Stanwell is an urban and suburban village in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne, 16 miles WSW of Charing Cross and centred 1⁄2 mile from the southern boundary of London Heathrow Airport, adjoining its cargo depot. It is the northernmost settlement in Surrey; the semi-rural neighbourhood of Stanwell Moor has its own village association and is separated from the village centre by a field, large reservoir and dual carriageway, includes most of the remaining village farms. However, it is included within a parish of Stanwell. In common, both localities have large areas of reservoir and are within 2 miles of a junction of the M25 London Orbital Motorway. To the west of the village proper stretch further areas of open land, much of, part of the Metropolitan Green Belt and is important for fish and bird life, including the Staines Moor SSSI and the Colne Valley regional park. Stanwell lost land to a fraction of the adjoining airport and to Berkshire in the mid- and late 20th century respectively, its main industrial and business area, was detached and added to Colnbrook, Berkshire, in 1995 due to the completion of the M25 London Orbital Motorway.
Stanwell is adjoined by two towns and includes Ashford Hospital and the Staines Reservoirs named after these. The largest of its neighbours is Staines upon Thames, a retail, entertainment and leisure venue and has corporate offices; the nearest railway station is centred 1 mile south, or 1 1⁄2 miles south of the conservation area which has a medieval parish church, village green and brief winding section of street with buildings from the 17th to early 19th centuries, some with earlier elements. There are two theories regarding the origin of the name Stanwell. One is that it was named after St Ann's well in the village, but according to all known records the parish church has always been dedicated to St Mary; the second is that it means'stone well', referring to stony soil or the adjoining street to the south. The first few letters of the name are the same as in the name of neighbouring Staines-upon-Thames, said to mean'stones', in the same way as the Great Vowel Shift failed to influence the spelling and pronunciation of the contemporaneously pronounced Stane Streets, the Old English for many of the stone-laid Roman roads in Britain.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records ` Stanwelle' held by Walter, son of Anglo Saxon names. Its Domesday assets were: 15 hide, 4 mills worth £3 10s 0d and 375 eels, 3 weirs worth 1000 eels, 10 ploughs, meadow for 12 ploughs and woodland worth 12 hogs, it rendered £14 per year to its feudal system overlords. The fruitful watercourse was the western border of the village and of Middlesex, the River Colne West Bedfont may have been a hamlet of Stanwell in 1086. In the Middle Ages the parish was open fields In 1603, Thomas Knyvet was granted the manor of Stanwell. Knyvet was the man, he was created Lord Knyvet in 1607, in his will left money to found a free school in Stanwell, established in 1624. The building now belongs to a housing association, it is Grade II* listed. James VI and I's infant daughter Mary died at Stanwell while in the care of the Knyvet household. Several members of the aristocracy lived there in the 18th centuries; the Cox's Orange Pippin was first grown c. 1830 by Richard Cox in his garden on the Bath Road within the parish, see Colnbrook which now has this piece of land.
An unknown species of rose was found in a local garden in 1838, given the name of Stanwell Perpetual. Hounslow Heath extended over the area north of Bedfont Road until 1792, a strip of moorland along the present Spout Lane joined it to Hither Moor and Farther Moor, which stretched towards Staines Moor. There were lammas lands in the far east and elsewhere and meadows along many of the river banks in the north, but the remainder of the parish was arable land. Nearly all the land west of Stanwell Moor's clustered centre and that around Hammonds Farm was enclosed by the mid-18th century. Borough Field, to the north and west of the manor-house, another small field nearby were inclosed in 1771 by the lord of the manor. Most of the area south of Stanwell and West Bedfont villages remained open until 1792 on their enclosure. By the 18th century the remaining common land was known as Stanwell Field or Town Field until its enclosure. Orchards and market gardens began to spread over the parish in the second half of the 19th century.
The Staines and West Drayton Railway was opened in 1884, with Colnbrook railway station in Stanwell parish at Poyle, after the neighbouring village. The streets of small houses behind the southwest Crooked Billet roundabout were built in the 1880s; as a community they formed part of Staines, were transferred to it in 1896. The Staines Union Workhouse was built on the London Road in the mid-19th century. Together with a former boys' home and a former isolation hospital, both opened about 1913, it became Ashford Hospital. Two cemeteries were opened near the A30 between 1895 and 1910; the Staines Reservoirs were completed in 1902 and started supplying water to London in 1904. Between them they cover 440 acres; the two old settlements grew notably by the building of council housing estates in Stanwell in 1919 and in Stanwell Moor in 1930. A private motor-bus served the village by 1926, London Transport bu
Hanworth is an urban and suburban district in west London, England. In Middlesex, it has formed part of the London Borough of Hounslow since 1965. Hanworth adjoins Feltham to the northwest, Twickenham to the northeast and Hampton to the southeast, with Sunbury-on-Thames to the southwest; the name is thought to come from the Anglo-Saxon words "haen/han" and "worth", meaning "small homestead". During Edward the Confessor’s time, Hanworth was a sparsely populated manor and parish held by Ulf, a "huscarl" of the King. Huscarls were the bodyguards of Scandinavian Kings and were the only professional soldiers in the Kingdom; the majority of huscarls in the kingdom were killed at Hastings in 1066, William the Conqueror granted Hanworth to Robert under Roger de Montgomery, the Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury. After his death, his second son held the land until his death in the Mowbray conspiracy of 1098, after which it passed to his eldest son, Robert de Bellesme, who rebelled against the Crown in 1102 with the result that the lands were confiscated.
Towards the end of the 14th century, the manor was occupied by Sir Nicholas Brembre, Mayor of London in 1377 and 1378. Sir Nicholas was hanged at Tyburn in 1387. In 1512 Hanworth came to the Crown, Henry VIII, who enjoyed hunting on the heath surrounding the village, gave the manor to Anne Boleyn for life. After her execution, the manor returned to the King who held it until his death in 1547 but passing to Katherine Parr, who lived in the house with her stepdaughter Princess Elizabeth; when the princess became Queen, she stayed at Hanworth Manor several times hunting on the heath. In 1784 General Sir William Roy, the military draughtsman, supervised the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain project; that measured a base line from King's Arbour, across Hounslow Heath passing through Hanworth Park, to Hampton Poor House. This measurement, which earned the General the Copley medal of the Royal Society, was the origin of all subsequent surveys of the United Kingdom, still forms the basis of the Ordnance Survey maps today.
In 1797 the manor house was destroyed by fire, leaving only the stable block, which survives today as flats, the coach house, converted into homes. Hanworth Park House was built as a replacement, in 1802, is sitting derelict in the middle of Hanworth Park. There is a local campaign running to get the house restored to its former glory. By the end of the 19th century, William Whiteley, of Whiteleys in Bayswater, had bought 200 acres of farmland, Butts and Glebe farms. Renamed Hanworth Farms, these supplied all the produce for the store’s food hall having been transported daily by horse and cart. Following Whiteley's murder by his illegitimate son in 1907, his legitimate sons sold the farm to a jam manufacturer who operated there until selling the land for new homes in 1933; the Ambassador to Charles I, negotiating the secret treaty of 1631 with Spain, who had good knowledge of the country, was raised to the peerage as Baron Cottington of Hanworth, referring to his Hanworth Park estate, receiving the honour'at Greenwich in a solemn manner.'
As the Civil War drew near he declared himself an active Royalist, after hostilities had broken out he joined the king at Oxford. He was excepted by Parliament from'indemnity and composition', spent the remainder of his life abroad, dying in Spain in 1652, his estates were assigned in 1649 to John Bradshaw who had earlier insisted on Charles's execution and were recovered at the English Restoration by his nephew and heir Charles Cottington who sold it in 1670 to Sir Thomas Chamber. Chamber was succeeded by his son Thomas. Thomas Chamber left two daughters and co-heiresses, Hanworth passed, through agreement on marriage of the elder, to Vere Beauclerk, created Baron Vere, of Hanworth in 1750; the manor was inherited by his son and heir, Aubrey, in 1781, who succeeded his cousin as Duke of St. Albans six years but who sold it shortly after 1802 to James Ramsey Cuthbert. Frederick John Cuthbert was lord of the manor in 1816 from. After the death of his heir Algernon Perkins it passed to a firm of solicitors, the main home was acquired in the early part of the next century by Court of Appeal judge turned politician Ernest Murray Pollock, 1st Viscount Hanworth.
Hanworth's main parish church is dedicated to Saint George. There has been a church on the site, in Castle Way, since at least the fourteenth century; the first known rector was Adam de Brome, founder of Oriel College, Oxford, in 1309. In 1935, Hanworth had a growing population, owing to the presence of a jam factory belonging to Whiteley's, it was decided. It was founded by Bertram Pollock, Bishop of Norwich, the Rector of Saint George's. Bishop Pollock had been born at Woodlawn, a house in Hanworth, near Hampton Road West, part of it was used as the chapel. After the Second World War, in 1947, it was decided that a Nissen hut should be used to house the chapel. However, when the architect Nugent Cachemaille-Day was approached, he decided that a proper church should be built, a site on the opposite side of Hampton Road West was chosen; the Parish of All Saints was split off from Saint George's in 1950, the foundation stone of the new church was laid on 14 July 1951 by the Bishop of Guildford, Henry Montgomery Campbell, in the presence of Lord Latham, Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex.
The church was consecrated on 28 September 1957 by Campbell, who by was Bishop of London. The church now offers an "International Service" in Ukrainian. St Richard's Hanworths third church is located at the end
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: Then, at the midwinter, was the king in Gloucester with his council.... After this had the king a large meeting, deep consultation with his council, about this land. Sent he his men over all England into each shire, it was written in Medieval Latin, was abbreviated, included some vernacular native terms without Latin equivalents. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, which allowed William to reassert the rights of the Crown and assess where power lay after a wholesale redistribution of land following the Norman conquest; the assessors' reckoning of a man's holdings and their values, as recorded in Domesday Book, was dispositive and without appeal. The name "Domesday Book" came into use in the 12th century; as Richard FitzNeal wrote in the Dialogus de Scaccario: for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to... its sentence cannot be quashed or set aside with impunity.
That is why we have called the book "the Book of Judgement"... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgement, are unalterable. The manuscript is held at The National Archives at London. In 2011, the Open Domesday site made the manuscript available online; the book is an invaluable primary source for historical economists. No survey approaching the scope and extent of Domesday Book was attempted again in Britain until the 1873 Return of Owners of Land which presented the first complete, post-Domesday picture of the distribution of landed property in the British Isles. Domesday Book encompasses two independent works; these were "Little Domesday", "Great Domesday" No surveys were made of the City of London, Winchester, or some other towns due to their tax-exempt status. Most of Cumberland and Westmorland are missing. County Durham is missing; the omission of the other counties and towns is not explained, although in particular Cumberland and Westmorland had yet to be conquered. "Little Domesday" – so named because its format is physically smaller than its companion's – is the more detailed survey, down to numbers of livestock.
It may have represented the first attempt, resulting in a decision to avoid such level of detail in "Great Domesday". Both volumes are organised into a series of chapters listing the fees, held by a named tenant-in-chief of the king, namely religious institutions, Norman warrior magnates and a few Saxon thegns who had made peace with the Norman regime; some of the largest such magnates held several hundred fees, in a few cases in more than one county. For example, the chapter of the Domesday Book Devonshire section concerning Baldwin the Sheriff lists 176 holdings held in-chief by him. Only a few of the holdings of the large magnates were held in demesne, most having been subinfeudated to knights military followers of the tenant-in-chief which latter thus became their overlord; the fees listed within the chapter concerning a particular tenant-in-chief were ordered, but not in a systematic or rigorous fashion, by the Hundred Court under the jurisdiction of which they were situated, not by geographic location.
As a review of taxes owed, it was unpopular. Each county's list opened with the king's demesne lands, it should be borne in mind that under the feudal system the king was the only true "owner" of land in England, under his allodial title. He was thus the ultimate overlord and the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Holdings of Bishops followed of the abbeys and religious houses of lay tenants-in-chief and lastly the king's serjeants, Saxon thegns who had survived the Conquest, all in hierarchical order. In some counties, one or more principal towns formed the subject of a separate section: in some the clamores were treated separately; this principle applies more to the larger volume: in the smaller one, the system is more confused, the execution less perfect. Domesday names a total of 13,418 places. Apart from the wholly rural portions, which constitute its bulk, Domesday contains entries of interest concerning most of t
Kwasi Alfred Addo Kwarteng is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Member of Parliament for Spelthorne since 2010. On November 16, 2018, Kwarteng was appointed Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Exiting the European Union, following the resignation of Suella Braverman. Kwarteng was born in Waltham Forest in 1975 to parents who migrated to the UK from Ghana as students in the 1960s. Kwarteng attended Eton College, as a King's Scholar and Newcastle Scholar, before going to the University of Cambridge where he read classics and history at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was a member of the team which won University Challenge in 1995. He attended Harvard University on a Kennedy Scholarship, earned a PhD in economic history from the University of Cambridge in 2000. Before becoming a member of parliament, Kwarteng worked as an analyst in financial services, he has written a book, Ghosts of Empire, about the legacy of the British Empire, published by Bloomsbury in 2011. He co-authored Gridlock Nation with Jonathan Dupont in 2011 about the causes and solutions to traffic congestion in Britain.
Considered "a rising star on the right of the party", Kwarteng was the Conservative candidate in the constituency of Brent East at the 2005 general election. He finished in third place behind the incumbent Liberal Democrat MP Sarah Teather and Yasmin Qureshi of the Labour Party. Kwarteng was chairman of the Bow Group in 2005–06. In 2006, The Times suggested, he was sixth on the Conservative list of candidates for the London Assembly in the 2008 London Assembly election, but was not elected as the Conservatives claimed only three London-wide list seats. Kwarteng was selected as the Conservative candidate for Spelthorne at an open primary in January 2010 after the incumbent Conservative MP, David Wilshire, became mired in controversy arising from the Parliamentary expenses scandal and announced that he would be retiring from Parliament at the next general election. Kwarteng was described by a local paper as a "black Boris". At the 2010 general election, Kwarteng won the seat with 22,261 votes. In August 2012, Kwarteng co-authored a book with four fellow MPs Britannia Unchained.
In it, the authors made controversial remarks and suggestions, as highlighted in one outlet of the national press on publication, including that "Once they enter the workplace, the British are among the worst idlers in the world". The book argues for a radical shrinking of the welfare state in order "to return it to the contributory principle envisioned by its founder Sir William Beveridge – that you get benefits in return for contributions", according to BBC News. In 2014, War and Gold: A Five-Hundred-Year History of Empires and Debt appeared, it is a history of capital and the enduring ability of money, when combined with speculation, to ruin societies. The book has been translated into Mandarin Chinese. In 2015, Thatcher's Trial: Six Months That Defined. Kwarteng was re-elected on 7 May 2015 with an increased majority. In April 2016, the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Foreign Affairs paid for Kwarteng and ten other Conservative MPs to visit Saudi Arabia on a "parliamentary fact-finding" mission.
The Saudi Arabian government paid between £1,500 and £3,700 for each MP. Kwarteng backed the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union in the 2016 referendum. Following the 2017 general election, Kwarteng was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond. On November 16, 2018, Kwerteng replaced Suella Braverman as a Minister in the Department for Exiting the EU. Ghosts of Empire: Britain's Legacies in the Modern World. Bloomsbury London. 2011. ISBN 9781408822906. In collaboration with Priti Patel, Dominic Raab, Chris Skidmore and Liz Truss. After the Coalition. Biteback, London. ISBN 9781849542128. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter In collaboration with Jonathan Dupont. Gridlock Nation. Biteback, London. ISBN 9781849541121. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter In collaboration with Priti Patel, Dominic Raab, Chris Skidmore and Liz Truss. Britannia Unchained: Global Lessons for Growth and Prosperity. Palgrave Macmillan, London. ISBN 9781137032232. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter War and Gold: A Five-Hundred-Year History of Empires and Debt.
Bloomsbury, London. 2014. ISBN 9781408831687. Thatcher's Trial: Six Months That Defined a Leader. Bloomsbury, London. 2015. ISBN 9781408859179. Official website Blog at Conservative Home Kwasi Kwarteng MP Conservative Party profile Spelthorne Conservatives Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present Voting record at Public Whip Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Appearances on C-SPAN
Greater London is a ceremonial county of England, located within the London region. This region forms the administrative boundaries of London and is organised into 33 local government districts—the 32 London boroughs and the City of London, located within the region but is separate from the county; the Greater London Authority, based in Southwark, is responsible for strategic local government across the region and consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. The City of London Corporation is the principal local authority for the City of London, with a similar role to that of the 32 London borough councils. Administratively, Greater London was first established as a sui generis council area under the Greater London Council between 1963 and 1986; the county of Greater London was created on 1 April 1965 through the London Government Act 1963. The area was re-established as a region in 1994; the Greater London Authority was formed in 2000. The region had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census.
The Greater London Built-up Area is used in some national statistics and is a measure of the continuous urban area and includes areas outside the administrative region. The term Greater London has been and still is used to describe different areas in governance, statistics and common parlance. In terms of ceremonial counties, London is divided into the small City of London and the much wider Greater London; this arrangement has come about because as the area of London grew and absorbed neighbouring settlements, a series of administrative reforms did not amalgamate the City of London with the surrounding metropolitan area, its unique political structure was retained. Outside the limited boundaries of the City, a variety of arrangements has governed the wider area since 1855, culminating in the creation of the Greater London administrative area in 1965; the term Greater London was used well before 1965 to refer to the Metropolitan Police District, the area of the Metropolitan Water Board, the London Passenger Transport Area and the area defined by the Registrar General as the Greater London Conurbation.
The Greater London Arterial Road Programme was devised between 1913 and 1916. One of the larger early forms was the Greater London Planning Region, devised in 1927, which occupied 1,856 square miles and included 9 million people. Although the London County Council was created covering the County of London in 1889, the county did not cover all the built-up area West Ham and East Ham, many of the LCC housing projects, including the vast Becontree Estates, were outside its boundaries; the LCC pressed for an alteration in its boundaries soon after the end of the First World War, noting that within the Metropolitan and City Police Districts there were 122 housing authorities. A Royal Commission on London Government was set up to consider the issue; the LCC proposed a vast new area for Greater London, with a boundary somewhere between the Metropolitan Police District and the home counties. Protests were made at the possibility of including Windsor and Eton in the authority; the Commission made its report in 1923.
Two minority reports favoured change beyond the amalgamation of smaller urban districts, including both smaller borough councils and a central authority for strategic functions. The London Traffic Act 1924 was a result of the Commission. Reform of local government in the County of London and its environs was next considered by the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London, chaired by Sir Edwin Herbert, which issued the'Herbert Report' after three years of work in 1960; the commission applied three tests to decide if a community should form part of Greater London: how strong is the area as an independent centre in its own right. Greater London was formally created by the London Government Act 1963, which came into force on 1 April 1965, replacing the administrative counties of Middlesex and London, including the City of London, where the London County Council had limited powers, absorbing parts of Essex, Hertfordshire and Surrey. Greater London had a two-tier system of local government, with the Greater London Council sharing power with the City of London Corporation and the 32 London Borough councils.
The GLC was abolished in 1986 by the Local Government Act 1985. Its functions were devolved to the City Corporation and the London Boroughs, with some functions transferred to central government and joint boards. Greater London formed the London region in 1994; the London referendum, 1998 established a public will to recreate an upper tier of government to cover the region. The Greater London Authority, London Assembly and the directly elected Mayor of London were created in 2000 by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. In 2000, the outer boundary of the Metropolitan Police District was re-aligned to the Greater London boundary; the 2000 and 2004 mayoral elections were won by Ken Livingstone, the final leader of the GLC. The 2008 and 2012 elections were won by Boris Johnson; the 2016 election was won by Sadiq Khan. Greater London includes the most associated parts of the Greater London Urban Area and their historic buffers and includes, in five boroughs, significant parts of the Metropolitan Green Belt which protects designated greenfield land in a similar way to the city's parks.
The closest and furthest boundaries are with Essex to the northeast between Sewardstonebury next to Epping Forest and Chingford and with the Mar
Hampton is a suburban area on the north bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, which includes Hampton Court Palace. Hampton is served by two railway stations, including one south of Hampton Court Bridge in East Molesey. Hampton is west of Hampton Wick and Kingston upon Thames. There are long strips of public riverside in Hampton and the Hampton Heated Open Air Pool is one of the few such swimming pools in Greater London; the riverside, on the reach above Molesey Lock, has residential islands and grand or decorative buildings including Garrick's House and the Temple to Shakespeare. Hampton Ferry provides access across the Thames to the main park of Molesey and the Thames Path National Trail; the most common type of housing in the north of the district is terraced homes. At the western edge of London, many workers commute to Central London; the Anglo-Saxon parish of Hampton converted to secular use in the 19th century included present-day Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick and hamlet of Hampton Court surrounding Hampton Court Palace which together are called The Hamptons.
The combined population of the Hamptons was 37,131 at the 2001 census. The name Hampton may come from the Anglo-Saxon words hamm meaning an enclosure in the bend of a river and ton meaning farmstead or settlement; the ten years to 1911 saw the highest percentage of population increase, the figures for 1851, 1871 and every 10 years to 1911 being: 3,134. A further 25% rise took place in the 1920s. In his national gazetteer written between 1870 and 1872, John Marius Wilson described Hampton Wick as being technically a hamlet, he furthered that the total area was 3,190 acres and the exact respective figures were £14, 445 excluding Hampton Wick, of which £300 was in gas works. Both halves had developed Urban Sanitary Districts recorded in the 1891 census Hampton and Hampton Wick were Urban Districts from 1894–1937, preceding the creation of the Borough of Twickenham, which Hampton joined. At the edge of London, from time immemorial until 1965 Hampton was in Middlesex, a former postal county and this designation is still common in this part of the former county among residents and businesses.
Tagg's Island and much of Hampton's riverside by association became known as Thames Riviera from the 1920s: the island was leased to Fred Karno, an entertainment impresario, who opened an elevated, three-storey rambling mansard roof hotel, the Karsino in 1913, demolished in 1971. World War I impacted the business, which rebranded as The Thames Riviera, rivalling the hotel in Maidenhead for the name, followed by The Palm Beach and The Casino; the Riviera aspect is sometimes described in literature by the Council however is controversial among dissenters to the land use wholly private housing, where Hampton's riverside is not open parkland – it is no longer endorsed by London's bus operator with a stop of that name, in the 2010s named after instead a long public meadow known as St Albans Riverside. A cannon in Roy Grove marks the Hampton end of the baseline measured in 1784 by General William Roy in preparation of the Anglo-French Survey to measure the relative situation of Greenwich Observatory and Paris Observatory.
This high precision survey was the forerunner of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain which commenced in 1791, one year after Roy's death. In the report of the operation Roy gives the locations of the ends of the baseline as Hampton Poor-house and King's Arbour; the latter lies with the confines of Heathrow Airport. The exact end points of the baseline were made by two vertical pipes which carried flag-poles but in 1791, when the base was remeasured, the ends were marked by two cannons sunk into the ground, it is certain that the cannons have been disturbed and moved over the intervening years Hampton Academy, an Academy in Hampton Hampton School, an independent school for boys. Lady Eleanor Holles School is an independent school for girls, it is 13th in GCSE results among the top independent schools in the UK. The latter two schools share a new-for-2000 Millennium Boathouse. Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and Women's Oxford v Cambridge Henley Boat Race participants of this century have attended the schools.
Hampton Junior School Hampton Preparatory School, the junior school for Hampton School Hampton Hill Junior School Hampton Infant and Nursery School Carlisle Infants school Buckingham Primary School Twickenham Prep School The Christian churches in Hampton and Hampton Hill work together as Churches Together Around Hampton. The church buildings are a significant presence in the area many of them being architecturally stand-alone listed buildings in otherwise quite homogenous 20th century housing estates; the ministers and members provide a range of services for the community. The affiliated churches are: Hampton Methodist Church, Hampton Hampton Baptist Church, Hampton Hampton Hill United Reformed Church, Hampton Hill St Theodore's Roman Catholic Church, Hampton St Francis de Sales, Hampton Hill and Upper Teddington All Saints, Old Farm Road, Hampton St Mary, Church Street (by Thames Str
Shepperton is a suburban village in the borough of Spelthorne, in the county of Surrey in England, 15 miles southwest of Charing Cross, bounded by the Thames to the south and much of the east and, in the northwest bisected by the M3 motorway. Shepperton is equidistant between the towns of Sunbury-on-Thames. Shepperton is mentioned in a document of 959 AD and in the Domesday Book, where it was an agricultural village. In the early 19th century resident writers and poets included Haggard, Peacock and Shelley, attracted by the Thames beside which they and other wealthy residents lived, painted at Walton Bridge here in 1754 by Canaletto and in 1805 by Turner, its accessibility was improved by Sunbury Lock and Shepperton Lock built in the 1810s supporting the trade and agricultural barges and the use of residential narrowboats. The suburbanisation of Shepperton began late for Middlesex, in the latter part of the 19th century, with the construction in 1864 of its railway — the owner of its manor, William Schaw Lindsay sponsored the venture which had aims to be extended via Chertsey and connect to the South Western Main Line.
Shepperton's proximity to burgeoning London led to small businesses being established along its high street by the end of the century. With its film studios and production facilities and electrified railway since the 1930s many more homes have been constructed, it is an age-diverse commuter settlement. Expansion continues in the form of occasional new housing developments, its Green Belt has The Swan Sanctuary and two SSSIs, one of, managed by Surrey Wildlife Trust. While a history summary of 1994 indicates that Shepperton meant Shepherd's habitation, which would earlier have transliterated into late Saxon language as Sceapheard-ton, the place has been found in "a document of 959 AD" as Scepertune, which the book Middlesex, states instead meant Shepherd's farm; the name of one of the older lanes, Sheep Walk, may date to the medieval period and was on a wide tract of low-lying meadows which produced the Middlesex wool, namely marsh wool, included in a valuation of 1343. The valuation was two years after Edward III imposed wool tax — Middlesex rendered a sack for every 760 acres s of the county – much of which however appears from contemporary returns to have been collected from other riversides in the county including, in particular, Hampton.
Shepperton in the Domesday Book of 1086 was recorded by the Norman conquerors as Scepertone, with a population of 25 households and was held by Westminster Abbey. In total the annual amount rendered was £6; the Church Lane and Church Square area, leading to and next to the river predates by several centuries the High Street as the village nucleus. When the Thames Valley Railway built in 1864 the terminus of Shepperton railway station, 1 mile north, for the 12 initial years a single train and track running to and from Strawberry Hill, the village expanded into its northern fields, its coming, due to contributions and permission of W. S. Lindsay the owner of Shepperton's manor; the River Thames was important for transport from the late 13th century and carried barley, wheat and root vegetables to London's markets. While the village was wholly agricultural until the 19th century, there are expensive gravestones of the local minor gentry in the churchyard, two of which are dedicated to their naturalised black servants and Cotto Blake who both died in 1781.
These bear the inscription "Davo aptio, Argo fidelior, ipso Sanchone facetior". During this long period since the conquest the wealth of the local rector and his bishop was great: William Grocyn was rector 1504–1513 and was an Oxford classical academic who corresponded with Erasmus and Lewis Atterbury expended much of the large parish revenues on having the large tower rebuilt. A large net income of rents and tithes of £499 per year was paid to the rectory belonging to S. H. Russell in 1848. A change to secular council-administered rather than church-administered public services followed the establishment of poor law unions and Sanitary Districts and was completed with the founding, in 1889, of the Middlesex County Council and Staines Rural District from 1896. In 1930 on the rural district's abolition, Shepperton became part of the Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District until its dissolution into a reduced and reconfigured county of Surrey in 1965. Three districts of the historic county thus did not become part of Greater London: Staines Urban District joined Surrey and Potters Bar Urban District joined Hertfordshire.
Use in semi-fiction and alleged hauntingsIn semi-fiction, George Eliot's Scenes of Clerical Life telling the Sad Fortunes of The Rev. Amos Barton, gives a thinly veiled picture of Chilvers Coton's church and village in the early 19th century in which she uses the name Shepperton. If anything real is to be gleaned for its use, it is a passing similarity. Shepperton Manor by John Mason Neale was contemporaneously written in 1844 fifteen years after he had spent six years living in the village. Old parts of Sh