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Braxton County, West Virginia

Braxton County is a county in the central part of the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,523; the county seat is Sutton. The county was formed in 1836 from parts of Lewis and Nicholas counties and named for Carter Braxton, a Virginia statesman and signer of the Declaration of Independence. In 2010, the center of population of West Virginia was in northern Braxton County. Important salt works were located at Bulltown and here, in 1772, Captain Bull and his family and friendly Delaware Indians were massacred by frontiersmen. Jesse Hughes helped Jeremiah Carpenter and track and kill the Indians responsible for the Carpenter massacre. Jeremiah was a notable fiddle player who wrote a song Shelvin’ Rock about the experience of escaping to rock shelter. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles, of which 511 square miles is land and 5.5 square miles is water. In 1863, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government.

This proved impractical in the rural state, in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts. Braxton County was divided into four townships: Clay, Franklin and Washington, which became magisterial districts in 1872. All four districts were renamed in 1873: Clay District became Kanawha, Franklin became Holly, Lincoln became Otter, Washington became Birch. Two years Salt Lick District was formed from part of Kanawha; the two districts were reconsolidated between 1910 and 1920, when the territory of Kanawha District was added to Salt Lick. Between 1980 and 1990, the county was reorganized into four new magisterial districts: Northern, Southern and Western. Interstate 79 U. S. Highway 19 West Virginia Route 4 West Virginia Route 5 West Virginia Route 15 Lewis County Webster County Nicholas County Clay County Calhoun County Gilmer County As of the census of 2000, there were 14,702 people, 5,771 households, 4,097 families living in the county; the population density was 29 people per square mile.

There were 7,374 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.02% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races. 0.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,771 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,412, the median income for a family was $29,133. Males had a median income of $27,560 versus $17,778 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,349. About 17.90% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.90% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,523 people, 6,000 households, 4,043 families living in the county; the population density was 28.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,415 housing units at an average density of 14.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.7% were German, 15.0% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.0% were American.

Of the 6,000 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families, 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 43.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $32,158 and the median income for a family was $40,421. Males had a median income of $42,355 versus $22,557 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,469. About 17.0% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over. Braxton County, although opposed to secession during the first session of the Virginia Secession Convention became supportive. Up until the decline of coal mining unionization, growing opposition to controversial issues, Braxton County was overwhelmingly Democratic. Like all of West Virginia, it has seen an rapid shift to the Republicans over the past five elections.

Burnsville Flatwoods Gassaway Sutton Eastern Northern Southern Western Elk River Wildlife Management Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Braxton County, West Virginia

John Graham Kerr

Sir John Graham Kerr FRS FRSE FLS FZS, known to his friends as Graham Kerr, was a British embryologist and Unionist Member of Parliament. He is best known for his studies of the embryology of lungfishes, he was involved in ship camouflage in the First World War, through his pupil Hugh B. Cott influenced military camouflage thinking in the Second World War also, he was born at Rowley Lodge, Arkley in Hertfordshire to Scottish parents: John Kerr former Principal of Hooghly College in Calcutta and his wife, Sybella Graham. Kerr was educated at the Royal High School and studied Medicine at the University of Edinburgh. Kerr interrupted his medical studies to join an Argentinian expedition to study the natural history of the Pilcomayo River. On his return, he studied natural sciences at Christ's College, graduating with first class honours in 1896; the Argentinian expedition had ended with the loss of most of the collections, but after graduating he mounted an expedition to the Gran Chaco, bringing home a large collection of material related to the South American lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa.

Kerr was accompanied by John Samuel Budgett, who studied the frogs of the area and discovered a new genus. After a period acting as Demonstrator in the Animal Morphology lectures at Christ's College, Cambridge, he was appointed in August 1902 as Regius Professor of Natural History in the University of Glasgow replacing John Young. Kerr stayed until 1935 being succeeded by Prof Edward Hindle. Kerr was interested in teaching medical students, published widely. In 1903 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Sir Isaac Bayley Balfour, James Cossar Ewart, Frederick Orpen Bower, James Geikie. He won the Society's Neill Prize in 1904, he served as the Society's Vice President from 1928 to 1931. He was President of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh from 1906 to 1909 and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1909, he received LLDs from the University of Edinburgh in 1935 and the University of St Andrews in 1950. Kerr made early contributions to ship camouflage in the First World War.

He wrote to First Sea Lord Winston Churchill on 24 September 1914, advocating camouflage by disruptive coloration — breaking up outlines with patches of contrasting tone — and countershading — shading guns into invisibility with lighter paint below, darker paint above. Kerr supported the controversial camouflage claims of American artist Abbott Handerson Thayer. Kerr's aim was to make ships difficult to spot and fool range finders by disrupting their outlines, or in his own words "to destroy the continuity of outlines by splashes of white", to make ships harder to hit with gunfire at long range. Kerr's principle was applied to ships in various ways, but Kerr found it difficult to promote or control the use of his camouflage ideas, they fell out of favour after Churchill's departure from the Admiralty; the Royal Navy reverted to plain grey. A rival proposal for disruptive camouflage emerged in 1917 from the marine artist Norman Wilkinson. Wilkinson, unlike Kerr, had little difficulty fitting in with the naval establishment, was put in charge of a large-scale program of painting ships in disruptive patterns that became known as "Dazzle camouflage".

After the war, Kerr engaged in an unsuccessful legal dispute over the credit for creating dazzle camouflage. Wilkinson promoted the false idea that Kerr's camouflage sought invisibility rather than image disruption. Kerr again influenced British camouflage in the Second World War, this time through his pupil Hugh B. Cott. Kerr was elected as Unionist MP for the Combined Scottish Universities at a by-election in 1935 after the MP and novelist John Buchan resigned his seat when he was appointed as Governor General of Canada. After his election to Parliament, Kerr resigned his professorship, moved to Hertfordshire, he held the seat until the university constituencies were abolished for the 1950 general election, serving for a time as Chairman of the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee. He was knighted in the King's Birthday Honours in 1939St Andrews University awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1950, he died on 21 April 1957 at Barley House in Hertfordshire. He married twice. Firstly in 1903 he married Elizabeth Mary Kerr.

She died in 1934. He remarried in 1936 to Isobel Clapperton, a widow; the Zoology Building of the University of Glasgow was renamed the Graham Kerr Building in his name. Textbook of Embryology with the Exception of Mammals Zoology for Medical Students Evolution An Introduction to Zoology Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Kerr Papers of Sir John Graham Kerr at the University of Glasgow Biography of Sir John Graham Kerr at the University of Glasgow

James C. Shannon

James Coughlin Shannon was an American politician and the 77th Governor of Connecticut. Shannon was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut on July 21, 1896 son of Henry E. Shannon and Ellen Coughlin Shannon, he completed his bachelor's degree from Georgetown University in 1918. He completed his LL. B. degree from Yale Law School in 1921. He married Helen M. McMurray on April 15, 1925; the couple had two sons, John H. and James C. Jr.. Shannon became Bridgeport's prosecuting attorney in 1923, he held that position for nine years. He was on the bench of the Bridgeport City and Juvenile Courts from 1931 to 1935, he was the attorney for the Connecticut Federation of Labor from 1939 to 1948. In 1948 he was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Connecticut; as a member of the US Navy Reserve, he served as an aviator in the U. S. Navy Air Force during World War I. Shannon served as the 69th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1947 to 1948. James L. McConaughy, the Governor of Connecticut at the time, died on March 7, 1948.

Shannon became the governor on the same day. During his term, legislation was constituted, he was successful in securing the appropriate legislation regarding housing reform measures. He was unsuccessful in his re-election bid in 1949, he left office on January 5, 1949. After leaving office, Shannon was on the bench of the Connecticut Superior Court from 1953 to 1965, he was a member of Republican National Committee from Connecticut in 1952. He was an associate justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court from 1965 to 1966. Shannon died in Fairfield on March 6, 1980, aged 83, he is interred in Oaklawn Cemetery, Connecticut. Sobel and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988. ISBN 0-313-28093-2 James C. Shannon at Find a Grave The Political Graveyard National Governors Association

On Fire (Mastercastle album)

On Fire is the fourth album of the Italian heavy metal band Mastercastle. The lyrics of the album tell about "metals"; the instrumental track "The Final Battle" is a cover of the composer Chris Hülsbeck, the other instrumental "Almost a Fantasy" is a rock remake of the famous Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor "Quasi una fantasia", Op. 27, known as the Moonlight Sonata, written by Ludwig van Beethoven The album was recorded starting from March 2012 and was finisced in December 2012. It was mixed by Pier Gonella and John Macaluso at MusicArt studios. "Once again all lyrics were composed by Giorgia Gueglio, "I started the lyrics with the intention of writing a concept album with the title "Metals", concerning metals in metallurgy, chemistry and magic. But during their creation I found my lyrics full of sentiments and emotions. So "Metals" became too cold. Many tracks have a title with a metal within, but these are "warmed" by blood, my/our human warmth, the passion of making music in a difficult world.

So the album title was changed to "On Fire".'O Fire' is a hot work human. On the front cover you can see a metal hearth, it represents our body that became real and can be hot or burn thanks to our emotions".". Giorgia Gueglio – voice Pier Gonella – guitars Steve Vawamasbass John Macaluso – drums Mastercastle – Official myspace site of the band

Uriya Shavit

Uriya Shavit is an Israeli scholar of Islamic law and politics. Shavit is the head of both The Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies and of The Religious Studies Program at Tel Aviv University. Since 2014, he has served as an associate professor of Islamic Studies at Tel Aviv University. In addition to his work as a scholar, Shavit is a former journalist and the author of a best-selling novel and five books for young readers. Shavit is a specialist in the study of the development of fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslima – the field in Islamic jurisprudence that deals with issues pertaining to Muslim minorities in non-Islamic countries, his scholarly publications, which are based on primary source material collected in mosques from across Europe and the United States, suggest that two main contesting doctrines have developed in this field – the Wasati and the Salafi doctrines. Shavit argues that the notion of "migrants as missionaries" has facilitated pragmatic religious decisions that promote Muslim integration in non-Muslim majority societies.

In field studies, conducted in Germany and Iceland, he examined the creative ways in which Muslim communities accept and mitigate fatwas. Shavit has written on modern Islamic political thought, his studies analyze Islamist works that attempt to reconcile political thought based on traditional revelation with liberal democracy. He argues, for example, that the Muslim Brothers have intentionally avoided making a decision on whether the ultimate arbitrators on constitutional matters in an Islamic democracy should be unelected theologians, his studies examined the role the concepts of Western "cultural imperialism" and decline play in modern Islamist thought. Shavit has analyzed Arab writings on Zionism, suggesting that since the late 19th century, the Zionist project has played the dual role of an enemy and a role model among both Arab Islamists and liberals. Shavit's studies on political violence in Islam argue that the Muslim Brothers accepted juristic notions that rendered a violent revolution legitimate only to the extent that its success is assured.

Several of his works examined through field studies how advanced media technologies impact migrants, arguing that the internet and satellite television allow, for the first time in history, a separation between affinity to a territory and a sense of belonging to an imagined community. He introduced the ideal-type of "passive transnational" to describe one result of this development. Shavit demonstrated the failure of Islamic web portals and satellite channels to create a global imagined Muslim nation. In his study on the theory of evolution in Arab thought, Shavit argues that through the impact of American fundamentalists, Islamists shifted from critically legitimizing Darwinism in the early 20th century, to fiercely attacking it by the end of the century. Between 1997 and 2008, Shavit was a columnist, senior writer, international affairs analyst and editor for Haaretz, he served as the editor-in-chief of the weekend magazines of Maariv and Makor Rishon, as a literary critic for Yediot Ahronot.

Today, he comments on current Middle Eastern Affairs on Israeli national television. The New Imagined Community: Global Media and the Construction of National and Muslim Identities of Migrants. Islamism and the West: From “Cultural Attack” to “Missionary Migrant”. Shari‘a and Muslim Minorities: The Wasati and Salafi Approaches to Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat al-Muslima. Zionism in Arab Discourses, 2016. Scientific and Political Freedom in Islam: A Critical Reading of the Modernist-Apologetic School. Shavit authored a best-selling novel, "The Dead Man," in Hebrew in 2013, he wrote five children books in Hebrew, two of which, "The Boy Who Read Minds" and "Like Magic", were selected on the National List of Israel's Ministry of Education. Shavit is the author of Israel's best-selling Guide for University Students. Official website Zionism in Arab Discourse – interview Muslim Integration in Europe: – lecture Islam and the West, Islam in the West, International conference in honor of the publication of Uriya Shavit's book

John Herbert Quick House

John Herbert Quick House — known as "Coolfont" — is a historic home located near Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, West Virginia, US. It was built in 1913, is a large ​2 1⁄2-story mansion in the Colonial Revival style; the front facade features a two-story pedimented, with a one-story rounded portico topped by a balustrade. It was built by author John Herbert Quick. In 1961 the house and about 1200 surrounding acres were acquired by businessman Sam Ashelman, who went on to establish a hotel called the Coolfont Resort in 1965; the property, including the house, was sold to a real estate developer in 2005. In 2017 the house sold to an unnamed bidder for $225,000 as part of an auction of the entire former resort property; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984