University of Nantes
The University of Nantes is a French university, located in the city of Nantes. In addition to the several campuses scattered in the city of Nantes, there are two satellite campuses located in Saint-Nazaire and La Roche-sur-Yon; the University is attended by 34,500 students. More than 10% of them are international students coming from 110 countries; the University of Nantes was ranked between 401-500th in the Times Higher Education of 2016. On a national scale and regarding the professional insertion after graduation, the University of Nantes oscillates between the ranks 3rd and 40th out of 69 universities depending on the field of studies. Among its noticeable alumni are French Agriculture minister and Government spokesperson Stéphane Le Foll and the former Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault; the current University was founded in 1970 under the terms of the 1968 law which reformed French higher education. This newly established institution replaced the former University of Nantes, founded in the early 1960s.
This itself was a re-establishment of the original University of Nantes, established by papal bull in 1460 but was abolished during the French Revolution. The university of Brittany is found by Bertrand Milon on April 4, 1460, at the initiative of the duke François II of Brittany under the form of a papal bull of the Pope Pie II given to Sienne; this embodies the wish of François II to affirm his independence towards the French king, while near the duchy in Angers in 1432, Poitier in 1432 and Bordeaux in 1441, some universities are created. Found under the structure of a studium generale, this university can teach all traditional disciplines: Arts, Theology and Medecin; the number of students between the end of the 15th century and during the two following centuries reach a thousand or 1500, according to the highest estimates. The first attempt to move the university of Nantes to Rennes takes place at the end of the 16th century. French king, Henry IV wants to punish Nantes, a ligueuse ville pour its support of the duke of Mercoeur.
The university receives an order from the king by a letter of August 8, 1589 to mouve to Rennes, a city remains loyal to the monarchy. The institution is however not moved because of financial issue. A new letter of September 5, 1591 from the king reiterate the order of transfer, but again without application. On April 1598, a last king's letter stabilise the situation by confirming the establishment of the university in Nantes. Since 2004, the University has followed the LMD European system that divides the post-secondary education in 3 degrees: the Licence, the Master and the Doctorat; each course provides credits according to the European Credit Transfer System developed by the European Commission and a certain number of credits will allow a student to obtain their degree. For instance, the first post-secondary education degree, the Licence, can be obtained with 180 ECTS accumulated within 3 years. A full year gives 60 ECTS while a semester gives 30 ECTS. Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Psychology Faculty of Science and Technology Faculty of Law and Political Science Department of History, Art History and Archaeology Department of Humanities and Languages Department of Languages - International Language Centre Department of Sociology Department of Science and Technology of Physical Activities and Sports Institute of Geography and Regional Planning of Université de Nantes Institute of Economics and Management - Institute of Business Administration Institute for Research and Education in French as a Foreigh Language Institute of Teacher Training Institute of Preparation for General Administration Observatory of Earth and Planetary Sciences Institute of Technology of Nantes Institute of Technology of La Roche-sur-Yon Institute of Technology of Saint-Nazaire School of Engineering - École Polytechnique de Nantes The University offers the students to practice more than 50 different sports, whether it is for competitive or recreational purposes.
The University provides adapted training to athlete students and participates in national and international competitions in the following disciplines: athletics, badminton, French boxing, hockey, judo and sailing. In 2011, the University was one of the first French universities to create a quidditch team. 3,500 places on residence are available each year. These places are distributed by the CROUS on a social status basis taking into account the yearly income of the student's parents or legal representative, the number of siblings remaining under the parents' responsibility and the distance between the University and the student's place of residence. There are two types of residences: The traditional ones gather 9 m² single bedrooms in a building with common bathrooms and kitchens at each floor; the renovated ones with individual furnished apartments going from 13 to 18m². The CROUS from Nantes manages the different student restaurants on campus as well as the meals they offer. Most of the restaurants are open for lunch and dinner from Monday to Friday and offer a complete meal at a price regulated on a yearly basis.
For the academic year of 2013-2014, the price of a meal was set at €3.15. La Chantrerie La Lombarderie Le Grill CHANZY Le Restaurant Oniris Chantrerie Le Restaurant Universitaire de la Fleuriaye Le Ricordeau Le Rubis Le Tertre Heinlex Gavy La Courtaisière The University has partnerships with 397 institutions in 60 different countries worldwide; the majority of these partnerships are located in Europe. Each year, more than 1,000 students go abroad to study in one of those partner institutions
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Montpellier 2 University
Montpellier 2 University was a French university in the académie of Montpellier. It was one of the three universities formed in 1970 from the original University of Montpellier, its main campus neighbors the Montpellier 3 University's main campus, for this reason the nearest tramway station is named "Universities of Sciences and Literature" rather than "University of Sciences". In January 2015, Montpellier 1 University and Montpellier 2 University merged into the Montpellier University; the creation of the imperial University by Napoleon I in 1808 stimulated the formation of a number of faculties of Humanities and of Science in the main cities of the French Empire. At that time, Montpellier had a long-established medical college and a school of Pharmacy, but a respected Royal Society of Sciences created in 1706. In 1810, a Faculty of Science started with seven chairs: mathematics, physics, zoology and mineralogy. In 1879, the faculty created a research station of marine biology in Sète, twelve years and Institute of Botany.
The Institute of Chemistry, created in the same period, became the Ecole Nationale Supérieure of Chemistry of Montpellier in 1941. In 1964, the faculty left the centre of Montpellier to settle in a 30 hectare campus to the north of the city on which 146 000 m2 of buildings for teaching and research were built; the University Montpellier 2 retains the Institute of Botany of Montpellier, close to the botanical garden of University Montpellier 1. Demolished after World War II, most of the buildings date from 1956; the building houses a prestigious herbarium, the largest in France after the national museum of natural history, with 4 million samples and an important collection of botany vellums, research laboratories in the fields of ecology and parasitology. The station of marine biology in Sète has been part of the University since 1879. In addition to these collections, the university's media library brings together its old collections of printed works and iconography; these collections are publicly accessible given a reasonable request.
The university is the seat of the Pôle universitaire de Montpellier which collectively represents the higher education establishments in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. Université Montpellier 2 is a research-intensive university where education and research cover most of the Scientific and Technological fields: Biodiversity, Evolution, Environment Biology, Agronomy Biology and Health Chemistry Education Management Mathematics, Informatics and Systems Universe, WaterIt is partnered with 40 joint research units, 1 observatory and divided into 7 specialised faculties; the university curriculum follows the LMD system, which divides higher education into 3 diplomas: Licence Master Doctorat The university is divided into 7 specialised faculties: The Faculty of Science The Montpellier University Graduate Engineering School 3 University Institutes of Technology IUT Montpellier-Sète IUT Nîmes IUT Béziers The Montpellier School of Management The Faculty of EducationAnd 6 doctoral schools. Université Montpellier 2 is composed of about forty research departments in: Biodiversity, Evolution, Environment Biology, Agronomy Biology and Health Chemistry Education Management Mathematics, Informatics and Systems Universe, WaterThe whole research activity is carried out collaboratively with the leading national research organisations.
2014 QS world university rankings 51 – 100th for the Earth and Marine Sciences field 101 – 150th for the Agriculture & Forestry field 385th worldwide 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities: 201 – 300th worldwide Times Higher Education under 50 universities: 32nd worldwide National Taiwan university: 294th worldwide University of Montpellier List of public universities in France by academy
Montpellier is a city near the south coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the Hérault department, it is located in the Occitanie region. In 2016, 607,896 people lived in 281,613 in the city itself. Nearly one third of the population are students from three universities and from three higher education institutions that are outside the university framework in the city. Montpellier is the third-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast after Nice, it is the 7th-largest city of France, is the fastest-growing city in the country over the past 25 years. In the Early Middle Ages, the nearby episcopal town of Maguelone was the major settlement in the area, but raids by pirates encouraged settlement a little further inland. Montpellier, first mentioned in a document of 985, was founded under a local feudal dynasty, the Guilhem, who combined two hamlets and built a castle and walls around the united settlement; the two surviving towers of the city walls, the Tour des Pins and the Tour de la Babotte, were built around the year 1200.
Montpellier came to prominence in the 12th century—as a trading centre, with trading links across the Mediterranean world, a rich Jewish cultural life that flourished within traditions of tolerance of Muslims and Cathars—and of its Protestants. William VIII of Montpellier gave freedom for all to teach medicine in Montpellier in 1180; the city's faculties of law and medicine were established in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad of Urach, legate of Pope Honorius III. This era marked the high point of Montpellier's prominence; the city became a possession of the Kings of Aragon in 1204 by the marriage of Peter II of Aragon with Marie of Montpellier, given the city and its dependencies as part of her dowry. Montpellier gained a charter in 1204 when Peter and Marie confirmed the city's traditional freedoms and granted the city the right to choose twelve governing consuls annually. Under the Kings of Aragon, Montpellier became a important city, a major economic centre and the primary centre for the spice trade in the Kingdom of France.
It was the second or third most important city of France at that time, with some 40,000 inhabitants before the Black Death. Montpellier remained a possession of the crown of Aragon until it passed to James III of Majorca, who sold the city to the French king Philip VI in 1349, to raise funds for his ongoing struggle with Peter IV of Aragon. In the 14th century, Pope Urban VIII gave Montpellier a new monastery dedicated to Saint Peter, noteworthy for the unusual porch of its chapel, supported by two high, somewhat rocket-like towers. With its importance increasing, the city gained a bishop, who moved from Maguelone in 1536, the huge monastery chapel became a cathedral. In 1432, Jacques Cœur established himself in the city and it became an important economic centre, until 1481 when Marseille overshadowed it in this role. At the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of the inhabitants of Montpellier became Protestants and the city became a stronghold of Protestant resistance to the Catholic French crown.
In 1622, King Louis XIII besieged the city which surrendered after a two months siege, afterwards building the Citadel of Montpellier to secure it. Louis XIV made Montpellier capital of Bas Languedoc, the town started to embellish itself, by building the Promenade du Peyrou, the Esplanade and a large number of houses in the historic centre. After the French Revolution, the city became the capital of the much smaller Hérault. During the 19th century the city thrived on the wine culture that it was able to produce due to the abundance of sun throughout the year; the wine consumption in France allowed Montpellier's citizens to become wealthy until in the 1890's a fungal disease had spread amongst the vineyards and the people were no longer able to grow the grapes needed for wine. After this the city had grown because it welcomed immigrants from Algeria and other parts of northern Africa after Algeria's independence from France. In the 21st century Montpellier is between 8th largest city; the city had another influx in population more largely due to the student population, who make up about one-third of Montpellier's population.
The school of medicine is what kickstarted the city's thriving university culture,however many other universities have been well established in the coastal city that has developments such as the Corum and the Antigone that too have been drawing in more and more students. William I of Montpellier William II of Montpellier William III of Montpellier William IV of Montpellier William V of Montpellier William VI of Montpellier William VII of Montpellier William VIII of Montpellier Marie of Montpellier and King Peter II of Aragon James I of Aragon James II of Majorca James III of Majorca The city is situated on hilly ground 10 km inland from the Mediterranean coast, on the River Lez; the name of the city, Monspessulanus, is said to have stood for mont pelé, or le mont de la colline Montpellier is located 170 km from Marseille, 242 km from Toulouse, 748 km from Paris. Montpellier's highest point is the Place du Peyrou, at an altitude of 57 m; the city is built on two hills and Montpelliéret, thus some o
Pierre Mendès-France University
Pierre Mendès-France University was a French university, based in Grenoble, focused on social sciences. It was named after the late French politician Pierre Mendès-France, it is now part of the Université Grenoble Alpes. Its campus was located in Grenoble, with some facilities outside the city, in particular in Valence, it was established in 1339 as part of University of Grenoble. In 1970 following a fate of many big French universities, University of Grenoble was separated into three specialized institutions – Pierre Mendès-France University, Joseph Fourier University, Stendhal University. Starting 2013 there has been some movement towards reconciliation. Pierre Mendès-France University, two of its counterparts, several other institutions reunited in the beginning of 2016 to restore the original university under the name of the Université Grenoble Alpes, now alma mater for over 45 000 students. List of public universities in France by academy
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua
Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III
Paul Valéry University of Montpellier known as or UPVM or Montpellier III, is a French university in the Academy of Montpellier. It is one of the three successor universities to the University of Montpellier, specialising in the arts and social sciences; the university is a member of the Coimbra Group, an association of long-established European multidisciplinary universities of high international standard. The University of Montpellier, founded on 26 October 1289 through a bull issued by Pope Nicholas IV combining the schools of Medicine and Law, is the third university founded in France, following those of Paris and Toulouse. In 1939, the new Faculty of Humanities was built in the city centre, facing Saint Paul's Cathedral on the rue du Cardinal de Cabrières, inaugurated by the Dean Augustin Fliche. Having become too cramped, the university moved in 1966 to a campus of over 10 hectares in the north of the city, close to the University of Montpellier II's new campus. In order to avoid confusion with the University of Montpellier 2, the architectural aesthetic was carefully selected and large green spaces created.
In 1970, the former faculties formed three separate universities. The Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities becoming the "University of Montpellier III", whilst taking on the name of Paul Valéry as a homage to the Sète-born writer who studied in Montpellier. In 1986 a new building comprising three lecture theatres was built. In 1998, a second University campus was built in Béziers on the site of the former Duguesclin barracks. Since 2002, all Nîmes students have been included in the University of Nîmes and are no longer part of the University of Montpellier III. In 2015, the Universities of Montpellier I and II merged to be the University of Montpellier. Therefore, the University Paul Valéry of Montpellier III became University Paul-Valéry of Montpellier. A move of the University's UFR 5 is being planned to the Saint-Charles site in Montpellier city centre. Ahmad Kamyabi Mask, professor emeritus of comparative literature and theatrical studies Élisabeth Guigou, French socialist politician Étienne Leenhardt, French journalist and editor Student life is coordinated through the Maison des Étudiants, a place for students' activities, freedom of expression and societies.
Its aim is to help students realise their own ambitions, allowing them to open up and develop a place for creation, as well as cultural and campus activities. The Maison des Étudiants and its "Jean Moulin" function room are an important centre for student life on campus, playing host to: dance, music and first aid classes, as well as conferences, film screenings, exhibitions and cultural days and student evenings, amongst others. Following the student elections of 30 and 31 May 2006 marked by a low level of participation of around 5%, the representative student organisations are as follows: Tribune Étudiante, Confédération étudiante, Avis Culturel: 4 elected to the CA, 4 elected to the CEVU UNEF: 3 elected to the CA, 3 elected to the CEVU Sud étudiant: 3 elected to the CA, 3 elected to the CEVU Melting-Pot: 2 elected to the CA, 2 elected to the CEVU, 1 elected to the CS Caraïbe Afrique Solidarité Étudiante: 1 elected to the CA, 1 elected to the CEVU Corpo Lettres Epsylone: 1 elected to the CA, 1 elected to the CEVU UNI: 1 elected to the CA, 1 elected to the CEVU La liste Culturelle étudiante: 1 elected to the CEVU Association Contact: 1 elected to the CS Étudiants solidaires: 1 elected to the CS Réseau doctorant UPV: 1 elected to the CS All student associations do not participate in representative student elections but are not less active.
Numerous cultural associations, such as Asso7, ECUME or l'Écran et son Double participate in campus activities. The associations and student unions are housed in the "Maison des Etudiants", found on the north side of campus near the Vert Bois university restaurant. Cercam University of Montpellier List of public universities in France by academy Coimbra Group