Leeton Shire is a local government area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire is located adjacent to the Murrumbidgee River and falls within the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area; the Shire includes the town of Leeton and the small towns of Yanco, Whitton, Stoney Point, Corbie Hill, Merungle Hill and Stanbridge and the suburbs of Parkview, Wattle Hill, North Leeton and Willimbong. The mayor of Leeton Shire is Paul Maytom. Leeton Shire Council is composed of nine councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the mayor is elected by the councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the Council is as follows:: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: Leeton Shire has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Leeton, Chelmsford Place: Hydro Hotel Leeton, Chelmsford Place: Leeton District Lands Office Leeton, Chelmsford Place: Leeton District Office artefacts Leeton, Dunn Avenue: Leeton railway station Leeton, 114-118 Pine Avenue: Roxy Community Theatre Narrandera, Murrumbidgee River near: Gogeldrie Weir Yanco, Yanco Weir
Division of Farrer
The Division of Farrer is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division is named for William Farrer, an agricultural scientist; the division is located in the far south-western area of the state and includes Albury, Narrandera, Griffith, Hay and Wentworth. The sitting member, since the 2001 election, is Sussan Ley, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia, it has always been a safe non-Labor seat, alternating between the Liberal Party and the National Party. All four of its members have gone on to serve in cabinet, most notably Tim Fischer, leader of the National Party from 1990 to 1999 and Deputy Prime Minister from 1996 to 1999 during the first half of the Howard Government. Division of Farrer - Australian Electoral Commission
Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson, was an Australian bush poet and author. He wrote many ballads and poems about Australian life, focusing on the rural and outback areas, including the district around Binalong, New South Wales, where he spent much of his childhood. Paterson's more notable poems include "Clancy of the Overflow", "The Man from Snowy River" and "Waltzing Matilda", regarded as Australia's unofficial national anthem. Andrew Barton Paterson was born at the property "Narrambla", near Orange, New South Wales, the eldest son of Andrew Bogle Paterson, a Scottish immigrant from Lanarkshire, Australian-born Rose Isabella Barton, related to the future first Prime Minister of Australia Edmund Barton. Paterson's family lived on the isolated Buckinbah Station near Yeoval NSW until he was five when his father lost his wool clip in a flood and was forced to sell up; when Paterson's uncle John Paterson died, his family took over John Paterson's farm in Illalong, near Yass, close to the main route between Melbourne and Sydney.
Bullock teams, Cobb and Co coaches and drovers were familiar sights to him. He saw horsemen from the Murrumbidgee River area and Snowy Mountains country take part in picnic races and polo matches, which led to his fondness of horses and inspired his writings. Paterson's early education came from a governess, but when he was able to ride a pony, he was taught at the bush school at Binalong. In 1874 Paterson was sent to Sydney Grammar School, performing well both as a student and a sportsman. During this time, he lived in the suburb of Gladesville; the cottage is now listed on the Register of the National Estate and New South Wales State Heritage Register. He left the prestigious school at 16 after failing an examination for a scholarship to University of Sydney, he went on to become a law clerk with a Sydney-based firm headed by Herbert Salwey and was admitted as a solicitor in 1886. In the years he practised as a solicitor, Paterson started a writing career. From 1885, he began submitting and having poetry published in The Bulletin, a literary journal with a nationalist focus.
His earliest work was a poem criticising the British war in the Sudan, which had Australian participation. Over the next decade, the influential journal provided an important platform for Paterson's work, which appeared under the pseudonym of "The Banjo", the name of his favourite horse; as one of its most popular writers through the 1890s, he formed friendships with other significant writers in Australian literature, such as E. J. Brady, Harry'Breaker' Morant, Will H. Ogilvie, Henry Lawson. In particular, Paterson became engaged in a friendly rivalry of verse with Lawson about the allure of bush life. Paterson became a war correspondent for The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age during the Second Boer War, sailing for South Africa in October 1899, his graphic accounts of the relief of Kimberley, surrender of Bloemfontein and the capture of Pretoria attracted the attention of the press in Britain. He was a correspondent during the Boxer Rebellion, where he met George "Chinese" Morrison and wrote about his meeting.
He was editor of the Sydney Evening News and of the Country Journal. In 1908 after a trip to the United Kingdom he decided to abandon journalism and writing and moved with his family to a 16,000-hectare property near Yass. In World War I, Paterson failed to become a correspondent covering the fighting in Flanders, but did become an ambulance driver with the Australian Voluntary Hospital, France, he returned to Australia early in 1915 and, as an honorary vet, travelled on three voyages with horses to Africa and Egypt. He was commissioned in the 2nd Remount Unit, Australian Imperial Force on 18 October 1915, serving in France where he was wounded and reported missing in July 1916 and latterly as commanding officer of the unit based in Cairo, Egypt, he was repatriated to Australia and discharged from the army having risen to the rank of major in April 1919. His wife had worked in an ambulance unit near her husband. Just as he returned to Australia, the third collection of his poetry, Saltbush Bill JP, was published and he continued to publish verse, short stories and essays while continuing to write for the weekly Truth.
Paterson wrote on rugby league football in the 1920s for the Sydney Sportsman. On 8 April 1903 he married Alice Emily Walker, of Tenterfield Station, in St Stephen's Presbyterian Church, in Tenterfield, New South Wales, their first home was in Woollahra. The Patersons had two children and Hugh. Paterson had been engaged to Sarah Riley for eight years, but this was abruptly called off in 1895 following a visit to her at Dagworth Station in Queensland where she was visiting the Macpherson family, it was here that Paterson met his fiancée's best friend from school days, Christina Macpherson, who composed the music for which he wrote the lyrics of the famous "Waltzing Matilda". However, following this collaboration Paterson was asked to leave the property, leading historians to conclude that he was a womanizer and had engaged in a scandalous romantic liaison with Macpherson. Paterson died of a heart attack in Sydney on 5 February 1941 aged 76. Paterson's grave, along with that of his wife, is in the Northern Suburbs Memorial Gardens and Crematorium, Sydney.
The publication of The Man from Snowy River and five other ballads in The Bulletin made'The Banjo' a household name. In 1895, Angus & Robertson published these poems as a collection of Australian verse; the book sold 5000 copies in the first four months of publication
The Cobb Highway is a state highway in the western Riverina and the far western regions of New South Wales, with a short section in Victoria, Australia. An amalgam of stock routes, the 571-kilometre Cobb Highway was proclaimed during the late 1930s extending from the New South Wales and Victorian border north to Wilcannia, White Cliffs and Tibooburra to Warri Gate at the New South Wales and Queensland border. In 1945, the highway was truncated to its current length and named in 1947 in honour of Cobb and Co, a company which ran a network of stagecoaches in inland Australia in the latter half of the 19th century and early in the 20th century; the highway follows an old coach route through the Riverina, connecting the Murray and Lachlan rivers, across the intervening plains to the Darling River at Wilcannia. The Cobb connects the Barrier, Mid-Western and Riverina highways; the Cobb carries the State Highway B75 shield for its entire length, the majority of, a sealed single carriageway as far north as 10 kilometres north of Ivanhoe.
From north to south the Cobb Highway begins at its junction with the Barrier Highway near Wilcannia and runs south through the townships of Ivanhoe, Booligal and Deniliquin. Its southern terminus is in Echuca, Victoria, at a roundabout located 1 kilometre south of Moama where the highway crosses the New South Wales/Victoria border at the Murray River and continues south as the Northern Highway, retaining the B75 shield; the highway travels through diverse changes in scenery, from the Murray River, enclosed farming land in the Riverina, to open grazing land and semi-desert towards the middle and northern sections. The speed limit is posted at 100 km/h except from three sections where the limit is 110 km/h, being 40 kilometres north of Deniliquin until Hay, Hay until a few kilometres north of Booligal and the final 110 km/h zone being from just south of Mossgiel to Ivanhoe. In the 1930s the road now known as the Cobb Highway was proclaimed as part of State Highway 21, which included the road north through Wilcannia, White Cliffs and Tibooburra to Warri Gate at the Queensland border.
Highway 21 was truncated 18 kilometres south of Wilcannia on 9 February 1945 when the Silver City Highway was proclaimed. The Cobb Highway received its name in 1947 in commemoration of the Co. coach company. In 1954, with the institution of the National Route system, the Cobb Highway in New South Wales and the Northern Highway in Victoria were designated to be National Route 75. In May 1969 a bridge over the Edward River at Deniliquin was constructed. In June 1973 a bridge over Murrumbidgee River at Hay was built; the Cobb Highway is part of a significant travelling stock routes network in New South Wales. The highway is the focus of a major tourism initiative entitled The Long Paddock, developed by the shires along the route; the Long Paddock project aims to create sustainable communities along the Cobb Highway through the development of a dynamic cultural heritage touring route. The project uses the consistent theme of transportation, involving elements of history, creative interpretation and local environment, to link the communities along the highway.
Highways in Australia List of highways in New South Wales The Long Paddock: Cobb Highway Touring Route website
Federation Council, New South Wales
The Federation Council is a local government area located in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. This area was formed in 2016 from the merger of the Corowa Shire with its neighbouring Urana Shire; the council comprises an area of 5,685 square kilometres and covers the urban areas of Corowa and Mulwala and the surrounding cropping and pastoral region to the north. It is bounded to the state of Victoria. At the time of its establishment the council had an estimated population of 12,602; the inaugural mayor of Federation Council is Patrick Bourke from Urana, elected by his fellow councillors on 26 September 2017. In addition to the main urban centres of Corowa and Mulwala, localities in the area include Balldale, Boree Creek, Coreen, Hopefield, Lowesdale, Oaklands, Rennie and Urana; the Federation Council has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Corowa, 8 Church Street: Corowa Courthouse Corowa, Culcairn-Corowa railway: Corowa railway station Corowa, Steel Street: Corowa Flour Mill Savernake, 2341 Mulwala Road: Savernake Station Urana, Anna Street: Urana Soldiers' Memorial Hall Federation Council comprise nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward.
All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The interim Administrator of the Federation Council was solicitor and former professional rugby league footballer Michael Eden, until elections were held on 9 September 2017 The most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the council is as follows: The Federation Council was created by the Government of New South Wales as a result of an amalgamation of some local government bodies through a reform program between 2013 and 2016; as part of the review, all New South Wales local government authorities were assessed by the NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal on their historical and projected demographic data, financial sustainability, other measures including their impact on the State's resources. Those council deemed "unfit" were asked to nominate their preferred merger partner in order to achieve economies of scale. Corowa and Urana shires both nominated to merge with each other. In addition Lockhart Shire nominated Urana Shire as a preferred merger partner.
In December 2015, the Minister for Local Government Paul Toole proposed the amalgamation of all three Councils. All three Councils opposed the proposal and a group of residents in the town of Mulwala in Corowa Shire threatened to secede and join Berrigan Shire if the three-way merger went ahead. Corowa Shire put forward the alternate proposal being a merger of Corowa and Urana shires, despite objections from Urana Shire; the Minister accepted the Corowa and Urana merger proposal and the Federation Council was proclaimed on 12 May 2016. Local government areas of New South Wales "Local Government Area Boundary: Federation Council". Land & Property Information. Government of New South Wales. 19 April 2016
Lands administrative divisions of Australia
Lands administrative divisions of Australia are the cadastral divisions of Australia for the purposes of identification of land to ensure security of land ownership. Most states term these divisions as counties, parishes and other terms; the eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania were divided into counties and parishes in the 19th century, although the Tasmanian counties were renamed land districts in the 20th century. Parts of South Australia and Western Australia were divided into counties, there were five counties in a small part of the Northern Territory; however South Australia has subdivisions of hundreds instead of parishes, along with the Northern Territory, part of South Australia when the hundreds were proclaimed. There were formerly hundreds in Tasmania. There have been at least 600 counties, 544 hundreds and at least 15,692 parishes in Australia, but there are none of these units for most of the sparsely inhabited central and western parts of the country. Counties in Australia have no administrative or political function, unlike those in England, the United States or Canada.
Australia instead uses local government areas, including shires, districts and municipalities according to the state, as the second-level subdivision. Some other states were divided into land divisions and land districts. Below these are groups of land parcels known as registered plans or title plans. Queensland has registered plans. Land can be identified using the number of this plan of subdivision held with the lands department, rather than with a named unit such as a parish. Within these are individual land parcels such as lots; the various cadastral units appear on certificates of title, which are given volume and folio numbers. Detailed maps of these divisions have been required since the introduction of the Torrens title system of a central register of land holdings in South Australia in 1858, which spread to the other colonies. While cadastral data since the 1980s has been digitalised, there remain many old maps showing these divisions held in collections of Australian libraries such as the National Library of Australia, as well as in state libraries.
Counties were used since the earliest British settlement in Australia, with the County of Cumberland proclaimed by Captain Phillip on 4 June 1788. In 1804 Governor King divided Van Diemen's Land into two counties; the parishes date to the surveys conducted after 1825, with the instructions given to Governor Brisbane on 23 Jun 1825 to divide the colony into counties and parishes. At this time there were five counties proclaimed in New South Wales: Cumberland, Camden and Northumberland; the Nineteen Counties in south-eastern New South Wales were the limits of location of the colony in a period after 1829, with the area outside them divided into districts, also into counties and parishes. Counties were established soon after the foundation of other Australian colonies. Many of the counties have English names the names of counties in England, such as Devon, Dorset and Kent Counties in Tasmania. Less some have Aboriginal names such as the County of Yungnulgra in New South Wales, County of Croajingolong in Victoria.
The use of counties and parishes was popular in Australia in the 19th century, with many maps of Australian colonies showing these divisions, towns and cities listed in their county. Legal cases referenced counties, many genealogical records for Australia in the 19th century list the county and parish for location of birth and marriages; the 1911 Britannica describes Australian towns and cities as being in their respective county, including most of the capital cities: Melbourne, County of Bourke. However it is not mentioned that Perth was located in the County of Perth, as by this time county names were infrequently used in Western Australia, where they did not cover all of the settled areas, unlike the other states. Instead the system of land divisions and land districts was used, with most of Perth located in the land districts of Swan and Cockburn Sound, all in the South West Land Division of Western Australia. Counties and parishes are still referenced in property law, in industrial relations instruments, for example in a New South Wales award, which excludes people from the County of Yancowinna.
Similar award examples exist in the other states and territories that have been subdivided into counties. The County of Yancowinna is the only part of New South Wales, in a different time zone to the rest of the state, as mentioned in the Australian Standard Time Act of 1987. Counties are used on paperwork for mortgage securities in banks. Parishes and counties are mentioned in definitions of electoral districts. Counties have since gone out of use in Australia, are used or known by most of the population today. Part of the reason is that counties are based on the size of land, rather than population, so in a large country
The Macquarie Dictionary is a dictionary of Australian English. It is held by universities and the legal profession to be the authoritative source on Australian English, it pays considerable attention to New Zealand English. It was a publishing project of Jacaranda Press, a Brisbane educational publisher, for which an editorial committee was formed from the Linguistics department of Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, it is now published by Macquarie Dictionary Publishers an imprint of Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd. In October 2007 it moved its editorial office away from Macquarie University to the University of Sydney, and later to the Pan Macmillan offices in the Sydney central business district. The first seven editions of the Macquarie Dictionary were edited by lexicographer Susan Butler, who joined the project in 1970 as a research assistant, was its chief editor by the time the first edition was published in 1981. Butler announced her retirement as the Macquarie's editor in March 2018 after 48 years with the publisher.
The original version of the Macquarie Dictionary was based on Hamlyn's Encyclopedic World Dictionary of 1971, which in turn was based on Random House's American College Dictionary of 1947, based on the 1927 New Century Dictionary, based on The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, which itself was based on Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language second edition of 1841. Since its first publication in 1981, its use has grown so that over time, it has come to rival longer-established dictionaries from elsewhere in the English-speaking world as a standard authority on the English language within Australia; the second edition was published in 1991 and it introduced encyclopedic content to many entries. The third edition, published in 1997, made use of an inhouse corpus of Australian writing, Ozcorp, to add a large number of examples of Australian usage, to give some of the flavour of an historical dictionary; this edition gave a good coverage of English in Asia. The fourth edition, published in 2005, increases the number of citations, includes etymologies for many phrases and pays particular attention to Australian regionalisms.
The fifth edition was published on October 2009 and places particular emphasis on words relating to the environment and climate change. The sixth edition was published on October 2013 and includes an update of new words and senses as well as words and phrases from other varieties of English which impinge on Australian English such as British English, American English and English in Southeast Asia and India; the seventh edition of the Macquarie Dictionary was published on 28 February 2017. With a foreword by Kate Grenville, this latest edition includes thousands of new words and senses along with Australian regionalisms and a collection of words from the Australian experience in WW1; the dictionary records standard Australian English spelling, closer to British spelling than American spelling, with spellings like colour, centre and practice/practise. It gives -ise spellings first, listing -ize spellings as acceptable variants, unlike the Oxford English Dictionary and some other dictionaries of British English, which continue to prefer -ize to -ise in spite of the opposite tendency amongst the British general public.
Labour, however, is sometimes spelt labor in reference to the Australian political party. One difference from British usage is the word program which the Macquarie Dictionary gives as the preferred spelling. See main article on Word of the Year. A number of smaller versions are available, including a pocket edition, as well as companion volumes such as a thesaurus; the latest edition of the main complete version of the Macquarie Dictionary is the seventh, published in 2017. The Macquarie Australian Slang Dictionary published in 2004 is an up-to-date record of Australian slang. A range of dictionaries from the complete to a small dictionary is available as an iOS application; the Macquarie Dictionary Online was the digital version of the print fourth edition. From 2013 it is the most complete version of the dictionary with greatest coverage of encyclopedic and non-encyclopedic entries, it offers spoken pronunciations. It is available by subscription. Macquarie Dictionary Online