Gunter Demnig is a German artist. He is best known for his Stolperstein memorials to the victims of Nazi persecution, including Jews, homosexuals and the disabled; the project places engraved brass stones in front of a former residence for a Holocaust victim, deported and killed by Nazi Germany, began in Germany and has since spread, with more than 60,000 stones placed across 21 countries in Europe. Gunter Demnig grew up in Nauen and Berlin and acquired his abitur in 1967; that year, he began studying creative education at Berlin University of the Arts with Professor Herbert Kaufmann. From 1969 to 1970, he studied industrial design there. In 1971, he transferred to the Kunsthochschule Kassel, resuming his study of creative education and passed the first state examination in 1974; that same year, he began studying art with Harry Kramer at the University of Kassel. Following that, he spent two years planning and managing historical monuments, from 1977 to 1979. From 1980 to 1985, Demnig was an artistic-scientific colleague on the art faculty at the University of Kassel.
In 1985, he worked on numerous local projects. Since 1994, he has been involved with the IGNIS-Kulturzentrum. Demnig's best known work is. Stolperstein is the German word for "stumbling block". Demnig's Stolpersteine are small, cobblestone-sized brass memorials for the victims of National Socialism. Set into the pavement of sidewalks in front of the buildings where Nazi victims once lived or worked, they call attention both to the individual victim and the scope of the Nazi war crimes. About 61,000 Stolpersteine have been laid in 21 countries in Europe, making the project the world's largest memorial. 1980: Odor marks, Cassel-Paris 1981: Blood spot, Kassel-London 1988: Travel to West Berlin 1993: Conceives Stolpersteine project 1997: First two Stolpersteine installed at the invitation of Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service founder Andreas Maislinger for the brothers Matthias and Johann Nobis, with legal permit from St. Georgen 2000: Project Stolpersteine continues, acquiring permits to install the memorials 1982- Alte Oper, Frankfurt am Main 1986- Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Museum of the City of Cologne 1991- Kunstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin 1995- Academy of Arts, Berlin Austria: Stolpersteine in the district of Braunau am Inn Belgium: Stolpersteine in Charleroi Czech Republic: Prague: Josefov, Malá Strana, Vršovice and Modřany — Královéhradecký kraj, Ústecký kraj Germany: Lake Constance district, Weingarten Netherlands Stolpersteine website Demning résumé at IGNIS
A Stolperstein is a sett-size, 10 by 10 centimetres concrete cube bearing a brass plate inscribed with the name and life dates of victims of Nazi extermination or persecution. The Stolpersteine project, initiated by the German artist Gunter Demnig in 1992, aims to commemorate individuals at the last place of residency—or, work—which was chosen by the person before he or she fell victim to Nazi terror, eugenics, was deported to a concentration or extermination camp, or escaped persecution by emigration or suicide; as of 23 October 2018, 70,000 Stolpersteine have been laid making the Stolpersteine project the world's largest decentralized memorial. The majority of Stolpersteine commemorate Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Others have been placed for Sinti and Romani people, the physically or mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, black people, members of the Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party, the anti-Nazi Resistance, the Christian opposition, Freemasons, along with International Brigade soldiers in the Spanish Civil War, military deserters, conscientious objectors, escape helpers, capitulators, "habitual criminals", others charged with treason, military disobedience, or undermining the Nazi military, as well as Allied soldiers.
The name of the Stolpersteine project invokes multiple allusions: In Nazi Germany, an antisemitic saying, when accidentally stumbling over a protruding stone, was: "A Jew must be buried here". In a metaphorical sense, the German term Stolperstein can mean "potential problem"; the term "to stumble across something", in German and English, can mean "to find out". Thus, the term provocatively invokes an antisemitic remark of the past, but at the same time intends to provoke thoughts about a serious issue. Stolpersteine are not placed prominently, but are rather discovered by chance, only recognizable when passing by at close distance. In contrast to central memorial places, which according to Demnig can be avoided or bypassed, Stolpersteine represent a much deeper intrusion of memory into everyday life. Stolpersteine are placed right into the pavement; when Jewish cemeteries were destroyed throughout Nazi Germany, the gravestones were repurposed as sidewalk paving stones. The desecration of the memory of the dead was implicitly intended, as people had to walk on the gravestones and tread on the inscriptions.
The Stolpersteine provocatively hint at this act of desecration, as they lack any kind of defense against new acts of shame. While the art project thus intends to keep alive the memory, implying that improper acts could happen again, the intentional lack of defense against potential desecration created criticism and concern; some German cities like Munich still do not accept the setting of Stolpersteine, look for alternative ways of commemoration instead. Research about future Stolperstein locations is done by local school children and their teachers, victims' relatives, or local history organizations; the database of Yad Vashem in Jerusalem and the online database version of the 1939 Germany Minority Census are used to search for names and residential addresses of Nazi victims. When research on a particular person is completed, Demnig sets out to manufacture an individual Stolperstein; the person's name and dates of birth and death, if known, are engraved into the brass plate. The words Hier wohnte... are written on most of the plates, emphasizing that the victims of prosecution did not live and work at any anonymous place, but "right here".
The Stolperstein is inserted at flush level into the roadway or sidewalk, at the individual's last known place of chosen residence or work, with the intention to "trip up the passer-by" and draw attention to the memorial. The costs of Stolpersteine are covered by individual donations, local public fund raising, contemporary witnesses, school classes, or community funds. From the beginning of the project until 2012, one Stolperstein cost €95. In 2012, the price increased to €120; each individual Stolperstein is still manufactured by hand, so that only about 440 of them can be produced per month. Today, it may take up to several months from the application for a new Stolperstein until it is installed. On 16 December 1992, 50 years had passed since Heinrich Himmler had signed the so-called Auschwitz-Erlass, ordering the deportation of Sinti and Roma to extermination camps; this order marks the beginning of the mass deportation of Jews from Germany. To commemorate this date, Gunter Demnig traced the "road to deportation" by pulling a self-built, rolling pavement-printing machine through the inner city to the train station, where the deportees had boarded the trains to the extermination camps.
Afterwards, he installed the first Stolperstein in front of Cologne's Historic City Hall. On its brass plate were engraved the first lines of the Auschwitz decree. Demnig intended to contribute to the debate, ongoing at that time, about granting the right of residence in Germany to Roma people who had fled from former Yugoslavia; the idea arose of expanding the commemoration project to include all victims of Nazi persecution, as well as always doing so at the last places of residence which they were free to choose. A Stolperstein would symbolically bring back the victims to their neighbourhoods, to the places where they rightfully belonged many years after they had been deported. In 1993, Gunter Demnig published further details of his project, outlined his artistic concept in a contribution to the p
Movie Park Germany
Movie Park Germany is a theme park in Bottrop-Kirchhellen in western Germany, 50 km north of Düsseldorf. With an area of 40 hectare, it consists of 7 areas based on movies and TV series. Nearby the park are several film studios; the park opened under the name "Kirchhellener Märchenwald" in 1967. Märchenpark was run by the German family Allekötter; the park featured attractions consisting of huts in the woods where guests could press buttons to listen to different fairy tales. A couple named Ida Rosenberg bought the park after the 1976 season, they operated the park under the name "Traumlandpark". This became their second park, the first being the Tuddern safari park in Tüddern, Germany which they purchased from Mr. Löffelhardt and Mr. Schmidt, who sold the park so they could focus on their newest project, Phantasialand. In 1985, the Rosenbergs had to declare bankruptcy with the debt of € 22 million. Wolf-Dieter Jahn from Essen and Alexandre Berthé from France, who had worked at the park, bought it in 1986 and reopened it in 1987 under the name "Neue Traumland".
In 1989 they decided to sell the park to Bavaria Film, it closed again on 31 August 1991. The park opened on 6 June 1992 under the name "Bavaria Filmpark"; this park was scheduled to open in May 1991. The park closed in 1993 after not becoming popular. In May 1994, Warner Bros. purchased the location, began construction on "Warner Bros. Movie World Germany"; the park had a grand opening on 29 June 1996 with 20,000 invited guests including Johannes Rau, Ernst Löchelt, August Everding, Gustava Everding, Michael Douglas, Sophia Loren, Ron Williams, Amanda Lear, David Copperfield, Claudia Schiffer, Chris O'Donnell, Hans Meiser and Heinz Hoenig as special guests. The park opened to the general public on 30 June 1996. Zeitgeist Design and Production's Ryan Harmon served as the Director of Show Development for Warner Bros. International Recreation Enterprises, where he conceived and managed the design team for Warner Bros. Movie World in Germany's worth of rides and attractions. Botticelli's - Atelier der angewandten Malerei and Sanderson Group were responsible for designing and painting the theming for the park.
Alan Griffith Architect and Alder Constructions were involved in the park's development. At the end of 1999, Warner Bros. sold the park to Premier Parks. Premier Parks continued to license the Warner Bros. Movie World name. In years, large investments in bigger, more action-packed attractions made Warner Bros. Movie World Germany no longer a crowd puller for families, but rather in the direction of teenagers and the young at heart. Families stayed away from the park, many thrillseekers visited it. This, along with a decline in visitor numbers, resulted in Warner Bros. Movie World Germany being acquired by StarParks, a subsidiary of Palamon Capital Partners, on 3 April 2004, which led to the park reopening as "Movie Park Germany" on 19 March 2005, having a grand opening on 24 March 2005, with the Warner Bros. theming removed from the park and replaced by newer themes from 20th Century Fox, MGM, Nickelodeon. Themes included Van Helsing, AMC's The Walking Dead and Star Trek by CBS. On 17 May 2010, Parques Reunidos bought the park from Palamon Capital Partners.
No changes to the park's name or theming occurred. The park is divided up into 7 areas each with their own collection of attractions. Area 51 - Top Secret – Intamin spillwater, it is a replica of the operated Sea World ride in Australia. Looney Tunes 4D - Roadrunner & Wile e Coyote - A 4-D film shown at the Roxy 4D-Kino; the Lost Temple - Simworx Immersive Tunnel NYC Transformer - Huss Top Spin Taste of New York - A expansive food court featuring regional specialties. Included eateries are NY Pizza & Pasta. Time Riders – Time-travel with John Cleese - Attraction Media & Entertainment Inc. simulators Van Helsing's Factory - Gerstlauer Bobsled roller coaster Former attractions: Cartoon Theatre - movie theatre Avatar Air Glider - Zamperla Giant Skychaser based on Avatar - The Last Airbender The Backyardigans: Mission to Mars - Vekoma Family Roller Coaster Barnyard Bumpers - set of Preston & Barbieri Bumper Cars Dora's Big River Adventure - Zamperla Log Flume - The ride is based on the television show Dora the Explorer.
Fairy World Spin - The Fairly OddParents - MACK Rides teacups Ghost Chasers - Mack Rides wild mouse based on Spongebob Squarepants Jimmy Neutron's Atomic Flyer - Vekoma Suspended Family Coaster - the ride is based on the animated television show Jimmy Neutron Sea Swing - SBF Rides|SBF swing ride based on Spongebob Squarepants Splat-O-Sphere - Chance Rides Aviator SpongeBob Splash Bash - Preston & Barbieri Splash Battle - the ride is based on the television show [[SpongeBob Team Umizoomi Number Tumbler - Zamperla Kiddie carpet (replaced Teenage Robot Turnabout, Flying Cloud, The Daffy Duck Thundercloud (1996-
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Burgomaster is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or executive of a city or town. The name in English was derived from the Dutch burgemeester. In some cases, Burgomaster was the title of the head of state and head of government of a sovereign city-state, sometimes combined with other titles, such as Hamburg's First Mayor and President of the Senate). Contemporary titles are translated into English as mayor. In history in many free imperial cities the function of burgomaster was held by three persons, serving as an executive college. One of the three being burgomaster in chief for a year, the second being the prior burgomaster in chief, the third being the upcoming one. Präsidierender Bürgermeister is now an obsolete formulation sometimes found in historic texts. In an important city in a city state, where one of the Bürgermeister has a rank equivalent to that of a minister-president, there can be several posts called Bürgermeister in the city's executive college, justifying the use of a compound title for the actual highest magistrate, such as: Regierender Bürgermeister in West Berlin and reunited Berlin, while in Berlin the term Bürgermeister without attribute – English Mayor – refers to his deputies, while the heads of the 12 boroughs of Berlin are called Bezirksbürgermeister, English borough mayor.
Erster Bürgermeister in Hamburg Bürgermeister und Präsident des Senats in Bremen Amtsbürgermeister can be used for the chief magistrate of a Swiss constitutive canton, as in Aargau 1815–1831 Bürgermeister, in German: in Germany, South Tyrol, in Switzerland. In Switzerland, the title was abolished mid-19th century. Oberbürgermeister is the most common version for a mayor in a big city in Germany; the Ober- prefix is used in many ranking systems for the next level up including military designations. The mayors of cities, which comprise one of Germany's 112 urban districts bear this title. Urban districts are comparable to independent cities in the English-speaking world; however the mayors of some cities, which do not comprise an urban district, but used to comprise one until the territorial reforms in the 1970s, bear the title Oberbürgermeister. Borgmester Borgarstjóri Borgermester Börgermester Burgomaestre Purkmistr Burgumaisu Borgomastro or Sindaco-Borgomastro: in few communes of Lombardy Burgemeester in Dutch: in Belgium a party-political post, though formally nominated by the regional government and answerable to it, the federal state and the province.
Mayor. In the Netherlands nominated by the municipal council but appointed by the crown. In theory above the parties, in practice a high-profile party-political post. Bourgmestre in Belgium and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Bürgermeister Burmistras, derived from German. Buergermeeschter Polgármester, derived from German. Burmistrz, a mayoral title, derived from German; the German form Oberbürgermeister is translated as Nadburmistrz. The German-derived terminology reflects the involvement of German settlers in the early history of many Polish towns. Borgmästare, kommunalborgmästare. Boargemaster Pormestari In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality. In the Netherlands, mayors chair both the council of the municipal council, they are members of the council of mayor and aldermen and have their own portfolios, always including safety and public order. They have a representative role for the municipal government, both to its civilians and to other authorities on the local and national level.
A large majority of mayors are members of a political party. This can be the majority party in the municipal council. However, the mayors are expected to exercise their office in a non-partisan way; the mayor is appointed by the national government for a renewable six-year term. In the past, mayors for important cities were chosen after negotiations between the national parties; this appointment procedure has been criticised. The party D66 had a direct election of the mayor as one of the main objectives in its platform. In the early 2000s, proposals for change were discussed in the national parliament. However
Josef Albers was a German-born American artist and educator whose work, both in Europe and in the United States, formed the basis of modern art education programs of the twentieth century. Albers was born into a Roman Catholic family of craftsmen in Bottrop, Germany, he worked from 1908 to 1913 as a schoolteacher in his home town. From 1916 to 1919 he began his work as a printmaker at the Kunstgewerbschule in Essen. In 1918 he received his first public commission, Rosa mystica ora pro nobis, a stained-glass window for a church in Essen. In 1919 he went to Munich, Germany, to study at the Königliche Bayerische Akademie der Bildenden Kunst, where he was a pupil of Max Doerner and Franz Stuck. Albers enrolled as a student in the preliminary course of Johannes Itten at the Weimar Bauhaus in 1920. Although Albers had studied painting, it was as a maker of stained glass that he joined the faculty of the Bauhaus in 1922, approaching his chosen medium as a component of architecture and as a stand-alone art form.
The director and founder of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius, asked him in 1923 to teach in the preliminary course'Werklehre' of the department of design to introduce newcomers to the principles of handicrafts, because Albers came from that background and had appropriate practice and knowledge. In 1925, Albers was promoted to professor, the year. At this time, he married Anni Albers, a student there, his work in Dessau included working with glass. As a younger art teacher, he was teaching at the Bauhaus among artists who included Oskar Schlemmer, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee; the so-called form master, Klee taught the formal aspects in the glass workshops where Albers was the crafts master. With the closure of the Bauhaus under Nazi pressure in 1933 the artists dispersed, most leaving the country. Albers emigrated to the United States; the architect Philip Johnson a curator at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, arranged for Albers to be offered a job as head of a new art school, Black Mountain College, in North Carolina.
In November 1933, he joined the faculty of the college where he was the head of the painting program until 1949. At Black Mountain, his students included Ruth Asawa, Ray Johnson, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Susan Weil, he invited important American artists such as Willem de Kooning, to teach in the summer seminar. Weil remarked that, as a teacher, Albers was "his own academy", she said that Albers claimed that "when you're in school, you're not an artist, you're a student", although he was supportive of self-expression when one became an artist and began on her or his journey. Albers produced many woodcuts and leaf studies at this time. In 1950, Albers left Black Mountain to head the department of design at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. While at Yale, Albers worked to expand the nascent graphic design program, hiring designers Alvin Eisenman, Herbert Matter, Alvin Lustig. Albers worked at Yale until he retired from teaching in 1958. At Yale, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Eva Hesse, Neil Welliver, Jane Davis Doggett were notable students.
In 1962, as a fellow at Yale, he received a grant from the Graham Foundation for the Advanced Studies of Fine Arts for an exhibit and lecture on his work. Albers collaborated with Yale professor and architect King-lui Wu in creating decorative designs for some of Wu's projects. Among these were distinctive geometric fireplaces for the Rouse and DuPont houses, the façade of Manuscript Society, one of Yale's secret senior groups, a design for the Mt. Bethel Baptist Church. At this time he worked on his structural constellation pieces. In 1963, he published Interaction of Color which presented his theory that colors were governed by an internal and deceptive logic; the rare first edition has a limited printing of only 2,000 copies and contained 150 silk screen plates. This work has been republished since and is now available as an iPad App. During this time, he created the abstract album covers of band leader Enoch Light's Command LP records, his album cover for Terry Snyder and the All Stars 1959 album, Persuasive Percussion, shows a packed grid or lattice of small black disks from which a few wander up and out as if stray molecules of some light gas.
He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1973. Albers continued to paint and write, staying in New Haven with his wife, textile artist, Anni Albers, until his death in 1976. Accomplished as a designer, typographer and poet, Albers is best remembered for his work as an abstract painter and theorist, he favored a disciplined approach to composition. Most famous of all are the hundreds of paintings and prints that make up the series, Homage to the Square. In this rigorous series, begun in 1949, Albers explored chromatic interactions with nested squares. Painting on Masonite, he used a palette knife with oil colors and recorded the colors he used on the back of his works; each painting consists of either three or four squares of solid planes of color nested within one another, in one of four different arrangements and in square formats ranging from 406×406 mm to 1.22×1.22 m. In 1959, a gold-leaf mural by Albers, Two Structural Constellations was engraved in the lobby of the Corning Glass Building in Manhattan.
For the entrance of the Time & Life Building lobby, he created Two Portals, a 42-feet by 14-feet mural of alternating glass bands in white and brown that recede into two bronze centers to cre
Stations of the Cross (film)
Stations of the Cross is a 2014 German drama film directed by Dietrich Brüggemann. The film had its premiere in the competition section of the 64th Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Bear for Best Script. Maria, is a 14-year-old Catholic girl in a religiously fanatic family who has dedicated her life to serving God, she is preparing with a group of young people for confirmation in a southern German town. Their church belongs to the Society of St Paul that rejects the more secular rulings of the Second Vatican Council, holds to the Latin mass. Learning of the 14 Stations of the Cross that Jesus endured on his path to Golgotha, she thinks that this is what she must go through in order to reach Heaven, cure her younger brother's autism. Lea van Acken as Maria Franziska Weisz as Mother Florian Stetter as Pater Weber Lucie Aron as Bernadette Moritz Knapp as Christian Klaus Michael Kamp as Father Georg Wesch as Thomas Birge Schade as PE Teacher Ramin Yazdani as Doctor Hanns Zischler as Funeral Director The fictitious Society of St Paul is based on the Society of Saint Pius X, a traditional Catholic Church organization of which the German co-writer Anna Brüggemann, her director brother Dietrich Brüggemann, had first hand experience.
Reception for the film was positive. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film 91% out of 23 votes, with an average rating of 7.4/10. The critics consensus states that the film is "A drama of thought-provoking depth as well as a showcase for newcomer Lea van Acken, Stations of the Cross hits hard and leaves a lingering impact." On Metacritic, the film has a rating of 68 out of 100, from 11 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Steven Greydanus of Decent Films gave the film an "A-" grade, saying "Stations of the Cross is among the most insightful and devastating cross-examinations of religious fundamentalism that I have seen in a Catholic context; the film is not so much an attack on faith or religion, but an examination of how faith goes wrong." Stations of the Cross on IMDb Stations of the Cross at Box Office Mojo Stations of the Cross at Rotten Tomatoes Stations of the Cross at Metacritic Stations of the Cross at AllMovie