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Borough of Harrogate

The Borough of Harrogate is a local government district and borough of North Yorkshire, England. Its population at the census of 2011 was 157,869, its council is based in the town of Harrogate, but it includes surrounding towns and villages and all of the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is the most populous district of North Yorkshire; the district is part of the Leeds City Region. It borders the City of Leeds, the City of Bradford, districts of West Yorkshire; the district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the Masham and Wath rural districts, part of Thirsk Rural District, from the North Riding of Yorkshire, along with the boroughs of Harrogate and the city of Ripon, the Knaresborough urban district, Nidderdale Rural District and Pateley Bridge Rural District, part of Wetherby Rural District and part of Wharfedale Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire. On 1 April 1996 the parishes of Nether Poppleton, Upper Poppleton and Rufforth were transferred from the district to become part of the new York unitary authority.

According to the 2001 census these parishes had a population of 5,169. Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 54 seats on the council being elected at each election. After being under no overall control from the 2006 election, the Conservative party gained a majority at the 2010 election. Following the 2016 United Kingdom local elections and subsequent by-elections, the political composition of Harrogate is as follows: The last composition of the former 54 seat council. Before boundary change came in; the current composition of the new 40 seat council from the boundary change is as follows Local Election 2018. The district is divided between three parliamentary constituencies: the whole of Harrogate and Knaresborough, the eastern part of Skipton and Ripon and the north western part of Selby and Ainsty By population: 1. Harrogate 2. Ripon 3. Knaresborough 4. Boroughbridge 5. Pateley Bridge 6. Masham Aldborough Roman Museum Fountains Abbey Ripon Cathedral Knaresborough Castle Ripley Castle Spofforth Castle Marston Moor Devil's Arrows Harrowgate, Philadelphia

McColm Cephas

McColm Cephas is a former Liberian soccer forward who spent five seasons in the lower U. S. divisions. He has earned two caps with the Liberia national team. Cephas attended Virginia Commonwealth University where he played for the men's soccer team in 2002 and 2003, he played two World Cup 2006 qualifying games for Liberia in 2004. In 2007, Cephas signed with the Carolina RailHawks of the USL First Division, he scored only one goal in fourteen league games, but more he scored the only goal as Carolina upset the Chicago Fire, holders of the cup, in the 2007 Lamar Hunt U. S. Open Cup

The Seldom Scene

The Seldom Scene is an American bluegrass band that formed in 1971 in Bethesda, Maryland. The Seldom Scene was established in 1971, they would practice in Ben Eldridge’s basement; these practice sessions included John Starling on guitar and lead vocals, Mike Auldridge on Dobro and baritone vocals, former Country Gentlemen member Tom Gray on bass. The mandolinist John Duffey, who had performed with the Country Gentlemen, was invited to jam sessions at the time when Mike Auldridge arranged for the group to play as a performing band. Another member of the Country Gentlemen, Charlie Waller, is responsible for the band’s name. Expressing his doubt that this new band could succeed, Waller asked Duffey, “What are you going to call yourselves, the seen?” The band had weekly performances at clubs and performed at the Red Fox Inn, a music club in Bethesda Maryland. The band switched over to the Birchmere music hall in Alexandria, Virginia which resulted in a residency; each of the band members had a job during the week.

They agreed to play one night a week at local clubs, perform at concerts and festivals on weekends, make records. After playing for six weeks at a small Washington, D. C. club called the Rabbit's Foot, the group found a home at the Red Fox Inn in Maryland. They performed at that venue Friday nights from January 1972 through September 1977 before starting weekly performances at The Birchmere Music Hall in Alexandria, Virginia; the progressive bluegrass style played by The Seldom Scene had become popular during the 1970s Duffey's high tenor and the vocal blend of Duffey/Starling/Auldridge. Their weekly shows included bluegrass versions of country music and classical pop; the band's popularity soon forced them to play more than once a week —but they continued to maintain their image as being seen, on several of their early album covers were photographed with the stage lights on only their feet, or with their backs to the camera. Though the Scene remained a non-touring band, they were prolific recorders, producing seven albums in their first five years of existence, including one live album.

In 1978, John Starling left the group to focus on his medical career, was replaced by singer and songwriter Phil Rosenthal, whose song "Muddy Water" had been recorded by the Scene on two earlier albums. Starling and Rosenthal shared their lead vocals on Baptizing. Around the same time, the group switched record labels from Rebel to Sugar Hill. Starling recorded a solo album for Sugar Hill in 1980 called "Long Time Gone" and another in 1982 called "Waitin' On A Southern Train," on both of which Mike Auldridge played; the lineup of Rosenthal-Duffey-Gray-Auldridge-Eldridge, might be called as "second classic", as they recorded five albums of a comparable quality and popularity to the ones with the founding members, including John Starling. Rosenthal proved to be as good lead singer as Starling and his baritone voice contrasted well with Duffey's high tenor extravaganzas, he wrote two to three songs on each of the albums and added acoustic guitar solos to the group. In 1986, Phil Rosenthal and Tom Gray both left the band to focus on other pursuits, were replaced by Lou Reid and T. Michael Coleman, respectively.

Coleman proved to be controversial, as many purists objected to his use of an electric bass in what is nominally an acoustic genre, but the albums produced by the band after Coleman's arrival maintained the traditional appeal of any of the Scene's earlier albums. Reid left the band in 1993, Duffey convinced former member John Starling to return to the band for the next year. During that year the Scene recorded the album Like We Used to Be, but Starling did not wish to stay with the band long term, he was replaced in 1994 by lead singer Moondi Klein. Throughout these changes, band leader John Duffey's original plan of keeping a light touring schedule and staying close to home continued to prevail. During 1995 and 1996, Klein and Coleman, along with original member Mike Auldridge, wanting to be part of a full-time project, left the Seldom Scene to form a new band called Chesapeake. For a time the Scene stopped recording. Duffey and Eldridge, the two remaining original members, recruited resophonic guitar player Fred Travers, bassist Ronnie Simpkins, guitarist and singer Dudley Connell to join the band, the reconstituted group recorded an album in 1996 and continued live appearances.

For 25 years The Seldom Scene remained popular in bluegrass circles with the near-constant personnel changes. But the band was dealt what seemed a crushing blow in late 1996, when band leader and founder John Duffey suffered a fatal heart attack. Nonetheless, the band was too popular to disappear for good. Banjoist Ben Eldridge, the sole remaining original member and a significant force in banjo music in his own right, assumed leadership of the band. Former guitarist Lou Reid rejoined the band on mandolin; the new Scene concentrated on live performances, but in 2000 the group recorded a new album, Scene It All. The Seldom Scene continues to tour, has recorded for the Sugar Hill Records and Smithsonian Folkways labels. Scene continues to excel in the bluegrass scene and received critical acclaim for their work. Scenechronized, recorded in 2007, was nominated for a Grammy Award. In July 2008 Seldom Scene performed at a White House dinner honoring the 2008 U. S. Olympic team as well as previous U. S. Olympians.

Scene played the National Folk Festival Ju

Guido Barbujani

Guido Barbujani is an Italian population geneticist and literary author born in Adria, who has worked with the State University of New York at Stony Brook, University of Padua, University of Bologna. He has taught at the University of Ferrara since 1996. A population geneticist by training, Barbujani has been working on several aspects of human genetic variation. In collaboration with Robert R. Sokal, he pioneered the statistical comparison of patterns of genetic and linguistic variation, showing that language differences may contribute to reproductive isolation, hence promote genetic divergence between populations, his analyses of geographic patterns of genetic variation in Europe support Luca Cavalli-Sforza's Neolithic demic diffusion model, or the idea that farming spread in the Neolithic because farmers did, not by cultural transmission. There are two implications of this finding: first, that most Europeans' ancestors, up to Neolithic times, did not live in geographical Europe, but rather in the Near East.

His studies of the amount of DNA differentiation among human populations, of its spatial distribution, led to the conclusion that traditional human racial classifications fail to account for most of the existing patterns of genetic variation. Rather, it seems that genetic variation is uncorrelated across genes, which, if confirmed, would explain why no consensus was reached on a catalog of human biological races; this activity has resulted in publications for the general public. His recent DNA studies focus on genetic characterization of ancient human populations, such as Paleolithic anatomically modern humans of Cro-Magnoid morphology, groups like the Etruscans and the Sardinians from the Nuragic era in the Neolithic. Barbujani is the author of three novels. "The idea that all humans belong to one of a few biological types or races that evolved in isolation was unchallenged for centuries, but large-scale modern studies failed to associate racial labels with recognizable genetic clusters." Barbujani G. and Sokal R.

R. Zones of sharp genetic change in Europe are linguistic boundaries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 87:1816-1819. Barbujani G. Magagni A. Minch E. and Cavalli-Sforza L. L. An apportionment of human DNA diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 94:4516-4519. Barbujani G. and Bertorelle G. Genetics and the population history of Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98:22-25. Chikhi L. Destro-Bisol G. Bertorelle G. Pascali V. and Barbujani G. Clines of nuclear DNA markers suggest a recent, Neolithic ancestry of the European gene pool. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 95:9053-9058. Romualdi C. Balding D. Nasidze I. S. Risch G. Robichaux M. Sherry S. Stoneking M. Batzer M. and Barbujani G. Patterns of human diversity and among continents, inferred from biallelic DNA polymorphisms. Genome Research 12:602-612. Barbujani G. and Goldstein D. B. Africans and Asians abroad: Genetic diversity in Europe. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 5:119-150.

Dupanloup I. Bertorelle G. Chikhi L. and Barbujani G. Estimating the impact of prehistoric admixture on the Europeans’ genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21:1361-1372 Barbujani G. Human races: Classifying people vs. understanding diversity. Current Genomics 6:215-226 Belle E. M. S. Ramakrishnan U. Mountain J. and Barbujani G. Serial coalescent simulations suggest a weak genealogical relationship between Etruscans and modern Tuscans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:8012-8017. Caramelli D. Milani L. Vai S. Modi A. Pecchioli E. Girardi M. Pilli E. Lari M. Lippi B. Ronchitelli A. Mallegni F. Casoli A. Bertorelle G. Barbujani G. A 28,000 years old Cro–Magnon mtDNA sequence differs from all contaminating modern sequences. PLoS ONE 3:e2700. Ghirotto S. Mona S. Benazzo A. Paparazzo F. Caramelli D. Barbujani G. Inferring genealogical processes from patterns of Bronze–age and modern DNA variation in Sardinia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 27:775–786. Barbujani G. and Colonna V. Human genome diversity: Frequently asked questions.

Trends in Genetics 26:285–295. Barbujani, Guido. L'invenzione delle razze. Bompiani, Milan. Portuguese translation: A invencão das racas. São Paulo, Brazil: Editora Contexto. Barbujani, Guido. Sono razzista, ma sto cercando di smettere. Rome-Bari: Laterza. Barbujani, Guido. Europei senza se e senza ma. Storie di neandertaliani e di immigrati. Milan: Bompiani. Barbujani, Guido. Gli africani siamo noi. Alle origini dell'uomo. Bari: Laterza. Dilettanti. Marsilio, Venice, 1994 Dopoguerra. Sironi, Milan, 2002. Questione di razza. Mondadori, Milan, 2003. Https:// Personal webpage, with access to pdfs of scientific articles. Https:// ancient Etruscans unlikely ancestors of modern Tuscans. Science Daily, April 2006. Https:// taped interview on human diversity, October 2007


Limonin is a limonoid, a bitter, crystalline substance found in citrus and other plants. It is known as limonoate D-ring-lactone and limonoic acid di-delta-lactone. Chemically, it is a member of the class of compounds known as furanolactones. Limonin is enriched in citrus fruits and is found at higher concentrations in seeds, for example orange and lemon seeds. Limonin is present in plants such as those of the Dictamnus genus. Limonin and other limonoid compounds contribute to the bitter taste of some citrus food products. Researchers have proposed removal of limonoids from orange juice and other products through the use of polymeric films. Ongoing research programs are examining the effects of limonin in human diseases. Citrus seed extracts have antiviral properties, inhibiting replication of retroviruses like HIV-1 and HTLV-I. Neuroprotective effects of limonin have been described. Limonin reduces proliferation of colon cancer cells and has been tested as an anti-obesity agent in mice. PubChem Compound Summary "Citrus Compound: ready to help your body!"

Glenbrook (Stamford)

Glenbrook is a section of the city of Stamford, Connecticut. It is located on the eastern side of the city, east of Downtown, north of the East Side and the Cove sections and south of the Springdale section. To the west is Downtown Stamford and to the northwest is Belltown. To the east is Darien. An estimated 15,400 people live in the neighborhood of about 1.7 square miles. "Many residents see themselves as living not in a bustling city, but in a separate small town," according to a New York Times article about the community. Glenbrook is a middle class section of town, with single-family homes making up 65 percent of housing and about 25 percent condominiums or co-ops. Residential architecture ranges from Queen Anne style homes to Cape Cod and ranches; some public housing developments are in the southern end of the neighborhood. In August 2007, scenes for College Road Trip, a Walt Disney film released in 2008, were shot on location in one of the Queen Anne style homes of Glenbrook. There are several retail sections, including the Glenbrook Center shopping plaza, as well as an industrial park.

The neighborhood has several churches. The Julia A. Stark School and Dolan Middle School, both part of Stamford Public Schools are in Glenbrook; the community has its own volunteer Glenbrook Fire Department, a U. S. Post Office and it is served by the Glenbrook train station. Exit 9 of Interstate 95 is on the southern edge of the neighborhood, Stamford High School is on the western edge. Since 2000, the Glenbrook Neighborhood Association has held an annual block party popular in the neighborhood; the free event features games, a raffle and music. The association raised money in 2006 for a small park on Hope Street. St Vladimir's Cathedral on Wenzel Terrace is the headquarters for the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stamford, a diocese of Ukrainian Rite Roman Catholics that extends across New England and New York state. AmeriCares, an international charity, has its headquarters in the neighborhood. United House Wrecking is a popular, distinctive store in Glenbrook In 1989 a New York Times article described the store as "a bizarre emporium of kitsch containing acres of architectural remnants, used plumbing fixtures, garden statuary and some outrageous items of decor".

In 1866, Joseph Whitton purchased a 20-acre tract, including the old Dixon Homestead in New Hope, as the area was called. The New Canaan railroad was built five years passing through the center of Whitton's land. Whitton laid out streets, including Cottage Avenue, Union Street, Railroad Avenue. In the 1870s, New Hope residents decided they wanted a name more pleasing to the ear and came up with "Glen-Brook."Former U. S. President and Civil War Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sometimes visited Glenbrook after he left the White House in 1877, he played poker with Ferdinand Ward, who owned a home at Strawberry Hill Avenue near Holbrook Drive and was a partner in a business with Grant. When Grant found out that Ward was cheating clients, he stopped visiting; the firm failed in 1884 and Grant went bankrupt. The gatehouse of Ward's estate remains. Charles Henry Phillips, a British pharmacist who invented and patented hydrate of magnesia had an estate at 666 Glenbrook Road, his heirs sold the Charles H. Phillips Company to Sterling Drug in 1923, which maintained a plant in Glenbrook until 1976.

Until the 1960s Stamford's now large neighborhoods, like Glenbrook, were looked on as individual, unofficial towns, residents would write their mailing addresses using the name "Glenbrook, Conn." instead of "Stamford, Conn." In the 1950s, the train station was moved from a spot near the Courtland Avenue overpass to its present location a bit to the northwest on the New Canaan line. As of 2007, city officials were considering the idea of building a second train station in the area at the original Glenbrook station site. An article about Glenbrook in The New York Times Real Estate section in 2007 provided a map showing these boundaries of the community: the eastern boundary runs along the Noroton River, southwest to Hamilton Avenue north on Glenbrook Road, west on Arlington Road, north on Underhill Street, west on Hillside Road, north on Strawberry Hill Avenue, east on Pine Hill Avenue; the authority for these borders is unknown. Closer to the highway, some residents consider themselves in the East Side neighborhood.

The Stamford Fire Rescue Department's Fire Station # 6, as well as the Glenbrook-New Hope Volunteer Fire Department, serve the neighborhood. Taylor-Reed corporation AmeriCares, an international relief organization, is located at 88 Hamilton Ave. in Glenbrook. Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stamford United House Wrecking Glenbrook Neighborhood Association Glenbrook Neighborhood Association City of Stamford Stamford Historical Society