Botanical Garden station (Metro-North)

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Botanical Garden
Botanical Garden train station.jpg
Southbound Harlem Line train of M7A cars bypassing the station via the middle tracks
Location 2999 Southern Boulevard and
422 Bedford Park Boulevard (200th Street)
Bedford Park, Bronx, New York
Coordinates 40°52′02″N 73°52′55″W / 40.8671°N 73.8819°W / 40.8671; -73.8819Coordinates: 40°52′02″N 73°52′55″W / 40.8671°N 73.8819°W / 40.8671; -73.8819
Owned by Metro-North Railroad
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Connections Local Transit NYCT Bus: Bx26, Bx41, Bx41 SBS
Construction
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Fare zone 2
History
Opened 1890's
Electrified 700V (DC) third rail
Traffic
Passengers (2007) 97,968
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad   Following station
Harlem Line
toward Wassaic
  Former services  
New York Central Railroad
toward Chatham
Harlem Division
toward New York

The Botanical Garden (also known as Botanical Garden–East 200th Street) Metro-North Railroad station serves the residents of the Bedford Park section of the Bronx via the Harlem Line. It is 9.5 miles (15.3 km) from Grand Central Terminal and is located just north of the intersection of Doctor Theodore Kazimiroff Boulevard (Southern Boulevard) and Bedford Park Boulevard (East 200th Street) adjacent to the site of the New York Botanical Garden. Service at Botanical Garden is hourly. This station is located in the Zone 2 Metro-North fare zone.

History[edit]

Prior to the establishment of the station, Botanical Gardens station was the former site of Bedford Park station,[1] a railroad station that connected to a privately owned one-mile spur leading west to the Jerome Park Racetrack, which contained its own station of the same name.[2] The racetrack was closed on October 4, 1894 to make way for the installation of the Jerome Park Reservoir, and the spur was used for construction of the reservoir until 1906.

Like the site for which it was named, Botanical Garden station originates back to the 1890s, although it originally had structures on both sides of the tracks. The structure that serves the gardens itself on the north side of the tracks still exists, while the old station house on the southbound platforms was torn down.[3] Botanical Gardens station was south of a derailment on February 16, 1907 that resulted in 20 deaths and 150 injuries. This was one day after New York Central Railroad electrified the Harlem Line in reaction to being chastised in the press after the Park Avenue Tunnel accident of 1902.[4] Some sources have mistakenly referred to the site of the crash as being at Woodlawn station.[5] From 1920 to 1973, there was also a connection to the 200th Street station along the IRT Third Avenue Line over the intersection of Webster Avenue and Bedford Park Boulevard just southwest of the station.

As with many NYCRR stations in the Bronx, the station became a Penn Central station once the NYC & Pennsylvania Railroads merged in 1968. Penn Central's continuous financial despair throughout the 1970s forced them to turn over their commuter service to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Sometime between 1975 and 1981, MTA demolished the southbound station house and replaced it with aluminum and Plexiglas bus shelters. The station and the railroad were turned over to Conrail in 1976, and eventually became part of the MTA's Metro-North Railroad in 1983.

Station layout[edit]

This station has two high-level side platforms, each eight cars long.

M Mezzanine Crossover between platforms
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Track 4 Harlem Line toward Grand Central (Fordham)
New Haven Line does not stop here
Track 2 Harlem Line, New Haven Line do not stop here
Track 1 Harlem Line, New Haven Line do not stop here →
Track 3 New Haven Line does not stop here →
Harlem Line toward North White Plains, Southeast or Wassaic (Williams Bridge)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Street level Exit/entrance and parking

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Official Railway Guide: North American Freight Service Edition. National Railway Publication Company. 1896. p. 191.
  2. ^ Jerome Park Railroad; 1880 to 1906
  3. ^ Existing Railroad Station in The Bronx, New York
  4. ^ Grogan, Louis V. (1989). The Coming of the New York and Harlem Railroad. Self-Published. p. 55. ISBN 0-962120- 65-0.
  5. ^ The Woodlawn Crash, 1907 (The American Experience: WGBH Boston)

External links[edit]