George Harvey Strait Sr. is an American country music singer, songwriter and music producer. George Strait is known as the "King of Country" and is considered one of the most influential and popular recording artists of all time, he is known for his neotraditionalist country style, cowboy look, being one of the first and main country artists to bring country music back to its roots and away from the pop country era in the 1980s. Strait's success began when his first single "Unwound" was a hit in 1981. During the 1980s, seven of his albums reached number one on the country charts. In the 2000s, Strait was named Artist of the Decade by the Academy of Country Music, was elected into the Country Music Hall of Fame, won his first Grammy award for the album Troubadour. Strait was named CMA Entertainer of the Year in 1989, 1990 and 2013, ACM Entertainer of the Year in 1990 and 2014, he has been nominated for more CMA and ACM awards and has more wins in both categories than any other artist. By 2009, he broke Conway Twitty's previous record for the most number-one hits on Billboard's Hot Country Songs chart when his 44 number one singles surpassed Twitty's 40.
Counting all music charts, Strait has amassed a total of 60 number-one hits, breaking a record previously set by Twitty, giving him more number one songs than any other artist in any genre of music. Strait is known for his touring career when he designed a 360-degree configuration and introduced festival style tours. For example, the Strait Tours earned $99 million in three years, his concert at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas, in June 2014 drew 104,793 people, marking a new record for largest indoor concert in North America. Strait was successful innovating country music and in numerous aspects of being a part of popular music. Strait has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time, his certifications from the RIAA include 13 multi-platinum, 33 platinum, 38 gold albums. His best-selling album is Pure Country, his highest certified album is Strait Out of the Box. According to the RIAA, Strait is the 12th best-selling album recording artist in the United States overall.
George Harvey Strait Sr. was born on May 18, 1952, in Poteet, Texas, to John Byron Strait Sr. and Doris Jean Couser. He grew up in nearby Pearsall, in Frio County, where his father was a junior high school mathematics teacher and the owner of a 2,000-acre cattle ranch outside of Big Wells, Texas; the family worked at the ranch in the summers. When George was in the fourth grade, his father and mother were divorced, his mother moved away with his sister, Pency. George and his brother John Jr. were raised by their father. Strait began his musical interest while attending Pearsall High School, where he played in a rock and roll garage band; the Beatles were popular. "The Beatles were big", Strait confirmed. "I listened to them a lot and that whole bunch of groups that were popular then". His musical preference soon turned to country with singers Hank Thompson, Lefty Frizzell, Merle Haggard, George Jones, Bob Wills, Hank Williams, Frank Sinatra influencing his style. Strait did not tune to the country music radio as a youth listening to the news and the farmer's report.
His introduction to country music came by way of live performances, according to Strait, could be heard in every town in Texas. He eloped with his high school sweetheart, Norma; the couple married in Spain on December 4, 1971. That same year, he enlisted in the United States Army. While stationed at Fort Bragg in North Carolina as a part of the 82nd Airborne Division, Strait began performing with a U. S. Army-sponsored band, "Rambling Country", which played off-base under the name "Santee". On October 6, 1972, while still in Fort Bragg and Norma had their first child, Jenifer. After Strait was honorably discharged from the Army in 1975, he enrolled at Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos and graduated with a degree in agriculture.it is now just Texas State. During his college years, Strait joined the country band Stoney Ridge, answering a flyer the band posted around campus looking for a new vocalist. Strait renamed the group the Ace in the Hole Band and became the lead, they opened for national acts such as The Texas Playboys.
Soon, his band was given the opportunity to record several Strait-penned singles including "That Don't Change The Way I Feel About You," and "I Can't Go On Dying Like This" for the Houston-based D label. However, the songs never achieved wide recognition, Strait continued to manage his family cattle ranch during the day in order to make some extra cash. While he continued to play with his band, without any real connections to the recording industry, Strait became friends with Erv Woolsey, who operated one of the bars in which the Ace in the Hole band played, who had worked for the major label MCA Records. Woolsey convinced some of his Music Row connections to come to Texas and to listen to Strait and his band play. Impressed with the performance, but concerned that they couldn't market the Western Swing sound that the band featured, they left without a deal. After several unsuccessful trips to Nashville in search of a record deal in which Strait was turned down by every label in town, he considered giving up music altogether.
He was o
Brian Patrick Carroll, known professionally as Buckethead, is an American multi-instrumentalist musician who has received critical acclaim for his innovative electric guitar playing. His music spans many genres, including progressive metal, blues, bluegrass and avant-garde music, he performs as a solo artist, though he has collaborated extensively with a wide variety of high-profile artists such as Bill Laswell, Bootsy Collins, Bernie Worrell, Iggy Pop, Les Claypool, Serj Tankian, Bill Moseley, Mike Patton, Viggo Mortensen, That 1 Guy and was a member of Guns N' Roses from 2000 to 2004. He has released 306 studio albums, four special releases, one EP, he has performed on more than 50 other albums by other artists. When performing, Buckethead wears a KFC bucket on his head, emblazoned with an orange bumper sticker reading FUNERAL in block letters, an expressionless plain white mask inspired by Halloween 4: The Return of Michael Myers. At one point, he changed to a plain white bucket without a KFC logo, but subsequently reverted to his emblematic KFC bucket.
He incorporates nunchaku and robot dancing into his stage performances. Buckethead has been voted number 8 on a list in GuitarOne magazine of the "Top 10 Fastest Guitar Shredders of All Time" as well as being included in Guitar World's lists of the "25 all-time weirdest guitarists" and the "50 fastest guitarists of all time". Buckethead has written and performed music for major motion pictures, including Saw II, Ghosts of Mars, Beverly Hills Ninja, Mortal Kombat, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, Last Action Hero, contributed lead guitar to the track "Firebird" featured on the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie soundtrack. Brian Patrick Carroll was born on May 13, 1969 to Tom and Nancy Carroll and is the youngest of five siblings along with Lynn, Lisa and John, his father was the Athletic Director at Damien High School from 1973 until his retirement in 2013. Carroll grew up in a Southern California suburb not far from Disneyland. In his youth, he was an introverted child and spent most of his time in his room, filled with comic books, martial-arts movie memorabilia, toys.
He spent a lot of time at Disneyland. Carroll began playing guitar at the age of 12, he learned. He had been quoted as saying, that he did not become serious until a year when he moved from Huntington Beach, California to Claremont, his playing began improving by taking private lessons from various teachers at a local music store. His early teachers included Max McGuire, Johnny Fortune, Mark Hammond, Pebber Brown, Joey Tafolla and Paul Gilbert. Buckethead played a tribute to all his early teachers when the Deli Creeps played a show at Styles Music's 25th anniversary, he began making demo recordings of both his playing as well as his writing styles, which would be released in 2007–2008. The Buckethead persona came to be when Carroll saw the 1988 horror movie Halloween 4 and was inspired by the film, he bought a Michael Myers-like white mask. The bucket idea came that night while eating chicken: I was eating it, I put the mask on and the bucket on my head. I went to the mirror. I just said,'Buckethead.
That's Buckethead right there.' It was just one of those things. After that, I wanted to be that thing all the time. In October 2017, Carroll gave a rare out-of-character interview discussing all ranges of his life, the Buckethead character, his parents' deaths, his health issues, how he copes with overcoming fear. During the podcast, he revealed he has been diagnosed with the life-threatening condition of heart arrhythmia, he stated he uses medicine to control the issue. In 1988 after leaving the band Class-X, Carroll entered a song called "Brazos" into a Guitar Player magazine contest, it was a runner-up, with editors writing: An astonishingly skilled guitarist and bassist, he demonstrates post-Paul Gilbert speed and accuracy filtered through kinky harmonic sensibilities. His psychotronic, demonic edge is very far removed from the clichés of classical metal and rock. A real talent to watch known as "Buckethead." In the same year, the magazine's editor, Jas Obrecht, came to know of Buckethead when Carroll and his parents left a demo recording at the magazine's reception desk for Obrecht.
Impressed with this demo, he rushed into the restaurant where Buckethead and his parents were having lunch and encouraged him to make the most of his talent. They soon became friends. In 1989 a song called. In 1991, Buckethead moved into Obrecht's basement; the song "Brazos" was released on the 1991 demo tape of his band Deli Creeps, titled "Tribal Rites," and again as bonus material in Buckethead's Secret Recipe DVD in 2006. Luke Sacco was his teacher. In 1991 Buckethead contributed to Derek Bailey's Company project alongside, among others, John Zorn and Alexander Bălănescu, resulting in a triple album called Company 91. After his first two demo tapes, called Giant Robot and Bucketheadland Blueprints, Buckethead released Bucketheadland on John Zorn's Japanese Avant record label in 1992. Though available only as a pricey import, the record received positive reviews and earned some attention. At about this time, Buckethead fell into the orbit of prolific bassist/producer Bill Laswell, himself an occasional Zorn collaborator.
Buckethead soon became Laswell
A musical ensemble known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble known by a distinct name. Some music ensembles consist of instruments, such as the jazz quartet or the orchestra; some music ensembles consist of singers, such as choirs and doo wop groups. In both popular music and classical music, there are ensembles in which both instrumentalists and singers perform, such as the rock band or the Baroque chamber group for basso continuo and one or more singers. In classical music, trios or quartets either blend the sounds of musical instrument families or group together instruments from the same instrument family, such as string ensembles or wind ensembles; some ensembles blend the sounds of a variety of instrument families, such as the orchestra, which uses a string section, brass instruments and percussion instruments, or the concert band, which uses brass and percussion. In jazz ensembles or combos, the instruments include wind instruments, one or two chordal "comping" instruments, a bass instrument, a drummer or percussionist.
Jazz ensembles may be instrumental, or they may consist of a group of instruments accompanying one or more singers. In rock and pop ensembles called rock bands or pop bands, there are guitars and keyboards, one or more singers, a rhythm section made up of a bass guitar and drum kit. Music ensembles have a leader. In jazz bands and pop groups and similar ensembles, this is the band leader. In classical music, concert bands and choirs are led by a conductor. In orchestra, the concertmaster is the instrumentalist leader of the orchestra. In orchestras, the individual sections have leaders called the "principal" of the section. Conductors are used in jazz big bands and in some large rock or pop ensembles. In Western classical music, smaller ensembles are called chamber music ensembles; the terms duet, quartet, sextet, octet and dectet describe groups of two up to ten musicians, respectively. A group of eleven musicians, such as found in The Carnival of the Animals, is called either a hendectet or an undectet.
A soloist playing unaccompanied is not an ensemble. A string quartet consists of a viola and a cello. There is a vast body of music written for string quartets, as it is seen as an important genre in classical music. A woodwind quartet features a flute, an oboe, a clarinet and a bassoon. A brass quartet features a trombone and a tuba. A saxophone quartet consists of a soprano saxophone, an alto saxophone, a tenor saxophone, a baritone saxophone; the string quintet is a common type of group. It is similar to the string quartet, but with an additional viola, cello, or more the addition of a double bass. Terms such as "piano quintet" or "clarinet quintet" refer to a string quartet plus a fifth instrument. Mozart's Clarinet Quintet is a piece written for an ensemble consisting of two violins, a viola, a cello and a clarinet, the last being the exceptional addition to a "normal" string quartet; some other quintets in classical music are the wind quintet consisting of flute, clarinet and horn. Classical chamber ensembles of six, seven, or eight musicians are common.
In most cases, a larger classical group is referred to as an orchestra of some type or a concert band. A small orchestra with fifteen to thirty members is called a chamber orchestra. A sinfonietta denotes a somewhat smaller orchestra. Larger orchestras are called philharmonic orchestras. A pops orchestra is an orchestra that performs light classical music and orchestral arrangements and medleys of popular jazz, music theater, or pop music songs. A string orchestra has only string instruments, i.e. violins, violas and double basses. A symphony orchestra is an ensemble comprising at least thirty musicians. A symphony orchestra is divided into families of instruments. In the string family, there are sections of violins, violas and basses; the standard woodwind section consists of flutes, soprano clarinets, bassoons. The standard brass section consists of horns, trumpets and tuba; the percussion section includes the timpani, bass drum, snare drum, a
VHS is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes. Developed by Victor Company of Japan in the early 1970s, it was released in Japan on September 9, 1976 and in the United States on August 23, 1977. From the 1950s, magnetic tape video recording became a major contributor to the television industry, via the first commercialized video tape recorders. At that time, the devices were used only in expensive professional environments such as television studios and medical imaging. In the 1970s, videotape entered home use, creating the home video industry and changing the economics of the television and movie businesses; the television industry viewed videocassette recorders as having the power to disrupt their business, while television users viewed the VCR as the means to take control of their hobby. In the 1970s and early 1980s, there was a format war in the home video industry. Two of the standards, VHS and Betamax, received the most media exposure. VHS won the war, dominating 60 percent of the North American market by 1980 and emerging as the dominant home video format throughout the tape media period.
Optical disc formats began to offer better quality than analog consumer video tape such as VHS and S-VHS. The earliest of these formats, LaserDisc, was not adopted. However, after the introduction of the DVD format in 1997, VHS's market share began to decline. By 2008, DVD had replaced VHS as the preferred low-end method of distribution; the last known company in the world to manufacture VHS equipment, Funai of Japan, ceased production in July 2016. After several attempts by other companies, the first commercially successful VTR, the Ampex VRX-1000, was introduced in 1956 by Ampex Corporation. At a price of US$50,000 in 1956, US$300 for a 90-minute reel of tape, it was intended only for the professional market. Kenjiro Takayanagi, a television broadcasting pioneer working for JVC as its vice president, saw the need for his company to produce VTRs for the Japan market, at a more affordable price. In 1959, JVC developed a two-head video tape recorder, by 1960 a color version for professional broadcasting.
In 1964, JVC released the DV220. In 1969, JVC collaborated with Sony Corporation and Matsushita Electric in building a video recording standard for the Japanese consumer; the effort produced the U-matic format in 1971, the first format to become a unified standard. U-matic was successful in business and some broadcast applications, but due to cost and limited recording time few of the machines were sold for home use. Soon after and Matsushita broke away from the collaboration effort, in order to work on video recording formats of their own. Sony started working on Betamax, while Matsushita started working on VX. JVC released the CR-6060 in 1975, based on the U-matic format. Sony and Matsushita produced U-matic systems of their own. In 1971, JVC engineers Yuma Shiraishi and Shizuo Takano put together a team to develop a consumer-based VTR. By the end of 1971 they created an internal diagram titled "VHS Development Matrix", which established twelve objectives for JVC's new VTR; these included: The system must be compatible with any ordinary television set.
Picture quality must be similar to a normal air broadcast. The tape must have at least a two-hour recording capacity. Tapes must be interchangeable between machines; the overall system should be versatile, meaning it can be scaled and expanded, such as connecting a video camera, or dub between two recorders. Recorders should be affordable, easy to have low maintenance costs. Recorders must be capable of being produced in high volume, their parts must be interchangeable, they must be easy to service. In early 1972, the commercial video recording industry in Japan took a financial hit. JVC restructured its video division, shelving the VHS project. However, despite the lack of funding and Shiraishi continued to work on the project in secret. By 1973 the two engineers had produced a functional prototype. In 1974, the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry, desiring to avoid consumer confusion, attempted to force the Japanese video industry to standardize on just one home video recording format.
Sony had a functional prototype of the Betamax format, was close to releasing a finished product. With this prototype, Sony persuaded the MITI to adopt Betamax as the standard, allow it to license the technology to other companies. JVC believed that an open standard, with the format shared among competitors without licensing the technology, was better for the consumer. To prevent the MITI from adopting Betamax, JVC worked to convince other companies, in particular Matsushita, to accept VHS, thereby work against Sony and the MITI. Matsushita agreed out of concern that Sony might become the leader in the field if its proprietary Betamax format was the only one allowed to be manufactured. Matsushita regarded Betamax's one-hour recording time limit as a disadvantage. Matsushita's backing of JVC persuaded Hitachi and Sharp to back the VHS standard as well. Sony's release of its Betamax unit to the Japanese market in 1975 placed further pressure on the MITI to side with the company. However, the collaboration of
The Early Years 1965–1972
The Early Years 1965–1972 is a 33-disc compilation box set by Pink Floyd released on 11 November 2016. It was announced 28 July 2016; the set includes seven volumes with CDs, DVDs, BDs, vinyl records and memorabilia including photos and tour programmes. It contains early non-album singles plus live recordings. Although Volumes 1–6 have been available individually since 24 March 2017, Volume 7 – 1967-1972: Continu/ation, remains exclusive to the set. A two-CD compilation titled The Early Years – Cre/ation was made available. Due to an error, a CD edition of Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii was included in the box set in place of the 2016 mix of Obscured by Clouds, placed inside the set in a cardboard wallet at the last moment; the standalone edition of 1972: Obfusc/ation contains both CDs as standard. Track listing: Disc three "Chapter 24" / – 3:40 "Recording Interstellar Overdrive and Nick's Boogie" – 6:36 "Interstellar Overdrive: Scene – Underground" – 4:15 "Arnold Layne: promo video" – 2:54 "Pow R. Toc H. / Astronomy Domine: plus Syd Barrett & Roger Waters interview: BBC The Look Of The Week" – 9:22 "The Scarecrow" – 2:05 "Jugband Blues: London Line promo video" – 2:58 "Apples & Oranges: plus Dick Clark interview" – 4:51 "Instrumental Improvisation" – 2:11 "Instrumental Improvisation" – 4:32 "See Emily Play: BBC Top Of The Pops" – 2:55 "The Scarecrow" – 2:07 "Interstellar Overdrive" – 9:33Personnel: Track listing: Personnel: David Gilmour – guitars, lead vocals Roger Waters – bass, lead vocals on "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" and "Roger's Boogie" Richard Wright – keyboards, backing vocals, lead vocals on "It Would Be So Nice", "Paintbox", "Let There Be More Light" and "Remember a Day" Nick Mason – drums, lead vocals on "Corporal Clegg" Syd Barrett – guitars, lead vocals with: John Peel - DJ for the BBC Sessions Track listing: Disc three Forum Musiques, France, 22 January 1969 – 19:25"Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" David Gilmour interview "A Saucerful of Secrets"The Man and The Journey: Royal Festival Hall, rehearsal, 14 April 1969 – 14:05"Afternoon" "The Beginning" "Cymbaline" "Beset by Creatures of the Deep" "The End of the Beginning" Essencer Pop & Blues Festival, Germany, October 11, 1969 – 19:14"Careful with That Axe, Eugene" "A Saucerful of Secrets"Music Power & European Music Revolution, Festival Actuel Amougies Mont de L'Enclus, Belgium, 25 October 1969 – 27:53"Green Is the Colour" "Careful with That Axe, Eugene" "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" "Interstellar Overdrive" – 11:26Personnel: Pink Floyd David Gilmour – lead vocals, guitars Roger Waters – bass, lead vocals on "Afternoon", "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" and "Grantchester Meadows", Spanish guitar on "Grantchester Meadows" Richard Wright – keyboards, backing vocals Nick Mason – drums, percussionwith Frank Zappa – guitar on "Interstellar Overdrive" Track listing: Personnel: David Gilmour – guitars, lead vocals Roger Waters – bass, lead vocals on "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun", "If" and "Grantchester Meadows" Richard Wright – keyboards, backing vocals, lead vocals on "Summer'68", "Crumbling Land" and "Embryo" Nick Mason – drums, percussionwith: EMI Pops Orchestra – brass and orchestral sections Hafliði Hallgrímsson – cello John Alldis Choir – vocals Alan Styles – voice and sound effects on "Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast" John Peel - DJ during the BBC Radio session Track listing: Personnel: David Gilmour – guitars, lead vocals Roger Waters – bass Richard Wright – keyboards, backing vocals, lead vocals on "Embryo" and "Echoes" Nick Mason – drums, percussion Track listing: Personnel: David Gilmour – guitars, lead vocals Roger Waters – bass, lead vocals on "Free Four" and "Set the Controls..."
Richard Wright – keyboards, lead vocals on "Echoes", "Burning Bridges" and "Stay" Nick Mason – drums, percussion This volume, unlike Volumes 1–6, is exclusive to the box set and is not yet available separately as a standalone edition. This volume is notable for containing three feature length films: The Committee, More and La Vallée and, despite its subtitle, a live recording of "Echoes" from 1974. Track listing: Personnel:Pink Floyd David Gilmour – guitars, vocals Roger Waters – bass, vocals Richard Wright – keyboards, vocals Nick Mason – drums, vocals on "Scream Thy Last Scream" Syd Barrett – guitars, vocals with Dick Parry – saxophone on "Echoes" Venetta Fields – backing vocals on "Echoes" Carlena Williams – backing vocals on "Echoes" On 5 November 2016 Pink Floyd announced, via their official Facebook page, that an extra CD would now be included in the set – Live at Pompeii; the Pompeii performance has never been released on CD before. The Live at Pompeii CD was accidentally included in the 1972: Obfusc/ation set instead of the 2016 mix of the Obscured by Clouds album.
Therefore the 2016 Obscured by Clouds CD was included separately in a white slipcase.
Rock and roll
Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues, along with country music. While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954. According to Greg Kot, "rock and roll" refers to a style of popular music originating in the U. S. in the 1950s prior to its development by the mid-1960s into "the more encompassing international style known as rock music, though the latter continued to be known as rock and roll." For the purpose of differentiation, this article deals with the first definition. In the earliest rock and roll styles, either the piano or saxophone was the lead instrument, but these instruments were replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s; the beat is a dance rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, always provided by a snare drum.
Classic rock and roll is played with one or two electric guitars, a double bass or string bass or an electric bass guitar, a drum kit. Beyond a musical style and roll, as seen in movies, in fan magazines, on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion and language. In addition and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teenagers enjoyed the music, it went on to spawn various genres without the characteristic backbeat, that are now more called "rock music" or "rock". The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage; the American Heritage Dictionary and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music. Encyclopædia Britannica, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music"; the phrase "rocking and rolling" described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy.
Various gospel and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round. In 1942, Billboard magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe. By 1943, the "Rock and Roll Inn" in South Merchantville, New Jersey, was established as a music venue. In 1951, Ohio, disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the phrase to describe it; the origins of rock and roll have been fiercely debated by historians of music. There is general agreement that it arose in the Southern United States – a region that would produce most of the major early rock and roll acts – through the meeting of various influences that embodied a merging of the African musical tradition with European instrumentation.
The migration of many former slaves and their descendants to major urban centers such as St. Louis, New York City, Chicago and Buffalo meant that black and white residents were living in close proximity in larger numbers than before, as a result heard each other's music and began to emulate each other's fashions. Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to both groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, African-American musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision"; the immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the rhythm and blues called "race music", country music of the 1940s and 1950s. Significant influences were jazz, gospel and folk. Commentators differ in their views of which of these forms were most important and the degree to which the new music was a re-branding of African-American rhythm and blues for a white market, or a new hybrid of black and white forms. In the 1930s, swing, both in urban-based dance bands and blues-influenced country swing, were among the first music to present African-American sounds for a predominantly white audience.
One noteworthy example of a jazz song with recognizably rock and roll elements is Big Joe Turner with pianist Pete Johnson's 1939 single Roll'Em Pete, regarded as an important precursor of rock and roll. The 1940s saw the increased use of blaring horns, shouted lyrics and boogie woogie beats in jazz-based music. During and after World War II, with shortages of fuel and limitations on audiences and available personnel, large jazz bands were less economical and tended to be replaced by smaller combos, using guitars and drums. In the same period on the West Coast and in the Midwest, the development of jump blues, with its guitar riffs, prominent beats and shouted lyrics, prefigured many developments. In the documentary film Hail! Hail! Rock'n' Roll, Keith Richards proposes that Chuck Berry developed his brand of rock and roll by transposing the familiar two-note lead line of jump blues piano directly to the electric guitar, creatin
Box Set (Samhain album)
The Samhain Box Set was released in 2000, more than 13 years after Samhain ceased recording and performing. The set's five CDs and one VHS tape compile nearly all of the band's original catalogue, newly remastered from the original master tapes, a wealth of unreleased material, the latter of which includes a live CD and a VHS video cassette of live footage. Of Samhain's previous official releases, only the original mix of the Unholy Passion EP was not included in the Box Set; the outer box cover was painted by Martin Emond, who had done artwork for singer Glenn Danzig's post-Samhain band and comic book company Verotik. Within the box, each of the five CDs came in its own "mini-LP" sleeve. Included was a 32-page booklet of photographs and reprinted lyrics to Discs One and Three; the Box Set was advertised as "a $75 value, all for just $59.95", is now out of print. If pre-ordered online through distributor E-Magine Music's website, the first pressing of the Box Set was shipped two weeks prior to the street date, with the first 1,000 packaged with an "internet exclusive" bonus metal pin of the "scarecrow beast" character that appeared on Samhain T-shirts in the 1980s.
Second pressings of the Box Set omitted the bonus pin, but included "the unreleased Samhain comic book" by Mr. Monster creator Michael T. Gilbert; the "contents" listing on the back of the box was modified to reflect the comic's inclusion. Some Box Sets were shipped with both the bonus metal pin and the comic. "Initium" / "Samhain" "Black Dream" "All Murder, All Guts, All Fun" "Macabre" "He-Who-Can-Not-Be-Named" "Horror Biz" "The Shift" "The Howl" "Archangel" "Unholy Passion" "All Hell" "Moribund" "The Hungry End" "Misery Tomb" "I Am Misery" "Diabolos'88" "In My Grip" "Mother of Mercy" "Birthright" "To Walk the Night" "Let the Day Begin" "Halloween II" "November's Fire" "Kiss of Steel" "Unbridled" "Human Pony Girl" "Night Chill" "Descent" "Death... In Its Arms" "Lords of the Left Hand" "The Birthing" "Twist of Cain" "Possession" "Trouble" "Lords of the Left Hand: 2nd Version" Tracks 1-10: Live 19 February 1985 at Danceteria, New York, NY. Tracks 11-18: Live 13 April 1986 at the Cabaret Metro, Chicago, IL"All Hell" "Samhain" "The Shift" "The Howl" "Unholy Passion" "All Murder, All Guts, All Fun" "I Am Misery" "The Hungry End" "Horror Biz" "He-Who-Can-Not-Be-Named" "Black Dream" "Death Comes Ripping" "Mother of Mercy" "To Walk the Night" "Halloween II" "In My Grip" "London Dungeon" "Archangel" Tracks 1-8 recorded 13 April 1985 at Typographer's Hall, Baltimore, MD.
Tracks 9-13 recorded 13 April 1986 at The Cabaret Metro, Chicago, IL. Tracks 14-16 recorded 14 July 1986 at The Ritz, New York, NY."All Murder, All Guts, All Fun" "The Shift" "Unholy Passion" "Black Dream" "The Hungry End" "I Am Misery" "Horror Biz" "Moribund" "All Hell" "London Dungeon" "Archangel" "Mother of Mercy" "To Walk the Night" "Samhain" "Moribund" "Black Dream" Disc Two marks the first time the remixed Unholy Passion EP was presented as a single CD on its own, though the contents had been added to the first CD pressing of Initium in 1987, again to the original Final Descent in 1990. The original mix of the EP has never been released on CD, apart from unofficial/illegal bootlegs which are sourced from vinyl and cassette. Eerie Von has confirmed that "Death... In Its Arms" was recorded during the sessions for Danzig's second album, Danzig II: Lucifuge, features the full original Danzig lineup: Glenn Danzig, Eerie Von, John Christ, Chuck Biscuits; the title of "Death... In Its Arms" is misspelled on all releases.
"Lords of the Left Hand" was recorded in September 1986, while the "original version" was not recorded until September 1987, was not mixed in its final form until 1990. Tracks 4 and 5 of Samhain III: November-Coming-Fire are incorrectly reversed on the CD sleeve; the correct order is listed above. Tracks 7 and 9 of Final Descent are incorrectly reversed on the CD sleeve; the correct order is listed above