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Bradley County, Arkansas

Bradley County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,508; the county seat is Warren. It is Arkansas's 43rd county, formed on December 18, 1840, named for Captain Hugh Bradley, who fought in the War of 1812, it is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, is the home of the Bradley County Pink Tomato Festival. Indigenous peoples of various cultures had lived along the rivers of Arkansas for thousands of years and created complex societies. Mississippian culture peoples built massive earthwork mounds along the Ouachita River beginning about 1000 CE; the Felsenthal refuge at the south end of Bradley County contains over 200 native American archaeological sites from the Caddo tribe that lived in the area as long as 5,000 years ago. These sites include the remains of seasonal fishing camps, ceremonial plazas, temple mounds and large villages containing as many as 200 structures. After Hernando de Soto's exploration of the Mississippi Valley during the 1540s, there is little evidence of any European activity in the Ouachita River valley until the latter 17th century.

Louis XIV's long reign and wars had nearly bankrupted the French monarchy. Rather than reduce spending, the Regency of Louis XV of France endorsed the monetary theories of John Law a Scottish financier. In 1716, Law was given a charter for the Banque Royale under which the national debt was assigned to the bank in return for extraordinary privileges; the key to the Banque Royale agreement was that the national debt would be paid from revenues derived from opening the Mississippi Valley. The Bank was tied to the Companies of the Indies. All were known as the Mississippi Company; the Mississippi Company had a monopoly on mineral wealth. The Company boomed on paper. Law was given the title Duc d'Arkansas. Bernard de la Harpe and his party left New Orleans in 1719 to explore the Red River. In 1721, he explored the Arkansas River. At the Yazoo settlements in Mississippi he was joined by Jean Benjamin who became the scientist for the expedition. In 1718, there were only 700 people in Louisiana; the Mississippi Company arranged ships to move hundred people landed in Louisiana on one day in 1718, doubling the population.

John Law encouraged Germans Germans of the Alsatian region who had fallen under French rule, the Swiss to emigrate. Alsace was transformed into a mosaic of Protestant territories. Alsace was sold to France within the greater context of the Thirty Years' War. Beset by enemies and to gain a free hand in Hungary, the Habsburgs sold their Sundgau territory to France in 1646, which had occupied it, for the sum of 1.2 million Thalers. Prisoners were set free in Paris in September 1719 and under the condition that they marry prostitutes and go with them to Louisiana; the newly married couples were taken to the port of embarkation. After complaints from the Mississippi Company and the concessioners about this class of French immigrants, in May, 1720, the French government prohibited such deportations. But, there was third shipment in 1721; the Jesuit Charlevoix went from Canada to Louisiana. His letter said; the Germans left Arkansas en masse. They demanded passage to Europe; the Mississippi Company gave the Germans rich lands on the right bank of the Mississippi River about 25 miles above New Orleans.

The area is now known as'the German Coast'." Sweden lost Swedish Livonia, Swedish Estonia and Ingria to Russia 100 years by the Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia in 1710 and the Treaty of Nystad in 1721. Charles Fred. D'Arensbourg emigrated to Louisiana in 1721 with thirty officers, they would rather move to Louisiana, instead of living as Russians. European interest in the region came in three distinct waves; the French hunters and traders appeared first and operated along the Ouachita River valley until the Natchez revolt of 1729, which frightened away any developers for a while. Next, in the 1740s and 1750s, French settlers meandered north from the Pointe Coupee Post in south French Louisiana and named many of bayous; these settlers returned south to Pointe Coupee before the Spaniards took possession of Louisiana in the late 1760s. The third wave of European settlers were descendants of the second wave true Louisiana Creoles born near the Point Coupee and Opelousas Posts. Additionally, a few Canadians came down the river from the Arkansas Post, a few native French traders operated along the river in the 1770s.

Prior to 1782, with the exception of occasional failed colonization schemes, the Europeans ignored the vast Ouachita Valley, which extended from the area around Hot Springs, Arkansas southward towards the Mississippi River in Louisiana. This changed with the 1779–1782 war between England and Spain. After their defeat at the Battle of Baton Rouge in 1779, the English yielded control of Natchez to the Spaniards, this led to several years of fighting as the English settlers resisted Spanish rule over them. After the ultimate English defeat, many settlers fled to the Ouachita Valley region, creating the threat of English/American rebel activity in the Ouachita Valley region; this prompted the Spanish governor, Don Bernardo, the Comte de Galvez, to establish a strong buffer zone between the independent American states and the Spanish province of Louisiana. In 1781 Galvez named Jean-Baptist Filhiol as the commandant. Filhiol served in this capacity between 1782 and 1804, through his service helped to keep a firm Spanish grip on activi


Sobekneferu reigned as pharaoh of Egypt after the death of Amenemhat IV. She was the last ruler of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt and ruled Egypt for four years from 1806 to 1802 BC, her name means "the beauty of Sobek." She was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III. Manetho states she was the sister of Amenemhat IV, but this claim is unproven. Sobekneferu had an older sister named Neferuptah, the intended heir. Neferuptah's name was enclosed in a cartouche and she had her own pyramid at Hawara. Neferuptah died at an early age, allowing Sobekneferu to be next in line. Sobekneferu was the first known woman reigning as pharaoh. There are women who are believed to have ruled as early as the First Dynasty, such as Neithhotep and Meritneith, but there is no definitive proof they ruled in their own right. Another candidate, would have ruled in the Sixth Dynasty, however there is little proof of her historicity and many scholars believe she is a legend deriving from a mistranslation of the pharaoh Neitiqerty Siptah's name.

Amenemhat IV most died without a male heir. According to the Turin Canon, she ruled for three years, ten months, 24 days in the late 19th century BC, she died without heirs/children, the end of her reign concluded Egypt's Twelfth Dynasty and the Golden Age of the Middle Kingdom, which inaugurated the Thirteenth Dynasty. Few monuments have been discovered for her, although many of her statues have been preserved including the base of a representation of a king's royal daughter, discovered in Gezer and bears her name. One statue with a head is known. A bust in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin, lost in World War II, could be identified as belonging to her. Today, the sculpture is known only from photographic images and plaster casts, it came in 1899 to the museum. The head fits on top of the lower part of a royal statue discovered at Semna; the latter can be identified as royal because the royal symbol "unification of the two countries" appears on the side of her throne. It is known that she made additions to the funerary complex of Amenemhat III at Hawara and built structures at Heracleopolis Magna.

A fine cylinder seal bearing her name and royal titulary is located in the British Museum. A Nile graffito, at the Nubian fortress of Kumma records the Nile inundation height of 1.83 meters in Year 3 of her reign. Another inscription discovered in the Eastern Desert records "year 4, second month of the Season of the Emergence", her monumental works associate her with Amenemhat III rather than Amenemhat IV, supporting the theory that she was the royal daughter of Amenemhat III and only a stepsister of Amenemhat IV. The Danish Egyptologist, Kim Ryholt, notes that the contemporary sources from her reign show that Sobekneferu never adopted the title of King's Sister-only "King's Daughter"-which supports this hypothesis. Additionally, all Egyptian rulers were given the title "king", regardless of gender, her tomb has not been identified positively, although she may have been interred in a pyramid complex in Mazghuna that lacks inscriptions. It is north of a similar complex ascribed to Amenemhat IV.

A place called. This just might be the name of her pyramid. Hatshepsut Dodson, Aidan. Hilton, Dyan. 2004. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History,Archaeology and Society, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 61-63 Shaw, Ian. Nicholson, Paul. 1995. The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers. Shaw, Ian, Ed. 2000. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press. Graffito ref. pg. 170

John Jackson Smale

Sir John Jackson Smale was a British lawyer and judge. He served as the longest-serving Chief Justice of Hong Kong. Smale was born on 1 March 1805 in England, he was the son of John Smale. He studied in the Inner Temple, he was admitted by the Inner Temple in 1828 but qualified and practised as a solicitor. He was called to the bar of the Inner Temple in 1842, he practised at the Chancery Bar for eleven years from 1846 to 1857 and was noted as a law reporter, being one of the joint authors of "De Gex and Smale", "Smale and Gifford". In 1860 he was appointed Attorney General of Hong Kong, he arrived in Hong Kong Kong on 22 April 1861. On 14 June 1861, he was appointed as a member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council; as Attorney General he was practised with much success. On 24 October 1866, he was appointed as Chief Justice of Hong Kong replacing William Henry Adams who had died in office, he served as Chief Justice until his retirement in 1881. As Chief Justice he was described as "somewhat lacking in the qualities necessary to maintain the dignity of his high office."

He was said to be "naturally of a temperament singularly impulsive and energetic and never succeeded in sinking the man and his natural propensities in the Judge. Smale was knighted in 1874; as Attorney General, Smale was instrumental in bringing about the de-amalgamation of the solicitors' and barristers' professions in Hong Kong. Until his arrival solicitors and barristers had been able to practise without restrictions. Wigs had not been worn in court. Smale in his first appearance in court wore a wig. Subsequently, he worked for the repeal of the Amalgamation Ordinance that had allowed barristers and solicitors to practise in any capacity; as Chief Justice when admitting barristers he would remind them that they were to act only as barrister. An example can be found in Nicholas John Hannen's admission in 1868. Smale was against slavery. In 1871, Kwok A Sing, a coolie on board a French ship the Nouvelle Penelope which had sailed from Macau killed the master and took over the ship landing in Pakha in China where the ship was abandoned.

Kwok was arrested in Hong Kong to be extradited to China. Kwok made a habeas corpus application seeking his release. Smale ordered his release on the basis that the Nouvelle Penelope was a slave ship and Kwok was entitled to take any necessary steps to secure his freedom. Julian Pauncefote, the Attorney General of Hong Kong had him re-arrested to be tried for piracy. Smale again ordered his release on the basis the second arrest breached the first habeas corpus order. Kwok sued Pauncefote for damages for false imprisonment under the Habeas Corpus Act. Kwok won with the British jury finding 4–3 in Kwok's favour, just one shy of the required majority of five. Smale's first decision was upheld by the Privy Council. Smale married twice, first to Anne Jackson and in 1873 to Clara Janson, a wealthy descendant of the Wensleydale I'Anson Quakers, in St John's Cathedral, Hong Kong. After his retirement in 1881, Smale returned to England, dying at his home on 13 August 1882. Upon news of his death reaching Hong Kong, his successor as Chief Justice of Hong Kong, Sir George Phillippo, adjourned the court as a mark of respect

The Devil Rides Out (film)

The Devil Rides Out, known as The Devil's Bride in the United States, is a 1968 British horror film, based on the 1934 novel of the same name by Dennis Wheatley. It was directed by Terence Fisher; the film stars Charles Gray, Niké Arrighi and Leon Greene. Set in London and the south of England in 1929, the story finds Nicholas, Duc de Richleau, investigating the strange actions of the son of a friend, Simon Aron, who has a house replete with strange markings and a pentagram, he deduces that Simon is involved with the occult. Nicholas de Richleau and Rex Van Ryn manage to rescue Simon and another young initiate, from a devil-worshipping cult. During the rescue, they disrupt a ceremony on Salisbury Plain, in which the Devil, the "Goat of Mendes" appears, they escape to the home of the Eatons and Richard, friends of Richleau and Van Ryn, are followed by the group's leader, who has a psychic connection to the two initiates. After visiting the house while Richleau is absent to discuss the matter and an unsuccessful attempt to influence the initiates to return, Mocata forces Richleau and the other occupants to defend themselves through a night of black magic attacks, ending with the conjuring of the Angel of Death.

Richleau repels the angel. His attacks defeated, Mocata kidnaps the Eatons' young daughter Peggy; the Duc has Tanith's spirit possess Marie in order to find Mocata, but they only are able to get a single clue, Rex realizes that the cultists are at a house he visited earlier. Simon tries to rescue Peggy on his own. De Richleau and Rex try to rescue her, but they are defeated by Mocata. A powerful force controls Marie and ends Peggy's trance, she leads Peggy in the recitation of a spell which visits divine retribution on the cultists and transforms their coven room into a church. When the Duc and his companions awaken, they discover that the spell has reversed time and changed the future in their favour. Simon and Tanith have survived, Mocata's spell to conjure the Angel of Death has been reflected back on him. Divine judgement ends his life, he is subject to eternal damnation for his unholy summoning of the Angel of Death. Nicholas de Richleau comments. Christopher Lee – Nicholas, Duc de Richleau Charles Gray – Mocata Niké Arrighi – Tanith Carlisle Leon Greene – Rex Van Ryn Patrick Mower – Simon Aron Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies – Countess d'Urfe Sarah Lawson – Marie Eaton Paul Eddington – Richard Eaton Rosalyn LandorPeggy Eaton Russell Waters – Malin John Bown – Receptionist Yemi Ajibade – African Ahmed Khalil – Indian Zoe Starr – Indian girl Willie Payne – Servant Keith Pyott – Max Mohan Singh – Mocata's servant Liane AukinSatanist John Falconer – Satanist Anne Godley – Satanist Richard Scott – Satanist Peter Swanwick – Satanist Bert Vivian – Satanist Eddie PowellThe Goat of Mendes John Brown Richard Huggett First proposed in 1963, the film went ahead four years once censorship worries over Satanism had eased.

Production began on 7 August 1967, the film starred Christopher Lee, Charles Gray, Niké Arrighi and Leon Greene. The screenplay was adapted by Richard Matheson from Wheatley's novel. Christopher Lee had stated that of all his vast back catalogue of films, this was his favourite and the one he would have liked to have seen remade with modern special effects and with his playing a mature Duke de Richleau; the A-side of British rock band Icarus's debut single "The Devil Rides Out" was inspired by the advance publicity for the film of the same title. Though the song does not appear in the film, the single's release was timed to coincide with the film's premiere and the band was invited to the premiere. Reviews of the film have been favorable, it has a 93% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Sustains flavor and atmosphere in beautiful color photography. Under Terence Fisher's direction the first 20 minutes are dandy, as a steely aristocrat, played with suave dignity by Christopher Lee, tries to outwit the evil ones.

This civilized counterattack and some realistic dialogue, steady the action until a flaring, flapping climax. Aside from Mr. Lee, the acting is much too broad. Still, "The Devil's Bride" does hold together, superstitious moviegoers could do a lot worse. Director Terence Fisher has a ball with this slice of black magic, based on the Dennis Wheatley novel, he has built up a suspenseful pic, with several tough highlights, gets major effect by playing the subject dead straight and getting similar serious performances from his capable cast. Christopher Lee is for once on the side of the goodies. A disappointingly routine version of Dennis Wheatley's black magic thriller. Christopher Lee is as professionally suave as as de Richleau and Charles Gray is suitably sinister as the arch-Satanist But the script is long-winded, Terence Fisher's direction never takes fire. According to Fox records the film required $1,150,000 in rentals to break and by 11 December 1970 had made $575,000 so made a loss to the studio.

Rigby, Jonathan. English Gothic: A Century of Horror Cinema. Reynolds & Hearn Ltd. ISBN 1-903111-01-3; the Devil Rides Out on IMDb The Devil Rides Out at Rotten Tomatoes The Devil Rides Out at BritMovie

Panic! (TV series)

Panic!, broadcast as No Warning! during its second season, is a half-hour American television anthology series. Its thirty-one episodes aired on NBC from 1957 to 1958; the series host was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Among notable guest stars were James Mason, James Whitmore, Trevor Bardette, Robert Vaughn, Barbara Billingsley, Paul Burke, William Fawcett, Vivi Janiss, Mercedes McCambridge, Ann Rutherford, Ray Teal, Carolyn Jones. In the 1957 episode, "Marooned," James Mason, his wife Pamela and children Portland and Morgan portrayed a family trapped in a high rise building. Panic! on IMDb Panic! Episode list at CVTA

2017 Liberal Democrats deputy leadership election

The 2017 Liberal Democrats deputy leadership election was announced on 14 June 2017, Jo Swinson was elected unopposed on 20 June. Following a meeting of the parliamentary party on 12 June 2017, nominations for the deputy leader role were opened. Nominations closed on 20 June, Jo Swinson was elected unopposed, having been the only nominee at the close of nominations. Had there been a contest, there would have been a hustings at the parliamentary party meeting on 27 June 2017, following the hustings the election would have been decided through a secret ballot of the parliamentary party using the alternative vote method. Tim Farron was elected as party leader, defeating Norman Lamb, in July 2015. Kate Parminter and Navnit Dholakia were elected deputy leaders of the party's House of Lords group in June 2015; the position of Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats has never formally existed. Since the party's foundation, the Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons has elected a Deputy Leader. Although referred to as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats, this post is only Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons, not of the Liberal Democrats as a whole.

When the last Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Commons, Sir Malcolm Bruce, stood down at the 2015 general election, held on 7 May, the remaining Liberal Democrat MPs did not elect a Deputy Leader. Under current rules, there is no position of "Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats", however the party's MPs could elect a Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons. Following the 2015 general election, when the party returned eight Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, the Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons did not elect a Deputy Leader. Both 2015 leadership candidates called for a change in the rules for choosing a Deputy Leader, to make it possible for a woman to be elected; this was considered necessary. A change in the rules would therefore remove the requirement for the Deputy Leader to be an MP. On 15 May 2015, leadership candidate Norman Lamb MP proposed a change to the rules that would mean that the Deputy Leader is elected by all Party members on a one member one vote basis, with the explicit purpose of ensuring that the deputy leader is a woman, suggesting to Party members' website Liberal Democrat Voice that "she could be one of the former or future colleagues mentioned below.

In August 2015, a proposed amendment to the Liberal Democrats' party constitution was published on the agenda of the 2015 Autumn Conference held in Bournemouth. This amendment, debated on 22 September, would have abolished the power of the Liberal Democrats' MPs to choose a Deputy Leader and instead reconstituted the position of Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats as a directly elected post; this post was to be elected by one member one vote in the same way as the Leader, with nominations open to all members of the Party who must be "supported by 200 members in aggregate in no fewer than 20 Local Parties". The amendment did not set a specific date by which the deputy leadership election would have been held, if passed. After nearly an hour of debate, the amendment was referred back to the Governance Review for further consideration by a vote of 218–167; the Governance Review, presented to the 2016 Autumn Conference held in Brighton, reported the following to Conference: After the General Election some members proposed that the party should elect a Deputy Leader from the wider membership, rather than the parliamentary party in the Commons.

Members' responses to the consultation have been mixed: whilst keen on a wider democratic mandate, there was recognition that the Leader would have to be able to work with the Deputy, there were conflicting responses as well as a degree of confusion as to their potential role. Some suggested the Deputy Leader should be elected, others thought that the Leader should be able to choose their deputy; the Federal Executive is therefore offering members two choices. The first is a Deputy Leader is a parliamentarian elected at the same time as a Leader on a joint ticket, with arrangements in place in the event that the Deputy resigns mid-term; the second is that the Deputy Leader is elected by the Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons from among their number. With both proposed choices placed onto the Conference agenda as constitutional amendments, Conference chose to adopt the second choice, with the Deputy Leader being elected by the Parliamentary Party in the House of Commons from among themselves, if they so choose.

The successful amendment provides that if the position of Leader falls vacant the Deputy Leader or, if no such post exists, the Chief Whip, will assume the post of Acting Leader until a new Leader is elected. Jo Swinson, MP for East Dunbartonshire from 2005–2015 and since 2017, Junior Equalities Minister from 2012–2015. Following the close of nominations, only Jo Swinson was nominated, was elected unopposed. 2015 Liberal Democrats leadership election 2017 Liberal Democrats leadership election 2019 Liberal Democrats leadership election