Burgundy wine is wine made in the Burgundy region in eastern France, in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône, a tributary of the Rhône. The most famous wines produced here—those referred to as "Burgundies"—are dry red wines made from Pinot noir grapes and white wines made from Chardonnay grapes. Red and white wines are made from other grape varieties, such as Gamay and Aligoté, respectively. Small amounts of rosé and sparkling wines are produced in the region. Chardonnay-dominated Chablis and Gamay-dominated Beaujolais are formally part of the Burgundy wine region, but wines from those subregions are referred to by their own names rather than as "Burgundy wines". Burgundy has a higher number of appellations d'origine contrôlée than any other French region, is seen as the most terroir-conscious of the French wine regions; the various Burgundy AOCs are classified from delineated Grand Cru vineyards down to more non-specific regional appellations. The practice of delineating vineyards by their terroir in Burgundy goes back to medieval times, when various monasteries played a key role in developing the Burgundy wine industry.
The Burgundy region runs from Auxerre in the north to Mâcon in the south, or to Lyon if the Beaujolais area is included as part of Burgundy. Chablis, a white wine made from Chardonnay grapes, is produced in the area around Auxerre. Other smaller appellations near Chablis include Irancy, which produces red wines and Saint-Bris, which produces white wines from Sauvignon blanc. There are 100 Appellations in Burgundy and these are classified into four quality categories; these are Bourgogne, Premier Cru and Grand Cru. Eighty-five miles southeast of Chablis is the Côte d'Or, where Burgundy's most famous and most expensive wines originate, where all Grand Cru vineyards of Burgundy are situated; the Côte d'Or itself is split into two parts: the Côte de Nuits which starts just south of Dijon and runs till Corgoloin, a few kilometers south of the town of Nuits-Saint-Georges, the Côte de Beaune which starts at Ladoix and ends at Dezize-les-Maranges. The wine-growing part of this area in the heart of Burgundy is just 40 kilometres long, in most places less than 2 kilometres wide.
The area is made up of tiny villages surrounded by a combination of flat and sloped vineyards on the eastern side of a hilly region, providing some rain and weather shelter from the prevailing westerly winds. The best wines - from Grand Cru vineyards - of this region are grown from the middle and higher part of the slopes, where the vineyards have the most exposure to sunshine and the best drainage, while the Premier Cru come from a little less favourably exposed slopes; the ordinary "Village" wines are produced from the flat territory nearer the villages. The Côte de Nuits contains 24 out of the 25 red Grand Cru appellations in Burgundy, while all but one of the region's white Grand Cru wines are in the Côte de Beaune; this is explained by the presence of different soils, which favour Pinot noir and Chardonnay, respectively. Further south is the Côte Chalonnaise, where again a mix of red and white wines are produced, although the appellations found here such as Mercurey and Givry are less well-known than their counterparts in the Côte d'Or.
Below the Côte Chalonnaise is the Mâconnais region, known for producing large quantities of easy-drinking and more affordable white wine. Further south again is the Beaujolais region, famous for fruity red wines made from Gamay grapes. Burgundy experiences a continental climate characterized by hot summers; the weather is unpredictable, with rains and frost all possible around harvest time. Because of this climate, vintages from Burgundy vary considerably. Archaeological evidence establishes viticulture in Burgundy as early as the second century AD, although the Celts may have been growing vines in the region previous to the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC. Greek traders, for whom viticulture had been practiced since the late Neolithic period, had founded Massalía in about 600 BC, traded extensively up the Rhône valley, where the Romans first arrived in the second century BC; the earliest recorded praise of the wines of Burgundy was written in 591 by Gregory of Tours, who compared it to the Roman wine Falernian.
Monks and monasteries of the Roman Catholic Church have had an important influence on the history of Burgundy wine. The first known donation of a vineyard to the church was by king Guntram in 587, but the influence of the church became important in Charlemagne's era; the Benedictines, through their Abbey of Cluny founded in 910, became the first big Burgundy vineyard owner over the following centuries. Another order which exerted influence was the Cistercians, founded in 1098 and named after Cîteaux, their first monastery, situated in Burgundy; the Cistercians created Burgundy's largest wall-surrounded vineyard, the Clos de Vougeot, in 1336. More the Cistercians, extensive vineyard owners as they were, were the first to notice that different vineyard plots gave different wines, they therefore laid the earliest foundation for the naming of Burgundy crus and the region's terroir thinking. Since Burgundy is land-locked little of its wine left the region in Medieval times, when wine was transported in barrels, meaning that waterways provided the only practical means of long-range transportation.
The only part of Burgundy which could reach Paris in a practical way was the area around Auxerre by means of the Yonne. This area had much more extensive vineyards until the 19th century; these were the wines referred to as vin de Bourgogne in early t
Barnay is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France. It is located north of Autun to the border of Côte d'Or. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Allériot is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne in eastern France. It's landmarks include the Town Hall, the Church, the War Memorial. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Ameugny is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. The river Grosne flows through the commune. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics Official website Ameugny Notre-Dame
Ballore is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France. The Arconce flows southwest through the commune. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Authumes is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in Bourgogne in eastern France. Communes of the Saône-et-Loire department INSEE statistics
Beaune is the wine capital of Burgundy in the Côte d'Or department in eastern France. It is located between Geneva. Beaune is one of the key wine centers in France, the center of Burgundy wine production and business; the annual wine auction of the Hospices de Beaune is the primary wine auction in France. The town is surrounded by some of the world's most famous wine villages, while the facilities and cellars of many producers and small, are situated in the historic center of Beaune itself, as they have been since Roman times. With a rich historical and architectural heritage, Beaune is considered the "Capital of Burgundy wines", it is an ancient and historic town on a plain by the hills of the Côte d'Or, with features remaining from the pre-Roman and Roman eras, through the medieval and renaissance periods. Beaune is a walled city, with about half of the battlements and the moat, having survived in good condition; the central "old town" or "vieille ville" is extensive. Beaune is intimately connected with the Dukes of Burgundy.
Landmarks in Beaune include the old market, the 15th-century Hospices, the Beffroi, the collegiate church of Notre Dame. Beaune is the main center for the "Burgundian tile" polychrome renaissance roofing style of the region. Beaune is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune subregion of the Burgundy wine region, which bears the name of this town. Although Beaune is lacking a Grand Cru vineyard in the commune, it is the hub of the region's wine business, as most of Burgundy's major négociants are here. Beaune is renowned for its annual charity wine auction on behalf of the Hospices de Beaune, it is on the route des Grands Crus tourist trail among the vineyards. The road runs north from Beaune to Gevrey Chambertin and Nuits-Saint-Georges and south to Nolay and Autun. Beaune is the centre for wine industry services as well as a number of wine-related institutes and education facilities; the train station is served through Dijon or Lyon. There is a comprehensive "traditional" shopping area clustered around the central square with a focus on gourmet food and wine, while large supermarkets, business parks, etc. are situated on the outskirts of town.
Beaune has a major fine food market on Saturdays, where there are a large number of stall holders supplying a broad selection of products and specialties from Burgundy and the surrounding regions. For example, Bresse chickens, Jura cheeses, small goods, produce of every variety as well as seasonal specialties such as truffles. There is a smaller market on Wednesday, special-event markets and fetes are held throughout the year. Although Beaune is not a tourist town but one centred on the wine industry, it attracts a large amount of tourism. About five traditional smaller hotels are located within the city walls with around five chain hotels on the outskirts. Beaune is one of a number of towns in Europe asserting a key role in the "invention of film". Technically Beaune is a commune in eastern France, a sub-prefecture of department 21, the Côte-d'Or department, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region; the name "Beaune" derives from the Latinised Gaulish word "Belena", the name of a spring around which the settlement was established.
That name in turn is derived from a god of fast-flowing water. A Roman fort was built there in the first century A. D. and it was a prosperous wine-growing region in the 13th century. The town is served by a small watercourse, the "Bouzaise" of which the source is in a public park at the north-east boundary. Beaune has a semi-continental climate with an oceanic tendency; the oceanic influence is seen with frequent rains in many weather changes. On the other hand, one sees the semi-continental influence with one of the greatest seasonal temperature differences, characterized by cold winters with frequent snowfall, hot summers with violent storms, it is this climate which creates the unique environment for which the Côte d'Or is so known. Founded in 1442 by Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of the Duke of Burgundy, his wife, the Hospices are a charity running hospitals and other services for the needy. Following from past donations, they own vineyards in Burgundy. Nicolas Grozelier, 18th-century French fabulist Louis Chevrolet, race car driver, co-founder of the Chevrolet Motor Car Company, co-founder of the Frontenac Motor Corporation with brothers Gaston and Arthur.
Arthur Chevrolet, race car driver and co-founder of the Frontenac Motor Corporation with brothers Louis and Gaston. Gaston Chevrolet, 1920 Indianapolis 500 winner and 1920 AAA National Champion race car driver, co-founder of the Frontenac Motor Corporation with brothers Louis and Arthur. Bruno Latour, anthropologist and an influential theorist in the field of science and technology studies. Étienne-Jules Marey and chronophotographer considered to be a pioneer of photography and an influential pioneer of the history of cinema. Gaspard Monge and inventor of descriptive geometry. Félix Ziem, painter in the style of the Barbizon School. Beaune is twinned with: Burgundy wine Communes of the Côte-d'Or department French wine List of works by Henri Chapu Sculptor of Beaune memorial 1870 INSEE Official website Beaune Tourism office Châteaux in and around the town of Beaune (in