Eurovision Song Contest 2015
The Eurovision Song Contest 2015 was the 60th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Vienna, following Conchita Wurst's win at the 2014 contest in Copenhagen, Denmark with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix"; this was the second time. The 2015 contest consisted of two semi-finals, which took place on 19 and 21 May, a final, held on 23 May 2015; the shows were presented by Mirjam Weichselbraun, Alice Tumler and Arabella Kiesbauer while Conchita Wurst was hosting the green room. Forty countries participated in the contest, with Australia making a guest appearance, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Serbia returning. Ukraine, announced their withdrawal due to financial and political reasons around the Ukrainian crisis. Once all the votes had been announced, based on 50% jury and 50% televoting, Sweden won the contest for the sixth time, with Måns Zelmerlöw's song "Heroes". Sweden became the first country to win the contest twice in the current format, this was the country's second win in four years and the 21st century.
Italy won the viewers' voting with Russia in second place, Sweden in third place. Sweden won the jury voting, with Latvia in Russia in third place; this is the first time since the juries were reintroduced alongside the televoting in 2009 that the winner did not place first in the televoting. For the first time, the top four of the contest all scored 200 points or better. Russia's entry "A Million Voices" became the first non-winning Eurovision song to score over 300 points. Austria and Germany became the first countries since 2003 to score no points in the final. Austria is the first host country to score nul points; the 2015 contest saw the best result for Montenegro since its independence. The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the 2012 contest, being Sweden and Russia. 2014 hosts, were eliminated in the semi-finals. Over 197 million viewers worldwide watched the contest, beating the 2014 viewing figures by 2 million; the event took place in Vienna, with the venue being the Wiener Stadthalle, after Austria won the right to host this edition of the Eurovision Song Contest for winning its previous 2014 edition with the song "Rise Like a Phoenix" performed by Conchita Wurst.
The Wiener Stadthalle hosts the annual Erste Bank Open tennis tournament, along with many concerts and events throughout the year and has a capacity of 16,000 attendees. After Austria's victory in the 2014 Contest, their delegation revealed the possibility of hosting the contest either in the capital city, Vienna, or in Salzburg. Vienna, Innsbruck, Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Vorarlberg were all interested in hosting the contest. Vienna, considered the front-runner, had two venues in the phase: Wiener Stadthalle and the trade fair centre, Messe Wien, with capacities of up to 16,000 and 30,000 attendees respectively. In the race were Stadthalle Graz and Schwarzl Freizeit Zentrum, both located in the second largest city of Austria, Graz. With a maximum capacity of 30,000, the Wörthersee Stadium in Klagenfurt joined the race. Innsbruck joined the race with Olympiahalle, which hosted ice hockey and figure skating at the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics. A fifth city, joined the race with Brucknerhaus, although the venue is not big enough for the contest.
Being geographically close to Linz, Wels showed desire to host the event as well. Oberwart, with the Exhibition hall, Vorarlberg, with the Vorarlberger Landestheater, were the latest cities to declare an interest. On 29 May 2014, Austrian host public broadcaster ORF and the EBU released some requirements and details about the venue. ORF requested interested parties to respond by 13 June 2014; the venue must be available for at least 6 to 7 weeks before the contest and one week after the conclusion of the contest. The venue must not be open-air, but an air-conditioned building with a capacity of at least 10,000 and a minimum ceiling height of 15 metres, insulated for sound and light; the Green Room should be located in the arena or as near it as possible, with a capacity of 300. An additional room at least 6,000 square metres in area, to house 2 catering stands, a viewing room, make-up rooms and booths for 50 commentators. Separate offices to house the press centre, open between 11 and 24 May 2015, at least 4,000 square metres in area, with a capacity of at least 1,500 journalists.
After the deadline on 13 June 2014, ORF announced 12 venues interested in hosting the 2015 Eurovision Song Contest: ORF announced on 21 June 2014 that 3 cities had been short-listed in the final stage of the bidding process. On 6 August 2014, ORF announced the Wiener Stadthalle in Vienna as the host venue; the contest was provisionally set to take place on 12, 14 and 16 May 2015, but the dates were pushed back a week in order to accommodate the candidate cities. Key Host venue The city of Vienna introduced temporary new traffic signals for pedestrians on some streets, featuring same-sex couples holding hands or hugging, they were introduced as part of events connected to the theme of tolerance and inclusion in the lead-up to the Eurovision Song Contest. Traffic lights of the same – copyrighted – design of the kind "Ampelpärchen" followed before Christopher Street Days in June 2015 in Salzburg and Linz. In Salzburg the initiative SoHo and social democrate mayor Schaden
Elvir Laković Laka
Elvir Laković known as Laka, is a Bosnian rock singer-songwriter, born in Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina. He attended music school there studying guitar, but he disliked the school's teaching methods and views towards music, subsequently quit the school, he studied two years of the occupational health university course in Niš, but did not graduate. During the Bosnian war, he was mobilized in the Army of Herzegovina. After the war, he worked for various international organizations for six years, his parents live in Goražde. During his early aspiring music career, Laka played popular Bosnian folk songs at café building minor popularity. Laka recorded his first song "Malo sam se razočar'o" in 1998; the song turned out to be a major success, launched his show business career nationally, released more songs, among which were "Vještica", "Mor'o" and "Piškila" increasing his popularity in Bosnia. In 2004, Laka left for New York City, where he tried to start a band, but returned to Bosnia unsuccessful and a little bit disappointed after two-and-a-half years.
However, he released his first solo album Zec in 2007. In 2003, his song "Ja sam mor'o" won the Bosnian Davorin Music Award for the best rock song of the year; the album Zec has been released in Croatia on the Menart record label. Laka and his 14 years younger sister Mirela represented Bosnia and Herzegovina at the 2008 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Pokušaj". Laka was the spokesperson reading out the results from Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009, again in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012. Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 Eurovision Song Contest 2008
Eurovision Song Contest 2008
The Eurovision Song Contest 2008 was the 53rd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Belgrade, following Marija Šerifović's win at the 2007 Contest in Helsinki, Finland with the song "Molitva"; this year was the first time. The shows were hosted by Jovana Janković and Željko Joksimović at the Belgrade Arena which had a total capacity of 25,000 seats; the host broadcaster was RTS. After a total of 272 points, Dima Bilan representing Russia was declared the winner, with the song "Believe"; this was Russia’s first win in the contest. Russia came third in the semi-final. Ukraine were runners up for the second year running, with 3rd place going to Greece, 4th to Armenia seeing their best result so far and 5th to Norway. Host of the contest, finished 6th. 2008 saw, for the first time Eurovision.tv streaming national finals live on ESCTV with broadcasters' permission. On 30 January 2008, Eurovision.tv revealed the theme of the Contest: "The Confluence of Sound", inspired by Belgrade's location at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers.
Serbia gained the right to host the Contest after Marija Šerifović won the 2007 Contest in Helsinki, Finland. Since Serbia was the winner of the preceding contest, the 2008 contest was subsequently held there; the Belgrade Arena was chosen as the venue for the contest, is among the largest indoor arenas in Europe, with a total capacity of 25,000 seats. On 14 September 2007, the Mayor of Helsinki handed over the "Eurovision keys" to the Deputy of Belgrade; this ceremony is meant to be a tradition from the 2008 contest and onward, the ring contains a key from every city that has hosted the competition. Due to problems and riots in Belgrade following the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo on 17 February 2008, the EBU held a phone conference to decide if the contest should be moved to a different country. Ukraine was considered an option since they came second in Eurovision Song Contest 2007. YLE were another option, as they hosted the previous year's competition in Finland. Greece's Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi offered the EBU to host the contest in Athens, Greece again.
It was decided that the contest would stay in Belgrade, with the EBU giving support. RTS would gain a guarantee of safety and security from the government of Serbia for all visitors and participants of the contest; the delegations of Albania and Israel had special security. RTS ran a competition that led to the creation of the 2008 Contest's branding and the stage; the theme of the Contest was based around the "confluence of sound". This was symbolic as Belgrade lies on the confluence of the Sava and Danube; the logo chosen, a treble clef, formed the graphical basis of the design created by Boris Miljković. The postcards in the first and second semi-final were based around the creation of the flag of the nation, to perform next; each post card had a short story related to its people. During each postcard a short letter was displayed. All were in the national language of the artist's country, with the exception of the Serbian postcard, which consisted of "Welcome to Belgrade" and "Welcome to Serbia" in various languages and the Belgian postcard, written in the constructed language the Belgian group performed in.
The postcards were brought to an end by a stamp with this year's Eurovision logo. According to RTS the stage represented native identities and modern themes and universally recognised messages; the confluence-themed stage contained a large number of television and LCD display screens. The stage had settings for all new electronic possibilities including some movable parts of the stage, it was designed by Chicago-based David Cushing. The first semi-final was created around a city theme; the contest opened with a panorama of the city of Belgrade forming in the stage's background with two waves sliding down the stage to meet in the centre – at the confluence, the overall theme of the contest. The second semi-final was based around the theme of water, enhanced by the look of the stage during the interval act where the water formed the main colours of the stage; the final was based on the theme of the confluence. Construction of the stage lasted several days and was carried out by various teams from across Europe.
Pyrotechnics were used for the entries from Armenia, Finland, Turkey, the Czech Republic and Switzerland. The stage received positive feedback from the media and fans describing it as "one of the best looking stages in the history of the competition". At a press conference in Helsinki in May 2007, Svante Stockselius, executive supervisor of the Contest for the EBU, announced that the competition's format may be expanded to two semi-finals in 2008 or 2009. On 28 September 2007 it was announced that the EBU had approved the plan of hosting two semi-finals in 2008. Based on research conducted by the EBU's tele-voting partner Digame, the semi-finalists were sorted into the two heats through the drawing of lots, seeded to keep countries that have a significant history of voting for each other apart; each broadcaster had to broadcast the semi-final in which they took part, with the broadcasting of the other semi-final being optional. The draw for the semi-final allocation occurred in the Belgrade City Hall on Monday 28 January 2008 at 13:00 CET and was conducted by the hosts of the contest Jovana Janković and Željko Joksimović.
First, two envelopes with'Semi-Final 1' and'Semi-Final 2' were drawn. Three countries from each pot were chosen randomly to take part in the first semi-final
Eurovision Song Contest 1999
The Eurovision Song Contest 1999 was the 44th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Jerusalem, following Dana International's win at the 1998 contest in Birmingham, United Kingdom with the song "Diva"; this was Israel's third victory in the contest, the second time hosting the event. It was held on 29 May 1999 at the International Convention Center, the same venue that hosted it 20 years earlier. Television news anchor Yigal Ravid, singer and 1992 contestant Dafna Dekel and model/actress Sigal Shachmon were the show's hosts, it was the first time that three presenters were used to host the Contest. Israel's two previous winners, Izhar Cohen, who won in 1978 with "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" and Milk and Honey's Gali Atari who won it the next year with "Hallelujah" attended as spectators; the winner of the Contest was Charlotte Nilsson, representing Sweden with "Take Me to Your Heaven", which scored 163 points. This was the second in the 1990s. In the run-up to the Contest, many speculated that it would not be held in Israel, but would be moved to either Malta or stay at the United Kingdom.
This came about after major concerns over funding for the event from the Israeli government arose, alongside the opposition from Orthodox Jews that they would attempt to stop the Contest from coming to Israel after Dana International won the previous year's Contest. This, provided no hindrance for IBA or to the organizing team of the event, the Ussishkin Auditorium at International Convention Center in Jerusalem was selected as the venue for the 44th Contest; as of 2018, this is the last Eurovision Song Contest to have been held in a concert hall rather than in an indoor arena. Long-standing rules in place for decades were abolished during this Contest: rules that each country had to sing in one of their national languages was abolished for the first time since 1977. A majority of the participating countries, fourteen out of twenty-three, chose to sing or in English and only eight in their respective national languages. Furthermore, live music became optional for the first time in the Contest's history.
IBA took advantage of this and decided to drop the orchestra from the Contest as a way to conserve money for the show. This meant; this caused controversy for Eurovision traditionalists, with three-time winner Johnny Logan criticising the move, describing the event now as "karaoke". A compilation CD was released in Israel; the CD omitted the songs from Poland, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Since all compilation CDs have featured all the songs, it was announced in 1999 that, as of the 2000 Contest, the four biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union – Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom – would all be given automatic entry into the Contest, regardless of their average scores over the past five years. Latvia withdrew at a late stage; this gave Hungary a chance to enter the Contest. This allowed Portugal to compete as the 23rd country. Austria and Herzegovina, Denmark and Iceland returned to the Contest after being relegated from competing in 1998. Lithuania returned to the Contest for the first time in five years.
The Lithuanian delegation has had budget problems to contend with, so the EBU allowed the Lithuanians to arrive in Israel a day than everyone else. The first delegation on the other hand, to arrive were Estonia. After being relegated from the 1998 Contest, Russia's Channel One had decided not to broadcast that year's contest, in order to allow for a strong comeback in Israel. However, as only countries which had broadcast the previous year's contest were allowed to enter the next year's contest, Russia was forced to miss another year, they were joined by Finland, Hungary, Romania and Switzerland. The favourites to win the Contest came from Iceland's Selma with "All Out of Luck", Cyprus's Marlain with "Tha'Ne Erotas", after an internet poll by fans. But, while Iceland finished second to Sweden, Cyprus failed to inspire televotes, finishing second last with only two points, both from the United Kingdom. A number of controversies occurred before the Contest. Two songs selected to compete in Israel were found to be ineligible: Bosnia and Herzegovina's Hari Mata Hari were disqualified after their entry was discovered to have been released in Finland some years previously.
Both artists would represent their countries in Eurovision, in 2006 and 2002 respectively. Croatia's entry attracted objections from the Norwegian delegation, due to synthesised male vocals being used on the backing track of Doris Dragović's entry; the EBU decided to reduce the country's score by a third for the purpose of calculating its five-year average to determine participation in future contests, though it was decided to leave its placement in the 1999 result unaffected. The interval act was provided by Dana International, who performed a cover of the Stevie Wonder song "Free", which although was a smash hit in Israel at the time, caused some controversy there due to the song
Austria the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising 9 federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2, a population of nearly 9 million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion, it is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north and Slovakia to the east and Italy to the south, Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is mountainous, lying within the Alps; the majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, Slovene. Austria played a central role in European History from the late 18th to the early 20th century, it emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal houses in history.
As archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Following the Holy Roman Empire's dissolution, Austria founded its own empire in the 19th century, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation. Subsequent to the Austro-Prussian War and the establishment of a union with Hungary, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was created. Austria was involved in both world wars. Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of government. Major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz and Innsbruck. Austria is ranked as one of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms; the country has developed a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. The republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995.
It is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, adopted the euro currency in 1999; the German name for Austria, Österreich, derives from the Old High German Ostarrîchi, which meant "eastern realm" and which first appeared in the "Ostarrîchi document" of 996. This word is a translation of Medieval Latin Marchia orientalis into a local dialect. Another theory says that this name comes from the local name of the mountain whose original Slovenian name is "Ostravica" - because it is steep on both sides. Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976; the word "Austria" was first recorded in the 12th century. At the time, the Danube basin of Austria was the easternmost extent of Bavaria; the Central European land, now Austria was settled in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was claimed by the Roman Empire and made a province. Present-day Petronell-Carnuntum in eastern Austria was an important army camp turned capital city in what became known as the Upper Pannonia province.
Carnuntum was home for 50,000 people for nearly 400 years. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the area was invaded by Bavarians and Avars. Charlemagne, King of the Franks, conquered the area in AD 788, encouraged colonization, introduced Christianity; as part of Eastern Francia, the core areas that now encompass Austria were bequeathed to the house of Babenberg. The area was known as the marchia Orientalis and was given to Leopold of Babenberg in 976; the first record showing the name Austria is from 996, where it is written as Ostarrîchi, referring to the territory of the Babenberg March. In 1156, the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy. In 1192, the Babenbergs acquired the Duchy of Styria. With the death of Frederick II in 1246, the line of the Babenbergs was extinguished; as a result, Ottokar II of Bohemia assumed control of the duchies of Austria and Carinthia. His reign came to an end with his defeat at Dürnkrut at the hands of Rudolph I of Germany in 1278. Thereafter, until World War I, Austria's history was that of its ruling dynasty, the Habsburgs.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, the Habsburgs began to accumulate other provinces in the vicinity of the Duchy of Austria. In 1438, Duke Albert V of Austria was chosen as the successor to his father-in-law, Emperor Sigismund. Although Albert himself only reigned for a year, henceforth every emperor of the Holy Roman Empire was a Habsburg, with only one exception; the Habsburgs began to accumulate territory far from the hereditary lands. In 1477, Archduke Maximilian, only son of Emperor Frederick III, married the heiress Maria of Burgundy, thus acquiring most of the Netherlands for the family. In 1496, his son Philip the Fair married Joanna the Mad, the heiress of Castile and Aragon, thus acquiring Spain and its Italian and New World appendages for the Habsburgs. In 1526, following the Battle of Mohács, Bohemia and the part of Hungary not occupied by the Ottomans came under Austrian rule. Ottoman expansion into Hungary led to frequent conflicts between the two empires evident in the Long War of 1593 to 1606.
The Turks made incursions into Styria nearly 20 times, of which some are c
Vienna is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, its cultural and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union; until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC; the city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.
Apart from being regarded as the City of Music because of its musical legacy, Vienna is said to be "The City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychoanalyst – Sigmund Freud. The city's roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, it is well known for having played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings and parks. Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first for the world's most liveable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne. In 2018, it replaced Melbourne as the number one spot. For ten consecutive years, the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world.
Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within."The UN-Habitat classified Vienna as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012/2013. The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, sixth globally in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture and markets. Vienna hosts urban planning conferences and is used as a case study by urban planners. Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions, it attracts over 6.8 million tourists a year. The English name Vienna is borrowed from the homonymous Italian version of the city's name or the French Vienne; the etymology of the city's name is still subject to scholarly dispute. Some claim that the name comes from Vedunia, meaning "forest stream", which subsequently produced the Old High German Uuenia, the New High German Wien and its dialectal variant Wean.
Others believe that the name comes from the Roman settlement name of Celtic extraction Vindobona meaning "fair village, white settlement" from Celtic roots, vindo-, meaning "bright" or "fair" – as in the Irish fionn and the Welsh gwyn –, -bona "village, settlement". The Celtic word Vindos may reflect a widespread prehistorical cult of a Celtic God. A variant of this Celtic name could be preserved in the Czech and Polish names of the city and in that of the city's district Wieden; the name of the city in Hungarian, Serbo-Croatian and Ottoman Turkish has a different Slavonic origin, referred to an Avar fort in the area. Slovene-speakers call the city Dunaj, which in other Central European Slavic languages means the Danube River, on which the city stands. Evidence has been found of continuous habitation in the Vienna area since 500 BC, when Celts settled the site on the Danube River. In 15 BC the Romans fortified the frontier city they called Vindobona to guard the empire against Germanic tribes to the north.
Close ties with other Celtic peoples continued through the ages. The Irish monk Saint Colman is buried in Melk Abbey and Saint Fergil served as Bishop of Salzburg for forty years. Irish Benedictines founded twelfth-century monastic settlements. Evidence of these ties persists in the form of Vienna's great Schottenstift monastery, once home to many Irish monks. In 976 Leopold I of Babenberg became count of the Eastern March, a 60-mile district centering on the Danube on the eastern frontier of Bavaria; this initial district grew into the duchy of Austria. Each succeeding Babenberg ruler expanded the march east along the Danube encompassing Vienna and the lands east. In 1145 Duke Henry II Jasomirgott moved the Babenberg family residence from Klosterneuburg in Lower Austria to Vienna. From that time, Vienna remained the center of the Babenberg dynasty. In 1440 Vienna became the resident city of the Habsburg dynasty, it grew to become the de facto capital of the Holy Roman Empire in 1437 and a cultural centre for arts and science and fine cuisine.
Hungary occupied the city between 1485 and 1490. In the 16th and 1
Fuad Backović, better known by his stage name Deen, is a Bosnian pop recording artist, reality star and fashion designer. Backović was the lead singer of the Bosnian boy band 7Up from 1997 until 2002, when he became a solo artist, he represented Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2004 with the song "In the Disco". In 2008, Backović competed on the reality television show Farma; that same year, he retired from music to become a fashion designer, but revived his music career in November 2015 when he agreed to represent his country once again at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Ljubav je" together with Dalal Midhat-Talakić, Ana Rucner and rapper Jala Brat. Fuad Backović was born into a Muslim Bosniak family on 12 April 1982 in Sarajevo and Herzegovina SFR Yugoslavia; when Backović was two years old, his father Zaim, who worked as a representative of a construction company in Libya, relocated to the Middle Eastern country for six years. The name Fuad means "heart" in Arabic, while his stage name Deen is taken from the Arabic Dīn meaning "faith".
Backović has stated his love for music stems from his mother Sabina, an amateur singer who gave up the prospect of a career in music to get a degree in Economics and on, to raise a family. Backović has a younger brother named Faris; the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1996, stands out as the most difficult moments in his life. He spent most of the war with his mother, brother and other family members in the basement of the family home in the Koševo neighborhood of Sarajevo, while his father was in the battlefield, a soldier in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Following the war, his father became a politician, serving as the Minister of Economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina and a member of the Bosnian parliament. At the age of 12, Fuad Backović took his first musical steps by recording his first song in 1994; the song was recorded in a musical studio called Studio Number 1 owned by PBSBiH. His local success grew and obtained the attention of Sarajevo record labels. By 1997, Backović took the opportunity to become the lead singer of the Bosnian boy band 7Up.
The band released Otvori oči and Seven. The band enjoyed great success in Bosnia and the neighboring countries Croatia and Montenegro. In 1998, Deen received an offer to perform for an opera choir, his vocal abilities had been noticed by the National Theater of Bosnia and Herzegovina, he accepted the role of the lead singer for the opera choir during the production of Carmina Burana. Backović decided to leave 7Up and become a solo artist, releasing his first studio album Ja sam vjetar zaljubljeni in 2002. In a 2007 interview he said that being a part of 7Up was an unforgettable experience which left him with many good memories. Backović has been praised for his vocal abilities by people such as Davorin Popović, Kemal Monteno, Hajrudin Varešanović, many others. Backović recorded the duet "Poljubi me" with the popular Croatian singer Vlatka Pokos. In 2008, Backović competed on the reality television show Farma; that same year, he retired from music to become a fashion designer, but revived his music career in November 2015 when he agreed to represent his country once again at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 together with Dalal Midhat-Talakić, Ana Rucner and rapper Jala Brat.
In 2004, Deen represented Bosnia and Herzegovina at the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest in Istanbul, with the song "In The Disco". Deen finished in ninth place with 91 points automatically earning Bosnia and Herzegovina the honour of participating in the final of the 2005 Eurovision Song Contest. Fuad represented Bosnia and Herzegovina for the second time at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016, this time in Sweden's capital Stockholm, he was joined by Ana Rucner and rapper Jala Brat. They performed the song "Ljubav je" in the second half of the first semi-final, but failed to qualify for the final, making it the first time since the introduction of the semis in 2004 that Bosnia has failed to qualify. Backović has lived in Milan and has graduated from the Istituto Marangoni with a degree in Fashion Business. Deen now lives in United States. Backović has dodged rumors of his homosexuality for years; when asked by the Bosnian magazine Gracija in September 2010 if he had relocated to Milan to live an gay life outside of more conservative Bosnia, he replied that although he knew many gay people, that he was heterosexual.
He stated that he was not open to marriage. Backović was in a possible lavender relationship with Bosnian socialite Hana Hadžiavdagić, who came out as bisexual. Otvori oči, lead vocal of 7Up Seven, lead vocal of 7Up Ja sam vjetar zaljubljeni, first solo album In the Disco Anđeo sa greškom Official Website of Deen