Braveheart is a 1995 American epic war film directed and co-produced by Mel Gibson, who portrays William Wallace, a late-13th-century Scottish warrior. The film is fictionally based on the life of Wallace leading the Scots in the First War of Scottish Independence against King Edward I of England; the film stars Sophie Marceau, Patrick McGoohan and Catherine McCormack. The story is inspired by Blind Harry's epic poem The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun Schir William Wallace and was adapted for the screen by Randall Wallace. Development on the film started at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer when producer Alan Ladd Jr. picked up the project from Wallace, but when MGM was going through new management, Ladd left the studio and took the project with him. Despite declining, Gibson decided to direct the film, as well as star as Wallace; the film was filmed in Scotland and Ireland from June to October 1994 with a budget around $65–70 million. Braveheart, produced by Gibson's Icon Productions and The Ladd Company, was distributed by Paramount Pictures in North America and by 20th Century Fox internationally.
Released on May 24, 1995, Braveheart received positive reviews from critics, who praised the performances, production values, battle sequences, musical score, but criticized its inaccuracies regarding Wallace's title, love interests, attire. The film grossed $210.4 million worldwide. At the 68th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for ten Academy Awards and won five: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Makeup, Best Sound Editing. A sequel, Robert the Bruce, was released with Angus Macfadyen reprising his role. In 1280, King Edward "Longshanks" invades and conquers Scotland following the death of Alexander III of Scotland, who left no heir to the throne. Young William Wallace witnesses Longshanks' treachery, survives the deaths of his father and brother, is taken abroad on a pilgrimage throughout Europe by his paternal uncle Argyle, where he is educated. Years in 1297, Longshanks grants his noblemen land and privileges in Scotland, including Prima Nocte. Meanwhile, a grown Wallace returns to Scotland and falls in love with his childhood friend Murron MacClannough, the two marry in secret.
Wallace rescues Murron from being raped by English soldiers, but as she fights off their second attempt, Murron is captured and publicly executed. In retribution, Wallace leads his clan to slaughter the English garrison in his hometown and send the occupying garrison at Lanark back to England. Longshanks orders his son Prince Edward to stop Wallace by any means necessary. Alongside his friend Hamish, Wallace rebels against the English, as his legend spreads, hundreds of Scots from the surrounding clans join him. Wallace leads his army to victory at the Battle of Stirling and destroys the city of York, killing Longshanks' nephew and sending his severed head to the king. Wallace seeks the assistance of Robert the Bruce, the son of nobleman Robert the Elder and a contender for the Scottish crown. Robert is dominated by his father, who wishes to secure the throne for his son by submitting to the English. Worried by the threat of the rebellion, Longshanks sends his son's wife Isabella of France to try to negotiate with Wallace as a distraction for the landing of another invasion force in Scotland.
After meeting him in person, Isabella becomes enamored of Wallace. She warns him of the coming invasion, Wallace implores the Scottish nobility to take immediate action to counter the threat and take back the country, asking Robert the Bruce to lead. In 1298, leading the English army himself, Longshanks confronts the Scots at Falkirk. There, noblemen Mornay and Lochlan turn their backs on Wallace after being bribed by the king, resulting in the death of Hamish's father, Campbell. Wallace is further betrayed when he discovers Robert the Bruce was fighting alongside Longshanks. Wallace kills Lochlan and Mornay for their betrayal, wages a guerrilla war against the English for the next seven years, assisted by Isabella, with whom he has an affair. In 1305, Robert sets up a meeting with Wallace in Edinburgh, but Robert's father has conspired with other nobles to capture and hand over Wallace to the English. Learning of his treachery, Robert banishes his father. Isabella exacts revenge on the now terminally ill Longshanks by telling him that his bloodline will be destroyed upon his death as she is now pregnant with Wallace's child.
In London, Wallace is brought before an English magistrate, tried for high treason, condemned to public torture and beheading. Whilst being hanged and quartered, Wallace refuses to submit to the king; the watching crowd moved by the Scotsman's valor, begin crying for mercy. The magistrate offers him one final chance, asking him only to utter the word, "Mercy", be granted a quick death. Wallace instead shouts, "Freedom!", the judge orders his death. As Wallace's cry rings through the square, Longshanks hears it just before dying. Moments before being decapitated, Wallace sees a vision of Murron in the crowd. In 1314, now Scotland's king, leads a Scottish army before a ceremonial line of English troops on the fields of Bannockburn, where he is to formally accept English rule; as he begins to ride toward the English, he invokes Wallace's memory. Hamish throws Wallace's sword, point-down in front of the English army, imploring his men to fight with Robert as they did with Wallace. With the Scots chanting Wallace's name, Robert leads his army into battle against
Barnard Mills is an historic mill at 641-657 Quarry Street in Fall River, Massachusetts. Developed beginning in 1874, it was the first mill to use ring spinners instead of mule spinners, was a major local employer until its closure in 1939; the complex has been redeveloped as a commercial retail space called Tower Mill. The mill was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983; the Barnard Mills complex occupies a visible location, set between Quarry Street and the Quequechan River, just northwest of Interstate 195 at its western junction with Massachusetts Route 24. The main building is a five-story granite structure, 280 feet long and 74 feet wide, with a tall centrally positioned Italianate tower. Attached to the southern corner of the main building is a two-story granite weave shed; the mill corporation was organized in 1872, but the mill was not built until 1874. It was constructed in native Fall River granite for the manufacture of cotton cloth during the city's post-Civil War textile building boom.
It had an initial capacity of 28,000 spindles, increased to 66,000 spindles with the construction of the attached weave shed in 1896. L. I. Barnard served as the first president of the company, N. B. Borden was treasurer, it was the city's first mill to print cloth wider than 28 inches. In its years, it diversified into the production of tweeds and twills; the company was liquidated in 1939. During the 1980s the mill was converted into a retail outlet center, known as Tower Place, it is now known as housing a variety of commercial and retail enterprises. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts List of mills in Fall River, Massachusetts
INS Betwa is a Brahmaputra-class guided missile frigate in service with the Indian Navy. The ship is named for the Betwa River. Betwa was a part of Task Force 54, returning from the Mediterranean, when the 2006 Israel-Lebanon Conflict broke out; as a part of Operation Sukoon, Betwa participated in the evacuation of Indian citizens from Lebanon to Cyprus. On 4 January 2014, the ship hit an unidentified object underwater and cracked the sonar dome, had seen salt water ingress into sensitive equipment. On 5 December 2016, Betwa slipped off support blocks and over onto its port side when refloating and undocking inside the cruiser graving dock at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai during refit repairs, killing 2 sailors and injuring 15 others; the ship's main mast was damaged. Sources reported that the salvage and repair of the ship would take two years. Resolve Marine Engineering, a US-based firm, was contracted to salvage the flooded vessel in January 2017 for a sum of Rs. 20 Crore. On 22 February 2017, it was reported that the ship was made refloated.
Betwa was restored to an upright position by the US salvage company by systematically flooding and pumping her compartments without using any external lifting mechanisms. Three Naval Officers were court martialed and found guilty of negligence