click links in text for more info


Brașov is a city in Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County. According to the latest Romanian census, Brașov has a population of 253,200 making it the 7th most populous city in Romania; the metropolitan area is home to 382,896 residents. Brașov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 kilometres north of Bucharest and 380 kilometres from the Black Sea, it is part of the historical region of Transylvania. The city is notable for being the regional capital of the Transylvanian Saxons of the Burzenland administrative area in the past, a large commercial hub on the trade roads between East and West, it is the birthplace of the national anthem of Romania. According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania. Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of arms of the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City".

The two names of the city and Corona, were used in the Middle Ages, along with the Medieval Latin Brassovia. According to Dragoș Moldovanu, the name of Brașov came from the name of local river named Bârsa, adopted by Slavs and transformed to Barsa, to Barsov to Brasov. According to Pál Binder, the current Romanian and the Hungarian name Brassó are derived from the Turkic word barasu, meaning "white water" with a Slavic suffix -ov. Other linguists proposed various etymologies including an Old Slavic anthroponym Brasa; the first attested mention of this name is Terra Saxonum de Barasu in a 1252 document issued by Béla IV of Hungary. According to some historians, Corona was name of the city-fortress while Brassó was referring to the county, while others consider both names may refer to the city and the county as well. Another historical name used for Brașov is Stephanopolis,'from "Stephanos", "polis", city. From 1950 to 1960, during part of the Communist period in Romania, the city was called Orașul Stalin, lit.

"Stalin City", after the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. Brașov has a humid continental climate; the oldest traces of human activity and settlements in Brașov date back to the Neolithic age. Archaeologists working from the last half of the 19th century discovered continuous traces of human settlements in areas situated in Brașov: Valea Cetății, Pietrele lui Solomon, Șprenghi, Tâmpa, Dealul Melcilor, Noua; the first three locations show traces of Dacian citadels. The last two locations had their names applied to Bronze Age cultures -- Noua. Transylvanian Saxons played a decisive role in Brașov's development and were invited by Hungarian kings to develop towns, build mines, cultivate the land of Transylvania at different stages between 1141 and 1300; the settlers came from the Rhineland and the Moselle region, with others from Thuringia, Bavaria and France. In 1211, by order of King Andrew II of Hungary, the Teutonic Knights fortified the Burzenland to defend the border of the Kingdom of Hungary. On the site of the village of Brașov, the Teutonic Knights built Kronstadt –'the City of the Crown'.

Although the crusaders were evicted by 1225, the colonists they brought in long ago remained, along with local population in three distinct settlements they founded on the site of Brașov: Corona, around the Black Church. Germans living in Brașov were involved in trade and crafts; the location of the city at the intersection of trade routes linking the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe, together with certain tax exemptions, allowed Saxon merchants to obtain considerable wealth and exert a strong political influence. They contributed a great deal to the architectural flavor of the city. Fortifications around the city were erected and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craftsmen's guilds, according to the medieval custom. Part of the fortification ensemble was restored using UNESCO funds, other projects are ongoing. At least two entrances to the city, Poarta Ecaterinei and Poarta Șchei, are still in existence; the city center is marked by the mayor's former office building and the surrounding square, which includes one of the oldest buildings in Brașov, the Hirscher Haus.

Nearby is the "Black Church", which some claim to be the largest Gothic style church in Southeastern Europe. In 1689, a great fire destroyed the walled city entirely, its rebuilding lasted several decades. Besides the German population living in the walled city and in the northern suburbs, Brașov had a significant Romanian and Bulgarian population, some Hungarian population; the cultural and religious importance of the Romanian church and school in Șchei is underlined by the generous donations received from more than thirty hospodars of Moldavia and Wallachia, as well as that from Elizabeth of Russia. In the 17th and 19th centuries, the Romania

List of Pokémon films

Pokémon is a media franchise created by video game designer Satoshi Tajiri that centers on fictional creatures called Pokémon. To date, there have been one live-action film; the first nineteen animated films are based on the anime television series Pokémon, other four are set in an alternate continuity to the anime. The films are produced by the animation studios OLM and Wit Studio and distributed in Japan by Toho, with various studios distributing the films in North America, they were directed by Kunihiko Yuyama and Tetsuo Yajima, written by Takeshi Shudo, Hideki Sonoda, Atsuhiro Tomioka, Shōji Yonemura, Eiji Umehara, Aya Takaha. The first Pokémon animated film, Pokémon: The First Movie, was released in Japan in 1998. A live-action film, Pokémon Detective Pikachu, was produced by American studio Legendary Entertainment, directed by Rob Letterman, written by Letterman and Nicole Perlman, it is distributed in Japan by Toho, outside of Japan and China by Warner Bros. It was released on May 10, 2019.

The films star the Pokémon trainer his electric mouse partner Pikachu. Pokémon: Detective Pikachu is based on the 2016 video game Detective Pikachu and stars Ryan Reynolds as the motion capture role of Detective Pikachu, with Justice Smith and Kathryn Newton as the lead human roles. There are two animated television specials that were broadcast on TV Tokyo featuring Ash and Ash's Pikachu and ten short animated films. Warner Bros. licensed the first three animated films in North America, Miramax Films licensed the following four films. In Canadian releases, they were licensed by Alliance Atlantis Communications, Inc., responsible for Canadian distribution of Miramax Films. In these four movies distributed by Miramax, there were or different dubbing casts than in the TV series in many countries. Starting with Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew, Viz Media is the only North American licensee; the latest and upcoming film in the franchise Pocket Monsters the Movie: Coco is set for release in Japanese theatres on July 10, 2020.

A reboot to the film franchise began with the release of the 20th movie, Pokémon the Movie: I Choose You!, in Japan on July 15, 2017. It was followed by a continuation, Pokémon the Movie: The Power of Us, released in Japan on July 13, 2018. No film that takes place in Alola was made; the launch of the mobile game Pokémon Go in 2016 reignited mainstream interest back into the Pokémon franchise in the Western market since its initial peak in the early 2000s. Warner Bros. Pictures and Legendary Entertainment struck a deal to produce a live-action adaptation of the 2016 video game Detective Pikachu called Pokémon Detective Pikachu, the first official live-action Pokemon film. In January 2019, ahead of film's release, Legendary has begun development on a sequel to Pokémon Detective Pikachu; these special films, which run longer than the normal half-hour and are not separated into more than one episode in either the original or the dub, are considered TV Pokémon movies, not counting towards the running total.

They never appear in theaters, but are instead broadcast on the same networks that the regular anime is broadcast for their premieres. Though they may air around the same time as other episodes of the anime in the anime's normal timeslot, they are not assigned episode numbers. Pikachu shorts are anime short films that are shown at the start of animated theatrical films based on Pokémon, but have been expanded to fulfill other purposes. Out of the shorts, Pikachu & Pichu, has not been released on DVD or shown on television since 2009 after Noriko Sakai, the Japanese narrator of it got arrested for possession and abuse of drugs. Pokémon List of Pokémon episodes List of Pokémon episodes List of Pokémon characters List of Pokémon theme songs List of Pokémon anime characters List of Pokémon video games "Pokémon Movies – US official website". "Pokémon Movies – JP official website"


Pampadromaeus is an extinct genus of basal sauropodomorph dinosaurs known from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation of the Paraná Basin in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Pampadromaeus is known only from the holotype specimen ULBRA-PVT016, a disarticulated, partial but well preserved skeleton from a single individual which includes most of the skull bones and the lower jaws, it was collected in the upper Hyperodapedon biozone from the Alemoa Member of the Santa Maria Formation in the "Janner" locality, geopark of Paleorrota, dating to the Carnian faunal stage of the early Late Triassic, about 230-228 million years ago. A U-Pb dating found that the Santa Maria Formation dated around 233.23 million years ago, putting it 1.5 million years older than the Ischigualasto Formation, making the two formations equal as the earliest dinosaur localities. Pampadromaeus was a small bipedal animal, it shows a mosaic of derived traits. It differs from other sauropodomorphs by a combination of characters.

Some of these are shared with members of the Theropoda: the premaxilla is pointed downwards forming a subnarial gap with the maxilla and the anterior-most teeth are unserrated. Basal traits consist of a large skull, a short thighbone, the possession of just two sacral vertebrae and the presence of fifteen teeth in the pterygoid. There were four teeth in the premaxilla and about twenty in both the maxilla and the lower jaw for a total of eighty-eight; the teeth were large, lanceolate recurved pointed and coarsely serrated. The lower leg was much longer than the thighbone. Pampadromaeus was first named by Sergio F. Cabreira, Cesar L. Schultz, Jonathas S. Bittencourt, Marina B. Soares, Daniel C. Fortier, Lúcio R. Silva and Max C. Langer in 2011 and the type species is Pampadromaeus barberenai; the generic name is derived from Quechua pampa, "plain", in reference to the present landscape of the site, Greek δρομεύς, dromeus, "runner", referring to the cursorial habits. The specific name honours the Brazilian paleontologist Mário Costa Barberena.

Pampadromaeus was found to be a basal sauropodomorph in four different cladistic analyses. The describers emphasized however, that this position was not supported, showing the difficulties of determining the affinities of such early forms with the basal Dinosauromorpha, Saurischia and Theropoda. Cabreira, Sérgio F.. Fortier. Langer. 2011. New stem-sauropodomorph from the Triassic of Brazil. Naturwissenschaften 98. 1035–1040. Accessed 2019-03-29. Langer, Max Cardoso. 2019. Anatomy of the dinosaur Pampadromaeus barberenai from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation of southern Brazil. PLoS ONE 14. 1–64. Accessed 2019-03-29. Langer, M. C.. A. S. Da Rosa. 2018. U-Pb age constraints on dinosaur rise from south Brazil. Gondwana Research 53. 133–140. Accessed 2019-03-29

Chang Yu-sheng

Tom Chang or Chang Yu-sheng was a Taiwanese singer and music producer. He is regarded as one of the greatest singers in Mandarin music history. On 7 June 1966, Chang was born in Magong, Taiwan, he was the eldest child, he had 2 younger sisters. His father is a soldier, he graduated from National Chengchi University. In spare time, he was keen on music, basketball and reading. Nicknamed as "Music Magician" in the Taiwanese music industry, one of his major accomplishment as a producer was to help the pop singer A-mei to achieve mainstream success, he was known for his high vocals, capable of reaching notes up to D#6. While driving fatigued at 2:40 on 20 October 1997, he was injured in a fatal car accident and fell into a coma, he never regained consciousness and died on 12 November at the age of 31 after weeks of hospitalization. Chang Yu-Sheng memorial page Internet Video and Recording Data Index of Chang Yu-Sheng

Civil Aviation Department (Hong Kong)

The Civil Aviation Department is the civil aviation authority of Hong Kong, headquartered at Hong Kong International Airport. The department is responsible for providing air traffic control services to all aircraft operating within the Hong Kong Flight Information Region, it reports to the Housing Bureau of the Hong Kong Government. The current Director-General of Civil Aviation is Simon Li Tin-chui; the CAD was responsible for managing the former Hong Kong International Airport at Kai Tak, until it was retired and replaced by the new Hong Kong International Airport managed by the Airport Authority. Both the Flight Standards & Airworthiness Division and Accident Investigation Division of the CAD investigates aviation accidents and incidents. During British rule, CAD was not a sub-unit of the British Civil Aviation Authority. Since 1997, CAD maintains independence from the Civil Aviation Administration of China; the CAD was established in 1946. In 2018, responsibility for investigation of aircraft accidents was transferred to the newly formed Air Accident Investigation Authority.

The agency is headquartered at Hong Kong International Airport on Chek Lap Kok. It was on the 46th floor of the Queensway Government Offices. In late 2016, CAD introduced a new air traffic system that attracted concerns over the increased risk that it puts travellers departing and arriving into Hong Kong airspace. In February 8, it was revealed by a FactWire investigation that there were six cases of safety incidents involving “loss of separation” in January 2017 because CAD’s new air traffic management system did not operate correctly. Five of the cases occurred during the peak-time Lunar New Year holidays, none was made known to the public; as a comparison, it was noted that only 10 incidents of "loss of separation" would happen per year under the previous system and such cases were treated as serious due to the risk of mid-air collision. After criticism of having covered up the 6 "los" incidents, CAD released a statement on their website at 11:34pm to claim that all incidents are "minor", although industry experts claim that all "los" incidents should be treated as serious due to the potential damage.

Further criticism and investigation has begun into CAD's director Simon Li into whether kickbacks and additional benefits was received during the tender of the new air traffic system. Civil Aviation Authority of Macau SAR CAAC Flight 301 China Airlines Flight 642 Official website Civil Aviation Department at the Wayback Machine

Peter Bird (footballer)

Peter Bird is a former Australian rules footballer who played with Fitzroy in the Australian Football League. Bird was selected by Fitzroy from the Geelong Falcons, he made twelve appearances in the 1995 AFL season and a further three in 1996. From 1997 to 2002, Bird played for Subiaco moved to South Bunbury in the South West Football League. In 2004, after he had been cleared from the Lions, Bird was involved in a unique controversy when South Bunbury cleared him to Peel Thunder for one game against East Perth in the second round, but the Thunder, desperate after winning only one game in 2003, played him in their opening game with Claremont. After a vote of WAFL clubs, Peel had the 10.10 they scored in that opening game wiped from their total for the season on 14 April, thus having the lowest score in the WAFL since Subiaco failed to score a single point against South Fremantle in 1906. Bird was to play two seasons with the Thunder before retiring at the end of 2005