Stumped is a method of dismissal in cricket. The action of stumping can only be performed by a wicket-keeper and, according to the Laws of Cricket, a batsman can be given out stumped if: the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket, while the batsman is: out of his ground. Being "out of his ground" is defined as not having any part of the batsman's body or his bat touching the ground behind the crease – i.e. if his bat is elevated from the floor despite being behind the crease, or if his foot is on the crease line itself but not across it and touching the ground behind it he would be considered out. One of the fielding team must appeal for the wicket by asking the umpire; the appeal is directed to the square-leg umpire, who would be in the best position to adjudicate on the appeal. Stumping is the fifth most common form of dismissal after caught, leg before wicket and run out, though it is seen more in Twenty20 cricket because of its more aggressive batting, it is governed by Law 39 of the Laws of Cricket.
It is seen with a medium or slow bowler, as with fast bowlers a wicket-keeper takes the ball too far back from the wicket to attempt a stumping. It includes co-operation between a bowler and wicket-keeper: the bowler draws the batsman out of his ground, the wicket-keeper catches and breaks the wicket before the batsman realises he has missed the ball and makes his ground, i.e. places the bat or part of his body on the ground back behind the popping crease. If the bails are removed before the wicket-keeper has the ball, the batsman can still be stumped if the wicket-keeper removes one of the stumps from the ground, while holding the ball in his hand; the bowler is credited for the batsman's wicket, the wicket-keeper is credited for the dismissal. A batsman may be out stumped off a wide delivery but cannot be stumped off a no-ball as bowler is credited for the wicket. Notes: The popping crease is defined as the back edge of the crease marking (i.e. the edge closer to the wicket. Therefore, a batsman whose bat or foot is on the crease marking, but does not touch the ground behind the crease marking, can be stumped.
This is quite common. The wicket must be properly put down in accordance with Law 28 of the Laws of cricket: using either the ball itself or a hand or arm, in possession of the ball. Note that since the ball itself can put down the wicket, a stumping is still valid if the ball rebounds from the'keeper and breaks the wicket though never controlled by him; the wicket-keeper must allow the ball to pass the stumps before taking it, unless it has touched either the batsman or his bat first. If the wicket-keeper fails to do this, the delivery is a "no-ball", the batsman cannot be stumped
Thomas Kingston Kendall was an Australian cricketer, who played in two Test matches in 1877, including the inaugural Test, played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in March 1877. Kendall was a slow-to-medium pace left-arm bowler, his 14 wickets in the first two Tests show his ability and indeed Kendall's 7/55 in the last innings of the first-ever Test was an important part of the 45-run victory over the England side led by James Lillywhite. It was Kendall's bowling that induced the first Test match stumping, when he dismissed Alfred Shaw, via Jack Blackham's wicketkeeping. Both he and Shaw took eight wickets in the inaugural Test, but as Australia batted first Shaw took his first, but Kendall overtook this in the Second Test and his 14 Test wickets remained a record until passed by Fred Spofforth; these efforts led him to achieve the number 1 ranking in ICC Test Bowler Rankings for the year 1887. It is not clear why he was omitted from the subsequent Australian team to tour England in 1878, a tour he was available for: he took part in some preliminary matches before the team was selected, according to Spofforth, Kendall gained a considerable amount of weight, which may have worked against him.
Kendall played in Melbourne club cricket for Richmond, represented Victoria once. In 1881, he moved to Hobart. Tasmania did not have regular first-class cricket at that point and his subsequent cricket career was limited to four matches on a tour to New Zealand in 1884 and one against Victoria in 1889, he stood as an umpire in Tasmanian cricket. List of Victoria first-class cricketers List of Tasmanian representative cricketers Mahony, P. Sundry Extras, The Hambledon Press: London. ISBN 0 907628 48 6
Albert Edwin Trott was a Test cricketer for both Australia and England. He was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1899, he is believed to be the only batsman to have struck a ball over the top of the Lord's Pavilion. He is one of only two players to take two hat-tricks in the same first-class innings, the other being Joginder Rao. Despite his notability, having played in 375 first-class matches including 5 Tests, he was penniless when he committed suicide at the age of 41. Trott was born in Abbotsford, Australia, he was one of eight children of his wife Mary-Ann. His older brother, Harry Trott played Test cricket for Australia, they played junior cricket with the local Capulet club and played together for Victoria in Australia's domestic first-class cricket competition, the Sheffield Shield. Trott's story represents one of the great enigmas of Australian cricket history. After just three first-class matches for Victoria, he burst onto the Test scene against AE Stoddart's England team in the 3rd Test at Adelaide in 1894–95, with an amazing debut which included taking 8 for 43 with his slinging, round-arm bowling and scoring 38 and 72 with the bat, both not out, batting at number 10.
Australia won the match by 382 runs. He followed this up by scoring 85 in Australia's only innings. Trott was not asked to bowl by captain George Giffen, with England being bowled out cheaply twice by Harry Trott, Charlie Turner and George Giffen. Australia won by an innings and 147 runs to tie the series 2–2. Trott played again in the 5th Test at Melbourne, which England won to win the Ashes, chasing down a target of 297 runs in the second innings with only four wickets down. Albert's brother, Harry Trott, was named captain of the Australian team which toured England in 1896. Despite Albert having averaged 102.5 with the bat in the Test series against England, he was not selected for the tour. Nonetheless, Trott sailed to England independently in 1896, on the same ship as the Australian touring side. In England, Trott joined the ground staff at Lord's with a view to qualifying by residence to play for Middlesex, he started to play for the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1896, with the help of the Australian cricketer and Test umpire Jim Phillips, he started to play for Middlesex in 1898.
Despite missing a month due to an injured hand, he took 102 wickets in his first season, forming a formidable bowling partnership with J. T. Hearne. Between December 1898 and April 1899, Trott took part in a tour of South Africa organised by Lord Hawke, he played in two matches against the South Africa national cricket team which were retrospectively awarded Test status and thus became one of only fourteen players to have played test cricket for two countries and the last cricketer to have played for both England and Australia. He was at the peak of his powers as an all-rounder in 1899 and 1900. In 1899 he scored 1,175 first-class runs and took 239 wickets, in 1900 he scored at 1,337 runs and took 211 wickets. Trott's penchant for the spectacular did not fail him: having landed the ball on the pavilion balcony at Lord's in the match, he became the first batsman to hit a ball over the current Lord's pavilion, bludgeoning Monty Noble out of the ground on 31 July 1899; the ball hit a chimney and fell into the garden outside the house of Philip Need, the Lord's dressing room attendant.
At the time, Trott had been playing for the Ground against the Australians. Noble soon had his revenge when Trott was dismissed shortly afterwards, caught off a top edge at third man. Only two months earlier, playing for Middlesex against Sussex, Trott had hit a lofted drive from Fred Tate into the ironwork at the top of one of the pavilion towers, he was a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1899. He took all ten wickets in an innings bowling for Middlesex against Somerset at Taunton in 1900. Trott was acknowledged as the finest all-round cricketer of his day. A true student of the game, Trott's bowling relied less on pace than it did on spin. Trott was a dynamo in the field, with the ball escaping his commodious clutch, he turned matches for Middlesex with his powerful hitting, using a 3 pounds bat, at least half a pound heavier than was usual. However, from 1901 or 1902, Trott declined abruptly, his weight increased and he lost mobility, so he could not bowl the fast ball, so deadly in his early years.
His haul of wickets fell rapidly: from 176 in 1901 to 133 in 1902 and 105 in 1903. By 1905, he was expensive and ineffective, only in the dry summer of 1906 did his batting reach the levels of his early years with Middlesex. Trott's ability to entertain never left him, his popularity rose. In his benefit match in 1907, he took four wickets in four balls, followed up with a second hat trick in the innings; the feat of two hat-tricks in an innings has been repeated only once in first-class cricket, by Joginder Rao). However, the early end to the match meant that it did not raise as much money for him as it might have done, he is said to have remarked that he had "bowled himself into the poorhouse". After retiring from cricket, Trott suffered a lengthy illness. In 1914, he wrote his will on the back of a laundry ticket, leaving his wardrobe and £4 to his landlady. Shortly afterwards, one day before the 15th anniversary of his famous strike over the pav
John Brian Iverson, known as Jack Iverson, was an Australian cricketer who played in five Test matches from 1950 to 1951. He was known for his unique "bent finger" grip, with which he perplexed batsmen across Australia as well as the touring English cricket team, his five Tests were all against England, in the 1950–51 series, but was forced to retire to look after his ailing father's business. Iverson was born in St Kilda and was a fast bowler at Geelong College where he was educated, his school career was notable for his dismissal of Lindsay Hassett with an inswinger in an inter-house match within his school to become his captain in both the Victorian and Australian teams. Iverson was to take no part in cricket for twelve years after graduation, did not play first class cricket for another 15 years. Starting in 1933, Iverson became a jackaroo in the Mallee and rose to become an assistant manager on a property of Essington Lewis at Tallarook. In 1939, he enlisted in the Australian Defence Force after the outbreak of the Second World War, served in the anti-aircraft regiments of the Ninth Division in the Middle East, before being deployed to Papua New Guinea.
There, Sergeant Iverson developed an unorthodox method of spinning the ball, which he gripped between his thumb and middle finger. This enabled him to bowl a wide variety of deliveries, including off breaks, leg breaks and googlies, without any change of action. At this stage he was only playing in spontaneous recreation with other army colleagues. Upon returning to Australia after the war, Iverson only played golf and tennis for recreation, until he had a chance encounter with blind cricketers near the Melbourne Cricket Ground which motivated him to join the suburban Brighton Cricket Club at a time when he had no cricketing equipment, he rose from the third XI at Brighton in late 1946, to the Melbourne Cricket Club in 1948 and the Victorian team a year later. He first attracted attention in first class cricket in 1949–50 when he took 46 wickets for Victoria at an average of 16.12. In the following autumn he toured New Zealand under Bill Brown, took, in all matches, 75 wickets at a cost of seven runs each, in the next Australian season, aged 35, was selected for the Test team against the England cricket team captained by F. R. Brown.
His unique action perplexed the visiting batsmen to such an extent that in the Test series he obtained 21 wickets for 15.73 runs apiece. Iverson made his debut in the first Test at Brisbane, where he did not bowl in the first innings before taking 4/43 in the second, he took match figures of 6/73 in his second Test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground before his most notable performance of 6/27 in the second innings of the Third Test at the Sydney Cricket Ground as Australia completed an innings victory. During the Fourth Test at Adelaide he suffered an ankle injury; this impaired his ability, as he only took 2/84 in the final two Tests of his career. He played in only one game in each of the next two seasons and gave up cricket altogether after batsmen analysed and mastered his tricks. Nicknamed "Big Jake" and "Wrong-Grip Jake", Iverson's unique style caused Australian captain Lindsay Hassett, a fellow Victorian, to hide his action during training sessions for the national team. Hassett prohibited Iverson from bowling to New South Wales batsmen to prevent them from analysing his bowling action, making him more effective in Sheffield Shield matches for Victoria against New South Wales.
This led to conflict with New South Wales batsmen. When Iverson was put on to bowl during the Tests, Hassett would remove Keith Miller, a New South Welshman, from his position at first slip and move him to mid on, so that he was standing behind Iverson and could not understand how Iverson's bowling action worked, he explained his action thus: I woke up to the fact that whichever direction I had my thumb pointing so would the ball break... If my thumb was pointed to the left or offside as I let the ball go, the result would be legbreak. If it pointed to the right or legside the result would be a wrong'un. If it pointed directly at the batsmen, it would be a topspinner, his style was praised by one of his contemporaries, fellow Australian leg spinner Richie Benaud and national captain, who stated in reference to Iverson's innovation that changed thinking about spin bowling: There have been plenty of spin bowlers around for more than a hundred years but the four, for me, who have broken the mould and made batsmen think about what was coming down the pitch at them, have been Bernard Bosanquet, Jack Iverson, John Gleeson and Shane Warne.
Family commitments and his job in managing a real estate agency resulted in him disappearing from the first class cricket scene in 1951. However, he again played for Australia in three unofficial "Tests" played by a 1953–54 Commonwealth team, he became a commentator for ABC radio. In his early 50s Iverson developed atherosclerosis of the brain, which caused him to suffer from recurrent depression, he committed suicide with a gunshot wound to the chest aged 58. He died in Victoria. Media related to Jack Iverson at Wikimedia Commons Article on Iverson's peculiar grip
Billy Barnes (cricketer)
William Barnes was an English first-class cricketer who played for Nottinghamshire between 1875 and 1894 and England between 1880 and 1890. In 1890 he was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year, he toured North America once. Barnes umpired as required, he was landlord of Mansfield Woodhouse in the off-season. It is there that he died in March 1899, his wife was named Eliza. Although he played cricket professionally, this was only a summer occupation, in the 1881 Census he listed his profession as a cotton weaver, his brother and nephew, James Barnes, both played first-class cricket. Brief profile of William Barnes by Don Ambrose CricketArchive page on Billy Barnes Cricinfo page on Billy Barnes
Frederick Martin (cricketer)
Frederick Martin known as Fred Martin and Nutty Martin, was an English professional cricketer who bowled left-arm medium-pace spin. Martin played first-class cricket between 1885 and 1892 for Kent County Cricket Club, appeared twice in Test matches for the England cricket team, he was considered one the best left-arm spin bowlers in the country between 1889 and 1891. Martin was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in the 1892 edition of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, he took six wickets in both innings of his Test debut in 1890, the first time any player had taken two five wicket hauls in his debut Test match. His 12 wickets for 102 runs in the match were the best match figures for a debutant in Test cricket at the time and remained so until 1972, they remain the best match figures for an England player on debut. He took 100 first-class wickets in a season six times and took four wickets in four balls playing for MCC in 1895. Martin was born at Dartford in Kent in 1861 to Ann Martin.
His father and grandfathers worked in the ironworking industry. He was one of eight children and as a boy played cricket on Dartford Brent, an area of common land close to the town, went on to play club cricket in the local area. By 1882 Martin's ability started to be noticed and a relative, Arthur Blackman, recommended him to Herbert Knatchbull-Hugessen, a member of the Kent County Cricket Club committee, he played in three trial matches for Kent Colts in May 1882 but did not progress to the county side until he joined St Lawrence Cricket Club at Canterbury in 1884. The pace of Martin's bowling varied in his early years, from fast to slow before he settled on a medium pace delivery by the time he joined Kent. After taking over 100 wickets for St Lawrence in 1884, Martin made his first-class debut for Kent in July 1885, playing against Sussex at Gravesend, although he only bowled one over during the match and did not take a wicket, he did not play again for the county side until the following season, although once again he took over 100 wickets in club cricket during the season.
After taking only three wickets in his first three matches in 1886, Martin was recalled to the side during August against Surrey at The Oval and took 12 wickets in the match. He followed this with 7 wickets against Lancashire and 8 against Nottinghamshire, ending the season with 29 wickets and leading the Kent bowling averages, he made his first appearance for MCC during the season. Martin played after 1886 and, although he was considered "disappointing" in 1887 in a year in which Kent were poor, he established himself as a "top-class" bowler, taking 60 wickets for the county in 1888, the season he was first paired with Walter Wright. Martin and Wright bowled together between 1888 and 1891, delivering two-thirds of the overs Kent bowled during that period, they bowled unchanged for the county in three complete matches and in 10 innings and formed the basis for Kent's bowling attack in the early years of the County Championship. Between 1889 and 1891 Martin was considered in his prime and one of the best left-arm bowlers in the country.
He took 87 wickets for Kent in 1889 and 106 in total, the first time he had taken over 100 wickets in a season. He followed this with 190 wickets in 1890, with 105 for Kent including a hat-trick against Surrey at The Oval, 140 in 1891, again taking 105 for Kent, he played his only home Test match for England in 1890 and was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in the 1892 edition of the almanack. After 1891 Martin's performances are considered to have declined, with the spin or movement he achieved with the ball thought to have reduced significantly, he toured South Africa in 1891/92 with a team led by Walter Reed and played in the one match on the tour, retrospectively given Test match status. Wisden considered that the heavy workload of the tour diminished Martin's performances in the 1892 English season, but he took over 100 wickets in each season between 1894 and 1896, with 1894 considered a "very good season" during which he bowled "with astonishing success on soft wickets for the MCC at Lord's in May", Martin was still considered an accurate bowler with good control of length.
He took four wickets in four balls for MCC against Derbyshire in 1895 and remained economical throughout his career – his 73 wickets for Kent in 1898 were taken at an average of 18.98 runs per wicket, leading Kent's averages that season. In 1899 Martin played in all of Kent's matches until the end of July. Wisden reported that he was "incapacitated for part of the season" and he only bowled four overs in his final match for the county, missing his benefit match the same summer. After three first-class matches for MCC in 1900 he played no further first-class cricket, although he did play twice for MCC in 1901 against Minor Counties and Norfolk in non-first-class matches and stood as an umpire in 50 first-class matches between 1902 and 1906, he coached young Kent professionals such as Colin Blythe during the off-season after 1899, either at Canterbury or at the Tonbridge Nursery, Kent's young player development centre, established toward the end of Martin's career. As well as making 229 appearances for Kent, Martin played in 57 first-class matches for MCC and was a member of the ground staff at Lord's until 1908.
He played 17 times for the South of England and five times for the Players in the Gentlemen v Players fixture. Martin played in only two Test matches for England, he played at a time when England had a number of left-arm spin options, with Lancashire's Johnny Briggs and Yorkshire's Bobby Peel the first-choice bowlers for the national team. Martin's debut came in the second Test against Australia at The Oval in 1890 with Briggs injured and Yorkshire refusing to allow
Cricket clothing and equipment
Cricket clothing and equipment is regulated by the laws of cricket. Cricket clothing, known as cricket whites, or flannels, is loose fitting so as not to restrict players' movements. Use of protective equipment, such as helmets and pads, is regulated. Collared shirt with short or long sleeves depending on the climate or personal preference. Long trousers Jumper; this is a vest. Jockstrap with cup pocket into which a "box", or protective cup, is inserted and held in place. Abdominal guard or "box" or an L Guard for male batsmen and wicket-keepers, it is constructed from high density plastic with a padded edge, shaped like a hollow half-pear, inserted into the jockstrap with cup pocket underwear of the batsmen and wicket-keeper. This is used to protect the crotch area against impact from the ball. Sun hats, cricket cap or baseball cap Spiked shoes to increase traction Helmet, worn by batsmen and fielders close to the batsman on strike to protect their heads. Leg pads, worn by the two batsmen and the wicket-keeper, used to protect the shin bone against impact from the ball.
The wicket-keeping pads are different from the batsmen's. Fielders that are fielding in close to the batsmen may wear shin guards as well. Thigh guard, arm guards, chest guard, elbow guards to protect the body of the batsmen; some batsmen use since they reduce mobility. Gloves for batsmen only, thickly padded above the fingers and on the thumb of the hand, to protect against impact from the ball as it is bowled Wicket-keeper's gloves for the wicket-keeper. Includes webbing between the thumb and index fingers. Batsmen are allowed to wear gloves; the batsman can be caught out if the ball touches the glove instead of the bat, provided the hand is in contact with the bat. This is; the batsman may wear protective helmets with a visor to protect themselves. Helmets are employed when facing fast bowlers. While playing spinners, it might not be employed. Fielders cannot use gloves to field the ball. If they wilfully use any part of their clothing to field the ball they may be penalised 5 penalty runs to the opposition.
If the fielders are fielding close to the batsman, they are allowed to use helmets and leg guards worn under their clothing. As the wicket-keeper is positioned directly behind the batsman, therefore has the ball bowled directly at him, he is the only fielder allowed to wear gloves and leg guards. Ball – A red, white or pink ball with a cork base, wrapped in twine covered with leather; the ball should have a circumference of 9.1 in. Bat – A wooden bat is used; the wood used is from the English willow tree. The bat can not be 4.25 inches wide. Aluminium bats are not allowed; the bat has a long handle and one side has a smooth face. Stumps – three upright wooden poles that, together with the bails, form the wicket. Bails – two crosspieces made of wood, placed on top of the stumps. Sight screen – A screen placed at the boundary known as the sight screen; this is aligned parallel to the width of the pitch and behind both pairs of wickets. Boundary – A rope demarcating the perimeter of the field known as the boundary.