour-long critically acclaimed film A Brighter Summer Day, which won the Special Jury Prize at the Tokyo International Film Festival. One of the earliest films Chang acted in was Wong Kar-wai's Happy Together, he rose to fame for his role as "Dark Cloud" in the 2000 film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon directed by Ang Lee. He featured in Wong Kar-wai's 2046. Chang co-starred with Shu Qi in Hou Hsiao-hsien's Three Times, nominated for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and won Golden Horse accolades for Best Taiwanese film, among other awards. For his performance in that film, Chang was nominated for a Best Actor award at the 2005 Golden Horse Awards. In 2006, Chang was nominated for the Golden Horse Award for Best Actor for his role in The Go Master, a dramatisation of the life of the Go master Wu Qingyuan.

The following year, Chang made his Korean debut in Kim Ki-duk's Breath, nominated for the Palme d'Or award at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival,Chang starred in the historical war epic Red Cliff, portraying the warlord Sun Quan. He was nominated at the Hong Kong Film Awards for Best Supporting Actor, he next starred in the 2012 historical epic The Last Supper directed by Lu Chuan and the 2013 kungfu epic The Grandmaster by Wong Kar-wai. In 2014, Chang headlined the wuxia film Brotherhood of Blades, which won commercial success and critical acclaim, he earned his third nomination for Best Actor in the Golden Horse Awards. In 2015, Chang reunited with Three Times director Hou Hsiao-hsien and co-star Shu Qi in The Assassin, which competed at the Cannes Film Festival. In 2017, Chang played the title character in the action film Mr. Long; the same year, he returned for the second installment of Brotherhood of Blades film. Chang Chen on IMDb Chang Chen at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase


Osumilite is a rare potassium-sodium-iron-magnesium-aluminium silicate mineral. Osumilite is part of the milarite group of cyclosilicates. Osumilite chemical formula is 2312O30, it is translucent and the typical coloring is either blue, brown, or gray. It has a vitreous luster. Osumilite has a hardness between 5-6 on the Mohs hardness scale; the hexagonal crystal structure of osumilite is an unusual molecular make-up. The primary unit is a double ring, with a formula of Si12O30. Normal cyclosilicate have rings composed of six silicate tetrahedrons. In a double ring structure, two normal rings are linked by sharing six oxygens, one from each tetrahedron in each six membered ring. Osumilite, was first discovered as grains in volcanic rocks near Osumi, Japan, it was confused with a similar mineral cordierite because of their similar coloring. It can be found in high-grade metamorphic rocks, xenoliths and in the groundmass of rhyolite and dacite. Osumilite is found in the Obsidian Oregon. Osumulite pseudomorphs are known from a number of ultrahigh-temperature rocks, including those of southern Madagascar List of minerals