William Bradley Pitt is an American actor and film producer. He has received multiple awards, including two Golden Globe Awards and an Academy Award for his acting, in addition to another Academy Award and a Primetime Emmy Award as producer under his production company, Plan B Entertainment. Pitt first gained recognition as a cowboy hitchhiker in the road movie Louise, his first leading roles in big-budget productions came with the drama films A River Runs Through It and Legends of the Fall, the horror film Interview with the Vampire. He gave critically acclaimed performances in the crime thriller Seven and the science fiction film 12 Monkeys, the latter earning him a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and an Academy Award nomination. Pitt starred in Fight Club and the heist film Ocean's Eleven, as well as its sequels, Ocean's Twelve and Ocean's Thirteen, his greatest commercial successes have been Ocean's Eleven, Troy, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, World War Z, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, for which he won a second Golden Globe Award and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
Pitt's other Academy Award nominated performances were in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button and Moneyball. He produced The Departed and 12 Years a Slave, both of which won the Academy Award for Best Picture, The Tree of Life and The Big Short, all of which were nominated for Best Picture; as a public figure, Pitt has been cited as one of the most influential and powerful people in the American entertainment industry. For a number of years, he was cited as the world's most attractive man by various media outlets, his personal life is the subject of wide publicity. From 2000 to 2005, he was married to the actress Jennifer Aniston, from 2014 to 2019, he was married to the actress Angelina Jolie. Pitt and Jolie have six children together. Pitt was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma, to William Alvin Pitt, the proprietor of a trucking company, Jane Etta, a school counselor; the family soon moved to Springfield, where he lived together with his younger siblings, Douglas Mitchell and Julie Neal. Born into a conservative Christian household, he was raised as Southern Baptist and "oscillate between agnosticism and atheism."
Pitt now states that he was just being "rebellious" and that he "cling to religion." Pitt has described Springfield as "Mark Twain country, Jesse James country," having grown up with "a lot of hills, a lot of lakes."Pitt attended Kickapoo High School, where he was a member of the golf and tennis teams. He participated in the school's Key and Forensics clubs, in school debates, in musicals. Following his graduation from high school, Pitt enrolled in the University of Missouri in 1982, majoring in journalism with a focus on advertising; as graduation approached, Pitt did not feel ready to settle down. He loved films—"a portal into different worlds for me"—and, since films were not made in Missouri, he decided to go to where they were made. Two weeks short of completing the coursework for a degree, Pitt left the university and moved to Los Angeles, where he took acting lessons and worked odd jobs, he has named his early acting heroes as Sean Penn and Mickey Rourke. While struggling to establish himself in Los Angeles, Pitt took lessons from acting coach Roy London.
Pitt's acting career began in 1987, with uncredited parts in the films No Way Out, No Man's Land and Less Than Zero. In May 1987, his television debut came with a two-episode role on the NBC soap opera Another World. In November of the same year, Pitt had a guest appearance on the ABC sitcom Growing Pains, he appeared in four episodes of the CBS primetime series Dallas between December 1987 and February 1988 as Randy, the boyfriend of Charlie Wade. In 1988, Pitt made a guest appearance on the Fox police drama 21 Jump Street. In the same year, the Yugoslavian–U. S. Co-production The Dark Side of the Sun gave Pitt his first leading film role, as a young American taken by his family to the Adriatic to find a remedy for a skin condition; the film was shelved at the outbreak of the Croatian War of Independence, was not released until 1997. Pitt made two motion picture appearances in 1989: the first in a supporting role in the comedy Happy Together, he made guest appearances on television series Head of the Class, Freddy's Nightmares and Growing Pains.
Pitt was cast as Billy Canton, a drug addict who takes advantage of a young runaway in the 1990 NBC television movie Too Young to Die?, the story of an abused teenager sentenced to death for a murder. Ken Tucker, television reviewer for Entertainment Weekly wrote: "Pitt is a magnificent slimeball as her hoody boyfriend; the same year, Pitt co-starred in six episodes of the short-lived Fox drama Glory Days and took a supporting role in the HBO television film The Image. His next appearance came in the 1991 film Across the Tracks. After years of supporting roles in film and frequent television guest appearances, Pitt attracted wider recognition in his supporting role in Ridley Scott's 1991 road film Thelma & Louise, he played J. D. a small-time criminal. His love scene with Davis has been cited as the event th
Ghita Mary Lindell, Comtesse de Milleville, code named Marie-Claire and Comtesse de Moncy, was an English woman, a front-line nurse in World War I and a member of the French Resistance in World War II. She founded and led the Marie-Claire Line, helping Allied airmen and soldiers escape from Nazi-occupied France; the airmen were survivors of military airplanes shot down over occupied Europe. During the course of the war, Lindell was run over by an automobile, shot in the head, imprisoned twice, captured and sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp, her son Maurice was captured and tortured. Her son Octave captured and died in a German concentration camp. Outspoken and imperious, Lindell was called a "false heroine" by one critic, but she is credited with helping about 100 allied airmen escape from France. At Ravensbrück she became the self-appointed leader of the American and British women imprisoned by Nazi Germany and helped them survive by aiding in their release to the Swedish Red Cross in the closing days of World War II.
Lindell was awarded the Croix de Guerre twice, once for her work in World War I and once for World War II. Lindell was born to a wealthy family in England, her mother, Gertrude Colls, was of the daughter of a successful architect. During the First World War, she served as a member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment and subsequently with the Secours aux Blessés, a division of the French Red Cross, she was decorated for her bravery and service by the French, receiving a Croix de Guerre in 1918. She was decorated by the Tsarist Russian government, she married the Count Marie Joseph de Milleville, a member of the French aristocracy, settled in Paris. The couple had three children: two boys and Octave, a daughter, whom she called Barbé. All were teenagers in 1940; when Nazi Germany invaded France in May 1940, Lindell and her children were living in a luxurious apartment in Paris. Her husband was on a business trip to South America. With the evacuation from Dunkirk and the surrender of France to Nazi Germany in 1940, many British soldiers and airmen were stranded in occupied Europe.
In Paris, Lindell decided that she and her three children would help the soldiers and airmen escape occupied France to unoccupied Vichy France. Through a friend, she found a farm near Sauveterre-de-Béarn which straddled the boundary between occupied France and unoccupied France. Living in nearby Mauléon-Licharre was a retired British officer, Major William Higgins, willing to help British soldiers slip across the nearby border to safety in neutral Spain. Lindell, her children, Michele Cambards, teenage girlfriend of her son Oky, began escorting soldiers and airmen by train from Paris to Sauveterre, she shifted operations to Ruffec, a more accessible location. The people she escorted across the border into Vichy France were subsequently helped to return to the United Kingdom by the Pat O'Leary escape line and the Seaman's mission of Donald Caskie in Marseille. Lindell, her family, her associates may have assisted about 25 English and 50 French men to escape capture by the Germans in 1940. However, her luck ran out in early 1941 when the Abwehr police arrested her in Paris and she was sentenced to 9 months in prison.
At about the same time her son Maurice was sentenced to 11 months in prison. Lindell was released in November 1941, she returned to Ruffec and adopted the code names,"Marie" and "Marie-Claire" thus the "Marie-Claire" line. Afraid of being rearrested, she soon crossed the border into Vichy France. George Whittington, an American Vice Consul in Lyon, obtained for Lindell an exit visa from Vichy, describing her as a "stranded English governess." In July 1942, Lindell arrived safely in London. In London, Lindell received training from MI9 in clandestine techniques and returned to France via Westland Lysander airplane in October 1942, landing near Ussel, Corrèze. Based in Ruffec, she sat up operations of the Marie-Clair escape line once again. However, in December she was badly injured and nearly died when an automobile crashed into the bicycle she was riding. Ill and with her arm still in a sling, she assisted two of the best known escapees of World War II: Herbert Hasler and Bill Sparks, the "Cockleshell Heroes" and only survivors of Operation Frankton.
Sparks commented that "seeing my commanding officer taking orders from a little lady was humorous for me. But she left us in no doubt that she was the governor."Misfortune, began to impact the flourishing operations of the Marie-Claire Line. In May 1943, Lindell's son and principal helper, was arrested in Lyon and tortured, her daughter Barbé negotiated a bribe of 60,000 francs for Maurice's release with Klaus Barbie, the notorious Gestapo leader. Lindell's son, was arrested soon afterwards, sent to a prison camp, never heard of again. With a price on her head and the Gestapo on her trail, Lindell adopted a new identity, the "Comtesse de Moncy." She made enemies, refusing to accede to demands by a British intelligence officer that he be evacuated telling him "this is an escape route for airmen." She quarreled with one of her guides: Comtesse Pauline Barré de Saint-Venant, code named "Alice Laroche" and "Marie-Odile." As a result of the row with Saint-Venant, Lindell moved her operation from Ruffec to Pau, a city near the border of Spain.
Although statistics are incomplete, the Marie-Claire line is credited with helping about 100 allied airmen escape from occupied France. On November 22, 1943, Lindell was arrested at the train station in Pau, she was wearing, as usual, her Red Cross uniform and was awaiting the arrival b
Jack Babuscio was an American journalist and activist who lived in England. Jack Babuscio was born in New York, NY, his mother and father were Italian, respectively. In the 1960s, after completing an undergraduate degree in History from Rutgers. Babuscio moved to London to complete his PhD in History. During the 1970s and 1980s, he worked as a gay counselor, he was a full-time teacher at the Kingston-Princeton College in London lecturing on topics related to history and film. In 1974, he began to write for the publication Gay News, where he published most of his film reviews. Babuscio's reviews were some of the first to take films by John Waters and other similar directors seriously, he would remain with the publication until its closure in 1983. Afterwards, he continued to write for the Gay Times, he is best known for his work "Camp and the Gay Sensibility", an influential piece that provided an overview of cinematic camp. It posited an idea that camp is a "nexus of irony, aestheticism and humor" and that it is a "gay sensibility".
Babuscio edited an influential work called We Speak for Ourselves. Published in 1977, this influential work cited and republished, attempts to define the gay sensibility and to describe camp. Babuscio asserts that the gay sensibility is a creative energy, formed out an awareness of the world based on social oppression. Given this fact, he believes that the gay sensibility responds to society's need to label and subsequently polarize people, which has resulted in camp. Despite acknowledging a difficulty in defining camp, given it can be subject to one's own view and tastes, he does emphasize consistent features that are basic to camp such as irony aestheticism and humor. Babuscio's essay addresses each feature individually, providing an understanding of the typical elements of camp, goes on to illustrate these concepts by including examples wherein he analyzes camp as it relates to Rainer Werner Fassbinder's The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant, the films of Josef von Sternberg, the films based on Tennessee Williams' work.
This work represents Babuscio's experiences in gathering transcripts and case histories. This work "represents a landmark contribution to gay self-understanding and acceptance" and is regarded as an important piece, both politically and in regards to its impact as a resource for other counselorsThe book received the 1977 Gay News Book Award. Additionally, New Society described the work as "a mosaic of self-told case histories" that "speaks powerfully as the authentic voice of an oppressed minority", goes on to add that Babuscio "presents his testimony with great intelligence and subtlety". Another reviewer believed the book proved a "useful primer" for those interested in gay peer-counseling and as an interesting "panoramic presentation of the issues" people face regularly. With his partner, Richard Dunn, Babuscio published European Political Facts 1648–1789; this book derived from Babuscio and Dunn's academic background in history, it included information on heads of state, key ministers, political chronology, other historical facts of the period.
During his time in London, Babuscio met a teacher from Mississippi. The two first met at the British Museum; the couple lived together in England for twenty years. January 11, 1990, Jack Babuscio died at the age of 52.. Both Babuscio and Dunn wanted it known that Babuscio passed away from Kaposi's sarcoma and internal hemorrhaging as a result of AIDS with the intent of lessening the stigma around the disease