SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bosquet

In the French formal garden, a bosquet is a formal plantation of trees, at least five of identical species planted as a quincunx, or set in strict regularity as to rank and file, so that the trunks line up as one passes along either face. Symbolic of order in a humanized and tamed gardens of the French Renaissance and Baroque garden à la française landscape, the bosquet is an analogue of the orderly orchard, an amenity, intimately associated with pleasure gardening from the earliest Persian gardens of the Achaemenid Empire. Bosquets are traditionally paved with gravel, as the feature predates Budding's invention of the lawnmower, since the maintenance of turf under trees is demanding; the shade of paired bosquets flanking a parterre affords both relief from the sunny glare and the pleasure of surveying sunlit space from shade, another Achaemenid invention. As they mature, the trees of the bosquet form an interlacing canopy overhead, they are limbed-up to reveal the pattern of identical trunks.

Lower trunks may be given a lime wash to a selected height. Clipped outer faces of the trees may be pleached. Within a large wood a bosquet in another related sense can be set out as a formal "room", a cabinet de verdure cut into the formal woodland, a major ingredient of André Le Nôtre's Versailles; these intimate areas defined by clipped walls of shrubs and trees offered privacy and relief from the grand scale and public formality of the terraces and allées. A single path with a discreet curve or dogleg provided the only access. Inside the bosquet, privacy was assured; the bosquets were altered during the years Le Nôtre worked at Versailles. The bosquets of Versailles were examples of a matured tradition, they were preceded by simple squares of planted bosquet alternating checkerboard fashion with open squares centering statues, outlined by linking allées in an illustration of an ideal grand garden plan in André Mollet's Le jardin de plaisir, 1651. In Alexandre Francini's engravings of the royal gardens at Fontainebleau and Saint Germain-en-Laye, compartments of bosquets are in evidence.

In Jacques Boyceau's posthumous Traité du iardinage selon les raisons de la nature et de l'art, designs for bosquets alternate with patterns for parterres. In the eighteenth-century, bosquets flanked Paris. In Paris, bosquets set in gravel may still be enjoyed in the Jardin des Tuileries and the Jardin du Luxembourg. After a century of naturalistic landscape gardening and two generations of revived pattern planting some bosquets re-entered garden design at the turn of the twentieth century; the garden at Easton Lodge, designed by Harold Peto inherited what was now called a bosquet but was a seventeenth-century garden wilderness, the "curious" English variant of the bosquet: "This ornamental grove or thicket was planted with native tree species 400 years ago and included a path network of concentric circles and radiating lines." Bosquets, unfamiliar in American gardens, but introduced in the Beaux-Arts gardens of Charles A. Platt, were planted along the Fifth Avenue front of the Metropolitan Museum in 1969-70.

Typical trees employed for bosquets are fine-scaled in leaf, such as hornbeam or hazelnut. Gardens of the French Renaissance Garden à la française Stand level modelling Lisa L. Moore, "What gardens mean: Some Eighteenth Century Background" Easton Lodge Mark Laird, 1992; the Formal Garden: Traditions of Art and Nature Chapter 2: "Baroque Gardens: The Age of Parterre and Bosquet" "The Salle des Antiques at Versailles"

Daji Bhatawadekar

Daji Bhatawadekar, popularly known by his stage name, Krishnachandra Moreshwar, was an Indian theatre personality and film and television actor. He was credited with Marathi theatre in India. A winner of the Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1965, he was honoured by the Government of India in 1967, with the award of Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award for his contributions to the society. Daji Bhatwadekar was born on 15 September 1921 at Mumbai in the Indian state of Maharashtra and did his schooling at Arya Education Society, Mumbai, he graduated from Wilson College and followed it up with by a post graduate degree in Sanskrit from Mumbai University. He started his career with an office job but was drawn towards theatre and began involving with Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh, a Mumbai-based literary association. Bhatwadekar acted in many Marathi, Sanskrit and English language plays and was associated with actors such as Durga Khote and directors like Purushottam Laxman Deshpande and Herbert Marshall.

He performed for Mumbai Brahman Sabha. He was reported to have acted some of them multiple times. Tochi ek Samarth, Hee Tar Premachi Khari Gammat Ahe, Lagnachi Goshta and Tuzha Ahe Tuzhpashi are some of his well-known plays, he acted in a film, Vijeta. He played characters, Nand Dulal Babu in the episode Makdi ka Ras and Beni Madhav in the episode Veni Sanhar, for the television series, Byomkesh Bakshi, broadcast by Doordarshan. A scholar in English and Sanskrit, Bhatwadekar wrote a book on Sanskrit theatre, with emphasis on aesthetics and expression, he pursued his studies into his 70s and secured a doctoral degree at the age of 74. He was a recipient of several awards such as Natya Bhooshan, Kala Guarav, Maharashtra Ratna and Nata Samraat. In 1965, he received the Sangeet Natak Akademi award for his contributions to Sanskrit theatre; the Government of India honoured him with the civilian award of Padma Shri in 1967. He lived in his ancestral home at Bhatawadekar Wadi along Charni Road in Mumbai.

Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh observes the date of his death, 26 December, as Dr. Daji Bhatawadekar Memorial day. Purushottam Laxman Deshpande Herbert Marshall Durga Khote Ananda Lal; the Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195644463. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Daji Bhatawadekar on IMDb "Daji Bhatwadekar In Komanam". YouTube video. Prakash Bendke. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2015

Holden Heights, Florida

Holden Heights is a census-designated place and unincorporated area in Orange County, United States. The population was 3,679 at the 2010 census; the ZIP code serving the CDP is 32839. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area. Holden Heights is located at 28°30′4″N 81°23′8″W, or two miles SSW of Orlando. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles, of which 1.0 square mile is land and 0.39 square miles is water. The elevation of the CDP is 100 feet above sea level; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,856 people, 1,391 households, 950 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,172.3/km². There were 1,631 housing units at an average density of 495.9/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 72.77% White, 17.27% African American, 0.31% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 4.02% from other races, 2.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.68% of the population. There were 1,391 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families.

20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.91. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,950, the median income for a family was $48,693. Males had a median income of $30,731 versus $28,707 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,761. About 12.6% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. 1970.....6,206 1980....13,864 1990.....4,387 2000.....3,856 2010.....3,679: Parts of community annexed by Orlando in the 1980s. Source: U. S. Census Bureau