Bozhidar Dimitrov

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Bozhidar Dimitrov

Bozhidar Dimitrov Stoyanov (Bulgarian: Божидар Димитров Стоянов,[1] 3 December 1945 – 1 July 2018) was a Bulgarian historian, politician, and polemicist in the sphere of Medieval Bulgarian history, the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria and the Macedonian Question. He was director of the National Historical Museum, formerly a Bulgarian Socialist Party member, and later became affiliated with the Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB) political party.


Born in Sozopol to a family of Bulgarian refugees from Eastern Thrace (now part of Turkey), he was given access to the Vatican Secret Archives in the 1980s, regarded as a great achievement considered the political situation of the time. As the director of the National Historical Museum, he had an indirect conflict in 1997–1998 with the President Petar Stoyanov regarding whether to return the Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya rough copy to the Zograf Monastery or leave it in Bulgaria.

Being a member of the Supreme Party Council of BSP, he declared himself openly against the party in 2005 by not supporting BSP Mayor of Sofia candidate Tatyana Doncheva and instead favouring the independent Boyko Borisov. Because of this he was taken down from the post of BSP municipal councillors leader in Sofia. Before the 2009 Bulgarian parliamentary election, Dimitrov formally left BSP and joined Borisov's GERB. He was the party's candidate for 2nd MMC – Burgas in the first-past-the-post vote and won the election with 35.92%. He finished ahead of Volen Siderov, the leader of the nationalist Attaka.[2]

Dimitrov is the author of 30 treatises and over 250 articles and papers in the sphere of his research, as well as several books (including The Ten Lies of Macedonism and Twelve Myths in Bulgarian History). He has specialized in palaeography in Paris and also hosts the patriotic history-related Pamet Balgarska (Bulgarian Memory) show on Kanal 1.

Dimitrov believes that the Bulgars played a more important role in the formation of the contemporary Bulgarians as a people than previously believed.[citation needed]

He was Minister without portfolio responsible for Bulgarians abroad in the GERB government (July 2009 – February 2011).[1]


Although serious researchers maintain that Dimitrov’s views on Bulgarian history are biased and can be partially challenged, they are popular in Bulgaria and he enjoys credibilty among nationalist intellectuals.[3][4][5][6] Dimitrov is a former collaborator of Bulgaria's communist-era security service.[7][8]

The Ten Lies of Macedonism[edit]

Bozhidar Dimitrov's book, The Ten Lies of Macedonism (2000, 2003 and 2007), is a polemical pamphlet, based on historical documents, and is openly against the ideology of "Macedonism", i.e. the form of ethnic Macedonian nationalism that asserts an "allegedly deep-rooted ethnic and cultural distinction" between ethnic Macedonians and Bulgarians. The book has caused considerable controversy and criticism from ethnic Macedonian sources.[citation needed] Dimitrov claims that it has reached best-seller status in the Republic of Macedonia.[9] The "10 lies" described by Dimitrov are:

First lie: the notion that contemporary ethnic Macedonians are descendants of ancient Macedonians.

Second lie: ethnic Macedonians are "pure Slavs" distinct from Bulgarians, who are "Tatars".

Third lie: medieval figures like Saints Cyril and Methodius were ethnic Macedonians.

Fourth lie: Samuel of Bulgaria was an ethnic Macedonian and the First Bulgarian Empire was a "Macedonian" state.

Fifth lie: the Archbishopric of Ohrid was a "Macedonian" church.

Sixth lie: the Bulgarian Exarchate conquered the ethnic Macedonian people.

Seventh lie: early 20th-century revolutionary movements such as the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) worked for a "Macedonian" national goal.

Eighth lie: that Krste Misirkov is the number 1 ethnic Macedonian of the 20th century.

Ninth lie: the "heroic struggle of the Macedonian people against Bulgarian occupiers in 1941–1944".

Tenth lie: on the rejoicing of the Macedonian people for their second inclusion in Yugoslavia in 1944 and the 250,000 ethnic Macedonians in Bulgaria. [10]



Dimitrov Cove in Antarctica is named after Bozhidar Dimitrov.[11]



  1. ^ a b "Biographies: Bojidar Dimitrov". Republic of Bulgaria Council of Ministers. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  2. ^ "ГЕРБ печели в Бургас, Божидар Димитров — мажоритарен депутат" (in Bulgarian). Burgas News. 2009-07-06. Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  3. ^ Modernity and tradition: European and national in Bulgaria, Marko Hajdinjak, Maya Kosseva, Antonina Zhelyazkova, International Center for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Sofia, ISBN 978-954-8872-70-6, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Europe and the Historical Legacies in the Balkans, Raymond Detrez, Barbara Segaert, Peter Lang, 2008, ISBN 9052013748, p. 10.
  5. ^ Bulgaria and Europe: Shifting Identities, Stefanos Katsikas, Anthem Press, 2011, ISBN 0857284193, p. 170.
  6. ^ De Palerme À Penang, François Ruegg, Andrea Boscoboinik, Christian Giordano, LIT Verlag Münster, 2010, ISBN 3643800622, p. 184.
  7. ^, August 8, 2009, Bulgaria Expands Secret Agent Turned Minister Clout.
  8. ^ The Sofia Echo, Dec 19, 2010, Bulgaria's spies scandal: Bozhidar Dimitrov walks the plank.
  9. ^ Interview with Bozhidar Dimitrov (in Bulgarian)
  10. ^ The Macedonian language version is also freely available online.
  11. ^ Dimitrov Cove. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer.