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Arthur Roberts (comedian)

Arthur Roberts was an English comedian, music hall entertainer and actor. He was famous for portraying the pantomime dames and for his comic characters and "gagging" in farces and musical comedies, he is credited with coining the word "spoof". Roberts was born in London; the son of a Savile Row tailor, Roberts began performing professionally in 1871, after being spotted busking in Covent Garden, by a holidaying impresario from Norfolk. Roberts first performed a rendition of "The Mad Butcher" on the beach at Great Yarmouth and was paid £1 a week; the following summer, Roberts moved to Great Yarmouth and performed for tourists on a makeshift stage erected on the nearby pier. He progressed to appearing in upmarket hotels at the seaside resort. In 1875, Roberts was engaged to appear at the New Star theatre in Bermondsey; the following year he performed "If Only I Was Long Enough" at the Oxford Music Hall, which he considered a major breakthrough in his career. In 1877 he toured the London music hall circuit and culminated each round of touring with an appearance at Evans's supper room, where he developed a reputation for performing risqué songs.

In 1879, one of his "saucy" songs caused. In the legitimate theatre, he starred as Dr. Syntax in the Drury Lane Theatre pantomime Mother Goose. Farnie's Nell Gwynne. Roberts had success in the 1890s with the hit song "Daddy Wouldn't Buy Me a Bow Wow". Roberts originated the word "spoof", popularised by a card game that he invented called Spoof, which involved trickery and nonsense; the first recorded reference to the game is in 1884. Soon the word took on the general meaning of "nonsense, trickery," first recorded in 1889; the verb spoof is first recorded in 1889 as well, in the sense "to deceive." These senses are now less used than the noun meaning of "a light parody or satirical imitation," first recorded in 1958, the verb sense "to satirize gently," first recorded in 1927. In 1907, Roberts was a leader in the'Music Hall War', striking for better working conditions, which led to the founding of the Variety Artist's Federation. At the end of his career, Roberts played in variety shows. In his career Roberts starred as Charioteer in Phi-Phi.

In 1926, he popularised the song "Topsey-Turvey", which he used as the basis for a short 1927 film made in the Phonofilm sound-on-film process, directed by Bertram Phillips. In 1927, Roberts wrote, he is buried in Paddington cemetery, London. Notes References Baker, Anthony. British Music Hall: An Illustrated History. London: Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-3685-1. Arthur Roberts on IMDb Drawing of Roberts Description of Roberts' comedic style

Jewelz & Sparks

Jewelz & Sparks is a German DJ and production duo consisting of Julius Voigtländer and Gregor Brechmann that formed in 2011, they are one of the most successful German EDM projects. The duo is best known for their collaboration with Quilla on the single "Unless We Forget", released on Revealed Recordings in January 2014 and "Pharaoh", released a few months later. Before merging, both musicians were active as DJs and producers. Jewelz, with Josh the Funky 1, released a remix of "The Groove" on Groovebox 2008. A year he appeared along with Meesh on the single "If U Luv Me". Scott Sparks was active on Straight Line Records, releasing his debut single "Insane" in 2011, they met while studying music business at the Popakademie Baden-Württemberg. Although they did not go in the same class, but learned to know each other because of their same musical taste. In addition, both produced their music in a similar way. After their meeting, they decided to start a first collaboration; the duo said that they developed their ideas via Skype and continued or run these by reference into their Dropbox saved file.

After that, they began making a song but only. Shortly after coming together to start as a duo, their official first single "Toxic Rush", was released in September 2012 through Fedde Le Grand's label Flamingo Recordings and through Beatport. "Toxic Rush" became a surprise success. The single was supported by among others David Guetta, Tiësto and Hardwell, who played the Big Room song in their sets and their podcasts. Furthermore, they followed multiple queries on recording contracts. In December 2012, their second single "Flashbang" followed. In 2013, they started with the single "NYMSN"; the title is a sequence of the initial letters of the words "New York make some noise," representing the Shout for inserting the drops. However, the release did not take place, as the first two tracks on Flamingo, but on MYNC's label Cr2 Records; the connection to the known label was formed by Le Grand, who can boast a number of releases on Cr2 Records. During the year, the release of the double single "Hot Rod / White Sun" and the track "Cargo" followed.

On 7 December 2013 they played at the Ministry of Sound festival in the United Kingdom, until their biggest show. On 13 January 2014 the duo released their first progressive house single, "Unless We Forget", with Canadian singer Quilla; the song was released on a Hardwell's label Revealed Recordings. The single was played at the Tomorrowland. In April 2014, a remix by Dutch DJ Julian Calor charted, at the same time that they released their next single, "Pharaoh", through Revealed, their next single, "Kingdom", was released on 2 June 2014 through Sander van Doorn's label Doorn Records. As co-producer they worked with the German producer Virtual Riot. "Dope" was the title of successor single, released just three weeks later. This made a return to Flamingo Recordings. For the Be Yourself Music compilation, which appeared in the wake of sensational festival, they mixed the track again from new. On 12 July 2014 they appeared together on the main stage of the Ultra Music Festival in Croatia, which they their biggest concert, to, at the Ministry of Sound toppten to a wide.

Furthermore, they were headliners at the World Club Dome in Frankfurt, when Airbeat One on in Neustadt Glewe and in the Billboard Club in Melbourne. They completed a tour that took place around the globe. Stopovers were among others in Singapore, they completed a tour that took place around the globe. Stopovers were among others in Singapore, Japan and in the United States. In late summer to autumn 2014 a double single "Phantom & Reptile" was released on Steve Aoki's label Dim Mak and "Motor" through Calvin Harris' label Fly Eye Records. On 16 March 2015 Jewelz & Sparks' first collaboration "Robotic" together with Fedde Le Grand was released; this continues to represent the area of Big rooms and the duo brought since the summer of 2014 for the first time in the Beatport top 20. The single was released through Le Grand's label Darklight Recordings, established in January 2015. Just one month the release of "Parade 98", which break a blend of modern vocal cuts and retro-tinged tech house elements there and is listening a shift to their typical Big Room style drop.

The video is based on old rave record and should act on absurd but at the same funny to the audience. On 28 September 2015 Jewelz & Sparks released "Mental" through Le Grand's label Darklight Records, their next single "I Can Fly", was released on 30 November 2015 through Tiësto's label Musical Freedom and was Jewelz & Sparks' first Beatport Top 10 hit and the first number one in the genre charts. As co-producer they worked again with Virtual Riot. "Drip" was released in March 2016 on Blasterjaxx' label Maxximize Records. In an interview, they announced, their next single, "Hoe", a collaboration with D. O. D, was released on 18 April 2016. While it was considered at first of which, that the "Hoe" refers to the English word for "whore", it soon became clear that it is the involvement of the fans with the exclamations "Hey, hoe" during a performance. 2012: Toxic Rush 2012: Flashbang 2012: NYMSN 2012: Hot Rod / White Sun 2014: Cargo 2014: Unless We Forget 2014: Pharaoh 2014: Kingdom 2014: Dope 2014: Phantom & Reptile 2014: Motor 2015: NYMSN 2015: Robotic 2015: Parade 98 2015: Mental 2015: I Can Fly [Musical Fre

Alexander Alexeyevich Makarov

Alexander Alexeyevich Makarov is a Russian physicist who led the team that developed the Orbitrap, a type of mass spectrometer, received the 2008 American Society for Mass Spectrometry Distinguished Contribution in Mass Spectrometry Award for this development. In November 2013 he was appointed to Professor by Special Appointment of High Resolution Mass Spectrometry at the Department of Chemistry and the Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research of Utrecht University in the Netherlands; as of 2016, he is Director of Global Research for Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry at Thermo Fisher Scientific. 1989 Moscow Engineering Physics Institute - M. S. Molecular Physics 1993 Moscow Engineering Physics Institute - Ph. D. Physics and Mathematics 1994-1996 Warwick University - Postdoctoral Appointment 2008 ASMS Distinguished Contribution in Mass Spectrometry Award 2012 Thomson Medal Award

Bullo Pill Railway

The Bullo Pill Railway was an early British railway, completed in 1810 to carry coal mined in the Forest of Dean Coalfield to a port on the River Severn near Newnham, Gloucestershire. It was converted to a broad gauge steam line by the Great Western Railway, was closed in the 1960s; the Forest of Dean has been exploited since ancient times, not for its timber, but for the minerals beneath. All the ingredients for iron-making have been used since the Roman period; the Industrial Revolution brought increased demand for coal and iron, but the Forest, while having both in abundance, was at a disadvantage, being isolated from its potential markets with only a few impassable roads linking it to the outside world. The hilly terrain was unsuitable for the canals of the type which were being built elsewhere, but in the first decade of the nineteenth century plans were laid for a number of horse-drawn railways to carry goods cheaply to the Rivers Severn and Wye. Bullo Pill, on the Severn near Newnham a small tidal creek off the main river used for boat building, was developed by building a dock basin with lock gates, wharfs for loading goods for shipment.

Coal and stone from the Forest could be loaded at the dock and exported on the Severn trows up or down the river. In addition there was a flow of barges carrying coal across the river to Framilode and along the Stroudwater Canal to Brimscombe and Chalford. A private railway was built from Bullo Pill to Cinderford Bridge, a distance of nearly four and a half miles; the Royal Assent to the Act was made on 10 June 1809. The railway was of 4 ft gauge, laid as a plateway, with rails of L-shaped section, spiked to stone blocks. Rails were supplied near Soudley. All traffic was horse-drawn, using owned four-wheeled wagons of an approved type, with an oak underframe supporting a hopper-shaped body, with unflanged cast-iron wheels; the line was single, with frequent passing loops. The tunnel at Haie Hill was 1,083 yards long, completed in 1810. From Bullo Pill the line heads west for a mile to the entrance of Haie Hill Tunnel. From there, it follows the Cinderford valley northward through Upper Soudley, Cinderford Bridge and Bilson to Churchway.

In 1811-12 there was an attempt to excavate a tunnel under the River Severn as an extension to the railway. The tunnel began on the bank between Bullo Pill and Newnham, was intended to emerge on the far side near Arlingham; the tunnel had been extended 226 yards out, about half way, but an inrush of water in November 1812 meant work was abandoned. In 1812 the Severn and Wye Railroad Company line was exended to meet the Bullo Pill Railway at Churchway, but there seems to have been little traffic passing between the two. By 1815 Bullo Pill was shipping up to 1,000 tons of coal and stone daily, but the end of the Napoleonic Wars brought about a recession, by the 1820s the railway was a shadow of its former self, it was bought by Edward Protheroe. A second Act of Parliament received the Royal Assent on 5 May 1826; the coming of the railway stimulated industry along its length, connected by sidings or short branches to the main line. There were collieries at Bilson, Crump Meadow, Quidchurch, Foxes Bridge and numerous other locations, iron mines at Buckshaft, Shakemantle and St Annals, stone quarries at Shakemantle and Staple Edge.

Two major ironworks operated close to the railway at Soudley. Other industries included chemical works, tinplate works and timber yards; the South Wales Railway bought the Forest of Dean Railway in 1849. The Forest of Dean line was surveyed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel in 1851 with a view to constructing a single-track broad gauge steam railway from the main line up to Churchway, with a branch to Whimsey. Although it followed the line of the earlier railway, it was more engineered with embankments and tunnels, which tended to straighten out the earlier somewhat meandering course. Haie Hill Tunnel was enlarged, new tunnels were dug at Bradley Hill and Blue Rock; the new line, seven and a quarter miles long, opened on 24 July 1854. The South Wales Railway was amalgamated with the Great Western Railway on 1 August 1863; the line was converted to standard gauge in 1872. In 1871 the Mitcheldean Road & Forest of Dean Junction Railway was formed to extend the line from Whimsey northwards to link up with the Hereford, Ross & Gloucester Railway at Mitcheldean Road.

From the late 1890s, shipments from Bullo Pill declined, the last cargo of stone left the dock in 1926. The lock gates collapsed and the basin silted up; the coal-loading chute was scrapped. Passenger traffic on the line began on 3 August 1907, a rail motor service with halts at Bullo Cross, Upper Soudley, Staple Edge, Bilson and Steam Mills Crossing. From 6 April 1908 the opening of a new length of track allowed trains to continue to the Severn and Wye Railway station at Cinderford; the li

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