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Bowling Green State University

Bowling Green State University is a public research university in Bowling Green, Ohio. The 1,338-acre main academic and residential campus is 15 miles south of Ohio; the university has nationally recognized programs and research facilities in the natural and social sciences, arts, business and wellness, humanities and applied technologies. The institution was granted a charter in 1910 as a normal school, specializing in teacher training and education, as part of the Lowry Normal School Bill that authorized two new normal schools in the state of Ohio. Over the university's history, it developed from a small rural normal school into a comprehensive public university; as of 2019, Bowling Green offered over 200 undergraduate programs, as well as master's and doctoral degrees through eight academic colleges. Its academic programs have been nationally ranked by Forbes magazine, U. S. News & World Report, Washington Monthly; the University is ranked the most affordable college in Ohio by Business Insider in 2018.

Additionally, in 2018 BGSU received designation as an Innovation and Economic Prosperity university by the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities and its Commission on Innovation and Economic Prosperity. The 2011 Carnegie Foundation classified BGSU as having "high research activity". Research projects in the areas of psychology, sociology and human development and sustainability are among the most prominent. BGSU had an on-campus residential student population of 6,000 students and a total enrollment of over 19,000 students as of 2018; the university maintains a satellite campus, known as BGSU Firelands, in Huron, Ohio, 60 miles east of the main campus. Although the majority of students attend classes on BGSU's main campus, about 2,000 students attend classes at Firelands and about 600 additional students attend online. About 85% of Bowling Green's students are from Ohio; the university hosts an extensive student life program, with over 300 student organizations. Fielding athletic teams known as Bowling Green Falcons, the university competes at the NCAA Division I level as a member of the Mid-American Conference in all sports except ice hockey, in which the university is a member of the Western Collegiate Hockey Association.

The campus is home to annual events including State Fire School. The movement for a public high learning institution in northwestern Ohio began in the late 1800s as part of the growth in public institutions during the Progressive Era to meet demands for training and professional development of teachers. During the period, people of northwestern Ohio campaigned for a school in their region to produce better quality education and educators; the movement argued that the existing universities, Ohio State University in Columbus, Miami University in Oxford and Ohio University in Athens, were distant and the region lacked a state-supported school of its own. In 1910, the Ohio General Assembly passed the Lowry Normal School Bill that authorized Governor Judson Harmon to appoint the Commission on Normal School Sites to survey forty communities for two sites for normal schools, one in northeastern Ohio and one in northwestern Ohio; the commission examined population within a 25-mile radius of each community, along with railroad and transportation infrastructure, the moral atmosphere and sanitary conditions and site suitability.

Bowling Green offered four possible sites and became one of four finalists including Fremont and Van Wert. Despite the town being the home of John Lowry, Napoleon was ruled out because the commission found it had numerous saloons. Fremont was eliminated due to the specific stipulations imposed by the President Rutherford B. Hayes Memorial Commission. Bowling Green was chosen on November 1910, over Van Wert in a 3 -- 2 vote by the commission; the site located on 82.5 acres of rural land and a small town park, nearby railroad and transportation infrastructure, its central location in the region, Bowling Green's dry status were major factors that the town was chosen by the commission. At the same time, the commission chose Kent for a school in Northeastern Ohio. Over the years 1911 and 1912, the Board of Trustees was appointed by the Governor and elected a school president on February 16, 1912. A campus plan was created and $150,000 was appropriated to develop the campus and construct the first buildings.

The school opened on September 15, 1914, as Bowling Green State Normal School in two temporary locations at the Bowling Green Armory and at a branch school in Toledo for the 1914–1915 academic year. The first honorary organization of the college, the Book and Motor was conceived around this time, it enrolled 304 students from Ohio and New York who were taught by 21 faculty members. The school graduated its first class in 1915. University Hall and Williams Hall opened the school's first two permanent buildings. Two years the first baccalaureate degrees for teacher education were awarded; the university began to invite notable guests to campus during the 1917-1918 semester, including the Zoellner Quartet, the Ben Greet Shakespearean Players. On March 28, 1920, a tornado, part of the 1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, damaged three of the school's buildings; the tornado touched down near Bowling Green and strengthened as it moved into Ottawa County where it killed two people in Genoa.. In May 1920, the University hosted its 6th music festival, featuring Modest Altschuler directing two concerts performed by the Russian Symphony Orchestra Society.

Over the next decade the school expanded acad

1984 (Joan of Arc album)

1984 is the twenty-third studio album by Joan of Arc released in 2018 on Joyful Noise Recordings. The album was announced on April 4 for release on June 1, it is the second album featuring the JOA line-up that debuted on He's Got The Whole This Land Is Your Land In His Hands, consisting of Tim Kinsella, Theo Katsaounis, Melina Ausikaitis, Bobby Burg, Jeremy Boyle. On this album, Tim Kinsella steps aside as front-man, building the album around Melina Ausikaitis's vocal tracks.“We were thinking of it as a Black Flag record, where Melina would sing a song the next song was a jam,” said Kinsella, describing the structure and sequencing of the material appearing on the album. The album was produced by lead-singer Tim Kinsella's cousin, long-time collaborator and frequent bandmate Nate Kinsella. In honor of the album's release, Joyful Noise Recordings produced a version of George Orwell's dystopian novel of the same name, 1984, that substituted the names of the Joan of Arc band members for all of the major characters and set the story in Chicago, posting the revision on for a limited time.

"Tiny Baby" - 4:29 "Vertigo" - 2:59 "Punk Kid" - 5:27 "Maine Guy" - 5:20 "People Pleaser" - 3:13 "Psy-Fi/Fantasy" – 2:38 "Truck" - 5:23 "Vermont Girl" - 4:06 "Forever Jung" - 1:49


Googlebot is the web crawler software used by Google, which collects documents from the web to build a searchable index for the Google Search engine. This name is used to refer to two different types of web crawlers: a desktop crawler and a mobile crawler. A website will be crawled by both Googlebot Desktop and Googlebot Mobile; the subtype of Googlebot can be identified by looking at the user agent string in the request. However, both crawler types obey the same product token in robots.txt, so a developer cannot selectively target either Googlebot mobile or Googlebot desktop using robots.txt. If a webmaster wishes to restrict the information on their site available to a Googlebot, or another well-behaved spider, they can do so with the appropriate directives in a robots.txt file, or by adding the meta tag <meta name="Googlebot" content="nofollow" /> to the web page. Googlebot requests to Web servers are identifiable by a user-agent string containing "Googlebot" and a host address containing "".

Googlebot follows HREF links and SRC links. There is increasing evidence Googlebot can execute JavaScript and parse content generated by Ajax calls as well. There are many theories regarding how advanced Googlebot's ability is to process JavaScript, with opinions ranging from minimal ability derived from custom interpreters. Googlebot uses a web rendering service, based on Chromium rendering engine. Googlebot discovers pages by harvesting all the links on every page, it follows these links to other web pages. New web pages must be linked to from other known pages on the web in order to be crawled and indexed or manually submitted by the webmaster. A problem that webmasters with low-bandwidth Web hosting plans have noted with the Googlebot is that it takes up an enormous amount of bandwidth; this can cause websites to be taken down temporarily. This is troublesome for mirror sites which host many gigabytes of data. Google provides "Search Console" to throttle the crawl rate. How Googlebot will crawl a site depends on the crawl budget.

Crawl budget is an estimation of how a website is updated. A site's crawl budget is determined by how many incoming links it has and how the site is updated. Technically, Googlebot's development team uses several defined terms internally to takes over what "crawl budget" stands for. Since May 2019, Googlebot uses the latest Chromium rendering engine, which supports ECMAScript 6 features. Mediabot is the web crawler that Google uses for analysing the content so Google AdSense can serve contextually relevant advertising to a web page. Mediabot identifies itself with the user agent string "Mediapartners-Google/2.1". Unlike other crawlers, Mediabot does not follow links to discover new crawlable URLs, instead only visiting URLs that have included the AdSense code. Where that content resides behind a login, the crawler can be given a login so that it is able to crawl protected content. Mediabot will first visit a page within seconds of AdSense code first being called from that page. Thereafter it revisits pages on a unpredictable basis.

Changes made to a page therefore do not cause changes to the ads displayed on the page. Ads can still be shown on a page if the Mediabot has not yet visited it. In this instance ads chosen will be based on a combination of the overall domain theme and keywords appearing in the URL string. If no ads can be matched to the page, either public service ads, blank space, or a solid color are shown, depending on the settings for that ad unit. Google's official Googlebot FAQ

The Death of the Lion

The Death of the Lion is an 1894 short story by Henry James. The narrator suggests writing an article on Neil Paraday an author; the former spends a week with Neil and writes the article whilst there, alongside reading Paraday's latest book. His editor rejects the article however. Neil Paraday gets excited about writing another book, despite the fact that he doesn't seem successful still; however the narrator comes across a praiseful review in The Empire. Mr Morrow, a journalist interested in writing about Neil Paraday's life now that he is successful, comes round and ends up scaring the writer, he tells. He publishes an article on Neil's house in the Tatler. Embracing his fame, Paraday takes to going to London luncheons with women; the narrator meets an American admirer of the writer's, in his house. As the writer is again busy with Mrs Wimbush, he explains to the girl that the best thing she can do is not to bother Paraday and only admire him from afar, so as not to interfere with his writings.

He keeps her autograph album to show it to him. He meets with her to read passages from Paraday; the narrator is annoyed with Mrs Wimbush for inviting Paraday to a party at Prestidge. Subsequently, he quotes from a letter sent to Miss Hunter. In this mise en abyme, he describes the way. Paraday falls gravely ill. Dora Forbes joins them - to become Mrs Wimbrush's next'henpecked' writer; the party is called off on doctors order. Before his death, Paraday had asked the narrator to publish an unfinished text by him. Although the one lost by Lady Augusta has not been found again, the narrator and Miss Hurter, who marry, shall keep Paraday's memory alive through their dedication to his texts; the unnamed narrator Mr Pinhorn, the narrator's new editor Mr Deedy, the narrator's former editor Mrs Deedy, Mr Deedy's wife Neil Paraday, a writer Mr Paraday's parlour-maid Mr Morrow, a name-dropping journalist Guy Walsingham, writer of Obsession Dora Forbes, writer of The Other Way Round Mrs Wimbush, an overbearing woman Miss Hurter, an American admirer of Paraday's Mrs Milsom, Miss Hunter's sister, who lives in Paris Mr Rumble, a young painter seeking fame The Princess The Duke Lady Augusta Minch, who loses a text by Paraday Lord Dorimont Henry James first discussed the idea for The Death of the Lion in a February 3, 1894 entry in his Notebooks.

The subject was close to his personal experience, as he emphasized in the first lines of the notebook entry: "Could not something be done with the idea of the great artist - man of letters he must, in the case, be -, tremendously made up to, written to for his autograph, etc. and yet with whose work, in this age of advertisement and newspaperism, this age of interviewing, not one of the persons concerned has the smallest acquaintance? It would have the merit, at least, of corresponding to an immense reality - a reality that strikes me every day of my life." James goes on to imagine plot details that correspond to the finished story - "They must kill him" - and to sketch some of the characters who would become the narrator, Mrs. Wimbush, Guy Walshingham and Dora Forbes, he emphasizes that the style of the story must be "admirably satiric, ironic" to avoid any hint of mawkishness or self-pity. The story appeared in James' New York Edition. In his preface James recalled how happy he was that the editors of The Yellow Book, where The Death of the Lion was first published, allowed him to expand the tale beyond the rigid length limitations imposed on short story writers.

He discusses the tale's plot, noting how society cares little for the subjects of its fawning attention to the point of killing them with overdone consideration. In a wryly humorous note James says of the lion, Neil Paraday: "I yet had met him - though in a preserve not known in all its extent to geographers." The Death of the Lion has enjoyed favorable criticism over the decades. Reviewers have admired the tale's sardonic, tartly comic view of literary "lionization" by unknowing and careless admirers, who may have only the slightest acquaintance with the lionized author's works. Frank Kermode, for instance, in his introduction to a Penguin collection which includes the story, appreciated James' "achievement of rendering a tragic donnée in the mode of irony and at moments, of farce."The story has autobiographical resonance, as James himself states in the Notebook entry. But the story's style eliminates any hint of self-pity, as Robert Gale pointed out: "James must have seen himself as lionizable.

The story is saved from being sad not only by its pervasive ironic and comic tone, but by its unique ending: two young people marry and pursue an impossible dream, symbolized by a sought-for but never-to-be-found literary treasure." Full text The Death of the Lion public domain audiobook at LibriVox

The Way That You Love Me (Vera Blue song)

"The Way That You Love Me" is a song by Australian singer songwriter Vera Blue, released in July 2019 as the third single from her forthcoming third studio album. Prior to the songs premier on Triple J Vera Blue said "It feels different, she said "When you love someone in your life or someone loves you, whether its friendship, family, or a lover, sometimes you can treat that person badly and not realise it... It's a weird way of loving someone." Co-write Andy Mak said "Emotionally we wanted to create a sense of tension and unease, like something isn't quite right in the world. It felt right to support that with tough beats, dark synths, choirs."The song has peaked at number 30 on the New Zealand Hot Singles chart. Laura English from Music Feeds said "It has a rushed tempo and an upbeat sound that's juxtaposed by dark lyrics" calling the song "catchy AF". Nic Kelly from Project U described the song as "One of her most soaring choruses precedes a frenetic, cooked breakdown packed with sharp drums and dirty synths."

Calling it "extremely good." The music video was directed by Benn Jae and released on 26 August 2019. The clip features latex, sleek black outfits, choreographed dancing, near-naked men hanging suspended by rope from the ceiling and was filmed in Melbourne in a giant warehouse. Vera Blue said "When I was writing this song I had a vision of the video wanting a strong and dark video that incorporated lots of dancers." Adding "I grew up dancing so it was nice to be able to express the feelings of this song with beautiful strong dancers and push my own boundaries a little. I loved working with so many different characters and personas in this video." Michael Di Iorio from Tone Deaf said " features a pulsating electronic beat that drives the entire song, as Vera and her fit-bodied dancers communicate a feminist narrative through the art of dance" adding "It is something to behold". Digital download

Merritt Kellogg

Merritt Gardner Kellogg was a Seventh-day Adventist carpenter, missionary and doctor who worked in the South Pacific and in Australia. He built several medical facilities. Kellogg was involved over the controversy about which day should be observed as the Sabbath on Tonga, which lies east of the 180° meridian but west of the International Date Line. Merritt Gardner Kellogg was born in Hadley, Massachusetts on the Connecticut River on 28 March 1832, he attended the Battle Creek Sabbath School. He converted to Seventh-day Adventism at the age of twenty. Kellogg was the stepbrother of John Harvey Kellogg, he married Louisa Rawson and they had a child Charles Merritt Kellogg. The Kelloggs made the westward journey to California in 1859, where they were the first Seventh-day Adventists in the state. In 1861 Kellogg gave a series of Bible lectures in San Francisco in which he converted fourteen people. In 1867 he returned east to New Jersey to take a short course in medicine at Trall's Hygieo-Thereapeutic College.

During his return journey to California he attended the SDA General Conference session on 1868 and asked that the church send evangelists to the West Coast. Back in California he assisted the evangelists John Loughborough and Daniel Bourdeau talking on topics related to health. During a smallpox epidemic in 1870 he gave water treatments and diet to his patients, of whom ten out of eleven survived; this earned him a high reputation. In the summer of 1877 Kellogg was asked to help look after patients at a San Francisco hydrotherapy center in exchange for room and board; the owner, Barlow J. Smith, sold out after five months and opened a retreat in Rutherford, in the Napa Valley, he invited Kellogg to come to Rutherford as a house physician. A patient there encouraged Kellogg to establish his own health resort, helped arrange investors. Kellog began work on a site near California. Ellen G. White came to inspect the property, endorsed the decision; the road and building were completed by the end of May 1878 and the first patients arrived on 7 June 1878.

The health center was an immediate success. Kellogg left; the Rural Health Retreat became the St. Helena Hospital. In 1893 Kellogg was sent as a medical missionary to the South Pacific in the second voyage of the Pitcairn; the ship carried books giving practical medical advice, which would be sold, Kellogg would give lectures and treatments at the ship's places of call. The ship sailed from San Francisco on 17 January 1893 and reached Pitcairn on 19 February 1893, she went on to Tahiti and Raiatea Islands. The Pitcairn stopped at Rurutu Island, Mangaia Island and Niue Island. Kellogg treated many sick people at each island. At Niue Kellogg observed. Spies reported misdemeanors to judges, who imposed a fine, split between the judge and the spy. Kellogg wrote, "The result of this system is to cause the people to fear the law instead of fearing God, as they have but a dim idea of the object and power of the gospel, they learn to practice deceit so as to avoid detection and punishment."The Pitcairn bypassed Vavaʻu Island, where there was a measles epidemic, to avoid being quarantined.

She sailed via Norfolk Island to New Zealand. Kellogg stayed in Australia for a while, where he made a second marriage to a woman from Broken Hill, New South Wales, his wife was Eleanor Kathleen Nolan. They had two children and Merritt. Kellogg was considered for an exploratory journey along the coast of Australia and on to New Caledonia in 1894, but it was decided that year that New Caledonia was "not promising", he returned to the South Pacific with his wife, reached Apia in Western Samoa in 1896. There he helped; this was the first such institution in the South Pacific. The Pitcairn found Kellog and his wife on Samoa when it visited on its fifth voyage in 1896. In September 1897 Kellogg and his wife Eleanor Nolan Kellogg came to Tongatapu, the main island in Tonga, to assist with the medical work of the Seventh-day Adventist Church of Tonga, he built a timber home at Magaia, long used as the home of the mission superintendent. In Tonga Kellogg found difficulty earning a living as a doctor, in part due to competition from a government doctor who did not charge for his services.

His son Merritt Jr. was born in Nukuʻalofa in 1899. Kellogg and fellow-missionaries Edwin Butz and Edward Hilliard debated, the correct day to observe the Sabbath in Tonga; the practice on board the Pitcairn had been to change days at the 180° meridian. Islands such as Samoa and Tonga were well to the east of this line, so the missionaries observed the Sabbath on the day sequence of the Western Hemisphere. However, the Tonga islands used the same days as New Zealand and Australia, so the missionaries were observing the seventh-day Sabbath on the day the secular authorities called Sunday; the tract by Adventist John N. Andrews called The Definitive Seventh Day recommended using a Bering Strait date line. If this line were taken as the IDL, the Tonga Adventists were celebrating the Sabbath on the wrong day. However, an international conference in 1884 had established the International Date Line at 180° while allowing for local adjustments; the Tonga missionaries sent letters to church leaders in Tahiti and the US asking for advice, asked Ellen G. White for her opinion.

Replies were contradictory. It was not until 1901 that White sent a letter to Kellogg in which she ruled decisively in favor of the 180° meridien; the Kelloggs transferred to Australia in May 1900. They settled in